Making A Murderer Documentary Essay Example For College

The Innocence Project launched a campaign to use DNA to clear people who had been wrongfully imprisoned. More than 300 people have been freed due to the organization’s efforts since then. More significantly, it has made countless excellent documentaries about the shortcomings of the US criminal justice system available to the rest of the globe. It seems that US police forces are losing the public’s trust, given that they are the antagonists in all non-fiction movies. One such documentary is Making a Murderer. The documentary tells the story of Steven Avery, who served 18 years for a rape he did not commit ( Demos and Ricciardi, 2). He sued the county and several of its officials for $36 million for his first arrest-related actions. He would later, nevertheless, face further charges and be found guilty. This time, it was the rape and murder of local photojournalist Teresa Halbach. Brendan Dassey, Avery’s nephew, was also found guilty of participating in the murder. The documentary examines the problems and practices in the Manitowoc County sheriff’s office that contributed to Avery’s conviction as it follows the trial ( Demos and Ricciardi, 24:12). This leads to a heated discussion regarding whether Avery actually killed Halbach or whether he was falsely imprisoned or perhaps set up to commit the crime.

Police misconduct allegations plagued this case. They violate the ethical standards that guide how the police, sheriff, investigative team, and court system carry out their responsibilities to citizens (Grussing & Allison, 7). In episode one of season one, the plot centers on the young man Steve Avery, who receives an 18-year sentence after being wrongfully convicted of sexual assault and rape by the police and the legal system. Steve, who was 23 years old when arrested in 1985, received an 18-year sentence before being freed in 2003.

The situation in which Steve finds himself might be characterized as a long-standing animosity between him and his cousin Sandra. She persistently spreads unfavorable rumors and tales about Steve and his wife on the streets ( Demos and Ricciardi, 42:14). It is clear from the film that Sandra is a deputy sheriff and has strong connections to those who are influential in the county’s court system. The conspiracy between Sandra Morris and Judy Duvorak was considerably aided by Avery’s choice to confront Sandra Morris and attempt to frighten her (Grussing & Allison, 12). The long-standing animosity motivates Sandra to take advantage and put Avery in problems. The only way she can accomplish this is to leverage her friendship with her close friends in law enforcement. She devises a scheme that will result in Steve’s arrest, conviction, and sentencing to remove him from their daily lives. As a result, the report written by Judy and Sandra is wholly unethical under police ethical standards.

The deputy sheriff had violated police ethics by fraudulently accusing Avery and leading Penny Beernsten to believe that Steve had sexually assaulted her. Police are not supposed to accuse or mistreat the people. They are there to protect and serve (Rodriguez et al., 4). Since the people tasked with protecting the citizens’ interests violate their rights, the interests of the citizens are not adequately represented in this film. Due to Sandra’s false report, Avery was found guilty and sentenced for a mistake he did not commit, allowing the criminal to roam free in the streets.

This incident demonstrates the abuse of police authority by numerous police officials. Sheriffs and administrative police disregard ethical principles and negatively affect Steve’s case. Given that it is the offspring of all immoral behavior in a state, corruption is viewed as unacceptable in democracies. The state’s corrupt police apparatus, like the one in the narrative, makes it so bad. Sandra manipulates Judy into making a fake complaint against Avery to appease her friend (Grussing & Allison, 23). Steve is released after the DNA from the lab finally proves his innocence.

According to the defense team, the evidence discovered in the yard and bedroom was placed there. The police actively took part. The DNA found on the car keys and the clean fingerprints do not support the theory that Avery killed the victim (Rodriguez et al., 16). In this situation, it is unethical for police to fabricate evidence to convict an innocent person. It is immoral for the cops to enter Steve’s bedroom and leave the keys there without the owner of the apartment’s consent or approval. By rendering unjust decisions that go against judicial norms, the judges, in this case, are perceived as being biased.

The law enforcement officials engage in unethical behavior, aiding the investigation and pressuring Brandon to confess. Additionally, Brandon has learning disabilities. This means that he lacks the capacity to understand precisely what they mean. This clearly shows that they took advantage of him because of his condition. Given that there is zero evidence to support Brandon’s claim that he helped Steve kill the woman, it is unlawful to convict him.

Support for the Documentary’s Conclusion

After watching the documentary, the only thing it is reasonably sure about is that Avery was framed entirely. The involvement of the police, the investigation team, and the court system impacted the case. Additionally, they behaved unethically while performing their duties. The story of Steven Avery is both an outlier and a symbol of the systemic injustice that permeates society (Grussing & Allison, 8). Avery’s case is unique because people might have wanted to accuse him of committing a crime he did not commit. The root reasons for injustice frequently resemble Penny Beerntsen, the assault plaintiff in Avery’s initial trial, who erroneously claimed that Avery was her assailant.

The investigation team looking into Steve’s case played a part in keeping the evidence hidden. The inquiry team cannot demonstrate insufficient evidence for the court to convict Avery (Rodriguez et al., 14). Additionally, the team refuses to identify the individuals responsible for Steve’s case. Since there was no concrete evidence that Steve had committed the crime, the judiciary was perverted to render a decision. The DNA from the lab was also provided incorrectly for the first time, and the court rejected it. It is unethical to caution staff not to share information about the issue while an inquiry is ongoing. Instead, they were to be counseled to help the investigating team acquire accurate information regarding the corrupt judicial and police systems. The investigation’s findings were tampered with to keep Steve from winning his legal battle with the county.

Works Cited

Demos, Moira, and Laura Ricciardi. “Making a Murderer.” IMDb,, 18 Dec. 2015,

Grussing, Allison. “Steven Avery, A Case Study: Making a Murderer or Making an Identity.” Crime, media, culture 16.1 (2020): 81–96.

Rodriguez, Lourdes, et al. “Making a biased jury decision: Using the Steven Avery murder case to investigate potential influences in jury decision-making.” Psychology of Popular Media Culture 8.4 (2019): 429.

Marketing Plan For Ritamon: A Novel PTSD Treatment Essay Example


This marketing strategy outlines the methods that will be employed to advertise Ritamon, a brand-new medication for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Ritamon presents a tremendous opportunity for our pharmaceutical company to establish an influential position in the mental health market, given the growing demand for PTSD treatments and societal awareness of the problem.

The strategy begins with a concise mission statement that outlines the corporate goals and objectives of Ritamon. The next stage is to conduct a SWOT analysis to evaluate the market and product’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (Khazzaka, 2019). Based on this research, a set of techniques for engaging and interacting with the target audience of adults with PTSD is developed. Some strategies include market segmentation, collaboration with healthcare professionals and advocacy groups, and consumer direct marketing.

Ritamon’s marketing mix addresses the plan’s product, location, pricing, promotion, and personnel elements. The efficacy and absence of side effects of the product, as well as its pricing strategy, distribution methods, and targeted marketing campaigns, are highlighted. The people component concentrates on the specialist sales team, which will be trained to advocate for Ritamon among healthcare professionals and interact with crucial PTSD community members.

The plan’s phases of execution, evaluation, and control are then exhaustively discussed. This phase involves implementing the marketing strategies, analyzing their effects, and making necessary adjustments to achieve the desired results. Key performance indicators (KPIs) include sales volume, market share, customer satisfaction, brand recognition, and prescriptions written for Ritamon (Khazzaka, 2019). In response to evaluation results, corrective actions are developed, such as modifying pricing or marketing strategies, educating healthcare professionals about the product, or collaborating with more PTSD advocacy groups and professionals.

This marketing strategy provides a comprehensive and shrewd method of promoting Ritamon in the adult PTSD therapy market. We intend to position Ritamon as a leading treatment option and enhance the lives of PTSD patients by leveraging the medication’s distinctive properties and benefits, as well as our company’s competencies and expertise.



Ritamon is a brand-new medication that represents a significant breakthrough in treating PTSD by giving patients and medical professionals a new option that might be superior to current therapies (Johnson, 2020). This newfound ability could set us apart from rivals and pique the curiosity of patients and doctors.

Research and development (R&D) capacities: Our company has an advantage over the competition because of our dedication to innovative R&D.

A strong foundation for raising awareness and supporting more extensive use of Ritamon is established through relationships with medical specialists, academics, and leaders in the PTSD community. Patients and physicians can have faith in Ritamon’s safety and effectiveness thanks to the support of our thriving pharmaceutical sector.


Ritamon faces competition from well-established PTSD treatments, which may make gaining market share difficult and persuading healthcare professionals to transfer from their current treatment options challenging (Khazzaka, 2019). As a new product on the market for PTSD, Ritamon lacks the brand recognition of some of our competitors, which may hinder our marketing efforts and patient adoption. The availability of Ritamon and reputation could be negatively impacted if our relationship with the producers and distributors breaks down.


Now that PTSD is recognized as a severe public health concern, we can market Ritamon as a treatment. We can take advantage of the rising demand for effective PTSD therapies by expanding the availability of Ritamon by adding more distribution channels and creating contacts in new places.

By collaborating with advocacy organizations, trade associations, and other pharmaceutical companies, we can increase awareness of Ritamon, expand our market share, and reaffirm our pioneering status in PTSD treatment.

As personalized medicine evolves, Ritamon’s efficacy and desirability could be enhanced if it were tailored to the needs of each patient.


The pharmaceutical industry is marked by intense rivalry, leading to price battles, aggressive marketing strategies, and the need for continuous innovation to remain competitive.

Changes in healthcare regulations, drug approval procedures, or reimbursement schemes may affect Ritamon’s acceptance and financial performance. In addition, regulatory scrutiny of the safety and efficacy of PTSD medications may intensify, which could affect our product’s reputation or marketability.

As with any other pharmacological treatment, the possibility of adverse side effects or long-term risks with Ritamon could limit its application. This is especially true if new information that changes people’s perceptions of the drug’s safety becomes available after its release.

A thorough SWOT analysis will assist us in comprehending the internal and external factors influencing Ritamon’s performance in the PTSD market. We can use this data to develop plans that leverage our opportunities and strengths while addressing our weaknesses and mitigating potential risks.

In addition to the SWOT analysis and marketing plan, other factors that could influence Ritamon’s success in the PTSD market must be considered. These components include:

Protection of intellectual property: Maintaining Ritamon’s competitive advantage and preventing potential competitors from duplicating our ground-breaking recipe depends on safeguarding the company’s IP through patents and other legal means.

To maintain our competitive advantage and modify our marketing strategy effectively, we must remain abreast of the most recent developments in PTSD treatments, including new medications, complementary therapies, and expanding treatment guidelines.

Establishing an effective public relations strategy and crisis management plan will be crucial for addressing any potential negative news or concerns about the safety or efficacy of Ritamon. This could involve proactive communication with the general public, healthcare professionals, and the media and the ability to act swiftly and effectively in the event of unanticipated issues.

After making it available to the general public, post-marketing surveillance and ongoing clinical research will be essential for determining Ritamon’s safety and efficacy (Parker et al., 2018). This enables us to maintain the confidence of healthcare professionals and patients by detecting potential adverse effects, drug interactions, and other dangers that were not evident during clinical trials.

CSR is an abbreviation for corporate social responsibility. We can enhance our company’s reputation and attract more stakeholders by demonstrating our commitment to CSR through programs emphasizing environmental sustainability, ethical business practices, and community involvement. CSR initiatives include reducing the environmental impact of our production processes, supporting community activities, and promoting equitable access to healthcare.

By contemplating these additional factors, our company may be able to enhance Ritamon’s long-term performance and strengthen its position in the PTSD market. By proactively addressing anticipated obstacles and seizing emergent opportunities, we can adapt our strategy and maintain a competitive edge in the pharmaceutical industry’s rapid evolution.


Section A: Market Share and Penetration

Obtain a 10 per cent market share in the first year following the product launch, rising to 20 per cent in the following three years (Thomas et al., 2021). Make Ritamon one of the top three PTSD medications recommended by clinicians within five years of its release.

Section B: Brand Recognition and Reputation

In the first two years, increase Ritamon’s brand recognition among medical personnel, patients, and caregivers by fifty per cent.

In the eyes of the target market, advertise Ritamon as a highly effective, cutting-edge, and secure PTSD treatment option, with at least 70% of surveyed healthcare professionals considering it the top option within three years.

Section C: Product Innovation and Development

Ritamon should invest in ongoing research and development to identify potential enhancements and changes to remain competitive.

At least two new or supplementary product versions should be introduced within five years to address a broader range of PTSD symptoms and patient needs.

Section D: International Growth and Market Entry

Increase product distribution to at least five key international markets within the first five years to capture 10 per cent of each market within the first two years of entry. Form strategic connections with global distributors and healthcare groups to ensure a seamless and successful global expansion.

Section E: Patient Outcomes and Satisfaction

In the first three years, Ritamon must enhance the quality of life for at least 80% of patients, as measured by patient-reported outcomes and standardized evaluations. Maintain a post-treatment survey and feedback patient satisfaction rate of at least 85% throughout the product’s lifecycle (Thomas et al., 2021).

Corporate social responsibility (Factor F)

Implement a patient assistance program to provide Ritamon and financial assistance to low-income and uninsured patients who qualify.

Collaboration with and support PTSD advocacy groups and organizations to increase understanding of the disorder, enhance early detection, and enhance access to treatment.

By outlining these objectives, we expect to establish a solid foundation for Ritamon’s success in the PTSD medicine market. These objectives will guide our marketing strategies, ensuring that we always strive to improve the lives of those affected by PTSD while increasing our brand’s visibility and market share.


a) Market Segmentation:

Segment the market according to psychographic, behavioural, and demographic factors pertinent to PTSD patients. This will enable us to tailor our marketing messages and strategies to each segment effectively.

b) Working with healthcare professionals:

Establish trustworthy relationships with psychiatrists, psychologists, and other medical specialists who assist adults with PTSD (Kotler & Keller, 2016). Give these professionals the information and resources they require in order to assess Ritamon and make a recommendation to their patients.

c) Collaboration with PTSD-Specific Organizations and Support Groups:

Such as the National Center for PTSD and the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). As a result of these collaborations, Ritamon will become more well-known among PTSD patients and the networks of individuals who assist them.

d) Educational and Awareness Campaigns:

Create targeted marketing activities highlighting Ritamon’s unique advantages for adults with PTSD and how it differs from other PTSD medications. To effectively reach and engage the target audience, utilize various marketing tools, such as social media, internet advertising, and print materials.

Implement direct-to-consumer advertising campaigns targeting adults with PTSD, emphasizing the potential benefits of Ritamon and applicability to adult patients. This will encourage prospective patients to learn more about Ritamon and discuss it with their physicians.

f) Participate in PTSD and mental health-related events:

Conferences where we can network with potential patients, medical professionals, and support groups. This will increase brand awareness and strengthen our relationships with critical PTSD community stakeholders (Khazzaka, 2019). By focusing on these target market strategies, we aim to strengthen Ritamon’s brand presence and reputation in the adult PTSD therapy market. This will increase the product’s popularity among patients and medical professionals searching for an effective treatment for adult PTSD.



Ritamon is a brand-new drug that was made just for people with PTSD. It works better than other medicines and has fewer side effects (Smith et al., 2021). Research and development are always going on to improve the product, eliminate any long-term risks, and find new uses in mental health.


Ritamon is distributed through legitimate pharmaceutical channels such as wholesalers, pharmacies, and healthcare organizations, ensuring it reaches the intended market.

Within the next five years, we plan to expand into foreign markets to serve a larger patient base and capitalize on the rising demand for PTSD treatments.


A competitive pricing plan that considers the cost of current PTSD medications, insurance coverage, and adult patients’ financial situations.

Create financial assistance programs for qualified patients, such as discounts and rebates, to improve accessibility and affordability.


Multi-channel marketing initiatives targeted adult PTSD sufferers, medical professionals, and support groups.

Collaborations with PTSD advocacy groups and professional organizations to support and recommend Ritamon, thereby increasing its reputation and awareness.

Educational services such as webinars, workshops, and printed materials can help healthcare providers learn about Ritamon and its benefits.

Direct-to-consumer marketing initiatives stressing Ritamon’s unique benefits for PTSD in adults encourage potential consumers to discuss the medicine with their doctors.


Build and train a specialized sales team to promote Ritamon to medical experts, employing their skills to express the product’s benefits and characteristics clearly. Engage influential people in the PTSD community and solicit their support for Ritamon. Ensure our employees receive ongoing training and development to stay current on the latest breakthroughs in PTSD therapy and related fields (Bero & Parker, 2021). By carefully targeting each marketing mix component, we plan to optimize Ritamon’s potential for success in the adult PTSD therapy market. Because of a compelling product offering, strategic distribution, competitive pricing, targeted advertising, and a professional team, Ritamon will be positioned as a preferred option for healthcare practitioners and patients looking for an efficient treatment option for PTSD in adults.



To guarantee the success of our Ritamon marketing strategy, we must complete the phases of implementation, evaluation, and control. It necessitates putting the techniques into practice, evaluating their efficacy, and modifying them to achieve our objectives.

Implementation of marketing strategies is the first stage. We will create a calendar with specific activities, responsibilities, and deadlines to ensure a successful implementation. The schedule will include details about the product’s introduction, distribution, pricing, advertising, and staff training.

Our sales team will educate healthcare professionals about Ritamon’s benefits for adults with PTSD. Beginning collaborations with PTSD advocacy organizations and professional organizations will raise awareness of Ritamon among the general public. Social media, websites, and printed materials will all play a role in disseminating direct-to-consumer advertising and educational efforts.

Task Activity
Product launch Develop marketing collateral, including product information

and packaging

Distribution Partner with established pharmaceutical channels, including

wholesalers, pharmacies, and healthcare providers

Pricing Determine a competitive pricing strategy based on market

research and financial analysis

Promotion Develop targeted marketing campaigns for healthcare

providers and patients with PTSD

Staff training Train a dedicated sales force to promote Ritamon to

healthcare providers and engage with key opinion leaders

in the PTSD community


We will develop critical performance measures to evaluate our promotional initiatives’ effectiveness. The number of medical specialists that promote Ritamon, the brand’s market share, their level of satisfaction with product functionality, and reach scale are all important indicators of a successful branding effort.

We will assess the effectiveness of our advertising activities by regularly analyzing these stated performance indicators. Provide an example in which if sales fall short of estimates, we must examine and alter our marketing plan in order to better engage with the people for whom we seek(Bero & Parker, 2021). Customers’ feedback, like healthcare practitioners’ comments on patients they treat, assists them in analyzing their practice approaches for improvement areas; be sensible enough to open ourselves up to constructively critical remarks, allowing continuous progress (Johnson & Kim, 2020, December). Knowledge continues to be a tool that intentionally shapes persons based on what they expound on during self-actualization.

KPI Measure of Success
Sales volume Meeting or exceeding projected sales targets
Market share Achieving a significant market share
Customer satisfaction High ratings and positive feedback from

healthcare providers and patients

Brand awareness Recognition of the Ritamon brand among the

target market

Number of prescriptions The number of prescriptions written for

Ritamon by healthcare providers


Control systems are required to keep the marketing strategy on course and make any necessary adjustments. If our research shows that some approaches are underperforming, we must identify the root causes and fix them.

For example, suppose we discover that our direct-to-consumer advertising campaign needs to reach its target population. In that case, we may need to revise our messaging or look into alternate marketing channels (Bero & Parker, 2021). If we receive feedback from customers indicating that Ritamon’s prices are inappropriate, we may need to rethink our pricing strategy and consider adopting further financial help efforts.

We will use proactive techniques to anticipate and handle potential concerns in addition to these reactive efforts. Periodic market research may be required to stay current on market trends, competitor activity, and regulatory changes.

Finally, the implementation, evaluation, and control phase is continuous and dynamic. It necessitates constant monitoring of our marketing initiatives, comparison to our KPIs, and the capacity to make adjustments as needed (Johnson and Kim, 2020, December). By remaining proactive and responsive, we can ensure that our marketing plan for Ritamon is effective and follows our company’s aims and objectives.

Evaluation Findings Corrective Actions
Lower than projected sales volume Revise promotional efforts, adjust pricing strategy, or explore new marketing channels
Low customer satisfaction ratings Review product features and benefits, improve customer

service, or offer additional support resources

Limited brand awareness Increase marketing efforts, explore new promotional tactics, or collaborate with additional PTSD advocacy groups and professional associations
Healthcare providers write fewer prescriptions Educate healthcare providers about the benefits and features

of Ritamon, provide additional training or resources to improve their understanding of the product and its efficacy

Changes in the regulatory environment orcompetitive landscape Monitor regulatory changes and adapt marketing strategies to

remain compliant and competitive


This marketing plan shows how to promote Ritamon, a new treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in a complete way. This report has a situational analysis, goals and objectives, strategies for the target market, the marketing mix, implementation, review, and control.

The situational analysis looks broadly at how the market works now, such as how the number of people with PTSD is increasing, how current therapies are not good enough, and how a new, effective therapy could get a big market share. The SWOT analysis shows our strengths and weaknesses, such as our talented workforce, cutting-edge R&D skills, and strategic partnerships.

The marketing plan’s goals and aims are about making Ritamon the best treatment for people with PTSD(Bero & Parker, 2021). This plan means growing our market share, making our customers happier, making more people aware of our brand, and building long-term ties with people with PTSD and healthcare providers.

Market segmentation is used in the target market methodologies, focusing on adults with PTSD, healthcare workers, and support groups for PTSD. We will use several methods, such as direct-to-consumer advertising, targeted marketing efforts, partnerships with PTSD advocacy groups, and working with healthcare professionals to reach and engage our target audience.

Ritamon is a unique post-traumatic stress disorder treatment. Ritamon outperforms currently available treatments while generating fewer side effects. Patients who match the requirements can select from various low-cost payment programs (Johnson and Kim, 2020, December). Ritamon will be promoted through targeted marketing, direct-to-consumer activities, and collaborations with organizations that assist people suffering from PTSD. The sales team will meet with doctors and explain how Ritamon can aid persons with PTSD.

The execution, appraisal, and management phases are a continual process. Setting targets, tracking success, and making course corrections as needed are all part of implementing the marketing strategy. Key performance indicators (KPIs) enable us to assess our marketing campaigns’ success and identify improvement areas. Control instruments are required to guarantee that the marketing strategy is implemented and can be changed. Proactive controls should be implemented to assist in predicting and addressing these issues.

The ultimate goal of this Ritamon advertising effort is to make it the pharmaceutical of choice for treating adult PTSD among patients and clinicians. Because of its superior product, excellent marketing, competitive price, and targeted customer base, Ritamon will dominate the adult PTSD therapy industry.


Kotler, P., & Keller, K. L. (2016). Marketing Management (15th ed.). Pearson.

Johnson, M., & Kim, J. E. (2020, December). The Effect of Task Complexity on Eye Movement and Multitasking Performance in Students With and Without ADHD. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 786–790). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.

Thomas, S., Jadeja, A., Vaghela, K., & Shreevastava, R. (2021). Investigating the consumer’s attitude toward brand and purchase intention within a cause-related marketing campaign for a pharmacy product. International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing, 1-18.

Bero, L. A., & Parker, L. (2021). Risky business? Pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of health consumer groups. Australian Prescriber, 44(3), 74.

Khazzaka, M. (2019). Pharmaceutical marketing strategies influence physicians’ prescribing pattern in Lebanon: ethics, gifts, and samples. BMC health services research, pp. 19, 1–11.

Medical Family Therapy Contributions Essay Example


“Medical family therapy” considers how a patient’s loved ones affect their health and well-being. It recognizes that family relationships may affect mental and physical health and addresses the underlying causes. Due to studies suggesting family therapy may help various mental health issues, this practice has gained popularity, especially in mental health. This study supports using this technique. This has shifted the industry focus to this technique. Studies show that medical family therapy may help persons with anxiety, depression, bipolar illness, schizophrenia, and drug abuse. Mental health specialists work with the patient’s family to identify and treat underlying issues that may be causing mental health issues.

Family-centred approach. Medical family therapy aims to improve the patient’s physical, emotional, and familial health. Medical family therapists treat patients and their families. Family therapy has successfully treated mental health illnesses in Western countries for decades. Studies demonstrate this therapy is useful. Medical family therapy is becoming increasingly common in Asian countries like Singapore and China as mental health care becomes a priority (Hatta Santoso Ong et al., 2021; Aalberg, 2023). Medical family therapy may cure mental health issues and improve family functioning by addressing family issues that cause them.

Medical family therapy may assist in addressing Singapore’s growing mental health crisis. Medical family therapy has been studied in Singapore for treating depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Various research examined whether medical family therapy treats various disorders. Medical family therapy improved depression patients’ mental health in a Singapore research. The National University of Singapore conducted the research. Another study found that medical family therapy reduced anxiety in anxiety disorder patients. Medical family therapy is becoming a promising treatment for mental health issues. This therapy addresses family difficulties head-on.

This approach acknowledges the significance of family and encourages family members to engage with healthcare professionals to enhance their loved one’s health and well-being. Western nations have extensively researched medical family therapy’s efficacy. This therapeutic method is gaining popularity in Asian countries like Singapore. Medical family therapy uses philosophical and theoretical frameworks to guide its therapeutic practice. This idea includes the agency and communion hypothesis. It stresses the need to balance autonomy and connectedness in the family. This paradigm states that people must balance autonomy and connection to form good relationships.

The agency and communion hypothesis, also known as “the communion hypothesis,” states that people should be able to make independent decisions and act on their behalf (“agency”) while also being connected to others and participating in the pursuit of common goals and values (“community”). Therapists that follow this paradigm help families balance the two stresses, which allows for true and healthy interactions. Medical family therapy may incorporate the biopsychosocial and spiritual (BPSS) paradigm. This approach acknowledges that biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects may affect health. This method considers these criteria. The BPSS model was created to measure patient health comprehensively. This model considers these components of an individual’s health and well-being.

BPSS-based family therapists examine patients’ biological wellness. This includes recording physical ailments and medicines that may affect mental health. They also evaluate psychological factors, including emotional control and cognitive function. They also include social and spiritual aspects, including family and community support and personal values and beliefs. Family therapists may better comprehend their patients’ medical issues and customize therapy holistically. The BPSS technique recognizes that every patient is unique and that a complete evaluation of the patient’s health must precede any therapy.

The agency, communion, and BPSS models govern medical family therapy. Conceptual and theoretical basis are these frameworks. These frameworks highlight the necessity of holistically examining a patient’s health and balancing autonomy and connectedness in family relationships. Family therapists may better treat mental health issues and improve family health by using the numerous theoretical frameworks accessible to them. In recent years, medical family therapy has advanced Medicine, particularly mental health. Technology enabled these breakthroughs. Western research has shown medical family therapy to help teenage anorexia nervosa (Smith & Cook-Cottone, 2011).

Godart (2012), in a randomized control experiment, found that additive family therapy helps teenagers with anorexia nervosa when combined with standard treatment. Psychological Medicine reported the study results. (Diamond et al. 2016; Ibrahim et al. 2017; Feder & Diamond 2015) Medical family therapy may enhance attachment-based family therapy for depressed and suicidal teenagers. Diamond, Ibrahim, and Feder (2015) discovered this. According to Hatta Santoso Ong and colleagues 2021, Asian primary care professionals have realized the need to incorporate patients’ families in mental illness treatment. A comprehensive study and meta-analysis by Aalberg (2023) found that family counselling helps depressed and suicidal youths in Singapore.

A 2020 research by Noa Tsvieli and her colleagues found that attachment-based family therapy for depressed and suicidal youth benefitted from therapist treatments related to constructive emotional processing. These studies suggest that medical family therapy may cure anorexia nervosa, sadness, and suicidal ideation. Family therapy may be an effective and thorough patient treatment that addresses underlying difficulties and improves family functioning. This treatment improves family relationships. Family therapy is predicted to remain essential in Western and Asian mental health.

Main Analysis

Medical family therapy (MFT) has become more popular for treating mental disorders. This focus has garnered recognition for the method. It emphasizes the importance of families in mental health and addresses family issues that may cause mental health issues. This prevents mental illness. This strategy may greatly assist those with long-term medical ailments or mental health issues that affect their physical health. This literature study will focus on MFT’s recent contributions to Medicine, notably in Western, Asian, and Singaporean countries. The evaluation will use peer-reviewed studies from the last five years. These articles will cover current trends, difficulties, and solutions.

MFT is a beneficial mental health treatment in Western nations, including the US, Canada, and the UK. The US, UK, and Canada are examples. MFT reduces depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, improving patient outcomes, according to various studies. MFT may also enhance family functioning and communication, which may help patients and reduce caregiver stress. Asia also recognizes MFT as an essential mental health therapy. They’re Asian. According to Asian studies, MFT may relieve anxiety and sadness. Cultural considerations may affect MFT implementation and efficacy in certain nations. In many Asian cultures, seeking mental health therapy is seen as a sign of weakness, making MFT treatments difficult to get. Other civilizations may also do this.

Singapore’s MFT sector has made several achievements recently. Improvements are important in this growing industry. According to the Singapore Association for Mental Health, MFT practitioners need greater training and education. Several studies in Singapore have shown that MFT improves patient outcomes, particularly anxiety and depression. MFT’s efficacy in varied populations needs additional investigation. These persons should have various medical issues and ethnic backgrounds. MFT has greatly impacted Medicine, especially mental health treatment, in recent years. These contributions are widespread. This method emphasizes the family’s involvement in mental health and addresses familial issues that may be the cause. The inability to interact with family may cause mental health issues.

Due to its effectiveness, MFT is gaining popularity in Western and Asian countries, including Singapore. However, MFT needs more research and training to be effective across various demographics. Medical family therapy (MFT) has contributed to mental health care in Western nations. Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) improves emotional regulation and family interactions in adolescents with unresolved anger. Researchers were Diamond et al. (2016). The Applied Behavioral Analysis for Families and Couples (ABFT) uses evidence-based interventions to enhance family functioning and minimize disputes.

Feder and Diamond (2015) found that favourable ABFT outcomes for suicidal and depressed adolescents predicted parent-therapist alliance and attachment-promoting behaviour. These results appeared in Attachment and Behavior Therapy. The therapist’s interaction with the parents and ability to develop familial attachment is crucial. Family therapy also works for teenage anorexia nervosa. Family therapy improves patient outcomes, Smith and Cook-Cottone (2011) report. Parental involvement in treatment helped achieve this aim. This emphasizes the importance of patients’ relatives in mental health recovery.

ABFT has helped Western mental health practitioners improve patient outcomes, family relationships, and service integration. These results highlight the importance of family dynamics and interactions in treating mental health illnesses, especially adolescent ones. Adolescents’ troubles need this. MFT improves patient outcomes and treats a variety of mental health disorders. This improves mental well-being. MFT will continue to improve mental health and wellness for people and families as mental health treatment grows. Medical family therapy (MFT) has helped treat mental illness in Western nations. Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) helps teenagers manage their emotions and connect with their families.

Adolescents who cannot control their anger may benefit from this therapy. Authors Diamond et al. (2016) conducted the study. Applied Behavioral Analysis for Families and Couples (ABFT) uses evidence-based therapy to decrease conflict and improve family functioning. This strategy promotes family functioning and reduces conflict. Feder and Diamond (2015) revealed that favourable ABFT outcomes for suicidal and depressed adolescents predicted parent-therapist connection and attachment-promoting behaviour. Both adolescents showed this. The Behaviour and attachment therapy journal reported these results. The therapist must also communicate with parents and form a family bond.

Family therapy may help teenagers with anorexia nervosa. Smith and Cook-Cottone (2011) found that family therapy improves patient outcomes. Involving parents in therapy helped achieve this goal. This shows how important family is in mental illness recovery. The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABFT) has helped Western mental health practitioners improve patient outcomes, family relationships, and service integration. These results highlight the importance of family dynamics and interactions in treating mental health illnesses, especially teenage ones. This is essential for adolescent issues.

MFT treats several mental health issues and improves patient comfort. This improves the population’s mental health. Medical family therapy (MFT) has also advanced mental health care in Singapore. Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) has been found to address many mental health conditions in recent years. BPD affects 5% of the population. Ibrahim, Russon, and Diamond (2017) found that ABFT for depressed and suicidal teens in Singapore improved patient-provider communication, family relationships, and argument frequency. Some ABFT programs teach emotional management and communication. These interventions promote family functioning to improve patient outcomes.

Tsvieli et al. (2020) found that ABFT for depressed and suicidal teens improved with therapist treatments linked to constructive emotional processing. To get excellent treatment results, therapists must be well-trained and apply effective intervention methods. Multi-Factor Therapy has also helped interprofessional healthcare collaboration in Singapore (Hatta Santoso Ong et al., 2021). Singapore family medicine therapists collaborate with other medical specialists to offer complete, holistic treatment, improving patient outcomes and mental health therapy integration. Based on these results, MFT procedures like ABFT may improve mental health treatment in Singapore.

MFT can treat mental health concerns comprehensively since it considers family relationships and addresses underlying issues. This therapy improves patient and family outcomes. MFT is needed to increase interprofessional healthcare collaboration. This will make it simpler to handle a wide variety of patients and is crucial. MFT will likely continue to improve mental health and wellness for Singaporeans as mental health treatment advances. These data suggest that MFT might enhance mental health treatment integration and outcomes in Singapore. MFT is expected to enhance people’s and families’ mental health as mental health treatment matures.

ABFT and other mental health treatment (MFT) strategies may enhance mental health care in Singapore. Narrative therapy has been used to promote mental health recovery in families (Lim, Ng, & Yeo, 2020). This helps families deal with mental illness. This method emphasizes the importance of family tales and histories in forming a person’s and a family’s identity, which may be used to promote healing and resilience. In Singapore, MFT has been utilized to manage cultural issues, which may affect mental health care. Singapore’s collectivism makes family members feel accountable for each other’s mental well-being (Kang & Teo, 2020). The MFT can address these cultural elements by creating an environment where family members may explore their roles, responsibilities, and individual and collective needs.

MFT has also been utilized to treat the mental health needs of disadvantaged Singaporeans, such as migrant workers and their families (Tan, Chew, & Ho, 2019). MFT treats PTSD, and MFT treats PTSD. MFT-based approaches may assist these populations in getting the social and emotional support they need for mental health. MFT has significant potential to enhance Singapore’s mental health system. MFT offers a comprehensive and holistic approach to mental health therapy that may be tailored to individual requirements and family dynamics. This may be done by considering family dynamics, developing collaboration amongst healthcare workers of various specializations, and assessing cultural issues. Thus, MFT research and implementation in Singapore may improve mental health outcomes and promote mental health treatment integration.

Medical family therapy has advanced Medicine, especially mental health treatment, in recent years. Family involvement in mental health maintenance and underlying problems are addressed in the therapy. We examined the effects of medical family therapy on Western, Asian, and Singaporean Medicine in our literature review. According to the research, medical family therapy improves patient outcomes, family disagreements, and patient-mental health specialist communication. However, medical family therapy needs more research, especially in Singapore. Randomized controlled trials and longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate medical family therapy in different cultures and create culturally relevant interventions. Medical family therapy’s success in treating various mental health conditions must be examined and compared to other therapies. This research might improve individuals’ and families’ medical family therapy and mental health care.

Application of the “person-of-The-Therapist” (POTT) Framework

“Person-of-the-therapist” (POTT) is a valuable method for understanding medical family therapy and how therapists’ traits and experiences affect patient results. In Singapore, mental health treatment may need collaboration between medical family therapists and other medical experts to offer complete patient care. The POTT framework allows Singaporean medical family therapists to evaluate their roles and partnerships with other medical specialists. This examination may improve patient results and boost holistic mental health treatment. Over the past few decades, medical family therapy has significantly advanced mental health. Medical family therapy helps teens with depression and suicidal ideation. Medical family therapy benefits this region.

A comprehensive study and meta-analysis by Aalberg (2023) found that family therapy may alleviate adolescent depression and suicidal thoughts. The research found that medical-family therapy reduced teenage suicide ideation and depression, particularly when combined with individual and family therapy. Attachment-centred family therapy treats several mental health issues. Diamond et al. (2016) examined productive emotional processing in attachment-based family therapy for unresolved anger. This research examined ABT for unresolved rage. The research found that attachment-based family therapy helps youth with unresolved anger by supporting emotional processing.

Attachment-based family therapy helps teens with unresolved rage. Feder and Diamond (2015) studied attachment-based family therapy for suicidal and depressed teenagers. The researchers found that the therapy’s effectiveness depended on the therapist-parent relationship and the parents’ attachment-enhancing activities. Medical family therapy for teenage anorexia nervosa is also effective. Family counselling following inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa is helpful. Godart et al. (2012) tested supplemental family therapy for teenage anorexia. The study assessed the therapy’s efficacy. The research found that teenagers with anorexia nervosa who added family therapy to their primary treatment improved their body mass index and quality of life.

Singapore’s primary care mental illness therapy now includes patients’ families. Hatta Santoso Ong, Fernandez, and Lim (2021) examined the benefit of family engagement in primary care for mentally ill patients. The research found that incorporating the family in primary care mental illness therapy was effective as patient outcomes improved. Medical family therapists need the POTT framework. However, Singapore’s unique qualities may provide several complications. Medical family therapists may struggle to secure a place on the healthcare team in the future. Medical family therapy is not widely known in Singapore, and medical practitioners may not know its advantages.

Medical family therapists may need to educate colleagues on their role in holistic patient care. Family therapists may need to learn how to handle their colleagues’ biases and experiences when working with other medical specialists. In a high-pressure, fast-paced medical context, therapists may struggle to regulate their prejudices and working experiences. Self-awareness and contemplation are valued in POTT. Cultural issues may also impact how medical family therapists engage with patients. Medical family therapists who share their patients’ cultural backgrounds may be better able to understand and solve their patients’ mental health issues. Medical family therapists must be mindful of cultural variations and how they may affect therapy.

Feder and Diamond (2015) found that the parent-therapist interaction and parent attachment-promoting behaviour in attachment-based family therapy for suicidal and depressed adolescents contributed to favourable results. Attachment-based family treatment for suicidal and depressed teenagers involves these elements. The research found that optimal therapy requires a strong therapeutic interaction with the patient’s parents. Focus on this. The research also stressed the need for therapists to be conscious of their biases and experiences while working with patients and their families.

Mental Health Treatment

In Singapore, Hatta Santoso Ong and colleagues 2021 found that primary care mental health therapy must include patients’ families. The patient’s family must be included in mental healthcare to provide thorough treatment and support. By addressing cultural variables, family therapy may enhance communication, family connections, and mental health. In a multicultural society like Singapore, where patients come from various cultural backgrounds, medical family therapists who share their patients’ cultures may be more equipped to handle cultural factors affecting mental health. Medical family therapists in multicultural Singapore are more likely to see patients from other cultures.

Medical family therapists may have problems communicating and collaborating with other medical professionals, which might lead to misunderstandings and arguments (Aalberg, 2023). Medical family therapists may need help establishing themselves in the healthcare team. Medical family therapy and its advantages may be new to other doctors. According to Ibrahim et al. (2017), the fast-paced and high-pressure healthcare industry may make it tougher for medical family therapists to actively hide their prejudices and job experiences to treat patients effectively. Medical family therapists may struggle to deliver optimal treatment.

In conclusion, medical family therapists must use the person-of-the-therapist paradigm to understand how their personal traits and life experiences may affect patient treatment. The finest patient care requires this knowledge. Medical family therapy has contributed to Medicine, particularly mental health, in recent years. These efforts were very helpful. Family therapy helps treat mental illness, particularly in teens. This therapy benefits teens best. Singaporean primary care providers have realized the need for family involvement in mental illness treatment in recent years. Medical family therapists who share their patients’ cultural backgrounds may be better able to address cultural variables impacting mental health. Medical family therapists may have problems communicating and collaborating with other medical professionals, which might lead to misunderstandings and disagreements. Family therapists may enhance patient outcomes and promote holistic mental health by knowing the person-of-the-therapist paradigm.


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Diamond, G. M., Shahar, B., Sabo, D., & Tsvieli, N. (2016). Attachment-based family therapy and emotion-focused therapy for unresolved anger: The role of productive emotional processing. Psychotherapy, 53(1), 34–44.

Feder, M. M., & Diamond, G. M. (2015). Parent-therapist alliance and parent attachment-promoting behaviour in attachment-based family therapy for suicidal and depressed adolescents. Journal of Family Therapy38(1), 82–101.

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