Manchester United Fan Club Essay Example For College

Executive Summary

“Manchester United Fan club” represents fans of Manchester United Football Club. In order to back up the adoring attempts of its fans, “Manchester United Fan club” web site is designed.The basic intent of the web site is to supply the informational and promotional content. The promotional content includes information about assorted types of promotional points like T-Shirts, Posters etc. The information content includes information about recent events, any News related to Manchester United Football Club, Team Players names along with their calling record. Besides basic purpose the web site it besides provides picture of great minutes. The web site besides provides the users with installation to go fan club member by subscribing up online. It besides provides contact us information. Besides informational and promotional content the web site besides provides “Site Map” which provides user to rapidly happen out website content.

Site Design and Methodology

Design Rationale

To plan the web site foremost of all the targeted audience should be identified. Second the intent and chief aim of web site is needed to be identified. Based on replies of these inquiries, a suited design for web site can be designed.

For Manchester united fan nine website the reply to the above inquiries is

  • The chief aim of Manchester United fan nine web site is to supply promotional and informational content to its audience.
  • Since it ‘s a promotional web site and fans of Manchester united are targeted as audience therefore some dynamic functionality is besides required so that fans can go member by subscribing up online is selected.

Since the web site which is required to be produced is really limited in size due to specified no. of WebPages, a simple and easy to voyage design will be much better.

Final Design picks

To plan the web site layout, design picks ( in appendices ) were considered. Since the web site required to be produced is really little in size with regard to content it was decided to maintain the pilotage every bit simple as possible. A simple designed was produced and finalized by pull outing characteristics from considered design picks.

Site map

The undermentioned site map describes the elaborate construction of Manchester United Fan Club Website.

A· Home Manchester United Fan Club

A· Join us Join Manchester United Fan Club

A· All points Exciting points from Manchester united

A· The intelligence box Latest intelligence about Manchester united

A· Videos Videos of Manchester united

A· Team info Manchester united squad inside informations

A· Contact us Manchester United Fan Club Contact Information

oReference to mock-ups with mock-ups in appendices, and inside informations of site construction.

CSS Style Sheets

The undermentioned nexus ticket is used to associate the cascading manner sheet to the web pages.

& lt ; link href= ” YourStyleSheet.css ” rel= ” stylesheet ” type= ” text/css ” / & gt ;

Accessibility picks and a sum-up of proof consequences ( with printout in appendices ) .

Development Tools

Graphical User Interface ( GUI ) is designed in Adobe Photoshop and web pages are designed utilizing Asp.Net.

Schemes for update and care

  • The web site is designed utilizing a maestro page templet. Any new add-on of pages can be easy made utilizing maestro page templet which makes site to be updated more easy as compared to planing a web page from abrasion.
  • The updatable content can be easy incorporated by doing small alteration in the page codification since a symmetric designed is followed for “AllItems.aspx” , “default.aspx” and the “NewsBox.aspx” web pages.

Critical Analysis of Undertaking

The web site is simple and about inactive in nature and provides speedy entree to all information it contains. But the current design is non suited when content is increased and dynamic functionality is introduced.

The web site is inactive in nature except merely User sign up and login part is dynamic. The update of website functionality can be improved by incorporating the updatable content with database and supplying an disposal interface ( set of web pages ) to update the content through it. For illustration, to update the new promotional point an disposal web page can be provided through which user can add new image along with its description. By making so the webmaster wo n’t necessitate to modify codification straight. Alternatively he can do updates through disposal interface which can do the site updated more easy and removes any opportunities of mistake initiation in codification.

Similarly the pilotage bill of fare can be introduced which can dynamically updated through disposal interface when new pages are added or removed. Although through maestro page its easy to add new page, but the current design includes tab type bill of fare which are hard to update.


Design picks

A· hypertext transfer protocol: //

A· hypertext transfer protocol: //


* MULogo.jpg, [ Electronic Print ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

From place page

[ Accessed 01 January 2010 ] .

* featured-item2.png, [ Electronic Print ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

From place page/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/

[ Accessed 03 January 2010 ] .

* Manchester_United_home_jersey.jpg, [ Electronic Print ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

From place page

[ Accessed 04 January 2010 ] .

* Nike_manchester_united_08-09_away.jpg, [ Electronic Print ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

From place page

[ Accessed 04 January 2010 ] .

* SP0641-MAN-UTD-players-2010.jpg, [ Electronic Print ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

From place page

[ Accessed 03 January 2010 ] .

* Manchaster United Supporter Club of NSW Australia, Welcome Page [ Online ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

[ Accessed 01 January 2010 ]

* Manchaster United Membership and Supporter Club of America, Welcome Page [ Online ]

Available at:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

[ Accessed 01 January 2010 ]

Lock, Stock And Two Smoking Barrels

The 1998 movieLock, Stock and Two Smoke Barrelsswas directed and written by Guy Ritchie who would finally make the reboot of the solid blockbuster series,Sherlock Holmes. His earlier film is about four condemnable friends who are roped into three dramatic events in their life that are traveling on at the same clip. This movie is really alone because of the coincident construction of the secret plan tied together with parallel redacting. It has so many things to bask about it: the atmospheric East London locations, the exuberant visuals, and the typical camera angles employed by Ritchie. Everything in this movie catches the oculus. Ritchie’s film is a bang to watch because he keeps you invariably on border.

The subject of the movie is about karma and the manner destiny plays its volatile finger on the characters’ lives. If the characters in the movie have a certain set of moral criterions, so their hereafter destinies are left to make up one’s mind whether or non they live or die. If a individual is of an “honorable” background ( at least within the codification of stealers ) or has moral beliefs in trueness to his friends, in the terminal they will prevail over the darker elements of the condemnable underworld. As you watch the movie, you start to understand that some of the characters in this movie aren’t precisely great people but they are nice plenty to make the right thing for themselves and for their friends in the terminal.

The movie starts off with four close friends: Eddy ( Nick Moran ) , Tom ( Jason Flemyng ) , Bacon ( Jason Stathom ) , and Soap ( Dexter Fletcher ) . They are acquiring 100,000 euro notes so that Eddy can acquire into one of the many sleazy card games put on by porn mogul Harry “the Hatchet” Lonsdale ( played by P. H. Moriarty. ) Harry botches the game so that Eddy losingss the 100,000 that he handed them to come in. Now he has to pay an extra sum of 400,000 euros. Harry tells Eddy that he wants the money to be given to him at the terminal of a full hebdomad or else he’ll have to cover with his East End hatchet mans. This is the motivating action that triggers the full secret plan. How are these friends traveling to raise that immense sum of money? This inspires a great mix of dark comedy and force for the remainder of the movie.

After several yearss with no fortune geting the financess, Eddy comes place and overhears his neighbours, a pack of criminals led by a adult male named Dog played by Frank Harper. The pack is be aftering a robbery on some pot agriculturists who may be loaded non merely with drugs but the needful money to work out the debt job. Eddy sends this information to his long-time buddies. He is meaning for them to rob the fly-by-night neighbours as they come back from the larceny of the marihuana traders. The pack of four installs taping equipment to supervise the neighbours.

Tom obtains a brace of antique scatterguns from a black market trader, known as Nick “ the Grecian ” ( Steven Marcus ) who besides strikes a trade with Rory Breaker ( Vas Blackwood ) , a sociopathic mobster, to purchase the stolen drugs. Nick had purchased the guns from a brace of foolish little clip felons, Gary and Dean, who in bend had stolen them from a belly-up British Godhead as portion of a occupation for Harry “the Hatchet.” None of the characters realize that, of the full stolen pieces aggregation, Harry’s merely desire was those two highly valuable antique scatterguns now in the custodies of Tom. After larning the guns had been sold, an angered Barry “the Baptist, ” Harry’s personal escort, threatens the two imbeciles into acquiring them back. The secret plan thickens, indicating towards future mayhem. As a sad trifle aside, the movie was dedicated to Lenny McLean who performed Barry “the Baptist.” Mr. McLean had died of malignant neoplastic disease merely one month before the film’s premiere.

The neighbours ‘ robbery gets underway harmonizing to agenda. Despite the decease of a pack member doltishly by his ain gun and a rickety opportunity brush with a traffic bull, the occupation against the pot traders is a success. Thinking they’re eventually safe when the criminals arrive back at their London flat, that neighbour pack is ambushed by our four friends. They take the neighbor’s looted money and return subsequently that dark to hoard the goods next door. It is now clip for a brainsick dark of celebratory imbibing.

Socio Rory discovers that the drugs he was traveling to purchase were really stolen from him. The marihuana agriculturists were in his employees. Rory interrogates/tortures Nick into stating where the four friends live. Meanwhile, ferocious about their loss, Dog throws one of his work forces through the wall of their flat. They discover the taping equipment on the other side and finally all the stolen money and drugs. As Dog counts the money, the crooked neighbours prepare an ambuscade. Meanwhile Gary and Dean, seeking to retrieve the old-timer shotguns, name on a traumatized Nick, who directs them to the same flat reference. Large Chris, Harry ‘s debt aggregator, leaves with his boy to the same finish as the four friends drive place from their saloon crawl. Fate has played all the cards on the lucks of all the characters. This will be the flood tide of the secret plan.

Rory and his pack assault the flat and have a gunfight with the neighbours, ensuing in the deceases of all but Dog and Winston, Rory’s chemist. Winston makes off with the marihuana. Dog is robbed by Big Chris of the scatterguns and money during his flight. Gary and Dean topographic point Big Chris with the guns and hurriedly follow him, while the four friends return to happen their booty losing. Large Chris gives the guns and hard currency to Harry, but on his return to the auto he finds Dog endangering to kill his boy if he does n’t recover the money. Desperate to acquire the guns, Gary and Dean onslaught Harry and Barry at their office, non cognizing what Harry looks like and non noticing Barry until after he retaliates. Within seconds all four work forces are dead.

The four friends are arrested, but confirmed to be guiltless after the traffic bull identified Dog ‘s dead pack as the primary suspects. When they retreat back to the saloon, they discover Tom is out on a mission to throw the priceless shotguns off a span into the River Thames. In looking at a catalog of old-timers, the friends learn the guns are deserving 1000s of dollars. As they try to name, Tom puts the phone in his oral cavity and the movie ends with him seeking to throw the scatterguns off the span that he failed throwing the first clip. Now, with the guns are on a shelf and the phone is in Tom’s oral cavity, the movie concludes with Tom non cognizing what to make next. The film fades to black in a screaming cliffhanger doing for a perfect stoping

The emotional tone of the movie is that of fright, remorsefulness, and dizzy felicity. Another emotional quality felt is dry surprise. The sarcasm that the characters have to confront in about every scene is screaming. The movie has a delightfully far-out dark comedic quality. It ever puts these characters that you sometimes experience regretful and sympathise, in uneasy state of affairss that they have to prise their manner out some mode. Similar and comparable movies that portion this alone gallows wit includePulp FictionandReservoir Dogs.

The construction of the movie is reasonably straightforward following a chronological development of the secret plan. There was one scene where Ritchie uses flash-forward in his narrative relation. The sequence involves a auto clang. Then the following scene was about the same auto clang merely it inside informations how it happened and who it happened excessively. It is a clever usage of clip use.

The musical soundtrack is largely antecedently released music that wasn’t originally orchestrated for the movie. The mark contains a broad assortment of music from stone to reggae with vocals including “The Boss” and “The Payback” by James Brown, “Spooky” by Dusty Springfield, “Liar, Liar” by The Castaways, “I Wan na Be Your Dog” by The Stooges, and “Walk This Land ( Remix ) ” by Ez Rollers. The usage of these musical hits from the 1960s and 1970s is diverse and superb.

The filming by manager of picture taking, Tim Maurice-Jones, is first-class. The most memorable parts include the POV ( point of position ) camera sequence on Eddie when he is in confusion holding merely lost all of the money. When Harry dramatically dies, the production squad slows things down. You can see the barbarous action unfold while clip is now traveling at a much slower intense gait utilizing Slo Mo, a signature Ritchie technique subsequently used in his successfulSherlock Holmesseries. Besides there is a sequence where a ball of one of the robber’s hair is wholly blown off. The manner Maurice-Jones and Ritchie used fume and lighting in that “hair-raising” minute was reasonably capturing. It was reminiscent of those old slap stick sketchs where something ungodly happens to a character. You think the sketch character is severely damaged but they merely have a little burn or minor abrasion.

This movie has to be one of the best movies I’ve seen late. It is an exciting return on the offense universe and how most felons get the barrel in the terminal. The movie is spectacularly balanced between being humourous and serious at the same clip. Its usage as a “hyperlink cinema” piece is one for the books. Ritchie does an first-class occupation in linking all the different narratives, playing with clip, and interweaving surprising secret plan turns. He makes you experience joy when you like a certain character from a different portion of the narrative. Then you see them interact with a unsafe character, you had no thought would of all time see him or her once more. He creates a feeling of huge tenseness.

The movie is a tightly constructed chef-d’oeuvre. Ritchie’s film merely does non halt for a 2nd. It is full of refreshfully dark wit and filmed with existent manner and genius. Like a great book, I didn’t want it to stop. That is how much I enjoyed this movie. You feel such a connexion with the narrative and with the characters. In the paltry 107 proceedingss this film is played, you want to watch these characters lives played out even more.

Lock, Stock and Two Smoke Barrelsshas a certain message or moral: to ne’er be excessively avaricious and ever seek to lodge to an ethical way otherwise you might acquire the heat of life in the terminal. There are non moral picks being made in this film. But however, there are moral people in this narrative. Even though they do bad things and sometimes pay in a heartfelt way for it, their Black Marias are in the right topographic point. Sometimes. Let’s merely pray they won’t acquire into any problem following clip.

Organizational Change In Lenovo Group China Commerce

Business organisations have to alter to accommodate to the altering environment. Management of alteration has been a hot issue in academic research for old ages. One popular sentiment considers that nowadays corporations will travel to decease without alteration. However, how to transport out right alteration is a ambitious inquiry for corporations. Bland and adrift alteration could be a catastrophe doing a fast autumn to the organisations.

Concentrating on the issue of direction of alteration in the organisation, this essay attempts to take usage of the relevant constructs to research and analyze the issue of alteration within a existent organisation. The mark organisation is Lenovo, one of the most celebrated Information technology companies in China, where the research worker had chance to work. Lenovo has experienced large alterations in its development route, particularly in 2005, it successfully acquired IBM Personal Computing Division. This acquisition is a milepost in Lenovo ‘s history, which has besides been an temblor within the organisation. In this essay, the research worker tries to place and analyse the issues brought by the alteration within the organisation.

There are three parts in the chief organic structure of this research. First, Lenovo ‘s background will be presented briefly. In the 2nd portion, an overview of direction of alteration will be made in the first topographic point. Based on the theories and constructs, it moves to the instance of Lenovo. The nature and type of alteration, and the triggers for alteration in Lenovo will be identified severally. Furthermore, jobs caused by the alteration and Lenovo ‘s solution will be discussed in this portion. In the 3rd portion, taking Lenovo as an illustration, this essay will supply recommendations for Chinese corporations prosecuting alteration in its development.

Company Background

The company which this essay focuses is Lenovo Group, the taking IT company in China. Its chief undertaking is the industry and sale of personal computing machine. The history of this company can be dated back to 1981. The company was founded by merely 11 employees and with the name of Legend, keeping the doctrine that conveying IT to more Chinese consumers and concerns. With old ages of attempts, this company had become the top Personal computer industry in China since 1996, and carries out internationalisation stairss from 2000. It changes the name signifier Legend to Lenovo, which is the combination of the “ Le ” from Legend with “ novo ” ( intending neew ) from the Latin word in 2004. And twelvemonth 2005 has witnessed the most important alteration of Lenovo – the acquisition of IBM ‘s Personal computer Division. This action is considered as a milepost in history of Lenovo, because it combines the prima Personal computer manufactures both in US and China, doing a new incorporate international Personal computer leader. This concern determination proves to be right by the facts. With this acquisition, Lenovo has become one of the largest Personal computer makers in the universe range. The one-year gross of the company has reached 21 billion US dollars, with a series of trade names of Personal computers, like Thinkpad. Nowadays, Lenovo has been an international company, runing in more than 60 states with 23,000 employees worldwide. The company has been the 3rd largest Personal computer manufacturer and the fastest turning one in the universe top 5 Personal computer makers, with a universe market portion of 10.2 % ( Lenovo Official Website, 2012 ) .

Change within Lenovo

3.1 Brief Review of Management of Change

The necessity of alteration within the organisation has been widely recognized. Though the cause for alterations may be different for one corporation from another, the triggers could be summarized into two types, external factors and internal factors. Harmonizing to Elving ( 2005 ) , the concern environment is invariably altering. Corporations have to maintain gait with the altering environment to accomplish their concern purpose harmonizing to the environment. This is the external trigger for organisational alteration. On the contrary, the internal triggers come from the organisation indoors. Elving ( 2005 ) points out that technique development and forces publicity are of import internal triggers. Diefenbach ( 2007 ) considers that companies ‘ demand of development is one important internal factor for altering, particularly when public presentation is worsening.

However, change needs careful consideration. Any imprudent action could be really unsafe. Successful alterations are strategic and systematic. Brian and Walter ( 1993 ) place the alterations into different types harmonizing to the schemes used. They are planned alterations, little alterations and imploding alterations. Donaldson ( 2000 ) divided alterations into construction, forces, and technique alterations.

Changes ever face opposition from employees. Harmonizing to Morrell et Al. ( 2004 ) , the root for opposition against alteration is people ‘s fright for hazard. Some bookmans go deep into the grounds for opposition. De Jager ( 2001 ) focuses on the old employees, bespeaking that alterations are ever resisted by old employees for their concerns about losing the things and involvement they have owned. Robbins ( 2009 ) emphasizes the cause of declining alteration is due to people ‘s fright of uncertainness, as alteration could do things from familiar to unknown. Dent ( 1999 ) thinks that some opposition may come from employees ‘ consideration about the company end and development alternatively of themselves. Hence, it is necessary for endeavors to efficaciously pass on with their employees to do them clear about the significance, intent and method of alteration. Harmonizing to Altman and Iles ( 1998 ) , the ways of seting frontward the alteration should be flexible and advanced. However, in some particular state of affairs, some tough steps could be used to demo the organisation ‘s strong finding.

3.2 Analysis on Change in Lenovo

In August 2004, the president of Lenovo Group, has officially announced the acquisition of IBM ‘s Personal computer Division with a sum of $ 12.5 billion ( Lenovo Official Website, 2012 ) . It is completed in 2005. It is undoubted that this concern action is an tremendous alteration within the organisation. The rapid growing of Lenovo after the acquisition has proved that this determination of alteration is right and good handled. The experience of Lenovo makes a good illustration for those who are troubled by the alteration within the organisation.

Gun trigger for Change of Lenovo

The acquisition of IBM is a large alteration for Lenovo. The procedure of this acquisition lasts for five old ages from 2000 to 2005. This alteration is carried out with careful consideration and prudent behaviours. As mentioned above, triggers for alteration could be external and internal. External triggers emphasize the changing environment which enterprises have to maintain gait with so as to finish their concern end, while internal triggers come from the organisation indoors, such as technique, forces, etc. ( Elving, 2005 )

Looking into the instance of Lenovo ‘s acquisition of IBM, it could be found that this large alteration is driven by both external and internal factors. The external triggers for this alteration are summarized as follows.

First of wholly, it is a necessary measure for Lenovo to carry through internationalisation. Nowadays, confronting competition force per unit area, a figure of successful endeavors go abroad for more opportunities and bigger markets. The internationalisation provides endeavors chances for sustained development. Lenovo ‘s pick of being internationalized is to conform the universe economic development, which strengthens its competitory border. On the one manus, before the acquisition of IBM, Lenovo has been a taking company in Chinese Personal computer market. The company has occupied 1/3 of the section, and the top Personal computer company in China for 8 old ages. For Lenovo, the market of China is excessively limited for Lenovo to prosecute further development, and it has the capableness to travel internationalisation. On the other manus, with Lenovo ‘s concern going mature, the company faces more and more challenges. After China ‘s entry into WTO, a figure of celebrated Personal computer companies pour into Chinese market, such as IBM, Toshiba, Dell. Besides the trade name advantages, these Personal computer giants are strong plenty to supply merchandises at attractive monetary value. This ferocious competition causes monetary value war in Chinese Personal computer market. Under this circumstance, Lenovo bears unprecedented competitory force per unit area. To Lenovo, prosecuting internationalisation is non merely for development, but besides for endurance. It is proved that the acquisition of IBM is a fast mob for Lenovo to transport out international enlargement, which makes it the figure five top Personal computer manufacturer globally.

Second, through this alteration, the bargaining power with providers has been strengthened a batch. As mentioned above, the Chinese Personal computer market falls into a monetary value war. Therefore, the inexpensive monetary value natural stuffs are really of import. The acquisition of IBM makes Lenovo the universe taking Personal computer company. It improves Lenovo ‘s place when bargaining with the providers.

One of the most of import internal triggers for Lenovo to carry on this alteration is to get the most developed Personal computer engineering. IBM is considered the innovator in Personal computer bring forthing all over the universe, and the IBM Personal computer is by and large acknowledged as high-ended trade name. The acquisition of IBM makes it possible to entree the most developed technique. What ‘s more, besides technique in research and development, tactics in direction, production, selling and after service are all valuable hoarded wealths for Lenovo. The technique and direction accomplishments sharpen competitory border of Lenovo.

Harmonizing to Diefenbach ( 2007 ) , companies ‘ demand of development is one of import internal factor for alteration. Following this construct, Lenovo makes the determination of alteration in order to get the trade name of Thinkpad, the word-famous Personal computer trade name, and to make more clients. In this acquisition, Lenovo makes an understanding with IBM, that takes usage of the trade name of Thinkpad. This understanding avoids the hazards of unrecognizing the Lenovo trade name in international market. It is a safe measure to present Lenovo to international market and makes it possible for consumers to seek Lenovo ‘s merchandises. Furthermore, some of the foreign consumers hold negative sentiments to merchandises made in China, which are considered as low quality and deficiency of technique. The usage of Thinkpad trade name additions the entree to the new clients and attempts to alter their feeling on Chinese Personal computer.

Problems Originating with the Change within the Organization

Changes ever resisted by people for the uncertainness and hazards. This alteration in Lenovo is an temblor to the whole company, which faces a batch of jobs.

The most ambitious one is about “ people ” . Human resources are considered the most valuable plus for modern endeavors. By and large, the turnover of employees in acquired company is ever a critical issue for the purchasers, Lenovo is no exclusion. IBM employees have strong endeavor civilization background. How to minimise the turnover and do foreign employees accept the direction of Lenovo, a Chinese localised corporation, is a large challenge for the company, particularly in the high-ranking direction squad in US market.

In add-on, this alteration does non merely concern the abroad employees but besides is closely related to the original Chinese employees. How to equilibrate the two groups and do them harmoniously incorporate together are non easy undertakings. It ‘s known that the salary and wage system of the US and Chinese companies are wholly different. Hence, the company needs to happen out an effectual manner to fulfill both groups of employees, doing them experience every bit and good treated.

Furthermore, job is besides shown in civilization integrating. Cultural differences may do misinterpretation and struggles within the organisation. For Lenovo and IBM, the cultural differences exist non merely in the degree of corporation but besides the nationality. People ‘s behaviour and signifier of thought are profoundly rooted in the national civilization. It is inevitable that the western and eastern civilization collide with each other after the alteration. The point is how to better the common apprehension and do the two groups of people working in a harmonious environment. However, as a localised company, Lenovo has no adequate experiences on civilization integrating.

3.3 Solution of Lenovo on Problems Caused by Change

Sing the jobs originating from the alteration, Lenovo carries out a set of steps to do the alteration grows in a positive manner.

On the one manus, at the first beginning of the alteration, Lenovo makes a study to look into employees ‘ sentiment to the acquisition. Data collected shows that most of the employees both in IBM and Lenovo present positive attitude towards the event, though some of the foreign staff shows concerns about the hereafter. Harmonizing to the study consequence, Lenovo makes warrants to the staff in IBM that the IBM PC division is managed in international manner and the salary and wage system is non changed. This action eliminates the biggest concerns from the IBM employees, and strengthens their assurance about the acquisition, which maintains a batch of IBM original staff. On the other manus, to the Chinese employees in Lenovo, the company offers a new set of salary and wage strategy, which deduces the spread of the intervention so as to equilibrate between the two groups of employees. The attempts of Lenovo are effectual and efficient, which reduces the opposition in the procedure of alteration.

With respects of the cultural differences, Lenovo tries to happen similarities between the two in corporate civilization as the starting point. In the whole procedure of the acquisition, Lenovo seek common land with IBM while reserving differences, which makes the employees in both squads set up a incorporate identify about the hereafter of the company. But it does non intend Lenovo evades differences. The company takes usage of tactics to increase the communicating between the two. For illustration, it holds cocktail party, sets up civilization integrating treatment board, and builds cultural integrating commission. For the direction squad, particular preparation for cross-culture direction and linguistic communications is besides given to the employees in the company.

Recommendations on the Resistance of Change

The instance of Lenovo makes a good illustration for Chinese endeavors, which are troubled by the opposition of Change. Harmonizing to the instance of Lenovo, this essay gives the undermentioned recommendations.

First of wholly, as stated by Robbins ( 2009 ) , communicating is an first-class manner to manage the opposition. In the instance of Lenovo, the company pays attending to the effectual communicating with its employees about the alteration within the organisation. At the really beginning of the alteration, it makes study among employees in both US and China. Though this study, the company conveys the enterprise and the importance of the alteration. With informations collected, the company knows about employees ‘ attitude towards and concerns about this alteration. All the concerns are carefully considered by the company, and solution and schemes are made consequently, such as the warrant about direction system and the salary and wage system to IBM employees, and the accommodation of Chinese employees ‘ salary strategy. The fact proves that the communicating before the acquisition is effectual, which guarantees the alteration go swimmingly. In general instance, the opposition comes from employees ‘ feeling of uncertainness and fright of hazards. Good communicating could assist the employees understanding about the whole facts, therefore eliminate people ‘s uncertainty and opposition. Negotiations and treatment are two ways normally used in communicating.

Additionally, one aim of communicating is to cognize about employees ‘ thought about the alteration. Therefore, it is of import for company to be willing to listen to different voices and accept the suggestions about the alteration. Making employees involved in the determination devising procedure is an effectual manner to acquire their support ( Lawrence, 1963 ) . It should be noticed that to do the employees ‘ engagement contributes to the development of the company, employees ‘ preparation and development are necessary and of import

Second, carry oning a alteration is a systematic work, which needs a careful program. Blind action ever causes failure. It takes five old ages for Lenovo to finish this alteration. During this procedure, Lenovo has ne’er stopped for seting the program for the acquisition, and it involves the direction doctrine, human resources, corporate civilization, technique, production, selling etc. about every facets in a company. Although some alterations may be really little, they still need careful program in to guarantee an effectual execution.


In decision, direction of alteration has been a critical issue for endeavor. This essay takes usage of the relevant constructs to research and analyze the issue of alteration within Lenovo, the taking IT company in China. It focuses on the event of acquisition of IBM, the biggest alteration within the organisation, traveling deep interior of the issues brought by the alteration.

The triggers for alteration could be external and internal. Enterprises have to be adopted to the altering environment. It is the external trigger for alteration. Internal triggers come from the organisation indoors, such as the technique, forces. Furthermore, the demand for development is another of import internal trigger. The triggers for the alteration of Lenovo are the combination of the external and internal factors. For external triggers, on the one manus, internalisation is the development tendency for successful endeavors. On the other manus, the company faces strong competition from international Personal computer companies like Dell, IBM. To heighten the competitory border, the alteration for internalisation is necessary. One of the most of import triggers for Lenovo is the demand new technique from IBM. What ‘s more, through this alteration, Lenovo can get the trade name of Thinkpad and make out new clients in international market. Harmonizing the theories of alteration, organisation alteration is ever resisted by the employees for the feeling of uncertainness and frights of hazards. The biggest job of this alteration for Lenovo besides comes from people. On the one manus, IBM employees worry about altering to the Chinese direction manner, and losing involvements in salary and wage. On the other manus, different wage and wage systems make Chinese employees feel unequal and disgruntled. What ‘s more, this alteration may besides do cultural struggles between the Chinese and the Americans. Acknowledging these oppositions, Lenovo takes some effectual steps which guarantee the execution of the alteration. Lenovo sets up a good illustration for organisation prosecuting alteration. Its experiences are summarized and given as recommendations in this essay. First, successful alteration is based on the effectual communicating with employees. Second, alterations either large or little need careful consideration and program. .