Marcus Garvey In Black Freedom Struggle History Sample Paper

African-American history in the United States has many notable events which forever transformed the society of the country. One of the most important historical moments was the rise of the early Black civil rights movement at the beginning of the 20th century. Marcus Garvey is the man who became a major actor during the period and managed to inspire millions of Africans around the world with his idea of Pan-Africanism.

Marcus Garvey is a highly important figure in the long Black Freedom Struggle in the United States. Despite the fact that Garvey was born in Jamaica, later in his life, he moved to Harlem in New York, where he started his prolific career as a public speaker.1. The key contribution of Marcus Garvey was that he developed a new philosophy of Pan-Africanism which implied creating an international community of all black people on the planet. Additionally, his core idea was for all individuals of African descent to become independent from the influence of the white people and become self-sufficient. Garvey adhered to the notion that Africa had to become a place of which all Africans must be proud and to which they need to return. Essentially, Garvey promoted the idea that Black people deserved to be free from oppression, independent, and successful.

As mentioned earlier, Marcus Garvey was born in Jamaica, and due to the fact that he was black and from a poor family, he belonged to the lowest class in society. At the same time, one of the main events which forever changed the life of Garvey was that he became an apprentice for a printer and learned how to read, write, and speak eloquently. Another important event in Garvey’s life was his work in London, where he became familiar with the ideas of Booker T. Washington, who promoted the need for independence and self-sufficiency among African-Americans. Garvey took the ideas of Booker T. Washington and adjusted them to create his own philosophy of Pan-Africanism.

During the 1920s, Garvey faced the most successful and, at the same time, challenging period of his life. First of all, Garvey created Black Star Line, a shipping company which he intended to use for the purpose of establishing trade channels between Africa and the United States. Additionally, Garvey wanted to use Black Star Line to help African-Americans to repatriate to Liberia, the country which he wanted to turn into a new symbol of Black empowerment. As a result of his initiatives, Garvey became extremely popular among black people and was even appointed the Provisional President of Africa by his supporters. Yet, Garvey’s actions also received criticism, especially from W.E.B. Dubois, who considered Garvey to be a fraudster. Garvey lost a major share of his supporters after Black Star Line’s bankruptcy and his attempts to negotiate with Ku Klux Klan.

Despite the fact that Garvey’s vision was not successful, his ideas continued to inspire many other people. For instance, Bob Marley even used the words from one of Marcus Garvey’s speeches in one of his songs.2. Garvey also played a considerable role in the idea of Black empowerment and to this day is praised as one of the major historical leaders of African-Americans.

Marcus Garvey was a considerable historical figure at the beginning of the 20th century who popularized the concept of Pan-Africanism. Although Garvey was born in Jamaica, he managed to build a successful career as a public speaker and activist in the United States. Garvey was certain that the only way for Africans of the world to reach success was to strive for independence and self-sufficiency in Africa.

Reference

Abdelfatah, Rund, Arablouei, Ramtin, Arablouei, Ramtin, Kaplan-levenson, Laine, Caine, Julie, Wu, Lawrence, Devarajan, Kumari, Yvellez, Victor, Khurana, Mansee, and Casey Miner. 2022. “Marcus Garvey: Pan-Africanist (2021).” NPR.

Footnotes

  1. Rund Abdelfatah, et al. 2022. “Marcus Garvey: Pan-Africanist (2021).” NPR.
  2. Rund Abdelfatah, et al. 2022. “Marcus Garvey: Pan-Africanist (2021).” NPR.

The Healthy Cheesecake Recipe And Instructions

Introduction

A typical cheesecake has approximately 18g of fat and 250 calories. It has almost 10g of saturated fat which can raise a person’s cholesterol. But it is possible to make a healthy cheesecake with the right recipe. The healthy cheesecake uses sugar-free cookie crust, nonfat yoghurt, and nonfat cream cheese unlike the common cheesecake. No sugar or butter is needed to make a smooth, creamy, and sweet cheesecake with a subtle vanilla flavor.

Recipe

  • Cookie crust – 1 recipe of crushed-up sugar-free cookies
  • Greek yoghurt – 2 cups of nonfat Greek yoghurt, preferably thick
  • Granulated sweetener (half a cup) – a granulated sweetener with low carbs and calories
  • Two eggs
  • Cream cheese – a block of nonfat cream cheese
  • Flour – quarter cup, used to thicken the filling
  • Vanilla extract – 1 teaspoon
  • Salt – quarter teaspoon

Instructions

The crust is prepared and transfered into a spring-form pan. It is then refrigerated as the while the flour filling is prepared. The ingredients of the cheesecake filling are then added into a blender. They are Blended until smooth, then moved into a cake pan and until it is even at the top by spreading. The cheesecake is baked in an oven at 320F for approximately 45 minutes (Gershman). It is then removed from the oven to cool. It is refrigerated for about 4 hours to make it firm.

Conclusion

A cheesecake should always be stored in a refrigerator fully covered. One can freeze the cheesecake in a shallow container for more extended storage. Unlike a typical cheesecake, this one has 93 calories, 8g carbs, and only 4g of fat due to elimination of such questionable ingredients as sugar and butter. Instead, a sweetener is used to lower the carbs and calories, and it a healthier option than simple sugar. Butter is not used, because cookie crust already has some fat in it, and the cheese also has some fat, but the percentage is significantly lower. The healthy cheesecake is a low-fat, low sugar meal that can help meet the American Health Association (AHA) recommendation of consuming below 13g of saturated fat a day (Liew). The use of nonfat yoghurt and nonfat cream enables the cake to have less than 100 calories per serving.

Works Cited

Gershman, Jennifer. The 6 Worst Desserts for Your Health. RxWIKI. 2020. Web.

Liew, Arman. Heathy Cheesecake. The Big Man’s World. 2021. Web.

Acute Bronchitis In Evidence-Based Practice

The problem statement is centered around the efficacy and plausibility of antibiotics usage for acute bronchitis. The search for evidence yields a mix of results, which is why the literature review was critical in order to derive a properly assessed and analyzed conclusion and recommendations. The quality and reliability of evidence play a central role in basing the suggested practice changes on the principles of evidence-based practice or EBP. The core recommendation is that antibiotics should not be used as commonly and prevalently as they are used now when treating acute bronchitis in order to avoid contributing to an increase in bacterial resistance.

The first recommendation is to limit the use of antibiotics among patients with acute bronchitis. It is stated that there is no statistically significant difference between the use of antibiotics for acute bronchitis and avoidance of its usage when it comes to clinical outcomes (Smith et al., 2017). Therefore, the nursing practice should be more reluctant to give antibiotics to patients with the condition. Literature supports the fact that “it is especially important for clinicians to share the decision about whether to use antibiotics or not with their patients” (Smith et al., 2017, p. 15). However, antibiotics had a positive effect in the case of cough occurrence, night cough, and additional beneficial outcomes (Smith et al., 2017). In other words, antibiotics can only be prescribed in case of severe coughs among patients diagnosed with acute bronchitis.

The second recommendation is to improve the diagnostic precision through a more detailed and accurate protocol of acute bronchitis assessment. The reviewed literature recommends that in order “to reduce the apparent systemic under-diagnosis of asthma and the emerging antibiotic resistance, adequate training in LTR-illnesses and management for asthma/wheeze can be an essential contribution” (Østergaard et al., 2018, p. 6). Thus, the current system of acute bronchitis treatment is more relaxed about antibiotics prescription because the identification of the nature of the disease is not precise. A qualitative study reveals that some healthcare professionals state: “if a child has a cough and shortness of breath, usually depending on the child’s condition, I prescribe antibiotics” (Østergaard et al., 2018, p. 4).” In other words, the key missing step is the lack of verification of the nature of the disease. Antibiotics are only effective against bacterial bronchitis, and even then, it is not guaranteed to improve symptoms. Therefore, such a disregard for the proper diagnosis of individuals with the condition contributes to the development of microbial resistance to antibiotics.

In conclusion, acute bronchitis is a complex problem, and antibiotics’ efficacy against the latter is limited, which is why its use is unjustified. Firstly, antibiotics should only be given to such patients only if they have a severe cough due to bacterial infection. Secondly, more precise and accurate diagnostic measures need to be implemented in order to justify the use of antibiotics. The literature clearly supports these recommendations because antibiotics are overused, and their efficacy is overestimated.

References

Østergaard, M. S., Kjærgaard, J., Kristensen, M. M., Reventlow, S., Poulsen, A., Isaeva, E., Akylbekov, A., & Sooronbaev, T. (2018). Recurrent lower respiratory illnesses among young children in rural Kyrgyzstan: Overuse of antibiotics and possible under-diagnosis of asthma. A qualitative FRESH AIR study. NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 28(1), 1-8.

Smith, S. M., Fahey, T., Smucny, J., & Becker, L. A. (2017). Antibiotics for acute bronchitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6(6), 1-59.

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