Mark Anthony’s Speech In Simple Laguage University Essay Example

Friends, Romans, countrymen, give me your attention. I have come here to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do is remembered after their deaths, but the good is often buried with them. It might as well be the same with Caesar. The noble Brutus told you that Caesar was ambitious. If that’s true, it’s a serious fault, and Caesar has paid seriously for it. With the permission of Brutus and the others—for Brutus is an honorable man; they are all honorable men—I have come here to speak at Caesar’s funeral.

He was my friend, he was faithful and just to me. But Brutus says he was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man. He brought many captives home to Rome whose ransoms brought wealth to the city. Is this the work of an ambitious man? When the poor cried, Caesar cried too. Ambition shouldn’t be so soft. Yet Brutus says he was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man. You all saw that on the Lupercal feast day I offered him a king’s crown three times, and he refused it three times. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious. And, no question, Brutus is an honorable man.

I am not here to disprove what Brutus has said, but to say what I know. You all loved him once, and not without reason. Then what reason holds you back from mourning him now? Men have become brutish beasts and lost their reason! Bear with me. My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar, and I must pause until it returns to me. – Only yesterday the word of Caesar might have stood against the world. Now he lies there worth nothing, and no one is so humble as to show him respect. Oh, sirs, if I stirred your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage, I would offend Brutus and Cassius, who, you all know, are honorable men.

I will not do them wrong. I would rather wrong the dead, and wrong myself and you, than wrong such honorable men. But here’s a paper with Caesar’s seal on it. I found it in his room—it’s his will. If you could only hear this testament—which, excuse me, I don’t intend to read aloud—you would kiss dead Caesar’s wounds and dip your handkerchiefs in his sacred blood, and beg for a lock of hair to remember him by. And when you died, you would mention the handkerchief or the hair in your will, bequeathing it to your heirs like a rich legacy. – Be patient, gentle friends, I must not read it.

It isn’t proper for you to know how much Caesar loved you. You aren’t wood, you aren’t stones—you’re men. And, being men, the contents of Caesar’s will would enrage you. It’s better that you don’t know you’re his heirs, for if you knew, just imagine what would come of it! – Will you be patient? Will you wait awhile? I’ve said too much in telling you of it. I’m afraid that I wrong the honorable men whose daggers have stabbed Caesar. -You force me to read the will, then? Then make a circle around Caesar’s corpse, and let me show you the man who made this will.

Shall I come down? Will you let me? – If you have tears, prepare to shed them now. You all know this cloak. I remember the first time Caesar ever put it on. It was a summer’s evening; he was in his tent. It was the day he overcame the Nervii warriors. Look, here’s where Cassius’s dagger pierced it. See the wound that Casca made. Through this hole beloved Brutus stabbed. And when he pulled out his cursed dagger, see how Caesar’s blood came with it, as if rushing out a door to see if it was really Brutus who was knocking so rudely. For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar’s angel.

The gods know how dearly Caesar loved him! This was the most unkind cut of all. For when the noble Caesar saw him stab, he understood his beloved Brutus’s ingratitude; it was stronger than the violence of traitors, and it defeated him, bursting his mighty heart. And at the base of Pompey’s statue, with his cloak covering his face, which was dripping with blood the whole time, great Caesar fell. Oh, what a fall it was, my countrymen! Then you and I and all of us fell down, while bloody treason triumphed. Oh, now you weep, and I sense that you feel pity. These are gracious tears.

But if it overwhelms you to look at Caesar’s wounded cloak, how will you feel, kind men, now? Look at this, here is the man—scarred, as you can see, by traitors. -Wait, countrymen. -Good friends, sweet friends, don’t let me stir you up to such a sudden mutiny. Those who have done this deed are honorable. I don’t know what private grudges they had that made them do it. They’re wise and honorable, and will no doubt give you reasons for it. I haven’t come to steal your loyalty, friends. I’m no orator, as Brutus is. I’m only, as you know, a plain, blunt man who loved his friend, and the men who let me speak know this well.

I have neither cleverness nor rhetorical skill nor the authority nor gesture nor eloquence nor the power of speech to stir men up. I just speak directly. I tell you what you already know. I show you sweet Caesar’s wounds—poor, speechless mouths! —and make them speak for me. But if I were Brutus and Brutus were me, then I’d stir you up, and install in each of Caesar’s wounds the kind of voice that could convince even stones to rise up and mutiny. – Wait, and listen to me, countrymen. – Why, friends, you don’t even know what you’re doing yet. What has Caesar done to deserve your love? Alas, you don’t know.

I must tell you then. You’ve forgotten the will I told you about. -Here’s the will, written under Caesar’s seal. To every Roman citizen he gives—to every individual man—seventy-five drachmas. – Listen to me patiently. -Also, he’s left you all his walkways—in his private gardens and newly planted orchards—on this side of the Tiber River. He’s left them to you and to your heirs forever—public pleasures in which you will be able to stroll and relax. Here was a Caesar! When will there be another like him? – Now, let it work. Trouble, you have begun—take whatever course you choose!

The Entrepreneurial Orientation Skill As Determinant Of Small Business Growth

Background to the Study

Skill as basic ability is the means by which man adjust to life. A person’s attitude and work functions are required and necessary antidotes suggesting the suitable skills performance and acquisition of same by going through a given work sample. In the work place, skill is what the workers give in exchange for numeration. If the skill (or the cluster of skills popularly referred to as aptitudes) given is satisfactory, the worker gets satisfaction and the employer gets satisfactoriness in correspondence.

This process, if sustained culminates in promotion, retaining and prolonged tenure that leads to productivity (Lofquist & Darwist, 1967; Adeyemo, 2003). On retirement from active working life, man’s repertoire of skills will no longer be relevant to help him to adjust to life. He needs new skills on how to enjoy his leisure and adjust in his new way of life. This situation is the same for a handicapped person, a widow or indeed any person whose way of life has changed radically. Hence man’s rehabilitation in these contexts requires new skills with special consideration to his aptitudes and work functions.

In this case of youth, whole adjustment in the world of worke will rest solely on skill developed and used first at school and later at work; the economic, moral and political time of the nation will in time to come and depend on it and these will from time to time determine its survival (Lofquist & Darwist, 1967; Adeyemo, 2003). Skill is the ability to perform some tasks creditability. Up to a point, the more practice in the doing of specific task the faster and better they can be done. It is associated with know-how while speed and accuracy are some of its traits and characteristics.

Children who love to paint with crayon and water color often develop unusual perspective and excellent representation of nature. McCarthy (1972) has identified six scales and eighteen skills that can be sorted grouped to describe various aptitudes in children for placement, when the promotion and remediation is a highly treasured experience which every good teacher must possess.

Acquisition and reinforcement of skills and aptitudes through science laboratories and workshop practice and other curricular and extracurricular ctivities represent the most natural ways of stimulating science education and real life work which lead to high productivity. These considerations underscore the need to focus skill development and assessment in our teacher education and in-service training programmes, more especially in the science based teaching subject areas of physics, chemistry, biology, integrated science, agricultural science, introductory technology, wood work, metal work, electrical electronics, home economics, clothing and textiles etc.

This project wok therefore attempts to explore briefly the concepts of skills acquisition as a determinant of business growth with special considerations of their acquisition on some selected small business in Lagos, Nigeria.

Statement of the Problem

Financial problem may deprive some student from learning a handwork thereby depriving them the need skill to make them self-employ. Lack of entrepreneurship teachers and inadequate facilities and equipment for learning pose a great challenge. Lack of interest by the student to learn a handwork also poses a great challenge to skill acquisition. Lack of required skills needed and inadequate training are equally great challenge. Entrepreneurship in particular is attracting the attention of policy makers and researchers because it has been recognized during the last decade as an important untapped source of economic growth.

However, people still lacked some of the important characteristics associated with entrepreneurial orientation (Berger, 2002; Gebremeskel et al 2004) While the effort of youth in developing entrepreneurial orientations necessary for successful entrepreneurship faces serious impediments from institutional and informal practices, far less has been done empirically to examine the relationship between skill acquisition and its influence on the level of performance especially in the Nigerian context. Thus, this study attempt to examine the extent of skill acquisition as a determinant of small business growth.

Objectives of the Study

The major objective of this study is to examine the entrepreneurial orientation skill as determinant of small business growth. Attempt is also made to achieve the following sub-objectives. To:

  1. Examine the relationship between skill acquisition and performances of small scale businesses.
  2. Examine the factors or challenges that influence and hinder the development of skill acquisition.
  3. Assess the extent to which poor or lack of skill diminish the performances of small scale entrepreneurship.
  4. Offer suggestions through recommendations on how the performance in small scale businesses can be enhanced through the acquisition of entrepreneurial skill.

Research Questions

To give direction to this study, answers to the following questions are relevant.

  1. Is there any significant relationship between skill acquisition and performances of small scale businesses?
  2. What are the factors or challenges that influence and hinder the development of skill acquisition?
  3. To what extent does poor or lack of skill diminish the performances of in small scale entrepreneurship?
  4. Are there any suggestions that could be proffered in order to improve the small scale business through the acquisition of entrepreneurial skill?

Research Hypotheses

  • Hypothesis I H0: There is no significant relationship between skill acquisition and performances of small scale businesses. H1: There is a significant relationship between skill acquisition and performances of small scale businesses
  • Hypothesis II H0: There are no significant variations in the factors or challenges that influence or hinder the development of skill acquisition. H1: There are significant variations in the factors or challenges that influence or hinder the development of skill acquisition.

Significance of the study

Understanding and acquisition of essential entrepreneurial skill are necessary strategies and tools in small business growth and these will improve stimulating factors for the development of managerial competencies in business.

Nothing in life is more important to an individual than developing the key leadership and personal management skills that are keys to being an entrepreneur in business enterprise. Furthermore, this study is timely and relevant at such a time when the need for appropriate entrepreneurial orientation for propelling business growth and harnessing employee’s behaviour towards certain expectations is becoming ever increasingly crucial. It is hoped that at the end of this project, its finding contributes to the wide expanse of skill acquisition contribution to business success.

It is equally hoped that the findings and suggestions in this study unveils some of the vital contributions of human capital development and skill acquisition to economic growth and nation building through improved capacity for more employment generation for the massive unemployed in the country.

Scope and Limitations of the Study

The scope of this study focused on the skill acquisition as a determinant of small business growth in Nigeria however with restriction to five selected small business within the same domain (Surulere local government area of Lagos state).

The five selected SMEs as follows:

  • Nuplas Limited, Surulere – Lagos.
  • One, Two And One Beauty And Body Care Nig Ltd
  • Beuhlah Diagnostic and Pharmaceutics limited
  • Dancol purified water limited Surulere -Lagos.
  • Castle Soaps Limited Surulere – Lagos According to Adedayo, (2000) every research project has some extraneous circumstances that can create imperfections.

A few limitations expected are listed below:

  • The limitation of time to carry out a comprehensive study of more locations.
  • Low rate of response despite measures taken to prevent its occurrence
  • Limitation imposed by finance, this study being self-financed. These apart, this research project will be carried out and reported in a manner consistent with acceptable standards

Definition of Terms

  1. Gender This is a social construct or category that defines the social relations between women and men in society – relations in which the norm has so often been that women and their needs have been subordinated to men and their needs.
  2. Entrepreneur: Is a person who establishes a new business in the face of risk and uncertainty for the purpose of achieving profit and growth by identifying significant opportunities and assembling the necessary resources to capitalize on them. He could also be regarded as an inventor. An entrepreneur is an individual who owns a firm, business, or venture, and is responsible for its development.
  3. Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurship is the practice of starting a new business or reviving an existing business, in order to capitalize on new found opportunities.
  4. Entrepreneurial rientation: The characteristics of acting entrepreneurially to enhance the competitiveness of the firm. Such characteristics may depend on risk taking potential, autonomy in decision making. Innovative and creative abilities, etc.
  5. Small Enterprises: An enterprises whose total cost including working capital but excluding cost of land is between one million Naira (N1,000. 000) and one hundred million Naira. (N100,000,000)
  6. Medium Enterprise: A company with total cost including working capital but excluding cost of land is more than one hundred million (N100, 000,000) Naira.


  1. Adedayo, O. A. (2000) Understanding Statistics, Revised Edition, Lagos, JAS Publishers.
  2. Akande, O. O. and Ojokuku, R. M. (2008). “The Impact of Entrepreneurial Skills on Small Business Performance in Lagos – South-Western Nigeria”. International council for small business conference
  3. Aruwa, S. A. (2007) “Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SME) Financing in the Nigerian Capital Market”. Journal of Administration. Vol. 49(5) P. 175-183.
  4. Asaolu, D. O. Elumilade T. O and Adereti, S. A (2006) “Appraising the Institutional Framework for Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Nigeria”.
  5. Berger, A . N (2002) Small Business Credit Availability and Relationship Lending: The significance of Hank 0iganisational Structure. Federal Reserve Board Working Paper

Time Management Techniques

Time Management can be defined as the analysis of how working hours are utilized and the arrangement of tasks so as to maximise personal efficiency. (Collins English Dictionary, 2012) The only possible way of managing time effectively is when one has “Self-Management” which is basically accepting responsibility and not laying blame, and this can be done when a person is Motivated. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, only when a person fulfils the lower level needs and reaches the higher levels i. e. Self Esteem and Self Actualization can he be fully motivated to set goals.

Facebook, watching too many TV shows, excessive sleeping etc. I completely ignored QII because it wasn’t urgent. By adapting to the Time-Management Matrix, I am now able to manage time more efficiently. Before beginning any task I firstly evaluate which quadrant it falls under, I then know if I should focus on the task or avoid it. Also by focusing on tasks under QII, I am able to prevent many tasks from falling into QI i. e. by eating well and exercising, I avoid getting sick or by preparing for assignments and exams beforehand I avoid deadline pressure.

The second technique, Pareto’s Principle has made it clear that the amount of time spent studying doesn’t matter as much as “HOW” the time is spent studying. To ensure good grades, I need to stop spending all my time studying but instead re-allocating time to responsibilities that will accomplish this. A good example would be to attend all the lectures and understand each topic and concept fully. By understanding and analysing the lectures I will gain the 80% while memorisation and revision will be the remaining 20%. The third technique involves the 3Ps.

By creating a daily to-do list I will be able to decide which tasks are of more Priority than the others. After prioritising I am able to Plan when to begin on a particular task, smart planning often aids in saving time. Setting remainders on my phone will help ensure I begin the task on schedule. Performance hence follows; if I follow the schedule within the timeframe I have a better chance for continuous productivity. The POSEC method is a method that would help me focus my attention on daily responsibilities, not only academic related but also pastime activities that will help me climb higher in the Maslow Pyramid.

To begin with, Prioritise by setting tasks in order of importance. By Organising I’d be able to know when to begin on a task more efficiently without chaos. As the word suggests, Stream-lining my tasks would enable me to tackle situations which require more time and effort easier. Just like how money needs to be economised so does time, this can be done when priorities are set on important tasks rather than just enjoyable ones. Last but not least contributing, in-order to fulfil Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs contribution and social obligations should be fulfilled.

Chunk, Block and Tackle method can be summarized as breaking down of main goals into smaller sub-goals and tasks. I would mainly apply this method when dealing with larger projects or assignments, by breaking down the project into smaller Chunks. Then assign each smaller task (Block) within a certain timeframe and lastly tackle it. This makes it simpler than tackling a project as a whole.

To sum up on time management techniques the only way a student can be able to manage time effectively is to avoid procrastination completely and be able to be say no when distractions arise, in other words be assertive. This will enable success in academic as well as social life.


  1. ALLEN, D. , 2009, ‘David Allen on Getting Things Done, Tips on Using Your Time Productively’ Success, What Achievers Read, vol. 08, issue no. 973, (viewed on 24th November 2012) http://www. success. com/articles/973-1-on-1-david-allen-on-getting-things-done
  2. ANDRA, M. , 2010, What is the Eisenhower Matrix, Codehoop Labs, viewed 28th November 2012 http://timegt. com/2010/07/14/what-is-the-eisenhower-matrix/
  3. BREITSPRECHER, W. P. , 2005, Goal Setting, BreitLinks, Viewed 30th November 2012, http://breitlinks. om/community/goal_setting. htm
  4. CARROLL, S. , 2010, The 3P’s of Time Management Success (online) New York, NY, viewed 30th November 2012 http://www. seancarrollspeaker. com/2010/11/the-3-ps-of-time-management-success .html