In his work, Mark Twain extensively used satire, which is defined as the intentional humorous exaggeration and irony, mostly aimed at exposing people’s stupidity and failings. In the books, stories, and essays, Twain sought to shed light on the stupidity and hypocrisy of people around him, specifically to ridicule the close-mindedness of small towns, the religious hypocrisy of people, the dishonesty of politicians, as well as the long-standing practices such as slavery and imperialism. While Twain is mostly known for his Horatian satire, which is characterized by light-heartedness and the presence of humor, the Juvenalian satire, which has a harsher tone, is also present in the writer’s work.
The change in satirical tone can be seen from the early days of Huckleberry Finn. The works are characterized by the increased social commentary of the author, with satire being used to shed light on the problems that Twain found important to point out. For example, in the quote “I begun to think how dreadful it was, even for murderers, to be in such a fix,” Huck reflects on the human nature and the existence of slavery, suggesting that no person, even the ones who have committed serious crimes, deserves to be a slave (Twain, 1886, p. 103). Slavery and racism are prevalent themes in the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and due to their severe impact on society, Twain did not shy to comment on them. Commenting on slavery was important for the writer because it was a complicated part of America’s history. The emergence of Juvenalian satire in Twain’s work illustrates the urgency to discuss slavery and other socially complex issues in the context of a light-hearted adventure narrative.
Twain, M. (1886). Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer’s comrade). Charles L. Webster and Company.
Gender Inequality Essay Based On “The Story Of An Hour” And “Boys And Girls”
Gender inequality has developed its roots from the ancient traditional practices that considered the girl child inferior in comparison to a male one. Traditional society stories describe a clear depiction and elaboration of girls’ and women’s inability to achieve their goals and dreams. The story “Boys and Girls” tries to elaborate on how boys are treated with care and respect as compared to girls. “The Story of an Hour” by Chopin portrays the extent of intimidation and humiliation that girls and women undergo in society. The research paper describes the similarity between “The Story of an Hour” and “Boys and Girls” in describing gender inequality. The stories have similar observations towards this phenomenon since the narrator of “Boys and Girls” explains how girls and women are reduced to performing house duties. The same view is outlined in “The Story of an Hour,” whereby Louise does not have the opportunity to venture her dreams due to Victorian wedding norms that limit women to be only mothers.
“Boys and Girls” Story Summary
The author describes a little girl’s life experience compared to her younger brother, Laird. The story begins when the narrator is expected to perform chores at home. House duties remain the society’s expectation of the girl child (Munro 154). The narrator develops a different view when she describes her unwillingness to stay in the dark kitchen, hot during summer. Particularly, she decides to work in the field with her father. Her character opposes a societal view that reduces women to only function as mothers. On the other hand, little Laird is given time to venture and do what is pleasing to him. He is considered delicate until a horse runs away from the yard, and he is invited to chase and bring it back. When Laird is injured, he rushes to the table where his parents are sitting with clothes full of blood, and he only bathes and removes the clothes when he is told to. Therefore, the story’s actions describe inequality between male and female genders whereby male children are treated with care and dignity compared to girls.
“The Story of An Hour” Summary
“The Story of an Hour” by Chopin portrays girls’ and women’s oppression compared to the opposite gender. Chopin describes how the traditional wedding process restricts women’s achievement of freedom (Chopin 569). The story begins with the death of Brently, the husband of Louise. When sad news about Brently’s death in a railway accident breaks out, Louise’s sister informs her about this event gently due to her heart condition (Chopin 570). The death of Brently is the only way for Louise to achieve freedom and aspiration since she frees the stringent Victorian norms that limited the woman to be only a mother who rears children. Louise respectfully mourns her husband even though his presence could have made her suffer. Sadly, the story ends when Louise dies from a heart attack after Brently arrives home.
Comparison and Analysis of the Two Stories
The two stories describe rampant gender inequality that is manifested in traditional society. The culture of viewing women as inferior and preventing them from following their desires and dreams has been described in the two narratives. The “Boys and Girls” story tries to express how boys are spared and well cared for compared to girls. It describes how women are regarded only for performing house chores and staying indoors at home (Munro 159). The narrator tries to work against inequality in the distribution of opportunities when she offers to do her father’s work. Apart from identifying women’s oppression from society norms that regard them as inferior, she brings out the rationale for better performance of different duties expected to be conducted by the male gender.
“The Story of an Hour” is similar to the “Boys and Girls” story because it elaborates more on how women are degraded and oppressed in society. Chopin uses the death of Louise after seeing her husband alive. Louise’s experience regarding Victorian wedding norms that refer a woman to be just a mother who rears children made her die from a heart attack after seeing her husband (Chopin 570). Therefore, women have no choice other than to persevere against oppression and gender inequality. Both stories describe the manifestation of gender inequality in society. Women and girls are not allowed to venture into their dreams and aspirations because they are limited to being just mothers who are expected to perform house chores.
The two stories describe how gender inequality is manifested in society due to cultural norms and perceptions. Based on Munro’s view, gender inequality toward women limits them from aspiring to their dreams and ventures. The author describes how society regards women to be mothers. “The Story of An Hour” is similar to the “Boys and Girls” story since traditional Victorian practices reduce girls and women to perform house chores and rear children rather than allowing them to follow their dreams and aspirations.
Chopin, Kate. The Story of an Hour. Jimcin Recordings, 1981.
Munro, Alice. Boys and Girls. Atlantis Films, 1983.
Benefits And Challenges Of Using Drones For The Police
Drones are becoming a state-of-the-art trend in policing. However, their implementation may face some difficulties regarding privacy and information security. Chavis (2021) claims that police used helicopter flyovers to gain information, and additionally, some police departments started utilizing more sophisticated tools of aerial surveillance such as drones. Although such a feature is obvious progress in policing and allows to obtain more evidence on committed crimes, it is also related to private information disclosure and citizens’ personal life interruption.
For example, utilizing a drone as an alternate way to have a face-to-face conversation with a hostage-taker is a controversial decision with its benefits and challenges. On one side, the implementation of these unnamed aerial vehicles depicts a secure way of communication with the criminal. It means people’s lives safety as police officers are not required to take so much risk anymore. Drones with micro cameras allow to evaluate the situation inside the dangerous area and develop a more effective operation or storm strategy. On the other side, the commutation of the “alive” negotiator with a machine usually is not the best way out. For example, the presence of a police officer or negotiator in the room can give the hostage a feeling of safety or protection, which is essential in a critical situation. It can discourage the hostage-taker as well, and police will get the opportunity to handcuff the criminal. Drones may be useless as a tool of negotiation in certain situations, for example, when the hostage-taker plucks off all communication devices after setting their conditions.
In the second situation that is connected to the utilization of drones to help locate a missing person in a crowded amusement park, risks and benefits can be estimated as well. The idea of finding lost people with the help of modern technologies, especially UAVs, is an innovation in policing. However, it can cause various problems regarding the privacy of those missing people. On the one side, if looking for a child or an infant who cannot be contacted in any way, the utilization of drones might be pertinent. On the other side, flying devices cannot be on all occasions, such as being lost in an amusement park. Adolescents, teenagers, adults, and elderly people might have some secrets that should not be disclosed even to their relatives. For example, drones can record information concerning cheating, financial problems, health issues, and other data that should be kept private. Therefore, even when implemented for missing people search, all the information recorded requires to be deleted after the end of the operation. In this case, UAVs may be utilized; however, the security of the collected data and people’s privacy should be provided.
In certain types of activities, the use of drones is more beneficial than in others. Flying devices can be utilized while spying on the suspect, chasing, looking for missing cars, and estimating the risks in critical situations. This will facilitate the police officers’ job as the presence of policemen in those situations will not be needed. However, if the situation concerning sexual harassment, murder, or any other kind of issue can affect the emotional state of the victims, drone utilization may be inappropriate without the victims’ agreement. Therefore, in any situation, on the basis of the estimation of social, psychological, and physical factors, a conclusion about UAVs’ implementation should be made.
Chavis, K. (2021). Transformative policing technologies: balancing public safety, privacy, and community consent in vulnerable communities in the United States. A Journal of Policy and Practice, 15(1), 425-439. Web.