Seth Holmes investigates the circumstances under which Mexican farmworkers arrive in the United States. Participant observation and in-depth interviews were two of the study methods that Holmes deployed to gather information about the social, economic, and political conditions that affect the lives of migrant workers. This article will examine how medical anthropology and globalization, two critical topics discussed in class, can be seen as illustrations of ethnography. The test scope covers up to and including the book’s first seven chapters. In these chapters, Holmes explores the global economic causes that motivate people to migrate and exploit workers in agriculture (Holmes, 2013). He also discusses the health concerns and injustices that migrant workers have to undergo. In this essay, I will address the connection between globalization and medical anthropology and how that connection affects the lives of Mexican migrant farmworkers working in the United States of America.
The medical anthropology discipline tries to comprehend the elements influencing health and wellness using social, cultural, biological, and linguistic anthropology. According to Seth Holmes, there is a need to care for people’s health and protect the environment so that it can generate more and give a conducive environment for conducting business. So, enhancing people’s quality of life is essential (Holmes, 2013). Holmes’s book exemplifies that Consideration must be given to the welfare of people who conduct direct labor during production. Workers are the frontline troops who ensure that consumable commodities have been created; hence their health is crucial.
The more extensive social and political systems that enable the lack of healthcare access are to blame. According to the textbook Cultural Anthropology: Asking Questions About People by Welsch and Vivanco, healthcare is influenced by larger economic and political. The authors highlight the expected influence of structural factors such as political ideology, wealth, and power on healthcare (Welsch& Vivanco, 2015). This is amply demonstrated in the book when Holmes discusses the market-based, business-driven American healthcare system. Contrary to common opinion, access to healthcare in the United States is limited to those who can afford it.
Bio-cultural adaptation is necessary because some diseases can weaken the immune systems of people who have not adapted to the local environment. This criterion should be heavily weighted to emphasize the need to recognize industrial workers. Many people risk their lives crossing borders for economic opportunities, but they often encounter impassable barricades and die. Finally, each person’s role in manufacturing is crucial. They must be healthy and able to give birth before defending their healthcare systems or themselves. Using a medical anthropological viewpoint to evaluate health and disease in underprivileged groups, such as migrant farmworkers, is illustrated by this book (Holmes, 2013). By considering the more comprehensive social and political factors that influence health outcomes, medical anthropologists can develop more complicated and practical solutions to improve the health and well-being of these individuals.
Globalization alters identities and lifestyles. Many US immigrants believe that being exposed to so many cultures has made them feel alienated from their own. However, “globalization has made it tougher for migrant workers to fight back or organize against it, while simultaneously making them easier to be exploited.” When analyzing its effects on development, some of the most critical components of globalization include its support of fair trade for developing nations, its technological advancement, and its international regulation and collaboration to prohibit transfer pricing and tax avoidance (Holmes, 2013). In terms of globalization and development, there is little to cheer about globalization and development as there are many investors in many producing nations but no development progress.
For Holmes, these are just some of the issues that arise when states are occupied by foreign powers that offer no tangible benefits in the form of aid for the occupied nations’ economic development. Seth Holmes alleges in the interview that other agricultural employees are subjected to prejudice and forced to pick fallen fruits. This assertion illustrates the unfair treatment of the workers since some were favored while others were not. Here is an illustration of how a privileged few benefit at the expense of the many. Discrimination against individuals based on their race, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, or gender is also an important issue.
We learn from this that the workers with dark skin were chosen to pick the fruits that had fallen to the ground. This is disrespectful in that it elevates those with lighter skin tones at the expense of others with darker skin tones. This is a racist tactic that will affect how things work overall because there will be winners and losers. The losers typically put forth the most labor, with the winners contributing less (Holmes, 2013). This act encourages payment imbalances, a problem requiring prompt agency response. After all that has been said, much work remains to be done. The only way to achieve this is to impose rigorous regulations and educate people about caring for one another.
The textbook by Welsch and Vivanco also addresses how globalization affects workers in developing nations. The authors argue that because of globalization, low-skilled employees from Mexico and other countries may now successfully compete in the job market (Welsch& Vivanco, 2015). There has been a pricing war due to businesses fighting for the cheapest labor. Employees are frequently subjected to risky working conditions, poor pay, and the possibility of being let go.
An examination of the lives of Mexican migrant workers in the United States, Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies. This demonstrates the inextricable link between medical anthropology and globalization. The author of this book argues that globalization has resulted in a healthcare system that exploits low-wage people to line the pockets of multinational corporations. This ethnography also serves as a potent reminder of the significance of situating health and illness in their broader social and cultural contexts and the effects of global capitalism on the margins of society.
Holmes, S. M. (2013). Fresh fruit, broken bodies: Migrant farmworkers in the United States. The University of California Press.
Welsch, R. L., & Vivanco, L. A. (2015). Cultural anthropology: Asking questions about humanity (p. 496). New York: Oxford University Press.
Fake News And Bias Media Effect Free Essay
Social media has become a significant news distribution platform both locally and abroad. Users continue to be exposed to dubious material regarding its integrity, including conspiracies, sensationalism, hyper-partisan content, pseudoscience, and even made-up “fake news” pieces. Due to the quick spread of information through platforms like social media, podcasts, and the news, prejudice and misleading information are significant problems in today’s media-saturated society. The prevalence of misleading information should not be surprising, considering how well-paying spam and internet fraud are for con artists and how lucrative political and government propaganda is for both sides (Zimmer et al., 2019). Yet, the quick and wide propagation of false information leaves room for its manipulation by both individual users and the underlying algorithms of social media platforms. Journalism that is prejudiced or spreads misleading information can have serious repercussions for individuals and entire communities. This essay examines the negative impacts of media bias and Misinformation on society and suggests ways to stop them from spreading.
The Social Effects of False Information and Bias in the Media
The general public’s interpretation of the news is greatly impacted by media bias and Misinformation. In addition to uncertainty and mistrust, incorrect information can cause harm. False information exposure can also harm society through group fragmentation, intolerance of dissent, and political segregation. Also, it could influence the collective decision-making of the group. Because of false information disseminated through various media during the COVID-19 epidemic, for example, many people disregarded health recommendations, undertook dangerous treatments, and even refused vaccinations. If more people accept false beliefs about politics, social issues, and scientific facts, our society may become more discriminatory, polarized, and violent.
However, media bias might result in inaccurate or partial data publication. People may develop prejudiced ideas due to the unbalanced presentation of many viewpoints that prejudice might produce. Numerous studies have demonstrated that media bias influences readers’ comprehension of and responses to breaking news. For instance, when news outlets have a slant toward one political party over another, they may present the information in a way that helps one party while downplaying or disregarding the news that supports the other. As so many people rely on the media for news and information, any bias they display could impact how their viewers feel about politics, the parties they support, and how they vote (Bauer et al., 2022). Biased reporting in the media is a problem made worse by the effects of the selective exposure theory: Psychologists have long recognized that people frequently ignore data that contradict their views in favour of those that do. One can readily reinforce such notions without changing their perspective by selecting evidence supporting their previous opinions. By doing this, the chance of encountering cognitive dissonance is eliminated.
The Case of Joe Rogan Podcast and News Outlets giving different information.
The Joe Rogan Podcast and other programs of a similar nature frequently feature different points of view on an issue from various news organizations and media platforms. Popular podcaster Joe Rogan has a big fan base on Spotify. Each week, more than 11 million people listen to his podcasts. It is a tremendous accomplishment. Joe Rogan is renowned for conducting frank conversations with fascinating individuals. Others claim that Joe Rogan’s podcast contributes to the spread of false information. The most popular podcast on Spotify, The Joe Rogan Experience, is anticipated to be quite expensive for the business in 2020. Every month, allegedly, 200 million copies are downloaded. Although the American broadcaster features a wide range of guests who give their perspectives on various issues on the show, some episodes have included inaccurate and misleading statements (team and R. C. 2022, January 31).
In an interview with Joe Rogan on one of his podcasts, Bret Weinstein, an American author and professor of biology, asserted that the medication ivermectin could treat the avian plague. Several studies that purported to demonstrate the efficacy of this medication in treating Covid were examined by BBC Reality Check. There was no proof that the medicine worked, and several of the studies were of such poor quality that it was obvious the information needed to be falsified. Although numerous countries primarily relying on ivermectin, most notably Brazil and Peru, experienced some of the worst mortality rates from the virus, campaigners frequently cherry-picked favourable stories to buttress their views. So, based purely on these respectable trials, the world’s foremost expert in evaluating medical evidence, Cochrane, concluded that there was “insufficient evidence” to promote the drug.
On the other hand, the news media has covered these stories as well but is constrained by editorial review and professional standards in its reporting. Bruce Sacerdote, a professor of economics at Dartmouth College, gives an example. While watching CNN and PBS cover the Covid-19 meeting the previous year, he observed something. Everything he was learning from the specialists he knew or seeing in the statistics felt terrible. The media concentrated on Covid occurrences since they became more frequent in the US. While cases were rising in certain areas while falling in others, the media chose not to cover them.
Nevertheless, as far as Sacerdote could determine, when vaccination research did start to pay off, it was minimized by the media. He questioned the accuracy of his initial perception in any case. He and two other academics started building a database of Covid coverage from every major network, including CNN, Fox News, Politico, The New York Times, and hundreds of other national and international sources, to be sure. Using a social science methodology, the next step was to identify whether the terms were good, neutral, or negative. The outcomes demonstrated that Sacerdote’s prognosis was accurate, not just because the pandemic has been a generally sobering tale (Leonhardt and D. 2021, March 24).
Ways to mitigate the spread of Misinformation and bias in media.
Because the public relies on journalists to deliver accurate and timely information, reporting the news carries a tremendous responsibility. Many methods for dispelling false information are successful in psychological investigations. Debunking false information after it has already gained widespread distribution is one of them. However, according to (Jolley, D. & Douglas, K. M., 2017), “prebunking,” or protecting individuals from false information before it spreads, is much more effective. One straightforward method for achieving this is to alert readers in advance when a particular piece of information is untrue and to explain why its stated source may be inaccurate or even dishonest on purpose.
Due to the diversity of ways that media bias can appear, such as in the quantity of coverage a certain topic receives or its absence, it can be challenging to identify examples of media bias. This indicates that news consumers routinely encounter biased media without awareness. To solve this problem and encourage critical thinking while reading the news, disclosure of the presence and editorial staff of the media may be necessary. There is evidence that visualizations promote more nuanced news consumption and media bias awareness by, for instance, warning people about potential biases, emphasizing individual incidents of prejudice, or enabling the comparison of contents.
Zimmer, F., Scheibe, K., Stock, M., & Stock, W. G. (2019). Fake news in social media: Bad algorithms or biased users?. Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice, 7(2), 40-53.
Bauer, A. J., Nadler, A., & Nelson, J. L. (2022). What is Fox News? Partisan journalism, Misinformation, and the problem of classification. Electronic News, 16(1), 18-29.
team, R. C. (2022, January 31). Joe Rogan: Four claims from his Spotify podcast fact-checked. BBC News. Retrieved March 13, 2023, from https://www.bbc.com/news/60199614
Leonhardt, D. (2021, March 24). Bad news bias. The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2023, from https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/24/briefing/boulder-shooting-george-segal-astrazeneca.html
Jolley, D., & Douglas, K. M. (2017). Prevention is better than cure: Addressing anti‐vaccine conspiracy theories. Journal of applied social psychology, 47(8), 459-469.
Film Transformation – Wonder Essay Example For College
Wonder is a 2017 American drama film directed by Stephen Chbosky and written by Jack Thorne, Chbosky, and Stephen Conrad. The film was based on the 2012 novel Wonder by R.J. Palacio. The film followed the character August Pullman and was released on November 17, 2017. The boy, August “Auggie,” the main character in the film, was living with his mother, Isabel, father, Nate, older sister Olivia, and dog Daisy in Brooklyn. August was born with “mandibulofacial dysostosis” and underwent 27 surgeries to hear, speak, and smell. Auggie was home-schooled, but when he approached grade five, his parents decided against enrolling him in Beecher Prep school, where he formed a friendship with Jack, his classmate. Auggie wore a Ghostface mask during Halloween because Daisy had accidentally ruined the Bob Fett he planned to wear. As Auggie arrives at his homeroom, Jack does not identify him but instead joins Julian and his friends, who dislike Auggie and start to make fun of him, saying that if he looked like Auggie, he would kill himself. Auggie splits with Jack and later forms a new friendship with Summer. Julian provokes Jack during the science class and calls Auggie a freak making them start fighting. The fight makes Jack suspended, but later he writes a letter defending Auggie, which makes Jack apologize to Auggie, and they reconcile. Auggie’s circle of friends increases, but Julian and his friends continue to harass him. As the film finishes, Aggie leaves a message to observers and quotes a statement by Mr. Browne “Be kind; everyone is fighting a very hard battle. And if you want to see what people are, all you have to do is look.”
Before the transformation of the character Auggie in Wonder, he had a rare facial deformity. The facial deformity only allowed Auggie to attend a regular school once he approached fifth grade. In school, Julian bullied Auggie, and other children later joined in bullying Jack and Auggie. Auggie’s teachers found his appearance to be bad looking, making to be cruel to him and isolating him from others. Most of the time, Auggie was so happy and shy. Auggie’s appearance made him feel insecure and more sensitive, mainly when other children offended him about his face. Auggie’s eyes are an inch beneath where they are supposed to be. His nose looks immense for his face, and the head is pinched towards the side where the ears should be situated. Aggie faces the challenge of being accepted by his peers and is fearless with his facial deformity. Before adjusting to the school environment, Auggie was adjudged by classmates because of his facial deformity.
In the last scene of the film Wonder, Auggie becomes sure of himself and more confident. He changed from being unsure and timid to a confident student and a friend to many. He never feared to be the attention of many nor ashamed of his appearance. Auggie did not lose hope for himself and stopped all the school bullies (Afif & Amelia, 2021). According to Aristotle, recognition makes Auggie change his motivation about his looks and everything he does. In Wonder, Auggie undergoes many obstacles and tries hard to overcome them. He has dealt with many hardships since birth, including the 27 surgeries he underwent. Auggie learns how essential it is to do things for his benefit despite what people around him think.
After watching the film Wonder, the observer experiences catharsis. Viewers of the film purge emotions full of sadness towards what the character goes through. Catharsis leads to an affirmative change in Auggie’s life. Viewers have an emotional release on the hard times that Auggie goes through when he joins the school. I can relate Auggie’s transformation to my personal life. At some point in life, I have been insulated from friends and the people around me due to my eye deformity. Friends take me to be so different from them, making me unworthy of being close to them. The challenges that Auggie faces in school help me understand that being kind can bring change in someone’s life. We learn the theme of respect, kindness, and acceptance through the transformation of the character. Lessons from the film Wonder include not judging people using their appearance and learning to be ourselves and be kind.
Afif, R. S., & Amelia, D. (2021). HUMANISTIC HIERARCHY OF NEEDS ON AUGGIE’S PERSONALITY IN WONDER MOVIE. Linguistics and Literature Journal, 2(2), 69-74.