Mental Illness Impacting The Police

Mental illness is increasingly becoming a global issue. Several cases of mental illness require very serious interventions. Law enforcement is one agency that society has overlooked for a long period. The profession is demanding, and there are so many issues that police officers face as they perform their operations. Law enforcement authorities must devise some ways to ensure that police officers work without any form of difficulty. This research is about some interventions that the perspective leaders in the agency can employ to address the issue.

The first step in this intervention is that an individual or society must spot an instance of mental illness (Thomas et al., 2016). This determination comes with acceptance, so people seek interventions against the same. From there, relevant institutions devise ways to assist the individual by assisting with programs and policies that will address the issue at hand. Leaders must adopt The following intervention perspectives to address mental health issues in organizations.

Adopting Holistic Approach

First of all, there is a need to approach a holistic approach for a prospective leader to tackle the issue at hand. For this approach to be very effective, the program should incorporate care plans and promote consultations within the agency and the community (Castillo et al., 2018). Sometimes, it is difficult for police officers to air their grievances because they need a platform and the right people to approach. As much as there is someone solely employed and designed to handle that work within the agency, it will go a long way to address the issue at hand. The primary caregivers that are responsible for the service provision must make sure that they get all the needed crucial information that they must get. For instance, they need to understand what problem the police officers are facing, whether it is the issue of marital problems, debts or personal issues. The holistic approach process guarantees the aspect of spiritual well-being and wellness.

Addressing Community-Level Factors

The second approach is that the perspective leader must focus on community-level factors that impact mental health. Before or during the process of identifying the community-level factors, the relevant agencies must examine to what level and the extent to which the community-level factors affect t the mental health of the individuals. This approach is categorical in that it tries to understand to what extent the community-level factors will affect the police mental health and recovery process. Some factors need to be addressed at this level of intervention.

One factor at this level is the macroeconomic events and economic policies within the organization setup. For instance, according to research in the United States of America, people who manage less than 20000 dollars a year have a higher chance of getting psychosis and bipolar disorders as compared to people earning way much more than 70000 dollars. This statistic is just an instance that economic issues are major contributors to the mental health of people in society. On the other hand, people who cannot get employment or a group of people with higher unemployment rates are at higher risks of mental health disorders than those who are employed and are salaried. This approach simply tries to explain that more income promotes employment satisfaction (Castillo et al., 2018).

Addressing Community and Policies For Recovery

This approach and focus come from the mental health providers, which mainly focus on the community context for recovery. These processes can be in the form of political activities, advocacy, providing education for potential mental patients and conducting research. Initially explained, the community must be able to embrace programs that will identify any form of mental illness through observation of risk factors or reading an individual’s mood. For people who might be showing risk factors of mental illness, interventions are applied to counter the factors promoting mental health before escalating to a greater degree.

The care providers must also ensure that that they improve the ability to improve the access to mental health services within an organization and the community. For instances as a perspective officer in the law enforcement agency, the main goal is to ensure that there is a mental awareness and wellness facility within the premises as an approach to addressing mental health issues (Castillo et al., 2018).

Conclusion

These are some of the interventions that will help in promoting mental health in law enforcement. Good mental health means that the efficiency and work rate is promoted. As individuals and the stakeholders will be addressing the mental health issues to ensure good performance of the police service unit, it is crucial to understand that it will stretch the budget and affect police operations to some degree. For instance, the time police officers identified with mental illnesses are not going to be on duty like patrol. On the other hand, the allocation of professionals and facilities will mean that they drop some of the priorities, and it will also affect the training of the police officers. The training session is important for police officers because it keeps them fit and updates with current and new techniques that they must possess.

References

Castillo, E. G., Chung, B., Bromley, E., Kataoka, S. H., Braslow, J. T., Essock, S. M., Young, A. S., Greenberg, J. M., Miranda, J., Dixon, L. B., & Wells, K. B. (2018). Community, Public Policy, and Recovery from Mental Illness. Harvard Review of Psychiatry26(2), 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/hrp.0000000000000178

Thomas, S., Jenkins, R., Burch, T., Calamos Nasir, L., Fisher, B., Giotaki, G., Gnani, S., Hertel, L., Marks, M., Mathers, N., Millington-Sanders, C., Morris, D., Ruprah-Shah, B., Stange, K., Thomas, P., White, R., & Wright, F. (2016). Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Mental Illness in General Practice. London Journal of Primary Care8(1), 3–9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5330334/

Nurse Manager And Budget Development

A nurse manager is entrusted with ensuring that patients receive quality care and health outcomes in a given facility. They execute the roles of guiding other nursing staff in their assigned departments to ensure that they adopt a culture and new ideas or practices for the healthcare practice betterment. They oversee patient care and management practices, set working schedules, coordinate staff meetings, and make budgetary and personnel decisions. As a nurse manager, it is important to ensure that other staff members are included during the budgetary process using various strategies. The inclusion provides a diversity of ideas and a sense of involvement that promotes collaboration when working together. It also motivates the rest of the staff as they feel part of the process towards achieving a common goal.

Some of the strategies that can be employed to ensure that the team is involved in the budget development process include the creation of a budget development committee from the unit members. The committee should comprise nurse representatives from different roles to review, analyze, propose and recommend budgetary adjustments while considering various perspectives (Gab Allah et al., 2020). The next role will be to ensure that the selected team members undergo rigorous budget training, whereby they will be trained on the basics of budgeting processes, the various terminologies used, and the concepts to be applied. This role can be achieved by organizing various workshops and seminars conducted by financial and budgetary experts. This information is key in ensuring that they make informed decisions during the process. Because one of the nurse manager’s roles is coordinating meetings, they should ensure that the team selected hold regular meetings to ensure clarifications, exchange of ideas and reviewing the set targets and goals.

To ensure that the team is consistent about the budget throughout the year, the nurse manager should establish a transparent means of communication whereby the members are free to share their ideas and concerns about the proposed budget. This environment can also be created by organizing budget workshops and using the budget committee to air the members’ views or the roles they represent. Various meetings can also be organized to inform the unit members about financial performance and updates. These meetings should be interactive to allow for the exchange of ideas on adopting cost-effective measures or generating more revenue via innovations that do not affect the patient care process (Naranjee et al., 2019).

Encourage the unit members to participate and contribute to the budget ideas while motivating them on how their contributions add up to their unit’s financial success or progress. The nurse should also be very intentional in recognizing and celebrating key contributions to the financial progress or success of the unit via recognition of significant contributions made by any of the unit members. The nurse manager should also encourage or adopt an accountability culture to ensure that each member takes the burden and responsibility of the budgetary process as their own. A culture of constant feedback should also be solicited to assess the areas of improvement and adopt the necessary changes.

References

Nurse Manager: Job Description, Skills and Salary | Duquesne University. (2017, May 2). Duquesne University School of Nursing. https://onlinenursing.duq.edu/blog/nurse-manager-job-description-skills-and-salary/

Gab Allah, A. R., Elshrief, H. A., & Ageiz, M. H. (2020). Developing Strategy: A Guide For Nurse Managers to Manage Nursing Staff’s Work-related Problems. Asian Nursing Research14(3), 178–187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2020.07.004

Naranjee, N., Ngxongo, T. S. P., & Sibiya, M. N. (2019). Financial management roles of nurse managers in selected public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine11(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v11i1.1981

Offenders Reentering Communities

The decision of where to go after being released from prison is essential for offenders in Georgia, whose routes determine everything about their reintegration into society. In the context of diverse offender categories and crime types, criminal justice professionals must understand what these community placement pathways entail.’ Moreover, the provision of Probation and parole and the implementation of reentry programs play a substantial role in their trajectories, including for former female offenders. (De Nike et al., 2019) Each category of offenders, like young prisoners in Georgia’s correctional system, requires a careful examination of the route in community placement. This paper will analyze the strengths and weaknesses of Probation, parole, reentry programs, and interactive community resources for youthful offenders from Georgia.

Exploring Probation: “Strengths and limitations of community-placement pathways for offenders.”

This is what we mean by Probation in Georgia, which refers to court-sanctioned supervision and the offender’s presence within the limits of a particular territory under defined circumstances. It is a great chance to avoid jail and allows former offenders to return to their everyday lifestyles. (Sheridan et al., 2019) Nevertheless, monitoring dangerous persons and non-compliance poses a challenge to its efficiency. However, these limitations stand in the way of the successful rehabilitation and reintegration of individuals at various stages in the correction process. It is essential to evaluate the pros and cons of probation probation thoroughly. It can be used to deter imprisonment and ease integration into society. However, it is hard to track high-risk offenders and deal with a failure to comply. This understanding is essential for gauging Probation’s impact on assisting with offender reform and resocialization in Georgia. Addressing some of these problems would increase the likelihood of successful rehabilitation and decrease the possibility of repeat offenses by probationers.

Exploring Parole: Strengths and Limitations within Community Placement Pathways for Offenders

One important conditional release program for offenders who have already spent some time behind bars is that of parole. In this manner, it has proved its usefulness in providing an intermedium period, which would enable ex-offenders to regain stability and have a chance to lead life through the availability of essential resources. (Norman et al., 2021) Besides, it facilitates slow adjustment from being in a regimented prison setting to becoming more self-reliant and eventually learning job skills. Nevertheless, there is a weakness associated with the parole system as it may fail to ensure that the former inmates do not return to prison due to their failure to receive adequate assistance in the transitioning process. This emphasized the need for complete resettlement support and continued oversight to reduce the chances of recidivism.

Navigating Community Placement Pathways: Exploring the Role of Reentry Programs

In Georgia, reentry programs help offenders successfully return to society by providing intensive support, including housing, job placement, and health care. The successful nature of these programs lies in holistic treatment for criminals’ needs, spanning basic needs and socioemotional issues. (Bakken & Visher, 2018) Nevertheless, some people may need help accessing available services due to constraints such as resource limitations and capacity, which may compromise the effectiveness of the reentering program. Therefore, though critical in sustaining reincarnation, the effect of such programs could be curtailed due to limited resources. Reentry programs must consider measures to effectively balance such strengths and limitations toward serving offenders better and increasing their chances of reintegrating into the communities.

Empowering Networks: The Strengths of the Interactive Community.

The community provides these offenders with an inclusive atmosphere and offers them various resources for their specific requirements. (Annison et al., 2018) The holistic approach promotes inclusiveness and is an integral way in which the community supports the reintegration of those coming out of the criminal system back into society. The community commits to ensuring convicted criminals receive relevant skills, facilities, and support that enable them to lead exemplary lives.

Enhancing the Interactive Community: Identifying Areas for Improvement”

In Georgia, the interactive community shows its value to offenders but needs better cooperation between service provider institutions. Reinforcing these fields may make a smooth passage from prison into community supervision, culminating in the effective rehabilitation of prisoners. (Annison et al., 2018) The improvement would provide a more coordinated, systematic, and comprehensive approach to rehabilitating and reintegrating offenders into society, ultimately maximizing the use of limited resources and services. Increased collaborative practices may enhance a more manageable transition to prevent further relapse in the new environment.

Conclusion

In conclusion, vital points and weaknesses of the offenders’ community placement pathways in Georgia influence the entire reintegration course. This includes Probation, parole, and reentry programs, which help with offender reintegration, while an interactive community is a significant resource for this group of offenders. Nonetheless, increased resource coordination and collaborations by service providers can improve reentry efficiency for offenders.

Reference

De Nike, M., Shelden, R., Macallair, D., & Menart, R. (2019). Collaborating for Successful Reentry: A Practical Guide to Support Justice-Involved Young People Returning to the Community. In ERIC. Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED597305

Sheridan, M. J., Rainville, R. R., King, A., Royster, B., & Fazari, G. M. (2019). Historical Dictionary of American Criminal Justice. In Google Books. Rowman & Littlefield. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=qo2ADwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=This+is+what+we+mean+by+Probation+in+Georgia

Norman, M., Ricciardelli, R., & Maier, K. (2021). “In this line of work, boundaries are important”: Occupational Stress and the Well-being of Community Parole Officers During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 46(4). https://doi.org/10.29173/cjs29892

Bakken, N. W., & Visher, C. A. (2018). Successful Reintegration and Mental Health: Examining Gender Differences Among Reentering Offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior45(8), 1121–1135. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854818774384

Ducaru, S., Nițu, I., & Margvelashvili, M. (2019). Black Swan Events on NATO’s Eastern Flank. In Google Books. IOS Press. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_7SIDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=For+selected+offender+populations

Annison, J., Byng, R., & Quinn, C. (2018). Women offenders: Promoting a holistic approach and continuity of care across criminal justice and health interventions. Criminology & Criminal Justice19(4), 385–403. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895818773805