Although Branagh depicts Hero and Claudio as very much in love, the text of the play does not seem to provide convincing evidence of strong feelings between these characters. At the beginning of the play, Claudio expresses his admiration for Hero by calling her “a jewel” and “the sweetest lady that ever I looked on” (Shakespeare 24). He is attracted by Hero’s appearance and modesty, and he explains that, before the war, he regarded Hero with lust, but after the war, he developed “soft and delicate desires” (Shakespeare 26). However, when Don Pedro expresses his intention to arrange for the couple’s marriage, Claudio is uncertain and does not want to make haste, and yet agrees to Don Pedro’s plan. Further, there is a demonstrative example of Claudio’s weak feelings toward Hero. Although Claudio is aware of Don Pedro’s plan regarding Hero, Claudio believes Don John’s words that Don Pedro wants Hero for himself. Instead of struggling for his love in this situation, Claudio gives up, saying: “‘Tis certain so, the Prince woos for himself” and “Farewell, therefore, Hero” (Shakespeare 36). Thus, Claudio’s love is superficial, which explains his subsequent behavior.
As for Hero, she talks very little in the first few acts, so it is difficult to track her feelings. When the marriage is arranged, and Hero is asked to say something in response to Claudio’s declaration of love, she “tells him in his ear that he is in her heart” (Shakespeare 40). Hero’s character and feelings toward Claudio are revealed in Act 3, scene 4. It seems that she is more concerned about marrying successfully than about her love for Claudio. While choosing a wedding dress, she asks God to allow her to wear it since her heart is heavy, and her chambermaid Margaret replies that it will be heavier when Hero is under her husband. Act 3, scene 4, shows that Hero is a modest lady, as opposed to the other women, but Branagh might want to remove it because it is not dynamic and has many dirty jokes. This scene changes the audience’s view of the wedding in Act 4 and the resolution of the play in Act 5 since it makes the audience understand the absurdity of accusations against Hero and sympathize with her.
Shakespeare, William. Much Ado About Nothing: A Comedy in Five Acts. Walter H. Baker & Co., 1916.
Why Illegal Immigrants Should Receive Social Services
In the US, many states have adopted tougher laws to deter illegal immigration. Views and reports focused on the effect of immigration on the US economy have always been contentious (Yoshida 6). Proponents of these laws argue that it is unfair for US citizens to sacrifice their hard-earned taxes to provide social services to illegal immigrants. In their bid to stop the government from providing these services, the proponents urge the legislators to enact and implement strict laws against illegal aliens. On the other hand, critics argue that illegal immigrants are a critical component of the US economy and should be offered social services in the same way the local citizens are offered (Dvorak 12). This article seeks to highlight the reasons why illegal immigrants should be offered social services.
Proponents of tougher immigration laws assert that if illegal immigrants were deprived of social services, the number of illegal immigrants would reduce. They fail to acknowledge that illegal immigrants come to America to seek better job opportunities and better wages rather than handouts. Therefore, denying illegal immigrants with social services would not solve immigration issues. Instead, the proponents should note that most of the illegal immigrants come to America to seek opportunities that they have been deprived of in their native countries. In their bid to seek these opportunities, they contribute to the enhancement of the American dream. As such, most immigrants have been employed in the US and contribute to its economy. For instance, Karen Kenney states, “Illegal immigrants contribute more to the US economy than they receive in social services” (Kenney 58). Hence, it will be hypocritical for the government to embrace their labor and deny them access to social services. As such, illegal immigrants should be allowed to offer tax revenues and in return be allowed to access social services.
If the government stops illegal immigrants from accessing social services such as health care and foodstuffs, efforts to deter the spread of communicable diseases would be compromised (Haerens 64). Medical experts assert that all individuals in a community should have access to medical care. If illegal immigrants are allowed to have equal access to health care facilities as US citizens, medics would be able to identify and treat communicable diseases way before the rest of the community is exposed to the diseases.
Similarly, illegal immigrants should not be denied access to social services because of their cultural impact on American society. American society, unlike societies in other nations, is very diverse owing to the diffusion of different cultures. Every ethnic group and race brings a new point of view, diverse behavior, and civilization. In this regard, it would be unethical and inappropriate to deny them access to social services (Haerens 67).
In conclusion, proponents of stricter immigration laws should note that illegal immigrants will keep on coming to the US regardless of the laws in place as long as our country continues to offer better jobs and opportunities. Similarly, debate on whether to treat immigrants in the same manner as the citizens will still attract heated debates (Dvorak 32). Therefore, immigration authorities should identify the risks posed by these aliens and come up with practical solutions. These solutions should be ethical and should not infringe on the immigrants’ rights to have access to social services.
Dvorak, William. Immigration in the United States. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 2009. Print.
Haerens, Margaret. Illegal immigration. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Print.
Kenney, Karen. Illegal immigration. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub., 2008. Print.
Yoshida, Chisato, and A. D. Woodland. The economics of illegal immigration. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Print.
Informational Security In A World Of Technology
Nowadays, the information security (IS) of healthcare systems of the state is considered an integral element of the overall work performance of a facility. In addition to a general security training program designed for each employee in an organization, specific training is needed to address information security tasks and responsibilities. The level of this education depends on the scale of importance of information security to the company and should vary according to the requirements of the work. The management should also consider more advanced education, including lectures, special courses, and instructions. The information security training program should be designed so it could cover all the security needs of a particular organization. Fortunately, different teaching methods could be implemented to ensure that employees are qualified enough to work with technology.
Instructor LED training is one of such methods, according to which an instructor presents information to a group of people. According to researchers, it provides a “kinetic learning experience, which requires both computer hardware and a training database that mirrors the actual information-technology environment” (Hebda et al., 2019, p. 219). The advantage of this method is the opportunity for workers to interact with their trainers and get answers to all possible questions immediately. However, one of the drawbacks of LED training is its cost-effectiveness. Since trainers spend time preparing for lessons, communicating with employees, assessing them, and evaluating their progress, hiring them can be expensive for a company. For this reason, a facility should also consider other reliable methods and systems that allow workers to work with the information independently.
The necessity to provide training at lower costs creates several different programs of distance learning systems. There is no doubt that such systems cannot be considered full training programs. Nevertheless, they are capable of delivering the information and the training material to the end-user. In addition, in recent years, different projects were created that could also evaluate the employees’ progress of learning. Therefore, when choosing a distance learning program, management should pay attention to different factors. They include considering the main functions, which must contain the ability to manage the training process for workers. The system should also allow them to generate reports and feedback on training to eliminate any possible mistakes. The amount of learning materials in the program is vital, as well as the evaluation tool.
The review of methods for training employees in a matter of information security issues could not be called complete without considering possible methods for assessing the effectiveness of learning. Evaluation is crucial in this matter since employees need to be tested before concluding that they are competent enough to work with security technology. One example of assessing practical knowledge instead of theoretical is the use of case studies. The point of this method is to simulate a situation in which the actions of a user can lead to a violation. Therefore, to prove that a worker successfully passed the training process, he or she should effectively solve this case.
Clinics, medical centers, and other healthcare facilities are faced with a large amount of personal data of both employees and patients. Many documents and information, in this case, fall into the category of medical confidentiality. Therefore, information security technologies in medicine should advance to a new level. As the number of viruses and other cyberattacks increases, it can be assumed that healthcare institutions are prime targets for hackers. According to researchers, “preserving data privacy from adversary parties in a healthcare information system without affecting data utility, model learning, and data sharing are challenging” (Sharma et al., 2018, p. 43). Medical records contain all critical information, including social security numbers, date of birth, and many other vital factors. This allows hackers to use such data for unlawfully obtaining loans, tax fraud, issuing fictitious invoices to insurance companies, obtaining drugs, and other illegal actions.
There is no universal method or program that will ensure the protection of the data system and fully secure it. However, a set of methods is more likely to make it possible to secure information systems that are located in medical institutions. First of all, it would be important initially to set clear requirements for the information security of databases and make them clear to the staff. The reason for this is that the processed data belongs to the first class of information systems. In other words, health information is one of the most personal and important categories of information. Therefore, their protection must be provided in every facility, and the failure to do so should be punished at the legislative level.
To prevent leaks of medical data outside organizations, as well as to stop their unauthorized distribution within a facility’s information programs, it is necessary to use full-fledged Data Loss Prevention (DLP) systems. It also should be noted that the key indicator of the usefulness of a DLP system should be its ability to detect and prevent the unauthorized transmission of protected information by blocking transmission. In other words, monitoring data transmission channels and subsequent investigation of incidents should not be their only tasks. The facility must also establish an effective management team that is responsible for cybersecurity. Hiring specialists who will manage the information security department, or, in other words, the chief security officer is crucial in this matter. Such professionals must be tested and certified for compliance with the protection system with regulatory requirements. However, its cost-effectiveness is also doubtful since it requires additional financial expenditures.
Unfortunately, there is no universal software or technology that will guarantee the most effective data protection. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that leaving a data system unprotected is simply unacceptable and reckless. The risk of cyberattacks is no longer the concern of just one IT department. Currently, this is a key issue that should be considered by the leaders of all medical facilities. The field of healthcare services should not bypass the issue of patient data protection and everything related to this topic. The state also should participate in resolving this problem and offer funds for data protection.
Education on Phishing and Spam Emails
In recent years, hacker attacks on electronic health information security systems have become common. Providing an effective program that is capable of protecting all necessary data is crucial; however, it cannot be efficient without proper training. Offering education on this matter to employees allows them to be aware of hidden targeted attacks and prevent phishing. The last type of attack has already become one of the most widespread threats to information security nowadays. Even though there are many educational anti-phishing programs, most employees hardly visit them voluntarily. For this reason, it is vital to train employees who do not possess initial knowledge about information security and protection against such attacks.
Different methods could be implemented to teach the staff about this issue and offer methods to solve them. For instance, a facility could hire a trainer that could simply deliver the material. A trainer could also evaluate their learning progress and provide this data to management. Since workers, in this case, are controlled and are forced to go through tests, this teaching method can be considered efficient in ensuring that the staff has proper education on phishing. Nevertheless, this method can be expensive, and not every facility can afford it.
Another way to make training more engaging and effective is to integrate training directly into the work process. This method can be considered as a built-in training system, and it is used to teach users to recognize and avoid phishing attacks. In this case, the organizational unit that is responsible for training personnel sends emails that mimic such emails. These emails should contain an inline message that opens when a user clicks a mocked phishing URL. Then the employee receives a warning and an explanation of the possible consequences of suffering from these types of attacks. After that, he or she gets acquainted with the educational material presented in the form of a concise and clear presentation. Such a presentation defines a phishing attack and an algorithm that helps to avoid them. To make sure that an employee has learned the information, a test is offered that evaluates the progress of training. The assessment process should take into account whether users clicked links in legitimate and phishing emails before and after training.
The built-in training facilitates the effective transmission of information since it offers a practical method to test the competence of the employees on this matter. This allows the staff to effectively identify phishing messages without misidentifying legitimate messages in the future. In other words, it teaches them how to effectively detect useful work emails. However, several researchers argue that “click rates decrease over time, a mandatory training program for the highest-risk employees cannot substantially reduce click rates” (Gordon, 2019, p. 550). This statement suggests that a large number of people still can remain susceptible to phishing. For this reason, there is a clear need for further research to come up with simple training methods that reduce this vulnerability.
Gordon, W. J., Wright, A., Glynn, R. J., Kadakia, J., Mazzone, C., Leinbach, E., & Landman, A. (2019). Evaluation of a mandatory phishing training program for high-risk employees at a US healthcare system. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 26(6), 547-552.
Hebda, T., Czar, P., & Mascara, C. (2005). Handbook of informatics for nurses and health care professionals (pp. 120-121). Pearson Prentice Hall.
Sharma, S., Chen, K., & Sheth, A. (2018). Toward practical privacy-preserving analytics for IoT and cloud-based healthcare systems. IEEE Internet Computing, 22(2), 42-51.