Nutrition And Children Essay Example

Base on Wikipedia, in most of the world, malnutrition is present in the form of undernutrition, which is caused by a diet lacking adequate calories and protein. While malnutrition is more common in developing countries, it is also present in industrialized countries. In wealthier nations it is more likely to be caused by unhealthy diets with excess energy, fats, and refined carbohydrates. A growing trend of obesity is now a major public health concern in lower socio-economic levels and in developing countries as well.

The World Health Organization cites malnutrition as the greatest single threat to the world’s public health. According to irinnews. org, the leading countries that has a large number of chronically malnourished children are Afghanistan (59 percent), Yemen (58 percent), and the Southeast Asian half-island nation bordering Indonesia and Timor-Leste (54 percent). Around a third of young children in southern Afganistan are acutely malnourished. Around a million Afghans under five are acutely malnourished, according to the UN-backed survey.

By far the worst affected area is the southern region – centred around Kandahar and Helmand – that was the Taliban’s birthplace and has seen some of the heaviest fighting of the decade-long war. The Afghanistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) found 29. 5% of children are suffering from acute malnutrition there. A major problem is attitudes to breast feeding, according to UN nutrition specialist Elham Monsef. Women are often told breast milk is not good enough or find it hard to nurse, so infants are given everything from tea and water, which have no nutritional value, to formula milk that is over-diluted or made with dirty water.

The UN and aid groups are now racing to gather more details on the scale of the problem, and worst-hit locations. Malnutrition is more common in India than in Sub-Saharan Africa. One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India. Around 46 per cent of all children below the age of three are too small for their age, 47 per cent are underweight and at least 16 per cent are wasted. Many of these children are severely malnourished(unicef. org/india). According to the report, half of the country’s children are chronically malnourished and alnutrition is higher among children whose mothers are uneducated or have less than five years of education. This is an issue that the government of india is also deeply concerned about. Yemen has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world. Over ten million people in Yemen are currently thought to be at risk because of insufficient food and in the worst affected parts of the country as many as one in three children are suffering from life-threatening acute malnutrition.

More than one in eight of all children under five years old in Yemen are classified as ‘acutely undernourished’, meaning they are at immediate risk of dying because of preventable childhood illnesses made worse by ill health and a reduced diet. Britain has committed to provide critical support over three years, allowing the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to work with the Government of Yemen to plan long term solutions to the current crisis. They will address the root causes of malnutrition rather than simply tackling the symptoms (dfid. gov. uk).

With Southeast Asia’s vast rice fields and bountiful fruit trees, one would never guess that it has the largest population of hungry people in the world. Approximately 70. 0% of the world’s malnourished children live in Asia, resulting in the region having the highest concentration of childhood malnutrition. One in eight Cambodian children dies between birth and age five and the early childhood death rate is even higher in Laos. Babies born to malnourished mothers are more likely to be underweight with compromised immune systems that put them at higher risk for infection and long-term disabilities.

However, even with these bleak statistics, Southeast Asia is making progress. The number of malnourished children has decreased from 39% in 1990 to 28% in 2005 (revolutionhunger. tumblr. com). Although this news sounds promising, there are many problems that demand immediate attention if the rates are to continue to decrease. Malnutrition is one of the largest or biggest social problem that the Philippine is facing. They say that poverty is the main cause of malnutrition in the philippines because they are not able to eat the right kind of food they need.

Kids are the most affect by this condition here in the philippines and it is a serious national problem that is really alarming and should be solved in the nearest possible time. According to the Philippine Ministry of Health, nearly 1/2 of all reported deaths are among infants and children through age 4, and about 1/2 of the accelerated death rate among those age 5 and younger is related to malnutrition, compounded by diarrhea, measles, and malaria which is returning to areas where it once was almost eradicated.

The undernourished and truly poor of the Philippines number about 1/2 of the population. According to the latest study by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, three in every 10 Filipino children aged 5 and below are stunted or too short for their age while two in every 10 children also in the same age range are underweight. These problem not only have to be addressed but it has to be solved fast. In explaining the reason for the increase in underweight children, research says that rice crisis and the typhoons might be the contributing factors.

Survey says that the households which had 36,634 or 191,316 individuals as respondents, was conducted in April 2008, when rice prices increased significantly from the previous year, because of the shortage in supply and high commodity prices in the world market. Malnutrition in the Philippines is a huge problem. Many families are experiencing poverty and can’t afford to eat well. The economy has not been performing well in quite some time. The children are suffering the most as they don’t get the vital nutrients they need to grow well.

Global attention needs to be brought to the issue. Although nutrition is recognized as a basic human right, and vital to the survival, growth and development of children, malnutrition still persists. Malnutrition continues to be a major international health problem that claims millions of lives. Malnutrition in the Philippines is caused by a host of interrelated factors – health, physical, social, economic and others. Food supply and how it is distributed and consumed by the populace have consequent impact on nutritional status.

While reports indicate that there are enough food to feed the country, many Filipinos continue to go hungry and become malnourished due to inadequate intake of food and nutrients. In fact, except for protein, the typical Filipino diet was found to be grossly inadequate for energy and other nutrients. In order to compensate for the inadequate energy intake, the body utilizes protein as energy source. A high prevalence of underheight-for-age or stunted preschoolers was mostly observed in Mimaropa, Bicol, and all the regions in the Visayas and Mindanao.

During the 1970s, the government developed a major program of expanded production with the result that rice production expanded substantially. Even this achievement leaves the average Filipino short by 300 calories of food intake per day. It is not jiggering with food aid or government price incentives that will assure that future Filipinos will have enough to eat. Only a productive revolution of rural life that also educates mothers to know what makes for sound family nutrition will be adequate.

Over the past decade, National Nutrition Surveys show a steady decline in the prevalence of (nutritional blindness) due to vitamin A deficiency among children. However, VAD remains endemic in the regions of Southern Tagalog, Eastern and Western Visayas, Western Minadanao, and the disadvantaged urban areas of Manila, where xerophthalmia affects 1. 5% to 3% of children. Government has been doing its part by advocating for the Sangkap Pinoy Seal campaign, wherein local food manufacturers are encouraged to fortify their products with micronutrients, especially those which most Filipino children lack.

The Department of Social Welfare and Development and the Department of Education also have a continuing feeding program in public schools. Allegations of corruption, though, have thrown the program into a bad light, to the disadvantage of the schoolchildren. The Nutri-Asia Gabay Kalusugan feeding and nutrition program falls under the DepEd Adopt-a-School Program in which the private sector is helping fill the gaps in education resources.

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA), the most pervasive of micronutrient deficiencies, increased from 27% in 1982 to 37% in 1987, particularly affecting infants, young children, and pregnant and lactating women but declined again according to the 1993 survey, particularly among infants. To combat these forms of malnutrition, a balanced diet that includes plenty of vegetables must be given to children especially in their growing-up years. Many nutritious and affordable vegetables can be prepared within the limits of one’s budget.

Regular intake of fortified milk is also among the most viable ways of helping address malnutrition particularly undernutrition. Fortified milk like BEAR BRAND Powdered Milk Drink has been added with more vitamins and minerals than regular milk, offering a nutritious way for kids to get the benefits of the Tibay Resistensya nutrients, Iron, Zinc and Vitamin C. One solution to undernourishment and malnutrition is so simple, we often neglect it. Fruits and vegetables are the richest source of vitamins and minerals that our children need to achieve optimum growth.

Research shows that only 5 percent of a child’s diet is devoted to fruits and vegetables. Meanwhile, 83 percent is allocated to carbohydrates. That children do not like to eat fruits and vegetables is not an excuse to let them suffer from vitamin and nutrient deficiencies. We must help them acquire a taste for fruits and vegetables. It is not at all an impossible task. One other important factor in evaluating the nutrition of children is the feeding practices. At the time of the survey, 89. 6 percent of infants aged 0-23 months were breastfed.

Among 0-5 months old children, 35. 9 percent were exclusively breastfed while 36. 8 percent were breastfed and at the same time given complementary foods. Of the 6-11 months old, 40 percent were still breastfed, while of the 12-23 months old, 22. 2 percent were still breastfed. Of the 0-23 months old, 89. 6 percent were breastfed while 10. 4 percent were not breastfed. The main reasons mothers stopped breastfeeding were inadequate milk flow (34 percent), working outside home (25. 5 percent), another pregnancy (9. 1 percent), child refused (7. percent), mother was ill (7. 6 percent), cracked nipple (5. 4 percent), child old enough for weaning (2. 8 percent), child abandoned (1. 5 percent) and others 3 percent (opinion. inquirer. net). The good news is that more Filipino mothers are now seeing the importance of exclusive breastfeeding of infants from birth until 6 months. Increased malnutrition could be avoided, with proper interventions. what to do is there needed to be increased awareness of what constitutes a proper diet and micronutrients and the use of fortified foods were also a factor. eficiencies in Vatimin A, iron and iodine are still prevalent especially in children below two years of age. It is sad to note that, despite government efforts at food fortification, incidences of iron-deficiency anemia and Vitamin A deficiency continues to rise from 1993 to present. As the National Nutrition Month winds down, maybe awareness on malnutrition can be our food for thought, that would hopefully stir our souls to be more pro-active in helping to address this concern.

As individuals, we can definitely make a difference, especially if we inspire those around us to do their part as well. What we must all realize is that malnutrition does not only afflict the poor in the way that hunger does. Malnutrition is more deceptive because it affects a broader segment of the population often without their knowledge. Adrienne Constantino said malnutrition was a continuing challenge for the country. “We are improving, but not fast enough. ”

The Provincial Government of Rizal was delighted with the latest announcement from the National Nutrition Council, Calabarzon. Region IV-A DSWD director Wilma Naviamos reported that Rizal province has the second lowest malnutrition prevalence rate with 4. 71% in the whole region. Batangas Province has the lowest prevalence rate of 3. 79%. On the other hand, Quezon province has the highest incidence of malnutrition at 12. 86% prevalence rate. Among the 14 cities in the entire Calabarzon region, Antipolo has the highest malnutrition prevalence rate with 9. 0% next to Lucena City. Jalajala (2. 20%), Binangonan (2. 21%) and Morong (3. 03%) are the top three municipalities in Rizal with the lowest incidence of malnutrition. Rizal Gov. Jun Ynares III lauded the efforts of the municipalities for keeping the incidence of malnutrition in the province in check. Although, there are localities which need to step up its efforts, like in the case of Antipolo, who got the highest incidence of malnutrition in the province, the overall malnutrition situation in the province is encouraging (rizalprovince. gov. ph).

Culture Of Bangladesh

Bangladesh, which is derived from the Bengali words Bangla and Desh, is the country where the Bangla language is spoken. It was formerly known as East Pakistan and is located in South Asia. Bangladesh shares borders with Burma and India and is positioned between latitudes 20° and 27°N, and longitudes 88° and 93°E. Situated in the delta of Padma (Ganges [Ganga]) and Jamuna (Brahmaputra) rivers in the northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent, Bangladesh has a total area of 144,000 sq km comprising of 133,910 sq km landmass along with an additional 10,090 sq km on water.

Culture encompasses various aspects such as shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterize institutions or groups. It also includes a combination of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguish one group from another. Moreover, culture embodies the overall way of life for an entire society including manners codes; language; rituals; norms of behavior; as well as systems of belief.

Bangladesh, also referred to as the “Land of the Bengals,” is a densely populated riverine country with a majority population practicing Islam. It was formerly a part of British India’s Bengal region and constituted a province together with West Bengal, which is presently an Indian state. After India’s partition in 1947, it became East Bengal and was subsequently renamed as East Pakistan. This area was geographically isolated from the rest of Pakistan by 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of Indian territory.

In 1971, Bangladesh gained independence and chose Dhaka as its capital. The society in the country adheres to a hierarchical system that values individuals according to their age and position. Older individuals are typically regarded as wise and given respect. It is anticipated that decisions favoring the collective will be made by the most senior male, whether based on age or position. This hierarchical arrangement is also apparent in businesses, with a significant number being family-owned or operated. Most of the population in Bangladesh follows Islam.

However, many still blend this with pre-Islam folk traditions. • Bangladeshis embrace the folk traditions of Bengali culture, which involve shamanism, the abilities of fakirs (Muslim holy men who perform exorcisms and provide spiritual healing), ojhaa (shamins with magical healing powers), and Bauls (religious mendicants and traveling musicians). • Music, dance, and literature hold a significant place in the tradition, encompassing both classical devotions of Hindu and Muslim music. ? Festivals: • Islam governs numerous festivals celebrated in Bangladesh.

The festivals in Bangladesh include various religious celebrations. These consist of the two Eids (one following Ramadan and one after the Hajj), Shab-e-Qadr (the night of power), Milad un-Nabi (commemorating the birth date of Prophet Muhammad), and Shab-e-Barat (the night of fortune). Additionally, there are Hindu-influenced festivities such as Durga Puja and Kali Puja which involve community worship of Goddess Durga and Kali. It is important to note that the entire community actively participates in each other’s religious ceremonies. Bangladesh, a country with an ethnically homogeneous population, primarily consists of Bengalis who make up 98% of its people. The majority, approximately 90%, adhere to Islam; however, there are also small populations of Hindus, Christians, and Buddhists present.

The people of Bangladesh cannot be easily stereotyped due to their vast cultural diversity, multiple dialects, hybridization of social traits and norms, as well as cultural upbringing. However, they are widely recognized for their resilience. This article explores the prevalent cultural and social norms in Bangladesh.

One significant aspect of Bangladeshi culture is its linguistic affiliation. The primary language spoken in Bangladesh is Bangla or Bengali to non-natives. It belongs to the Indo-European language family and is not only spoken by Bangladeshis but also by those who share a Bengali cultural heritage. The language has a long history dating back centuries before the birth of Christ.

Language differences in Bangladesh reflect societal and religious divisions, with Bangla being divided into two distinct forms: sadhu basha, a formal and learned language, and cholit basha, a common spoken language. Sadhu basha is associated with the literate tradition, including formal essays and poetry, and is primarily used by the educated. Cholit basha, on the other hand, is the vernacular language spoken by the majority of Bengalis. Additionally, there are slight variations in vocabulary between Muslims and Hindus. A prominent symbol of national identity in Bangladesh is the Bangla language. The national flag features a dark green rectangle with a red circle positioned just left of center.

The color green symbolizes the trees and fields of the countryside, while red represents both the rising sun and the bloodshed during the 1971 war for liberation. The national anthem, which is derived from a poem by Rabindranath Tagore, connects love for nature and land with national identity. In terms of food in Bangladesh, rice and fish are crucial components of the diet, and it is unimaginable to go a day without a meal based on rice. The cuisine often includes dishes made with fish, meat, poultry, and vegetables cooked in flavorful curry sauces that incorporate spices like cumin, coriander, cloves, cinnamon, and garlic. It’s worth noting that Muslims abstain from consuming pork while Hindus avoid beef.

In the morning, it is increasingly common to prepare ruti, a whole wheat circular flatbread, which is then eaten with curries from the previous night. Another important part of the diet is dal, a thin soup made from ground lentils, chickpeas, or other legumes that is poured over rice. To end a meal, it is common to have a sweet homemade yogurt. A typical meal consists of a large bowl of rice with small portions of fish and vegetable curries added. The breakfast meal varies the most and can be either rice- or bread-based. One popular breakfast dish is panthabhat, which consists of leftover cold rice mixed with gur (date palm sugar) in water or milk.

Food is typically consumed in a specific manner in this culture. It involves using the right hand to mix the curry into the rice and then gathering portions with the fingertips. However, in city restaurants that cater to foreigners, silverware may be used instead. People have three meals a day and the most common beverage is water. Before eating, it’s customary to wash the right hand with water above the eating bowl. The clean knuckles of the right hand are then used to rub the interior of the bowl, after which the water is discarded and the bowl is filled with food. After finishing the meal, one should wash their right hand again, this time holding it over the emptied bowl.

Snacks available include a variety of fruits like banana, mango, and jackfruit, as well as puffed rice and small fried food items. In urban areas and bazaars, many men rely on a cup of sweet tea with milk from a tea stall as an essential part of their daily routine, sometimes enjoying it with sweets. Food customs during special events are significant. Weddings and important holidays feature prominently in these customs. During these occasions, guests are encouraged to eat to their fullest. Biryani, a rice dish flavored with saffron and made with lamb or beef, is a common food served at weddings.

For special occasions, a higher quality and thinner-grained rice is used. If biryani is not consumed, a full multicourse meal is served in a sequential manner, with each course added to the rice bowl after finishing the previous one. A complete dinner may consist of chicken, fish, vegetable, goat, or beef curries and dal. The final portion of rice is topped with yogurt (doi). On other important occasions like the Eid holidays, an animal is slaughtered at the location and curries are made from the fresh meat. Some of the meat is distributed among relatives and the poor. Classes and castes:

The Muslim class system resembles a caste structure, with the ashraf representing the small upper class. This elite group consists of descendants of early Muslim officials and merchants, with roots in Afghanistan, Turkey, and Iran. Some ashraf families can trace their lineage back to the Prophet Mohammed. The remaining population is referred to as the atraf and is considered the indigenous majority. This division reflects the Hindu separation between the Brahman and lower castes. While educated individuals recognize both the Muslim and Hindu categories, the majority of citizens view class in a localized, rural context.

Dress serves as a prominent symbol of social stratification within this system. Men traditionally wear the lungi, a cloth tube skirt that reaches the ankles. Women typically wear the sari. However, men who perceive themselves to have high socioeconomic status deviate from this norm and wear pants and shirts instead. Loose white cotton pajama pants and a long white shirt also indicate high standing. Among men, wearing white clothing signifies an occupation that doesn’t involve physical labor.

In terms of social class, men of high status delegate the task of carrying personal items to assistants or laborers. The level of intricacy and craftsmanship in saris also signifies social standing, with finely designed fabric representing a higher position. On the other hand, poor women wear low-cost green or indigo cotton saris as a symbol of poverty. Among women, gold jewelry indicates a high social status. Wealth is demonstrated by possessing a house with concrete walls and a roof made of ceramic tiles, as well as owning a motorcycle since cars are unaffordable for most individuals. Other indicators of wealth include color televisions, telephones, and access to electricity.

Gender discrimination prevails in society where women traditionally focus on household matters and are discouraged from venturing outside without company. Consequently, their economic and social lives revolve primarily around the home, children, and family. In Islamic practice, mosque prayer is exclusively reserved for males while women fulfill their religious duties at home. Despite some women attaining significant positions in national politics, patriarchal norms dominate almost all aspects of life.

Women of average status have limited freedom of movement and their importance in education is underestimated compared to men. They are influenced by authority figures such as their father, older brother, and husband. Marriage arrangements are typically made by parents, particularly the father. Men generally marry at twenty-five years or later, whereas women get married between the ages of fifteen and twenty. Consequently, husbands usually have an age gap of at least ten years with their wives. Although Muslim culture permits polygynous unions, they are uncommon and rely on the man’s capability to sustain multiple households.

When a parent seeks a suitable spouse for their child, they have various options such as agencies, intermediaries, relatives, and friends. The key focus is on the social status and qualities of the potential partner’s family. Typically, there is a desire to achieve a balance in regards to the family’s financial situation, educational background, and religious dedication. The father can present around five or six potential partners to the child along with pertinent information about each individual. Ultimately, it is up to the child to remove unsuitable candidates from consideration, thereby narrowing down the choices for the father to make the final decision.

The finalization of an arrangement between two families involves agreeing on a dowry and deciding the types of gifts for the groom. Divorce is considered socially unacceptable, and in the Muslim community, a man can initiate divorce by saying “I divorce you” three times. However, divorces are generally avoided due to strong family pressures. Women face particular challenges in divorces as they often have to return to their parents’ home. Islamic laws state that a daughter should inherit half as much as a son.

The practice of equal distribution of property upon the death of the household head is not commonly followed in most households. Instead, sons are given an equal share of the property while daughters do not receive any inheritance. However, brothers may compensate for this by giving produce and gifts to their sisters during visits. Widows usually do not receive a portion of their husband’s property. Nevertheless, tradition dictates that sons must care for their mothers who still wield significant power within the household. Social interactions typically begin with the greeting “Assalam Waleykum” (“peace be with you”) and are met with the customary response “Waleykum Assalam” (“and with you”).

Among Hindus, the proper greeting is Nomoshkar, where the hands are brought together under the chin. Men may shake hands in the case of equal status, but they should not grip firmly. After a handshake, respect is shown by placing the right hand over the heart. Men and women do not shake hands with one another. In same-sex conversations, it is common to touch and individuals may prefer to stand or sit very close. The proximity of individuals in terms of status determines their spatial interaction.

When parting ways, the phrase Khoda Hafez is used. Language conventions are used to distinguish differences in age and status.

People of higher status are not referred to by their personal name; instead, a title or kinship term is used. When visitors arrive, they are always requested to sit down. If there are no chairs available, a low stool or a bamboo mat is given. It is considered inappropriate for a visitor to sit on the floor or ground. It is the responsibility of the host to offer guests something to eat. In crowded public places that offer services such as train stations, the post office, or bazaars, there is no practice of queuing. Getting service depends on pushing through and maintaining one’s position in the crowd.

Open staring is not considered impolite in Arts and Literature. Artists are largely self-supporting, with the best known works coming from the two poet-heroes of the region: Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nurul Islam. Tagore’s poem “Golden Bengal” was adopted as the national anthem. Some Hindu sculptors create brightly painted works depicting Durga and other deities. Drawing and painting are most prominently displayed on the backs of rickshaws and the wooden sides of trucks. Bengali music encompasses various traditions and reflects the country’s poetry.

In Bangladesh, the harmonium, tabla, and sitar are the most commonly used musical instruments. Skilled classical musicians in the country are proficient in playing rhythms and melodies that are associated with Hindu and Urdu devotional music. Eid ul Fitr is one of the social, cultural, and religious festivals celebrated by Bangladeshis to mark the end of Ramadan. This festival involves a morning prayer with fellow Muslims. Another festival called Eid ul Azha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is observed to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son.

Those who have the financial means perform a ritual sacrifice of cattle in the name of God. The meat from these sacrifices is then distributed among friends, family, and those who are less fortunate. This act marks the culmination of the hajj or holy pilgrimage. Additionally, there are other significant days on the religious calendar such as Shab-e-Barat, Jamaat-ul-Wida, Shab-e-Qudr, and Muharram (Ashura). In Bangladesh, numerous traditional festivities revolve around the Bengali Year. The most important celebration is the Bengali New Year or Pawhela Boishakh which is observed with immense enthusiasm and grandeur. The accompanying image depicts a lively rally that takes place in Dhaka City during this festive occasion.

The Bengali New Year initiates at sunrise and is celebrated with singing, parades, and fairs. On this day, it is customary for businesses to begin with a new ledger, discarding the old one. Throughout the country, faiths and festivals are organized, where singers perform traditional songs to welcome the new year. Food vendors offer traditional cuisine while artisans sell handcrafted items. The Bengali Calendar, established by Mughal Emperor Akbar around 600 years ago, is derived from ancient sub-continental calendars. It was standardized and synchronized with the Islamic calendar’s start date (i.e., Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) Hejira). This solar calendar comprises six seasons themed around the region’s agricultural cycle. Pawhela Falgoon, denoting the first day of spring, is another significant traditional celebration observed nationwide. Although not an official holiday, it features various events such as spring fairs, cultural programs, and exchanges of greetings and gifts among friends and loved ones. Attendees of these festivities dress in vibrant clothing, including traditional “spring sarees” and “Panjabi.”

Other programs of the day include exchanging flowers, gifts, and ‘Rakhi-Bandhan’, as well as reciting poetry. For Janmastami, we celebrate the birth of Rama. Durgapuja (Dashomi) is a 10-day festival that commemorates the defeat of demons, specifically Rama’s victory over Ravana in the Ramayana and Durga’s triumph over the buffalo-headed Mahishasura. On this day, people clean and decorate their vehicles with flowers and leaves from mango trees. Sweets are made, and young people distribute leaves from a certain tree that symbolize gold.

One can watch the Ram Lila, a dramatic performance depicting the life of Rama. During Christmas, Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. Buddhists commemorate the birth and enlightenment of Buddha on Buddho Purnima, which falls on the first full moon of the Bengali month of Baishakh. Language Movement Day is a significant aspect of Bangladesh’s culture. It is observed annually on February 21 to honor the martyrs who sacrificed their lives to establish Bengali as the official language of then East Pakistan in 1952.

Overpopulation In The Philippines

Introduction Many sources, books and articles say that people are the most important natural resources a land could have. People are the ones who develop and take care of the nature. People are also the main users of what the nature could give. It was yesterday when it seems that people are not the problem, in fact, they are the factors that contributes to the betterment of a nation. Today, it seems that people are coming way too fast and many already. Well, I say there’s no problem about it. No problem if these people are from other countries. But sad to say, the reality is, our nation, the Philippines has this problem.

Overpopulation is and should be everyone’s concern. It’s not something that we should blame only on the poor or the government or especially only on those who have seemingly taken God’s directive to “go forth and multiply” to heart. It has been a politically perceived issue that there is over population in the Philippines. This issue has been constantly blamed for the aggravating poverty situation. One side is claiming that unbridled population increase is putting so much strain on the financial and food resources of the country that more and more Filipinos are no longer eating three square meals a day.

Economic rating system is also stating a poor Filipino family is earning just below $1 per day. This certainly can hardly feed a family of 4 or more. On the other side, it is claimed that the cause of poverty is government corruption. They rightfully claim that while it’s true that the poor are constantly increasing, and that the income gap between them and the next economic level is likewise widening, financial resources that are intended to support the poor are being pocketed by corrupt government officials. Population is not the cause of poverty, corruption is, the Catholic Church claims.

The government is keen on crafting remedies to curb population. Several laws have been passed to curb corruption. But since they lack heavy punitive measures, they became hardly effective. Corruption has already downgraded the country’s economic standing that adversely affected our capability to borrow money from credit or financial institutions, particularly the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. So the government resorted to drafting a bill that drew the ire of the conservative and the Catholic Church. Foremost is the reproductive health bill, which was authored by Senator Pia Cayetano and Congressman Edcel Lagman.

The bill underwent rough sailing on the legislative seas. Thesis Statement Philippines and other nations have a clear choice today. They can continue to ignore the population problem and their own massive contributions to it. Then they will be trapped in a downward spiral that may well lead to the end of civilization in a few decades. More frequent droughts, more damaged crops and famines, more dying forests, more smog, more international conflicts, more epidemics, more gridlock, more drugs, more crime, more sewage swimming, and other extreme unpleasantness will mark our course.

It is a route already traveled by too many of our less fortunate fellow human beings. The major role of the government is to provide a high standard of living for its people. This can be attained through higher levels of investments which generate employment and production, and through the equitable distribution of wealth and income. Plans, policies and programs are tools of economic development. These can only operate efficiently under regime of good and honest public administration.

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