On Attending A Conference About COVID-19 Essay Example


The scholarly activity that I participated in presented a conference about COVID-19. Namely, it was the Precision Medicine World Conference in June 2020 that covered various topics concerning the pandemic situation. The event was performed in virtual form so that multiple people could participate while being in safely. Professionals in the hospital and healthcare sphere maintained the conference and invited numerous researchers and medical specialists.

The seminar’s main objective was to highlight the current state of knowledge about the topics related to the virus and what could be learned from the pandemic problem (PMWC, 2021). The target market for the conference was scholars of chemistry, biology, and medicine, clinicians, and nurses since they are directly related to COVID-19 spread prevention. For me, the forum was reasonably informative about various aspects of the pandemic. It is helpful for future understanding of the vaccination processes and disease deterrence.


Currently, the state of academic knowledge of COVID-19 is far from sufficient. At least, the relevant information about the pathogen, decrease, and medications for it is rarely described systematically. For example, the most valuable topic seems to be vaccination, which is urgent not only for practitioners and researchers but also for humankind. It is essential to know the nature of coronaviruses and the different types of vaccines that aim to confront them. Next, the effectiveness of these vaccines is a necessary topic for further solving the COVID-19 problem. These matters might be fully understood only by educated people in medicine who can apply this knowledge to improve and implement different methods in clinics and laboratories.


The answers to the questions raised in the previous paragraphs were summarized in several studies that reflect the information presented by the lectors of the seminar. COVID-19 was defined as a respiratory disease provoked by SARS-CoV-2 that damages pneumatic organs (Cao, 2020). In turn, to prevent the spread of the disease, several vaccines were developed based on different technologies. According to Ndwandwe and Wiysonge (2021), “these vaccines include whole virus live-attenuated or inactivated, protein-based, viral vector, and nucleic acid vaccines” (p. 111). Thus, the outcomes of the conference yielded ample results in providing answers to the questions raised.


Primarily, the attendance of the conference was to receive detailed insight into the current pandemic situation from the medical perspective. Moreover, studying the nature of viruses as well as vaccination procedures is significant for the future career of a nurse. Viral infections are frequent causes of massive diseases, so that each medical worker should be aware of them. The understanding of the internal mechanisms of vaccines improves the quality of the healthcare system. Moreover, later I could incorporate the knowledge derived from the conference into the possibility of influencing decisions about a healthcare institution’s policy.

I would be able to arrange preventive methods in a hospital, which would sufficiently change the system according to which a clinical company works. Accordingly, the conference is informative for a nurse who plans to pursue a carrier that involves leadership and decision-making.

Program Competencies Addressed

  • Exemplified professionalism in diverse healthcare settings;
  • Exercised professional nursing leadership and management roles in the promotion of patient safety and quality care,
  • Participated in healthcare policy development to influence nursing practice and healthcare;
  • Incorporated liberal arts and science studies into nursing knowledge;
  • Comprehended nursing concepts and health theories.


Cao, X. (2020). COVID-19: Immunopathology and its implications for therapy. Nature Reviews Immunology, 20(5), 269–270. Web.

Ndwandwe, D., & Wiysonge, C. S. (2021). COVID-19 vaccines. Current Opinion in Immunology, 71, 111–116. Web.

PMWC. (2021). PMWC 2021 conference. PMWC Precision Medicine World Conference. Web.

Fraud And Ethics In Managerial Accounting


Ethical standards in the field of accountancy are an essential factor due to the focus on uniformity and justice in the marketplace. Over the decades, different countries implemented various principles within the financial sector to enhance the optimal monitoring of the performance within the business environment. However, the expertise is an entity that faces a profound challenge based on the impact of fraudulent acts under dynamic approaches. It is crucial to establish a common platform that ensures the assessment and strict regulation of bookkeeping and balancing profit and loss statements to detect the abnormalities (Fleischman et al., 2019). This research seeks to assess the integral moral practices within cash ledgers, indicating the attainment of the targeted profit margin and the impact of fraudulent activities. The embezzlement of an organization’s fund through managerial annual reports is a habit that risks the growth and competence of an enterprise regionally and globally.


Fraud is a profound challenge facing the finance sector within enterprises. In most cases, employees make errors during data input intentionally to conduct corrupt activities. Also, managers in companies seek to mask the accounting reports to the investors to enhance the longer sustenance in the market. However, unscrupulous activities threaten the annual reporting integrity of an institution due to the administration’s use of false track of profit and loss statements (Fleischman et al., 2019). Technology has significantly contributed to the eradication of habits in the field of bookkeeping. The embezzlement of an organization’s fund through managerial accountancy is a habit that risks the growth and competence of an enterprise regionally and globally. One of the integral elements is artificial intelligence as a tool of programming.

The system’s primary role is to learn the dynamic operations to boost the efficiency in the delivery results. Therefore, the frequent use of the feature in the accounting sector fostered the implementation of mechanisms that curb fraudulent activities. Fundamentally, the system gears the accurate input of data and raises the alarm in the case of incompatibility in the financial records. Therefore, the network fosters the precise input of sales within the reports and carries out analysis to promote the future trend (Adali & Kizil, 2017). In this case, the structure contributes to reducing job opportunities while focusing on improving the integrity and accuracy of the monitoring and assessing the profit and loss statements practice in different institutions.

Artificial intelligence is a system that has played a profound role in the promotion of security in the accounting sector. In most cases, hackers illegally attain the financial details of the clients and attempt to steal. However, the technological tool contributes to the stiffening of security measures by using the customers’ habit of withdrawals and deposits. As a result, the AI alerts the organization and the consumer regarding ongoing fraudulent activities (Fleischman et al., 2019). In this case, it empowers safety in the auditing sector through online platforms despite the impact on reducing employment opportunities under the spectrum of the automated approach to detect abnormalities.

The rules and regulations enhance ethical practice due to the ability to stipulate that standards of operations within accountancy. In this case, the General Accepted Accounting Principles address the main issues of professionalism and integrity within the financial sector (Narayanaswamy, 2017). Over the decades, companies faced closure and bankruptcy due to the lack of stability and compensation to the relevant stakeholders such as suppliers and creditors. It is essential to curb fraudulent activities since it attributes to the inconsistency in the competence within the business marketplace.

Literature Review

Proper financial management is an entity that boosts the confidence index among the customers. The evolution in a human society geared by technological advancement fostered the paradigm shift in the marketplace. In this case, consumers emerged as the kings and queens due to sufficient information about products and services. It is a phenomenon that rendered the intensified competence among businesses to ensure the optimal service experience for satisfaction and loyalty. Despite the increased level of enterprise activities and profitability margins, organizations encounter financial management challenges under the spectral view of diversity in revenue generation. Other corporations consider using online transfers of payments to the accounts (Narayanaswamy, 2017). Although companies take pride in the high standards of monitoring the sales and cash flow, the corrupt aspects evolved along the gradient of a similar overview: the advent of technical tools. It is vital to measure the performance of an institution through an expertise mainframe of distinction in both digital and offline practices.

The role of a manager in a company involves ensuring the optimal monitoring and assessment of financial performance. In a business, poor control of cash flow is an issue that fosters the ineffective implementation of policies to enhance the general strengths and weaknesses. The intensified business competence globally demands the incorporation of strategic initiatives to empower the workers with ideal solutions to the challenges during service delivery and production (Narayanaswamy, 2017). The promotion of excellent diligence among consumers fosters satisfaction and loyalty as the critical variable factors in competitive advantages. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the supervisors to ensure that all employees familiarize themselves with general rules of accounting to cultivate consistency in the production of records and statements with minimal marginal errors. The lack of educating workers regarding financial records leads to the prominence to address fraudulence based on incorrect bookkeeping.

Fraudulence in managerial accountancy is the presentation of biased information during decision-making. One of the significant operations within an organization is determining the core strategic administrative ideals within the corporation. In this case, the parties engage in a platform with the provided financial records for b=objective reasoning and consideration of the emerging trends. Different institutions encounter dynamic challenges within the business environment. Therefore, it is crucial to establish the core pillars of altering the weaknesses as the strengths by using the insights from the profits and loss statement. The bookkeeping components significantly empower different parties within an institutional’s framework (Rezazadeh & Mohammadi, 2019). The details enhance the determination of the forecast in the future and the possibility for an expansion. As a result, such individuals as employees and investors align their interests based on the acquired knowledge. Nevertheless, detecting abnormalities leads to discrediting and the loss of opportunities for an organization hence the imperative resolution to render corrupt details through the ledgers.

Critical Analysis of the Impact of Fraud on Management Accountancy

Managerial accountancy faces the threat of fraudulent activities through diversified platforms, that is, virtual and offline operations. Human evolution led to the emergence of digital business with significant opportunities to boost revenue generation due to the niche market. On the one hand, the approach enhances the integration of dynamic strategic management initiatives to elevate the generation of revenue and boosting the marketability of products to the global marketplace. On the other hand, the technological innovations driving enterprise operations rendered the proficient aspect in gaps for monitoring the cash flow within the organization’s system (Rezazadeh & Mohammadi, 2019). Despite the change in the means of transactions, the persistent use of the conventional accounting principles increases the tendencies for corruption of details regarding the income, profit, and losses incurred for personal gains.

Observing the general accounting principles is a practice that fosters the eradication of fraud activities within managerial accounting. The administration portrays an autonomous level in the determination of the future of an organization. In this case, there is a profound vulnerability that concerns the essence of balancing the natural consistency of financial record keeping. One of the practices that ensure virtuosity is avoiding the conflict of interests while alerting the counterparts regarding the potential outcomes from dynamic engagements such as the investment in a company’s shares to audit the reports. The provision of unfavorable and favorable details regarding the competence level is malpractice that affects the health monitoring of the statements. It is the responsibility of the individuals to utilize dynamic qualities to enhance proficiency in eradicating bias while monitoring the bookkeeping and the records (Rahman & Ying, 2020). In this case, the abound components of the guidelines pose a gap in the adaptability to the modern concept of digital presence and dynamism with profound loopholes for scheming cash.

Management accountancy is a required field within an organization due to its role in providing statistical and financial analysis of a company’s performance. On the one hand, professionalism fosters the optimal standardization of activities within an enterprise. On the other hand, the entity renders efficient and objective decision-making in a corporation and the effectiveness of the autonomous capacity (Rahman & Ying, 2020). Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of the individuals to utilize dynamic qualities to enhance proficiency in eradicating bias while monitoring the bookkeeping and the records.

The first ethical responsibility of a management accountant is competence while conducting the roles and duties. One of the approaches that render the expertise in the monitoring of financial records is observing the technical standards, regulations, and laws that focus on the appropriate and universal aspect of bookkeeping within an organization (Adali & Kizil, 2017). It is a practice that fosters the moral obligation to the stakeholders in the derivation of reliable relevant information for decision-making and positioning of an enterprise’s strengths and weaknesses.

The second ethical responsibility of a management accountant is confidentiality to enhance the privacy and protection of a company’s manipulation of the records. On the one hand, the derivation of financial performance empowers the recipients of the information with knowledge and insights regarding the organization’s strengths and weaknesses. In this case, upholding the disclosure clause ensures the safety of the enterprise from certain fraudulent activities, such as the alteration of pricing to fit in with the annual reports hence preventing the realization of the malpractices (Rahman & Ying, 2020). Therefore, utilizing the privileged aspect in the access of the audits statements is a legal initiation that provides the objective reliance on details about strategic administration.

The third ethical responsibility of managerial accountancy is utilizing integrity practices that enhance professionalism among individuals. It is crucial to observe the marginal division between a company’s practices and the expertise’s roles and responsibilities to scrutinize the financial records. One of the practices that ensure virtuosity is avoiding the conflict of interests while alerting the counterparts regarding the potential outcomes from dynamic engagements such as the investment in a company’s shares to audit the reports. Another moral practice is providing both unfavorable and favorable details regarding the competence level (Rezazadeh & Mohammadi, 2019). The lack of bias in deriving the insights about the institution is an initiative that leads to the practical actualization and implementation of approaches to improve adeptness and agility.

Another ethical responsibility of the managerial accounts includes maintaining objectivity during the presentation of financial information. In this case, it is essential to ensure the reliability and the relevance of the details provided to the decision-makers since it is an approach to enhance the professionals’ competence. On the one hand, retaining a factual baseline fosters the optimal alignment of the counterparts’ operations in analyzing the profit and loss statements. On the other hand, impartiality ensures eradicating fraudulent initiatives and knowledge gaps based on the activities and the ideal strengths and weaknesses. The achievement of the set goals and targets is an aspect that depends on the participation of all stakeholders in the actualization of the strategic elements within the conceptual framework (Adali & Kizil, 2017). An excellent example is sharing the annual reports with the employees as the ultimate resource within an organization. It is a phenomenon that coaches the workers upon the associative gradient to consider exploiting to harmonize parties’ interests.

The ethical dilemma is an issue that attributes fraudulent activities in accountancy, hence the significance of focusing on appropriate measures of professionalism to eradicate the significant challenge. It is a phenomenon that demands strict adherence to the core variables within the mainframe of expertise, that is, confidentiality, integrity, competence, and independence to enhance the reliability and credibility of the information for decision-making (Narayanaswamy, 2017). In this case, there is a profound interplay between critical decision-making and the determination of beneficial interactions among the auditors and the employees from other departments.


The recommended solution to the issue of fraud in managerial finance is using an accounting information system. It is a technological tool that focuses on integrating all records, comparing and contrasting to the stock in an organization to enhance the balance. The structure enhances the real-time derivation of data to promote consistency and sufficiency in detecting malicious operations. The component exploits artificial intelligence under the spectrum of learning human behavior and forecasting the performance outline in the margins of profit and loss (Adali & Kizil, 2017). As a result, an entrepreneur gathers intelligence based on the pattern of purchasing consumer preferences. In this case, the supervisors utilize objective outliers to determine the key aspects and remedies to the variant strengths and weaknesses. Incorporating the entity spearheads sufficient control of cash flow while optimizing the provision of details for decision-making among the stakeholders.

Another recommendation is the training of the employees about the accounting information system to enhance the optimal derivation of lucrative information. In this case, there is coherence in balancing the records and determining the core factors that attribute fraud in managerial accountancy. Supervisors acquire an autonomous platform to utilize the provided knowledge about a company’s performance in the market. However, the use of artificial intelligence ensures the decentralization of proficiency while promoting confidentiality. The main reason the structure promotes secrecy and strategic administration is restricting the accessibility of profits and loss statements to the relevant parties for explicit exploitation. Therefore, it is crucial to focus on implementing policies and guidelines that ensure the monitoring and assessment of the assets and liabilities and the contribution to the journals of an organization.

Primarily, every institution aims to adhere to the global financial reporting standards due to the impact on the competence and the monitoring of the profits and loss. In this case, it is recommended that managers focus on the decentralization and outsourcing of auditors to enhance the objectivity and independence of the department. Although it is important engaging the company’s accounting officers, the cooperation from both entities fosters an optimal reliance on annual reports.


Consequently, managerial accountancy faces the threat of fraudulent activities due to the essence of autonomy in the utilization of financial information. It is crucial to observe the relevant incorporation of ethical practices that eradicate the habit and enhance professionalism. The ethical dilemma is an issue that attributes fraudulent activities in the field of accountancy hence the significance of focusing on appropriate measures of professionalism to eradicate the significant challenge. It is a phenomenon that demands strict adherence to the core variables within the mainframe of expertise, that is, confidentiality, integrity, competence, and independence to enhance the reliability and credibility of the information for decision-making. Therefore, it is essential that supervisors focus on incorporating structures that boost the evaluation of the assets and liabilities while elevating initiatives that render a fierce economic outline.


Adalı, S., & Kizil, C. (2017). A research on the responsibility of accounting professionals to determine and prevent accounting errors and frauds: Edirne Sample. Emerging Markets Journal (EMAJ), University of Pittsburgh Press (USA), 7(1), 53-64.

Fleischman, G. M., Johnson, E. N., Walker, K. B., & Valentine, S. R. (2019). Ethics versus outcomes: Managerial responses to incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 158(4), 951-967.

Narayanaswamy, R. (2017). Financial accounting: a managerial perspective. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Rahman, J. M., & Ying, Y. (2020). The effects of corporate governance and managerial compensation on financial fraud: Evidence from China. Accountancy Business and the Public Interest. Web.

Rezazadeh, J., & Mohammadi, A. (2019). Managerial ability, political connections and fraudulent financial reporting. Accounting and Auditing Review, 26(2), 217-238.

Analysis Of “Sonnet 75” By Edmund Spenser


Sonnet 75 is part of Edmund Spenser’s 89 sonnets about his wife, Elizabeth Boyle. The 89 short poems are collectively called Amoretti and were first published in 1595. Sonnet 75 carries the themes of love and time that seem to clash. The friction between the two themes is prominent as the speaker makes an effort to immortalize the mortal. The 14 line poem is rich in literary devices employing imagery, alliteration and symbolism, among others, to spice up the theme of love which Spenser tries to immortalize.

Poem Analysis

The poem has three distinct yet connected stanzas, each consisting of four lines and a summarizing couplet in lines 13 and 14. The first stanza is weaved into a lyrical voice as the speaker starts by writing her wife’s name on the strand, only for it to be washed away by the waves. As a show of determination and defiance to nature, he writes the name a second time and again, the tide erases it like the first one. The stanza depicts the speaker’s effort trying to immortalize his wife in vain. In the second quatrain, the lover responds to the speaker. She is rational as she reminds the persona that his are efforts in futility. She reminds him that she is mortal and cannot live forever; thus, it was pointless for him to try and immortalize her. In the third stanza, the persona responds, assuring the woman that she will live on through fame. The speaker also tells the woman that he will immortalize her through poems that “eternize her” (Byeon 282). The final quatrain is a summary of the poem’s message. The man says their love shall endure forever despite the briefness of life.

Literary Devices Utilized

The author employs several literary devices that make the poem appealing to the reader. These include imagery, alliteration, assonance, metaphors, symbolism, personification and rhyming. Imagery has been used to help readers visualize things presented metaphorically. The sand denotes time, while the waves represent nature and the seashore. The description invites the reader to visualize a seaside setting with sand upon which the persona scribbles the name of his beloved one. Edmund also achieves imagery using emotional feelings and sound images. Another literary device used is alliteration, which is achieved through the repetition of sounds in lines. Alliteration is the signature literary device employed throughout the poem. In line two, W sounds are apparent in the words “wave” and “washed. Others are “pain” and “prey” in line four, “devise” as well as “die” and “dust” in lines nine and ten. The style adds an audio element to the poem, thus making its reading musical.

Assonance is also used in the poem to complement alliteration. The vowel ‘a’ in lines one and two enriches the poem through the literary style of assonance. The author also utilizes metaphors when he says, “For I myself shall like to this decay”, which signifies death. Besides, in line one, Spencer metaphorically compares love’s mortality to the waves’ washing effect. The reader flows with the speaker as he makes an effort to immortalize love because they can connect through the metaphor. The author also uses a rhyming scheme of ABAB, BCBC, CDCD and EE for the four stanzas that creates a Spenserian sonnet of patterns. Moreover, the poem employs symbolism when the speaker writes the woman’s name on the sand as is a symbol of immortality. The waves and tides that wash away the written name are symbols of torture and challenges synonymous with life. Finally, personification is used when Spenser says, “But came the tide and made my pains his prey”. Therefore, the literacy devices utilized to enhance the flow and beauty of sonnet 75.

Theme and Essence of the Poem

Sonnet 75 is a love poem about a man who desired to have his lover remembered forever. The setting is at the seashore to signify perfect love. Seashores offer tranquillity, and the occasional water splashes and waves remind the reader of the absence of peace. It shows that love is subject to the forces of nature controlled by time. The man is cognizant of the fact that he and his lover will die someday. However, he seems determined to do something that would challenge death in some way. His solution is to use poetry in preserving what he values, and the wife comes out prominently. The speaker assures her lover that she will make her immortal through poetry. True to the author’s desire, Sonnet 75 continues to communicate his love for his wife. Therefore, the speaker tells the world that although humans are mortal beings, their deeds could outlive their brief earthly lives.


In summary, sonnet 75 is part of Edmund Spenser’s collection of sonnets dedicated to his wife, Elizabeth Boyle. The central theme of the poem is love that the persona desires to immortalize. Love clashes with nature, confirming that all mortals have a time limitation. While acknowledging the limitation, the author achieves his goal through the poem, managing to immortalize his wife. The poet utilizes several literary devices throughout the poem, such as imagery, alliteration, personification and symbolism. Thus, the poem encourages humans to use literary works to live beyond their limited time on earth.

Work Cited

Byeon, Jayson. “This verse that never shall expire”: Edmund Spenser’s Literary Consciousness and Confidence in Amoretti.” (2021): 273-286

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