Organizational Analysis: Amazon Free Essay

Introduction

The organizational analysis examines an organization’s development, practices, and work area. It helps a lot since the firm identifies many changes in the progress, such as getting all the correct information and determining organizational goals, thrives, and problems. The assessment of an organization has enabled many companies to face few losses. Organizational analysis should be written in understandable language, be brief and straightforward, and write better ways to follow for the organization’s success. After the first capacity evaluation, it should be taken to get a more profound knowledge about the causes of organizational strengths, weaknesses and determine the organization’s coming changes. Therefore this is a detailed discussion of the effectiveness of organizational analysis for the Amazon organization.

Discussion

Organizations mission and vision

Amazon’s mission and vision make it one of the biggest online companies in the nation. They ensure fulfilled mission and vision assertion. Amazon’s mission is to offer their clients favorable attainable costs, the best worthiness and accessible choice products in the market, and the most excellent satisfaction. The mission of choice of worthiness products accessible from the firm is business progress and identified globally. The company’s vision shows goals and expectations of amazon being the world’s supremacy in the online retail market. The goals and expectations of these visions make the commercial business conducted electronically on the internet maintain success for an extended period in the worldwide market (Henry, 2020). Amazon’s intention and vision help in the company’s competitive superior position against other online marketing companies. The aim to unify its activities in various industries promotes one standard in the market, making all businesses thrive.

Population organization serves

Amazon platform ships approximately 1.6 collections of its products daily to customers. It ships more than 67,000 orders per hour and 19 orders per second. There are about 300 million amazon members worldwide (Panagiotelis, Smith & Danaher, 2021). The number of visitors in the company is the only highly recognized according to the statistics than any other online company. It serves a broad population globally, and it has so many reviews, of which 99% are positive. People are placing orders of everything they want. According to the amazon statistics, the company provides services worldwide, covering a wide area for their products supply.

Organization structure and design

Amazon’s structure and design are mainly hierarchical and geographic divisions. It is crucial as it focuses on the company’s progress as domains for finding the interactivity among the operation modules (R.M & Mike, 2019). It has a hierarchical structure mainly because of its size. The structure’s design enables the company to add more products and gradually change its business since it’s a multi-disciplinary company.

Organization partners, funding sources, referral sources, and community linkages.

Amazon’s partners provide services and solutions to support virtually any use case. There are many amazon partners, including peak, and BMC, who supports the company in maintaining their progress in the market. Amazon is funded by two investors who are AOL and Kleiner Perkins. AOL and Kleiner Perkins contribute to the uplifting of the amazon organization and maintaining their stay at the business in case of money shortage. Amazon referral sources are the amazon attribution and the amazon brand referral bonus since they help advertise the amazon products and aim to reach new customers who got no idea about the existence of the Amazon Company. It linked with different websites such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to cover a vast geographical area.

Organization competition for funding

Amazon experiences competition in funding, and it’s mainly from the other retailers, including Target, Walmart, best buy, Alibaba, and Costco. Though the funding of amazon is considered to be high according to the statistics compared to the other retailers, the competition is high and creates pressure. Amazon manages the competition through the amazon flexible technology stack, which allows it to give customers broader products and at high competitive pricing. For example, Amazon controls the American shopping space while Alibaba is mainly governing in china.

Organizations strategic planning process

Amazon’s strategic plan aims to find in technologies, enhance its plans, improve its web services, and protect its inventions. The planning of product development is to make it easy for the customers to read on the current expectations of the products. The market development aims to enlarge the business in new nations. The diversification its goal is to launch new products with enhanced potential.

Organizations culture and working environment

The culture of amazon is mainly projected within productivity and innovation. Provides an excellent working geographical area and makes the workers feel fit in the organization. A good working environment attracts more workers and even maintains the employees working there for the long term. The culture aims at protecting the customers from harassment, making them shift to other retailers hence retaining their customers. They ensure trust, respect, and diversity.

Organizations budget

Amazon’s annual advertising cost and content spending account for its budget. According to the statistics about their expenses, their budget increases every year according to the company’s needs. It shows that their budget exceeds the threshold limit, and it also helps to identify money robes within the organization. Amazon’s budget allows the sellers to plan how much money they are going to spend on advertising their products. A budget helps the company not to face high advertising costs.

How the organization is functioning according to the current social and economic environment

Under the current social and economic environment, amazon’s progress is good since it is also recognized as the first online marketing company globally. It’s even creating more jobs in the U.S compared to any other company. Individuals can access the company and fulfill its needs, making it thrive well socially. The social environment has enabled it to encounter the present demands without humiliating the potential to encounter future demands.

SWOT analysis of the organization

Amazon’s potential is majorly due to three main factors that are cost leadership, differentiation, and focus.

Strength

The large number of third-party sellers joining the amazon site to sell their products makes the company have a massive number of products from the third-party seller and maintain the platform’s progress. The presence of selling of their products online reduces the costs of maintaining physical retail stores.

Weaknesses

Amazon weaknesses include moving away from its main issue of competence, working in near-zero margin business limits its profit margin (Vaněk, Mikoláš & Žváková, 2018). There is an imitation of the amazon business model from the other upcoming firms, thus giving amazon a tough time. The free delivery to the customers has been one factor that exposes the risks of losing margins in some areas.

Threats

Amazon’s threats are due to the competition from the big local online retailers giving a tough time to amazon. The government orders provide threats to the amazon company since some countries prohibit the shipping of Amazon products.

Conclusion

Therefore according to the discussion about the amazons analysis helps to identify the progress of the company. The organizational analysis gives more ideas on why to have an organizational analysis. It highlights the significant selection of the company and even knows the population it serves and even identifies a better environment for the industry. The companies can determine their budget every year and discover the needs that led to those expenses. The seller got enough ideas on how to avoid higher advertising costs. The organizational analysis gives the factors that an organization entering the market to be ready to experience loss and profit and threats from the other organization in the market.

References

Henry, L. (2020). Amazon.com Inc.’s Mission Statement & Vision Statement (An Analysis) – Panmure Institute. (1-15)

Panagiotelis, A., Smith, M., & Danaher, P. (2021). From Amazon to Apple: Modeling Online Retail Sales, Purchase Incidence, and Visit Behavior. Journal Of Business & Economic Statistics32(1), 14-29.

R.M, P., & Mike, R. (2019). Amazon.com Inc.’s Organizational Structure Characteristics (An Analysis) – Panmure Institute.

Vaněk, M., Mikoláš, M., & Žváková, K. (2018). Evaluation Methods of Swot Analysis / Metody Vyhodnocení Swot Analýzy. Geoscience Engineering58(2), 23-31.

The Interview With Engineer Sahil Raj Free Essay

Executive Summary

The purpose of this report is to define an interview conducted on March 3, 2022, with Sahil Raj, an Engineer at Listowel technology, to gain necessary knowledge about how a business operates, how it operates within an organization, and how it contributes to the provision of special services to customers. It guides on current issues or industries in which they are popular and the challenges that companies face today. This report is based on the findings and recommendations of numerous sources. The Interviewee is aware of certain organizational challenges, including decision-making, organizational change, and team effectiveness. The report makes various recommendations for resolving the company’s issues. Listowel technology must arrange seminars and contractual meetings, one-on-one conversations with employees, increase internal connections and delivery, and assign responsibilities to adequately skilled employees. Appendices include interview confirmation and a detailed questionnaire.

Interview Results

Summary of Business

Listowel Technology, Inc is a Listowel, Ontario-based plastics manufacturer. Listowel Technology, Inc has 420 employees and total revenue of $100.30 million across all its locations (USD). Listowel Technology, Inc’s corporate family consists of 64 firms. It is a world-class automotive component provider with skills ranging from product design through prototyping and mass production of high-quality parts. Listowel Technologies Inc. provides an excellent working environment. The management is excellent, and practically every member of the staff is polite and helpful. Although the volume of work made certain days difficult, I relished every hour spent interviewing Sahil Raj. When everyone in the office gathers in the cafeteria for lunch, it is the most relaxed moment of the day.

Strengths Identified in the Interview

Sahil Raj’s team exemplifies what is possible when people work together and believe that anything is possible. They collaborate to build an organization that respects their differences while remaining effective. Their identities shape who we are and their diverse cultural backgrounds make each day interesting. Their ability to communicate effectively and express ideas facilitates collaboration while ensuring that their time is well spent. A conflict arose between Sahil Raj’s team members when a customer called, enraged that she had waited more than two weeks to respond to the sales team regarding a product query.

They needed to respond to the customer’s concern as soon as possible and figure out what had gone wrong with the standard query-response process. Sahil Raj apologized to the customer and took her information, which he forwarded to the head salesperson, who contacted her right away. He looked into why the question had remained unanswered. The customer no longer checked a mismatched mobile number and an out-of-date email address were the root cause. He let the customer know about the change, updated her contact information, and gave her a discount code for a future purchase. Not only did the customer continue to place orders with them, but she also tweeted about her positive experience and left them a five-star Yelp review.

Sahil Raj’s current team’s strengths include effective communication, collaboration, active listening, and problem-solving abilities. Because they each have unique leadership characteristics and communication styles, they can push and support one another while shining in different areas. They are aware of the factors that contribute to establishing an environment that fosters team success in any task. As a leader, Sahil Raj considers himself to be highly receptive in a variety of situations. He has always tried to be the one who assures everyone that everything will be fine. He enjoys knowing that people are comfortable around him, and He values any positive or negative feedback.

Areas of Improvement Identified in the Interview

His current team can improve in the areas listed below:

  1. Time management: Individuals who excel at multitasking, meeting deadlines, and effectively managing their time will be more productive at work. Furthermore, effective time management skills can help makes their jobs less stressful, allowing them to devote more time to projects and opportunities for career development that interests them.
  2. Problem-solving: Strong problem-solving abilities will assist in identifying a problem, evaluating the available solutions, selecting the best solution, and finally putting it into action. Problem-solving skills can also assist in resolving workplace conflict, overcoming project roadblocks, and devising new ways to achieve goals.
  3. Interpersonal skills: Interpersonal skills, or the ability to effectively communicate and interact with others, can assist people in forming bonds with coworkers and customers alike. Individuals who possess these abilities can be more effective team members and provide better customer service.
  4. Leadership: To achieve their goals, solve difficulties, and communicate with the teammates, everyone needs effective leadership qualities. Developing leadership skills can help individual contributors organize effective meetings and projects and team up with their coworkers.

OB Concepts Linked to the Business

Decision Making

A leader’s ability to make decisions is critical for his or her success in the workplace. It’s vital in one’s personal life daily, too. Some decisions are easy to understand and make on the go, but others might be complex. Making the wrong choice might have long-term consequences, as explained by Schoemaker & Russo (2014). We waste a lot of time and energy trying to decide what to do in everyday situations. Compromises and trade-offs are a part of life. Some people put off making decisions because they procrastinate, while others find it difficult to make even the most fundamental ones, including where to eat, what to wear, and what to buy. Several decisions must be made immediately, whereas others must be carefully weighed for several days or weeks. Effective management and leadership necessitate the ability to make sound decisions. Some people are unfit for leadership roles due to their inability to make decisions.

When the company was in a dilemma about whether or not to fire an underperforming employee, Sahil Raj felt empowered to make decisions at work. In this employee’s case, he made a sound business decision. He had only been with him a few months, but there was a time when they were consistently late for work and called in sick more frequently than any employer would like. While this employee appeared competent and enthusiastic about his work, he believes he would have been fired without fanfare in any traditional company, particularly one with a larger workforce. He contacted this employee and had an open discussion about their recent performance decline and any underlying issues (he mentioned personal problems at home). He devised a strategy to assist him in improving his performance. He still hadn’t met his expectations after two weeks, but he had made progress. As a result, I extended the plan by two weeks, which paid off; he was back on track and performing better than ever by the end of the month.

Employees were previously stressed out due to time constraints and overwhelming demands. When under a lot of stress and strain, the decisions one makes will almost always be bad ones. Work-life balance is becoming increasingly important to many companies. While the majority of management teams advocate for it, they do not support it. In Listowel Technology, decisions are made by the Board of Directors or the shareholders. Shareholders decide in their capacity as owners, whereas directors decide in their capacity as business managers. Employees do not participate in decision-making. The entire organization stands to gain by involving them in decision-making. It will be easier for them to make good decisions when surrounded by the right individuals with the correct combination of talents and expertise and those likely to respond. Encouragement of distributed authority will improve decision-making at this company. Empowering employees at all levels with decision-making authority will result in increased agility and responsiveness.

Team Effectiveness

A group of people, often with complementary skills, can work together to fulfill goals set by an authority figure, team members, or team leaders is referred to as team effectiveness. Models of team effectiveness aid in determining which management strategies are most effective in enhancing team output, as suggested by Kozlowski (2017). To get the most out of a group, managers should keep these things in mind. Project managers and leaders who are aware of their teams’ unique dynamics and relationships regularly improve team performance. Google, a company known for its innovative teamwork approaches, spent years researching what makes some teams more effective than others.

Organizational Change

Change in the workplace can be terrifying when we break from our habits and try new ways of working. It’s difficult to adapt to change when it’s so easy to go back into old habits. However, change is necessary for many business and professional areas (Stouten et al., 2018). Companies that do not change are prone to being stagnant and underdeveloped. Our modern world is constantly evolving in terms of technology and several other creative yet challenging ways. If employees can confront these new difficulties head-on, it will benefit the company and its people. Adapting to change is critical for keeping ideas fresh and moving forward in the workplace.

Listowel Technology was rebranding all of its products at the time. As part of the rebranding process, they identified their mission, renamed the company, and redesigned the brand and identity. They determined as a company that using email as the primary form of communication during the rebranding process was the best option because it fevered all of the individuals involved. The management was delighted since the rebranding represented a new beginning for the company, particularly economically.

Motivation

It is just half the battle when it comes to long-term success for an organization to attract and retain a talented team. The other half of the challenge is encouraging employees to stay long enough for the organization to achieve long-term success and retain talent. The best outcomes can only be achieved if the motivation of employees is founded on things that are meaningful to them. Depending on the employee, these variables can change.

Consequently, it is imperative that you have a thorough awareness of what motivates your workers. Throughout addition to specific employee incentive programs, efforts should be made to build motivation in the company’s work culture. Rather than being a one-time endeavor, motivation becomes a part of everyday work life. It took Sahil Raj longer to get things done when he felt unappreciated and unwelcome at the company he worked for. Even in the most important meetings and decision-making processes, he was frequently left out. Consequently, no one ever heard his voice.

Power

Formal and personal powers are two of the most common sources of power. Personal power is determined by the leader’s personal characteristics, but formal power is determined by the organization. It is understandable that a leader may have more than one source of power. Formal power is determined by a person’s position in the company. According to the job description for the position in which the person is employed, the employee’s power is stated. Sahil Raj’s power as a leader is derived from his position as the organization’s manager. In his role as a manager, the company has given him all the authority he needs to ensure that the duties are completed on time and on budget. Supplier contracts and subcontractor recruitment are his responsibilities; he has the right to do so. When it comes to daily operations, he is also in leadership.

Conflict

The Sahil Raj team approaches conflict resolution with a win-win mindset, considering it as an opportunity to reach a mutually beneficial settlement. It necessitates analyzing their underlying difficulties and devising a solution that addresses the interests of both parties. This conflict style is useful because it allows both participants in a discussion to feel satisfied with their agreement and that no party has lost. Sahil Raj aims to transform the way team members’ deal with differences by giving everyone the opportunity to communicate and be heard.

Recommendation

There are several ways to improve the overall performance of Listowel Technology organizational change. To improve the performance of the Listowel technology, changes should not be made carelessly, as explained by Fløvik et al. (2019). This means that a lot of investigation is needed before getting started. Motivating forces must outnumber restraining forces to bring about change. There is a strong resistance among certain employees to change. Skeptics of change must be dealt with and their concerns and observations listened to by leaders and managers. They will be more receptive if opponents believe that their concerns are being addressed. Regardless of their views, some change resistors must be destroyed.

During change, the role of leadership is important (Errida & Lotfi, 2021). All of these aspects must be carefully planned and implemented to ensure the initiative’s success. Having a launch event is essential because it will allow the leader to explain the change, its purpose, and its benefits to the workforce. As the last step, leaders must identify the main obstacles to change and devise a strategy for implementation. Everything about this event has been planned to be both enjoyable and energizing. It could be done by providing T-shirts and other mementos of the change endeavor. New ways of doing things are required because of change. It is in everyone’s best interest to ensure that employees are well-prepared for the change. This aspect involves a needs assessment to figure out exactly what is needed. Choosing the right training program is the next step. Providing just-in-time training is the best option at this stage.

Changes must be monitored and measured (Fløvik et al., 2019). Changes can either be useful or damaging based on how they affect people’s lives. The leader is in charge of overseeing the entire exercise and keeping everyone updated on what is happening. It is necessary to make adjustments and course corrections whenever there is a change. Listowel Technology’s ability to thrive is directly related to recognizing and rewarding its leaders and employees. It encourages people to work harder and accept change more fully. To keep everyone involved in the project up to date, regular progress reports are distributed to all parties involved. To achieve this goal, the company should employ its publications, memos, meetings, videos, and emails. The leader should frequently meet with his or her staff to discuss the most important topics at hand.

Changing a company is a difficult task (Errida & Lotfi, 2021). Now, the leader’s role is crucial, and he or she must understand the goals and responsibilities of the project manager and staff and his or her role in implementing change. As the global economy gets more competitive, organizational transformation principles are always changing and evolving. Because people are naturally resistant to change, a viewpoint on change management is crucial today. As a result, Listowel Technology must involve all its employees early to completely understand and support the change endeavor.

There are a variety of ways to deal with opposition to change. People become aware of the necessity for change as a result of both education and communication. Oral presentations, meetings, written reports and journals can all be used to achieve this goal Leaders and workers must believe in each other for this to function. Employees must have faith in their leaders if they are to obey and follow them. The entire organization must be involved in the process of participation and involvement. Involved employees are less likely to reject change. Participation and the rationale for the change promote employee commitment to the change.

The ability of a leader to facilitate and assist the execution of change is essential. This necessitates being open to employees’ ideas, allowing them to voice their opinions, and then acting on those ideas. Creating a pleasant and stimulating work environment is their responsibility. When it is possible, employees should take advantage of any training opportunities. Cooperative employees must be rewarded for their cooperation to reduce the likelihood of a backlash during negotiations and recognition. Bonuses and salary increases are possibilities.

References

Errida, A., & Lotfi, B. (2021). The determinants of organizational change management success: Literature review and case study. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 13, 184797902110162. https://doi.org/10.1177/18479790211016273

Fløvik, L., Knardahl, S., & Christensen, J. (2019). The Effect of Organizational Changes on the Psychosocial Work Environment: Changes in Psychological and Social Working Conditions Following Organizational Changes. Frontiers In Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02845

Kozlowski, S. (2017). Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams: A Reflection. Perspectives On Psychological Science, 13(2), 205-212. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691617697078

Schoemaker, P., & Russo, J. (2014). decision-making. The Palgrave Encyclopedia Of Strategic Management. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137294678.0160

Stouten, J., Rousseau, D., & De Cremer, D. (2018). Successful Organizational Change: Integrating the Management Practice and Scholarly Literatures. Academy Of Management Annals, 12(2), 752-788. https://doi.org/10.5465/annals.2016.0095

APPENDIX A: Interview Questions

  1. Tell me about a time that you felt empowered at work?
  2. Can you describe a time when there was a poor decision made? What factors lead to this issue?
  3.  How are decisions made in your company?
  4. Are employees involved in decision-making? Please explain.
  5. Would you change anything about how decisions are made at your company?
  6.  How can decision-making be improved in your organization?
  7.  How would you describe the dynamic of the team that you work with?
  8. Think about a time when there was a conflict on your team, what factors led to this conflict? How was this resolved?
  9. What are the strengths of your current team? What are the areas that require improvement with your current team?
  10.  How well does your organization respond to change?
  11.  Tell me about a time when your organization was going through change. How was the communication? How did the leaders behave?
  12.  What recommendations do you have to improve how change is managed in your organization?

APPENDIX B: Interview Questions

Details of the interviewee:

Name: Sahil Raj

Position: Engineer

Company: Listowel Technology.

Ocean Pollution Proposal Argument Sample Assignment

Water contamination by numerous anthropogenic components is referred to as water pollution. Ocean pollution is a term used to describe the damage to the ocean environment due to poor resource management and unsustainable goals pursued by organizations worldwide. Insoluble solids, metals, phosphates, inorganic nitrogen, oil hydrocarbons and certain organic material are the principal pollutants in seas, particularly in the China Sea. Contaminants in the area significantly impact the environment and marine life. The anthropogenic components make the water unfit for human consumption while also reducing its potential to support biotic ecosystems (Landrigan et al., pg.21). When the Cuvier’s finned whale has washed ashore on Sotra in Norwegian with thirty plastic packaging in its belly, it was a sorrowful but significant day. Researchers have been documenting the plastic pollution problem in the water since 1970. For the majority of us, 2017 was most likely the year when our eyes were indeed opened. The plastic crisis has grown to the point where it can now be seen on coastlines worldwide. An estimated 7.4 million metric tonnes of plastic wind up inside the ocean each year. Once hailed as a spark of brilliance, an item has become the world’s fastest-growing ecological concern. Ocean or marine pollution is a concern since it, directly and indirectly, impacts marine life and humans. It is necessary to solve the problem of ocean pollution by updating legislation surrounding ocean pollution and raising individual awareness.

Causes of Marine Pollution

As previously said, marine pollution significantly impacts the ocean, aquatic life, and peoples’ lives. Contaminating water, the ecosystem for fauna and flora in seas, directly influences it, much as air pollution does on humans. It is challenging for animals to survive in such circumstances, but it also causes the death of various aquatic animals (Wabnitz et al., pg. 2). Plastic trash in the oceans is a big worry among the numerous contaminants. Plastic not only pollutes the water, but it may also be consumed by aquatic life, become wrapped around ocean animals, and bring strange species to the environment.

Diverse groups of people are responsible for the plastic that enters the ocean. The fisheries sector, for example, is accountable for dumping vast amounts of plastic into the ocean like containers and fishing equipment. In 1975, an estimated 135,405 tons of polymer fishing equipment and 23,600 tons of plastic packaging were discarded into the sea. Tiny plastic particles and pellets and massive plastic trash damage the ecosystem (Zeng et al., pg.15). Despite their small size, they can live for 3- 10 years at sea. As a result, if such a tiny material can take ages to dissolve, consider how long larger chunks of plastic might take.

Pollutants from industrial effluents, sewage, and other contaminants pollute the oceans. Mining produces industrial pollution and waste of sediment, which flows into the oceans via rivers. Though it may not appear to be a contaminant, an abundance of certain minerals, such as copper, can disrupt coral polyp formation and the ecological life cycle. Another source of contamination in the ocean waters is runoff from cities, construction sites, and farms. Carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and other minerals are abundant in the soil. The nutrient-rich creates a favourable habitat for algae and phytoplankton to thrive, resulting in a hypoxic state in the ecosystem. Dolphins, turtles, shrimp and fish in the sea have all died due to this algal growth, and people in the area have also been harmed.

Effects of Ocean Pollution

Eutrophication, toxicity, deoxygenating, and acidification are some of the repercussions of ocean pollution. Any chemical can cause these effects if the concentration level is increased enough. For example, even something as basic as milk can pollute water by altering the chemical constitution of the liquid. On the other hand, some compounds can have a considerably greater influence than the rest. They can get into the water from various sources, making it challenging to manage chemical seepage. Oceans have become increasingly acidic as a result of rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and runoff. This harms calcium carbonate-based structures like corals and shellfish’s ability to create their shells.

Policies and Legislative Interventions

Producer accountability should be increased. World plastic output has risen in the last 50 years, and leading plastic producers intend to boost production by about a third in the next five years. In 1974, the overall average per capita usage of plastic was 2 kg. That has now risen to 43 kilograms! That’s going on the wrong path for the planet. Rather, non-degradable plastic approaches must be established. The companies responsible for most plastic waste must be tailored with industry-specific contracts, producer responsibility arrangements, and prerequisites for destruction and ruptured plastic equipment handling, reuse, and collection (Daoji & Dag, pg. 116).

The government should raise fees and levies on polluting plastics. The majority of today’s plastics are made from oil, and they are a cause of both ocean pollution and climate greenhouse gases. Plastics, for example, account for 35.7 million tons of the 293 million tonnes of municipal solid garbage created in the United States in 2018. However, the amount of plastic garbage recycled in the United States that year was only 3.1 million tons, resulting in an 8.7% recycling rate(Landrigan et al., pg.27). Despite this, petroleum plastic is still less expensive to produce and purchase than regenerative plastic. Governments should look into imposing a levy or tax on polluting polymers. Fees must be modified so that recycled plastic is less expensive than petrochemical plastic.

Furthermore, there should be increased trash management in areas where the situation is the most serious. The majority of plastic garbage originates in underdeveloped countries. Because of rapid population expansion and a growing middle class, plastic usage is outpacing the capacity to control waste, and much of the overabundance winds up in the ocean. Indonesia and China are two of the leading producers of plastic garbage. An international aid initiative to build recycling infrastructure and waste management should be implemented as part of the response.

Nations should embrace the adoption of the ocean plastic zero vision. The United Nations Environment Assembly established a global aim to end the dumping of plastic into the sea in December 2017(Landrigan et al., pg.23). Following that, an international agreement in principle with clear targets and timelines for execution should be developed, assuring the mapping of maritime trash sources, greater market accountability to prevent new dissemination and global waste management improvement. Marine pollution has become a significant source of concern for the international society, mainly because the fish fed by humans is dangerous and unhealthy. As a result, rules dealing with water contamination must be revised, notably those dealing with treating wastewater, municipal garbage, and ocean use.

The merging of socioeconomic and environmental decision-making, critical for combating ocean pollution, is the primary roadblock to sustainable development (Macías-Zamora, pg. 33). The international community has made a variety of measures to combat ocean pollution, including the many Sustainable Development Goals and how they relate to tackling marine pollution. These objectives must be met by the entire globe, or at the very least by members of the Un. However, it is critical to translate international goals into regional and local goals to make them more feasible and quantifiable. From local to international level, every player in society plays an active role. Businesses must recognize that the pollution and sewage material produced from their plants has a higher social cost than cleaning and treating the water and garbage. The governments can play a crucial role in monitoring that organizations adhere to the policies and procedures and do not circumvent them. There should be consequences in place to compel corporations to take corrective action.

Rather than being discharged into the oceans, sewerage should be a helpful resource. In dry and semi-arid areas, it could be an excellent source of irrigation. This could be a viable alternative supply in locations where restrictions are less stringent. Wastewater could be used for economic reasons, agriculture, seafood, and landscape improvement in urban areas. This will enable water recycling and prevent it from being discharged into the ocean, polluting the waterways. Also, research, surveillance and mapping should be expanded. There is yet a lot that is unknown about the plastic pollution problem. According to researchers, more than 70% of plastic winds up on the ocean floor. It degrades into tiny particles over time, but we have no idea what happens or how to remove it (Schmaltz et al., pg.144). The initiatives to map and analyze the negative consequences and fund experiments must be bolstered. REV, the largest global research and exploration vessel, is a significant step in this approach since it attempts to solve the world’s most pressing ocean concerns, including a focused effort on plastic waste.

Governments should increase funding for the cleanup of toxic waste in the ocean. Relatively, to address the plastic issue, we must guarantee that intervention and cleanup activities have been carried out in places where the situation is the most serious. However, a shortage of financial resources has impeded most of the work. We would be one stride closer to the reality of a future free of plastic and marine pollutants in our ocean if we would establish a worldwide ocean fund including cleanup and waste management of marine regions high on the priority list.

Individual Responsibilities and Roles

An individual’s responsibility in combating ocean pollution would be more active than that of the community. Here are some of the procedures and strategies that people can take to combat ocean pollution. People may make a huge difference by raising awareness about how their actions impact marine life. Fundraising events, seminars and awareness campaigns and other such gatherings where the topic of marine pollution can be analyzed and discussed are required. Instead of the presenters dictating what is going on and how it might be prevented, these sessions should be participatory. These events’ agendas should not be repetitious or excessively long, so attendees may easily understand what is going on and be inspired to learn more.

People must limit their reliance on plastic. Plates, plastic cups, packaging, plastic bags, straws and silverware are many single-use plastic goods. We have to put a stop to it. A number of nations have enacted laws prohibiting the use of disposable products and plastic packaging or have set explicit goals for decreasing plastic usage and waste (Ferraro et al., pg. 456). This endeavour must be scaled up to reduce worldwide plastic consumption. Stopping to use these goods is one way you can help. Restricting the plastic waste and debris flow into the ocean is essential. Around 80% of the polycarbonate in the water is thought to come from land-based activities and industries (Landrigan et al., pg.22). Car tires, technological sports equipment, fleece apparel, cigarette butts, and textile buds are all examples. Everybody should indeed play a role in finding a solution. One can, for example, take part in cleanup efforts, reduce their plastic usage, and pick up any trash they come across.

Another excellent option for individuals to contribute to reducing marine pollution is via social work activities. Plastics and other trash collected from the ocean and coastlines can help reduce a large quantity of pollution. Even if a few people make it a routine to clean up the coastlines each day, everybody will gradually become aware of their habits and littering tendencies and how they contaminate the oceans. People can engage in social work, institutions and organizations can launch it, and the state can commission it.

Another stage is to teach youngsters how and when to recycle wastewater, what creates pollution, and how dirty water affects marine life, which, in turn, has an impact on human health (Alava, pg. 497). It is most practicable to establish a world where people are aware and responsible for the effects of their actions at the primary level when youngsters are taught what is wrong and right. Individually, among the essential activities would be for people to pollute less. Though this would necessitate a significant amount of political and societal commitment, if it is accomplished, the overall trash generated will be much reduced, resulting in reduced pollution. People on a local and worldwide level should work together to attain the aim.

People should also make every effort to recycle and reuse garbage imaginable. It would be helpful to learn from the Japanese recycling procedures. They are not only eco-friendly but also long-lasting and contribute significantly to the reduction of trash generated as a result. Instead of adding to personal garbage, the goal should be to minimize, reuse, and recycle as much as feasible. One approach to accomplish this is to reclassify trash and garbage so that individuals may more easily distinguish between what should be reused, recycled, and eliminated.

Conclusion

Pollution of any kind, in general, is a significant source of worry for the rest of the world. Because humans are indirectly or directly responsible for destroying the environment, it is up to them to band together and find a solution. Although individuals do not drink seawater, contaminating it is not acceptable. It serves as a habitat for various aquatic creatures and a food source for wildlife and humans. Pollution of the waters puts sea life in grave peril. Because marine life can’t do anything to end the hazard to their lives and habitat, it’s up to the rest of the globe to try to fix the problem. Countries, organizations, communities, and individuals must all work together to stop ocean pollution. Each of these players has a distinct responsibility to ensure that pollution levels do not continue to rise. It is critical to concentrate on ways to mitigate the effects of marine pollution.

Work Cited

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Daoji, Li, and Dag Daler. “Ocean pollution from land-based sources: East China Sea, China.” Ambio (2004): 107-113.

Wabnitz, Colette, and Wallace J. Nichols. “Plastic pollution: An ocean emergency.” Marine Turtle Newsletter 129 (2010): 1.

Zeng, Xiangfeng, Xijuan Chen, and Jie Zhuang. “The positive relationship between ocean acidification and pollution.” Marine Pollution Bulletin 91.1 (2015): 14-21.

Macías-Zamora, J. Vinicio. “Ocean pollution.” Waste. Academic Press, 2011.

Schmaltz, Emma, et al. “Plastic pollution solutions: emerging technologies to prevent and collect marine plastic pollution.” Environment International 144 (2020): 106067.

Ferraro, Gianluca, and Pierre Failler. “Governing plastic pollution in the oceans: Institutional challenges and areas for action.” Environmental Science & Policy 112 (2020): 453-460.

Alava, Juan José. “Ocean pollution and warming oceans: toward ocean solutions and natural marine bioremediation.” Predicting Future Oceans. Elsevier, 2019. 495-518.