Overweight And Obesity Prevalence In The US Homework Essay Sample


Obesity is a significant public health problem recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality in the United States. Obesity and overweight are two common disorders that result in additional medical conditions associated with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, metabolic disorder, and coronary heart disease (Chooi et al., 2019). More research and regulations are required to decrease the malignant nature of overweight and obesity and the growing tendency of these diseases.

A Brief Review of the Clinical Health Issue

The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is the lack of balance between the calories consumed and those expended by the body. The intake of energy-dense foods with high amounts of sugar and fat leads to the development of the problem (Christ et al., 2019). Moreover, people’s lack of adequate physical activities contributes since the fats and sugar are not effectively broken down and utilized by the body. Physical inactivity has become a major issue in people’s lives today due to the kind of sedentary life they lead in the workplace and at home.

Critical Forecasting and Boundary Spanning Factors

More adults and children continue to suffer from obesity-related issues mainly due to dietary changes, which keep shifting to adjust to the societal and environmental conditions. Overweight adults and severe obesity rates have grown from forty percent to fifty-five percent over the last five years. More deaths worldwide are linked to overweight and obesity than underweight (Safaei et al., 2021). Childhood obesity is connected to a higher possibility of obesity, early death, and other disabilities in adulthood. The danger associated with the disease is not only in its rapid growth but also in its complications, and therefore, an urgent comprehensive solution is required.

How to Handle the Issue of Obesity Going Forward

Obesity has a growing tendency, and this poses a threat to the nation and its citizens and requires more attention from both scientists and the government, without which the danger of the disease will only increase. Obesity and its problems can be prevented by creating supportive surroundings and communities where the choice to consume healthier foods and exercise regularly are encouraged (Wadden et al., 2020). To build a culture that nurtures healthy behaviors, policymakers, federal and municipal institutions, corporate, educational, community activists, childcare, and healthcare experts must collaborate. Population-based and evidence-based policies need to be implemented to make healthier dietary choices more affordable and accessible to people. Individual responsibility is vital in ensuring that a healthy lifestyle is maintained.

People can ensure that they reduce the intake of fats and sugars, engage in regular physical activity, and increase the intake of vegetables and fruits. Moreover, the government can lower the prices of nutritious and healthy foods and encourage companies to provide conducive workplace environments for their employees (Lu et al., 2022). Researchers can use a trial method to investigate the extent to which obesity is prevalent and how to involve all the key stakeholders in developing lasting solutions to the problem.


Stakeholders typically include attending physicians, other hospital staff, and the patients, and sometimes, pharmaceutical companies are included. The country is the most important stakeholder, which ensures significant insurance premiums for its citizens. In a trial to identify patients’ responses to specific drugs and types of diet, the stakeholders in the given plan are the patients and healthcare providers. With both patient and clinician efforts, it will be possible to see which measures provide the most beneficial results. The trial results will be the recommendations to the policymakers on approaches to reducing the growing tendency of obesity and overweight. The parties will be selected based on various individual and broader scope guidelines. For example, patients who participate in the trial must have the previously mentioned medical conditions. For medical providers, the incentive will be the determination of the most efficient approaches to treating obesity and overweight.

During the trial, direct stakeholders must carefully follow the rules for adequate results to be obtained. The healthcare providers will select the best method to manage overweight and obesity, which may be through medication or dietary changes (Childs et al., 2019). The organization of the trial will be entirely the responsibility of the scientists and researchers and will not affect either the physicians assisting in the research or the patients. Accurate data will be collected, and patients will be able to see the results. After the trial, the best recovery method will be noted and presented for further development to enable effective control over the problem.

Strategic Measures

The strategic measures of the trial will include the number of participants, their obesity-related health issues, Body Mass Index (BMI), and participation in clinical and non-clinical programs. One of the highly considered measures will be the Body Mass Index as a fundamental measurement since it can provide meaningful information on existing obesity and the risk of exposure. It will be measured multiple times throughout the trial to provide accurate outcomes that would help determine whether the methods applied were effective. The number of patients will be determined by the number of clinicians and resources available during the trial.

Participants will have to engage in both clinical and non-clinical programs, which will be out of the ordinary healthcare center setting as part of the trial. Another measure would be to ensure that the healthcare providers approach the obesity-related issues responsibly since they are an essential subject to study and are indications of the intensity of the situation. Aspects to be considered include hereditary cases of obesity, eating habits, mental health disorders, and diseases associated with eating behavior.

Managerial Issues

Management issues will first be brought to the attention of management personnel during the trial. Any challenges encountered will be effectively addressed and resolved to ensure the trial process is smooth. The calculation of the results must be kept in electronic form and subsequently printed on paper for easy accountability, and all the resulted data must be encrypted and protected by reliable software. Patients must be confident in their results and the privacy of the trial. Furthermore, additional costs should be provided and made available in the case of emergencies, and all hospital staff and physicians should be asked to voluntarily participate in the trial and be prepared for a little extra work.

Staff Concerns about the Proposal

The staff will participate in the trial to gather the data and provide patient care. The patients will require assistance in various areas, and the team will be well equipped to provide essential services to them. The main issue that might arise may be having understaffed shifts to collect the data. Hence the staff might be required to put in extra effort and time until the trial is complete. They will get to acquire important skills and knowledge that will be helpful in their future tasks.


The costs will include the expenses for using electronic records to monitor the changes in patients’ conditions. The budget will cover the literature and equipment used throughout the trial and the follow-up activities for patients. Additionally, outdoor programs and activities should be included when planning the budget to ensure their success. The cost per patient and the items used during the process must be recorded for accountability and future reference.

Structure for the Proposal

The trial structure will consist of the comparison of patients with obesity and obesity-related medical conditions. The comparison will focus on the improvements and efficiency levels in patients who use non-clinical and clinical programs. Therefore, every patient’s change and activity will be carefully examined to realize and record any progress or regression. The medication and dietary combinations to be used will also be included in the structure.

Ethical Issues

The ethical issues involve the usage of the personal information of patients, which leads to the matter of confidentiality. In this case, patients who will participate in the trial will have to sign an informed consent. Moreover, there is an ethical issue regarding the balance between the quality of patient care and efficiency (Zolotarjova et al., 2018). The focus will have to be on both while this clinical trial is underway. The staff and other professionals must not release patient information unless authorized through the proper channels.


In conclusion, research has proved that there are more obese people today than before, which affects many aspects of life. However, it is possible to prevent and control obesity and overweight disorders. This can be done by embracing healthier lifestyle behaviors, exercising regularly, and using support groups and counseling programs. Creating awareness of obesity-related problems and preventative measures would go a long way in solving the issue.


Childs, E., Calder, C., & Miles, A. (2019). Diet and immune function. Nutrients, 11(8), 1933. Web.

Chooi, C., Ding, C., & Magkos, F. (2019). The epidemiology of obesity. Metabolism, 92, 6-10. Web.

Christ, A., Lauterbach, M., & Latz, E. (2019). Western diet and the immune system: An inflammatory connection. Immunity, 51(5), 794-811. Web.

Lu, H., Chen, Y., Tsai, M., Liao, L., Huang, F., Yu, H., & Kuo, Y. (2022). Combined acupoints for the treatment of patients with obesity: An association rule analysis. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM. Web.

Safaei, M., Sundararajan, A., Driss, M., Boulila, W., & Shapi’i, A. (2021). A systematic literature review on obesity: Understanding the causes and consequences of obesity and reviewing various machine learning approaches used to predict obesity. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 136. Web.

Wadden, A., Tronieri, S., & Butryn, L. (2020). Lifestyle modification approaches for the treatment of obesity in adults. American Psychologist, 75(2), 235-251. Web.

Zolotarjova, J., Ten, G., & Vreugdenhil, E. (2018). Effects of multidisciplinary interventions on weight loss and health outcomes in children and adolescents with morbid obesity. Obesity Reviews, 19(7), 931-946. Web.

“The Rose That Grew Through Concrete” Poem By Tupac Shakur

Interpretation of the poem line-by-line

Did you hear..

Did you hear about the rose that grew from a crack in the concrete? – Here, the author appeals to the reader or listener, stating that the rose that grew through concrete is a legendary story that is likely to be around like some kind of miracle.

Provin nature’s laws wrong – Roses are very tender flowers that need a lot of care and specific conditions of the soil. Hence, the fact that it grew from concrete is unnatural.

It learned to walk without having feet – Same as growing from concrete, walking without feet could be a metaphor for doing the impossible. The rose’s qualities are compared to human qualities like feet and the ability to walk, implying that it could be a metaphor for a human being.

Funny it seems but by keeping its dreams it learned to breathe FRESH air – – the analogy with humans here is more evident as humans have dreams and idealistic constructs that create their own unique perception of the world and their place in it. Once again, the author points out that staying loyal to one’s dreams is contradictory to the way most people are, so it is funny. By keeping the dreams, the rose managed to breathe fresh air, which is a metaphor for true fulfillment, which cannot be achieved by the polluted air.

Long live the rose that grew from concrete when no one else, even cared (Shakur 20)Tupac celebrates the miracle of the rose that grew from concrete that managed to survive despite the odds.

The Main Messages and Primary Purpose of the Whole Poem

The poem by Tupac Shakur is, in many ways, a reflection on his own life and struggles. Being an artist, he compares himself to rose, whose sole purpose is to entertain and amuse people. Yet, like a rose that grew from concrete, he had to overcome many struggles and find resources in soil that was artificial and not substantial. This refers to the history of racism and segregation in the United States as Tupac, as being a member of African American community, felt the oppression that the system had posed on him and his friends and relatives. Therefore, the rise to fame and success as an artist despite the odds of racism and suppression can be compared to the rose that grew from the crack in the concrete. Alternatively, he can refer to the state of the African American culture in general as the whole population for centuries suffered slavery, racism, and discrimination and yet managed to shine through and express themselves.

Work Cited

Shakur, Tupac. The rose that grew from concrete. Simon and Schuster, 1999.

Ethical Principles In Psychology

The ethical dilemma described in the case study is a frequent consequence of the relationship between the psychologist and the patient. Some of the issues in the scenario concern the neglection of the APA standard “Avoiding Harm, 3.04” and the potential violation of “Multiple Relationships, 3.05” (American Psychological Association, 2017). Namely, Dr. Washington should have thoroughly explained the associated restrictions in communication, including the prohibition of social networks, to prevent harm to the patient. This approach would have allowed mitigating this issue in the future. As a result, if Dr. Washington rejects the friend request, it would be a violation of APA 3.04 due to emotional harm.

At the same time, if Dr. Washington accepts the friend request, they would violate APA 3.05 since the psychologist cannot be in the doctor-patient relationship and friends with the patients. Ultimately, it is a complex ethical issue, and I would recommend Dr. Washington send a brief message to the customer, explaining the situation and declining the friendship. Moreover, I would generally recommend ignoring such requests to adhere to APA 3.05, but since the patient was suffering from self-harming behavior, it might be more reasonable to provide a short explanation to prevent the patient from over-thinking.

The current scenario is a frequent occurrence in counseling services. According to Asay and Lal (2014), approximately 73% of the interviewed psychologists were concerned about ethical issues over communication in social networks with their clients and colleagues. Nevertheless, the examined case study demonstrates a frequent scenario, and nearly 25% of professionals google their clients, which might potentially lead to APA 3.04 and 3.05 violations (Asay & Lal, 2014). To avoid this type of ethical dilemma, it is crucial to explain the communication etiquette between the psychologist and the patient, including the rationale for this approach. Moreover, it might be an efficient approach to implement additional policies in the workplace, such as providing patients with a comprehensive briefing outlet concerning the communication restrictions in the doctor-patient relationship.


American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Web.

Asay, P. A., & Lal, A. (2014). Who’s Googled whom? Trainees’ Internet and online social networking experiences, behaviors, and attitudes with clients and supervisors. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 8(2), 105.

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