Owen’s “Dulce Et Decorum Est” Sample Essay

The research on Owen’s life helps understand the motivation for writing “Dulce et Decorum Est.” Wilfred Owen was born in Shropshire, England, in 1893 (“Wilfred Owen”). As a young adult, he was forced to join the army in 1916 because the WW1 began. Hence, the understanding of Owens’s life journey helps uncover the main themes in his poem. The author explains his experience, mainly the trauma of war in this work, mostly when stating

“The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est

Pro patria mori.” (Owen).

This quote means that saying that it is noble to die for one’s country is, in reality, a lie. According to his bibliography, he “he waded for miles through trenches two feet deep in water with the constant threat of gas attacks” (“Wilfred Owen”). These events are portrayed in the following passages from the poem:

“But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;

Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots

Of gas-shells dropping softly behind” (Owen).

The Civil Rights Movement serves as an inspiration for “Times They Are Changin.” Dylan released this song in 1964 when this movement was developing and in the song he states:

“Come senators, congressmen

Please heed the call

Don’t stand in the doorway

Don’t block up the hall” (Dylan).

Here, Dylan urges the politicians to see the changes that are going on in the world and join them, instead of obstructing. While legally, the slavery in the United States was abolished, this “didn’t end discrimination against blacks” because some people failed to see the changes (“Civil Rights Movement”) Likewise, Dylan argues that “the order is rapidly fadin’” referring to the societal changes that already occurred but were not accepted by some people, which helps understand the conflict of that era.

Works Cited

Civil Rights Movement.History. 2019. Web.

Dylan, Bob. “The Times They Are A-Changin’.Bob Dylan. Web.

Owen, Wilfred. “Dulce et Decorum Est. Poetry Foundation. Web.

Wilfred Owen.” British Library. Web.

A Community Mobile Food Truck To Serve Disadvantaged Children’s Needs

Date Submitted Grant Name
Submitted to Address of Receiving Party
Submitted by Address of Submitting Party

Project Abstract

The author of this proposal is seeking a grant of $94,735 for supporting the community project that is oriented toward addressing the needs of disadvantaged or low-income children and adolescents living and studying in Macomb County, Michigan. The purpose of the project is to organize the work of a community mobile food truck that will be used to serve free hot and highly nutritional meals for children who suffer from food insecurity in the community. Every child in Michigan needs to be provided with opportunities for receiving adequate nutrition in spite of the financial and social status of his or her family.

Background and Problem Statement

Nowadays, hunger in the communities of Michigan is an urgent problem that requires its solution in spite of all the efforts made by the authorities in order to address the issue, especially with a focus on resolving the case for children and adolescents. The problem is that one in seven children in Michigan suffers from hunger on a regular basis, resulting in negative effects on health and well-being. According to the state statistics, “in Michigan, 1,359,650 people are struggling with hunger – and of them 318,960 are children” (Feeding America, 2020, para. 2). The causes of hunger, as well as food insecurity in general, usually include poverty, social barriers experienced by a family, and single households (Feeding America, 2020; “Food access in Michigan,” 2018; Murthy, 2016). In many cases, low-income families cannot provide their children with not only adequate nutrition but also necessary living conditions and medical services.

The authorities of Michigan have implemented a range of programs in order to cover the nutrition needs of disadvantaged children in the state and provide free or cheap meals in schools. However, the problem is also that, during summer, children often have no access to free food services to address their needs. When evaluating the program eligibility for food insecure and disadvantaged children in Michigan, it is important to note that more than 30% of them are ineligible for nutritional programs to receive free access to food services. Still, more than 65% are income-eligible to participate in such nutritional programs (“Map the meal gap: Child food insecurity in Michigan,” 2020). However, these initiatives cannot effectively address the needs of all food insecure children in the state (Borders et al., 2018). According to Healthy People 2020, one of the major goals is to reduce low food security among children and decrease the percentage of households that face this problem (“Food insecurity – Household in Michigan,” 2020). Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement a project oriented toward serving food for low-income children in Macomb County, Michigan, to cover their nutrition needs.

Project Description

A community mobile food truck will be efficiently equipped to serve disadvantaged or low-income children’s needs in Macomb County, Michigan. No meals will be cooked in the truck, but it will be used for serving prepared hot meals to low-income children for free, when being placed in the local park area. The truck will have two large windows and the awning over the windows. Near the truck, there will be placed five tables and 20 chairs for children to eat their meals comfortably.

During a 2-hour period, the truck personnel will serve the meals for children and guarantee that all the food is hot and enough to cover the audience’s needs. Meals will be served for free to children and teenagers who are aged 5-17 years old. Those people who are aged over than 17 years will be able to purchase a portion for $5. Served meals will include fresh and cooked vegetables, chicken, beef, fish, and fruits. Non-allergic products will be used, and the information on potential allergens will be provided. The served food and beverages will be purchased at organizations that participate in the state and local food security programs or have licenses as providing food services for schools. The prepared food (ready-to-eat) will be stored in refrigerators, steam tables, and hot food warming boxes before being served to clients. The food will be reheated if necessary according to the state standards using microwave ovens. All the safety and quality standards will be followed.

Project Goals and Objectives

The project is aimed at guaranteeing that the majority of disadvantaged children and teenagers in the community do not suffer from hunger because of receiving accessible food services. It is important to create a range of opportunities for children to access food services when their families cannot provide adequate nutrition (Borders et al., 2018; “Food access in Michigan,” 2018). The primary goal of the project is to address the food insecurity issue in Macomb County, Michigan, and cover the food needs of low-income children on a daily basis. The following objectives are set to achieve this goal:

  1. The percentage of food insecurity in relation to children aged 5-17 years will decrease by 20% in Macomb County, Michigan, in 6 months after starting the project realization.
  2. The percentage of children who regularly receive necessary meals will increase by 20% in the community in 6 months after starting the project realization.

Outcomes and Measures of Effectiveness

The first main outcome of the project realization will be the decrease of the percentage of food insecurity in relation to children aged 5-17 years old and living in Macomb County, Michigan, by 20%. This result is expected to be observed in 6 months after starting the project because of providing the target audience of low-income children with access to fresh and highly nutritional foods. The second outcome of the project will be the increase of the percentage of children who regularly receive required meals by 20% in 6 months after starting the project realization. From this perspective, the project will be discussed as effective when the set two objectives are completed. The proposed project will add value to the realization of the state’s initiatives that are oriented toward addressing food insecurity among children and adolescents.

Key Partners

The key partners of the project include All Colors of the Rainbow (Mount Clemens, Michigan), non-profit food organizations operating in Michigan, and volunteering and charity organizations. The focus of these partnerships is to inform the community about the project and its benefits for low-income children and adolescents who may suffer from inappropriate nutrition and even hunger. The goal of partnerships is to receive required assistance for the project development and realization, relying on financial resources, donations, and the help of volunteers.


It is important to note that the budget for this project will cover all the expenses associated with purchasing an appropriate vehicle that addresses all the requirements and standards regarding quality and safety, buying additional equipment and supplies, and providing salaries for the staff. Other expenses related to receiving licenses and permits to start operations are also included in the budget.

Item Description Price ($) Quantity Total ($)
A mobile food truck (16ft long, 2 side windows, stainless steel wall finishing, stainless steel tops) 82,000 1 82,000
Equipment and Supplies Included
Steam table 250 4 1000
Refrigerator 1500 2 3000
Microwave oven 100 2 200
Sink for handwashing 150 1 150
Double sink for utensils and food 400 1 400
Hot and cold water supply equipment, a boiler 5000 1 5000
Air conditioning system 1500 1 1500
Gas propane and the heating system 10000 1 10000
Electricity system 3000 1 3000
Floor mat (36″ x 60″) 60 3 180
Wrapping 2500 1 2500
Equipment and Supplies Not Included
Hot food warming box 150 3 450
Awning over the window 250 1 250
Storage bins 50 6 300
Dishes and other dinnerware 80 4 packs 320
Utensils, gloves, papers, sanitizers, soap 20 12 packs 240
Face masks 0.25 200 50
Hair net 0.125 200 25
Food handler certification 50 2 100
Food to Serve 0
Food (ready-to-eat hot and cold food, including vegetables, chicken, beef, and fruits)


2.5 per portion 1 month 3,000
Food truck manager 900 6 months 5,400
License to operate the truck 300 1 300
Insurance 300 6 months 1,800
Permits 500 1 500

Contact Person

Executive Summary

This project seeks to address the hunger issues among children in Michigan, which are caused in large part by poverty, socioeconomic barriers, and single-parent households. To that end, the author requests a $94,735 grant from the government for an intervention that will attempt to alleviate the problem in Macomb County. It will do so through the purchase and operation of a food truck that will visit disadvantaged communities and serve children aged 5-17 healthy meals free of charge. Initially, it is intended to operate for a year and achieve a 20% reduction in food insecurity among the community’s adolescents within 6 months.


Borders, S., Ferris, B., Beeby, M. J., & McCahill, P. (2018). West Michigan food insecurity: Using cluster analysis and geographic information systems to identify needs. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 12(2), 187-197.

Feeding America. (2020). Hunger in Michigan. Web.

Food access in Michigan. (2018). FAIMProject.org. Web.

Food insecurity – Household in Michigan. (2020). America’s Health Rankings. Web.

Map the meal gap: Child food insecurity in Michigan. (2020). FeedingAmerica.org. Web.

Murthy, V. H. (2016). Food insecurity: A public health issue. Public Health Reports (1974-), 131(5), 655-657.

21st Century Ideals Of Revolution From Shelley’s “Prometheus Unbound”


Percy Bysshe Shelley’s Prometheus Unbound combines the literary forms of lyrical drama and poetry to recreate and reanimate a classical mythological story. In the opening episode of the play, Jupiter, Shelley’s symbol of religious and political tyranny, punishes the heroic Prometheus for stealing fire from heaven and giving it to mortals. Prometheus is chained in the mountainside of the Indian Caucasus. He endures the suffering and abides by his decision to oppose Jupiter. Prometheus is projected as a political and revolutionary character, averse to despotism, and focused on uprooting the repressive regime.

This closet drama illustrates various outstanding similarities and differences between the characteristics and ideals of the Romantic, Victorian, and Modernist literary periods. Although Prometheus Unbound symbolizes many themes, the texts prominently reflect social class issues, gender, individuality, racial construction, and frustrations stemming from people ignoring the environment, which are widespread today.

Comparisons of the Ideals and Characteristics of the Romantic, Victorian, and Modernist Literary Eras

The ideals and characteristics of Romanticism, Victorian, and Modernist literary periods share various similarities and differences. The former was an artistic and intellectual movement inspired by the spirit of the French Revolution, particularly regarding freedom, equality, and democracy (Zaiter 35). Consequently, artistic works of this era are depicted by their emphasis on individualism, freedom from the established rules, spontaneity, worship of nature, and fascination with the past, especially the middle ages’ myths and mysticisms. The Victorian literature era focused mainly on the issues created by the Industrial Revolution, such as the disparities in the prosperity of the middle and upper classes and the deplorable conditions of the poor.

Modernism, a relatively recent literature movement, deviates from the conventional writing techniques and depicts the individual as more interesting than the society. Consequently, the artists of this epoch were fascinated with the way people adapted to the fast-changing world, and triumphed over obstacles. Moreover, the artworks defied all expectations, combining past impressions with modern themes and languages, resulting in a collage of styles.

Reality is bluntly described in modernistic literature, and there is a generally negative attitude towards authority and power. Additionally, modernist writers pursued creativity and originality as seen by the invention of words, the inclusion of foreign languages, and the utilization of dense vocabulary. Therefore, the Romanticism, Victorian, and Modernism periods significantly differed regarding their perspective on individuality, defiance of expectations, and the assertiveness on creativity originality.

However, there are various similarities between the Victorian, Modernism, and Romantic eras. For instance, the Modernist and Victorian artists were significantly inspired by the literature that came before them and the events which occurred during their time. Numerous social issues, such as widespread poverty, oppression, economic, and political changes are extensively covered in this era. The two periods utilize and advance similar literary styles and forms. Similarly, the Romantic era incorporated human passions, sensory elements, and imageries to convey different ideas on issues such as nature and romance. Thus, the three literary periods focused significantly on the prevailing occurrences and utilized previous literary forms and styles.

Knowledge and Freedom

Knowledge and freedom is one of the dominant and most recurring themes in Prometheus Unbound. Essentially, the possession of knowledge in the dramatic poem creates liberty and civilization for humanity (Hunt 28). The enlightenment, symbolized by fire, enables people to survive and tame the hostile Earth, which has created a multitude of slaves. From this perspective, Prometheus’ act of granting knowledge to humans is equated to an act of transgression against the Greek gods, which leads to the loss of his freedom. Additionally, he endures prolonged episodes of pain and scorn as the consequences of his actions, as depicted by the last line, “Ah me! Alas, pain, pain ever, for ever!” (Shelley 1.1.23). Thus, this scene illustrates knowledge as something worth pursuing at any cost since it ultimately liberates humanity and enhances survival.

Further, despite the horrible punishment, Prometheus is rebellious and unyielding to Jupiter’s taunting. Shelley’s dramatization depicts the fundamental significance of the relentless commitment to a worthy cause.

In today’s context, Prometheus Unbound inspires the need to tenaciously challenge the detrimental establishments, such as patriarchy, social caste, and despotism. Ultimately, Prometheus’ refusal to submit to Jupiter culminates in his freedom, since entrenched repression can only be defeated through persistent onslaught (Hamarat 202). For instance, retrogressive class structures and rigid social conventions, which keep people enslaved today, cannot be demolished by erratic actions. This aspect of Shelley’s text applies to the current society and our thinking by highlighting that triumph over social injustices and evils can only be possible through sustained efforts.

Resistance and Authority

Shelley’s poem symbolizes resistance against tyrannical and authoritarian authorities, despite the defiance leading to punishment and isolation. As a romanticist, Shelley believed in the uninhibited freedoms to think, act, and make decisions. However, these liberties are hampered and suppressed by social institutions, which disrupt the natural course of life for immoral aims. Shelley symbolizes Jupiter as a powerful establishment which impeded social reforms which were critical in alleviating the widespread suffering among the people. For instance, Jupiter is depicted as a corrupt monarch who imposes restrictive social conventions through “fear and self-contempt and barren hope” (Shelley 1.1.8).

His reign has rendered the “Earth multitudinous with thy slaves” (Shelley 1.1.5) who are obligated to make “knee-worship, prayer, and praise” (Shelley 1.1.6) The Spirit of the Hour refers to him as “the tyrant of the world.” This amplifies the monotheistic and hegemonic tendency of Jupiter through which he exerted supreme oppressive governance. The ultimate overthrow of this deity is an explicit illustration of rebellion against tyrannical regimes.

Further, Prometheus demonstrates that resistance to despotism and repressive social conventions can be triggered and sustained by one person. Shelley’s imagery exemplifies the power of an individual in sparking the rebellion against tyranny. Although Prometheus acknowledges Jupiter as the “Monarch of Gods and Daemons, and all spirits,” he asserts his conscious defiance to the autocracy, which Shelley projects as the last bastion of freedom (Shelley 1.1.1).

This aspect of the poem reflects our current society, where single and isolated acts of defiance have resulted in meaningful revolutions, such as the Tunisian Revolution (Sofi 41). There is a striking similarity in this perspective of Shelley’s poem with today’s society, where numerous fundamental changes have been triggered by determined individuals who were not afraid to lead and champion social transformation. Therefore, individuality is a critical component in reengineering numerous issues, including the demolition of social caste, racial constructs, and gender issues.

Shelley’s dramatic poem also illustrates the frustrations which stem from people ignoring the environment in which they live. Since humans respond to various stimuli, the disregard of the environmental aspects often causes irritation because of the inability to adjust to surroundings. The absence of foresight on the potential damage, the probability of occurrence, and irreversibility of the repercussions of a changing environment generates disappointment and annoyance. Therefore, the Prometheus myth highlights the frustrations that humanity experiences during transitional periods after failing to handle the resultant changes.

Conclusively, Shelley’s play, written during the Romanticism period, explores numerous contemporary subjects on class structure, social transformation, and human rights issues, such as freedom. The author illustrates the significance of defying autocratic and repressive establishments and the need to commit to one’s convictions to triumph over evil. Shelley’s work exemplifies the Romantic period’s artistic ideals, particularly in its depiction of individualism, freedom from conventions, and the fascination with myths and mysticism.

Works Cited

Hamarat, Abdulkadir. “Shelley’s Revolutionary Idealism in Prometheus Unbound.” Dil ve Edebiyat Arastirmalari Guz, no. 18, 2018, pp. 199─210.

Hunt, Katie Alyssa. “Jupiter of Percey Shelley’s Prometheus Unbound reconsidered.” ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews, vol. 32, no. 1, 2019, pp. 28─30.

Shelley, Percey Bysshe. Prometheus Unbound: A Lyrical Drama in Four Acts. C and J Ollier, 1820.

Sofi, Mohammad Dawood. “Rethinking the Root Causes of the Tunisian Revolution and its Implications.” Contemporary Arab Affairs, vol. 12, no. 3, 2019, pp. 41-64.

Zaiter, Walid A. “Romanticism in Context: Shelley’s and Keats’ Verse and Prose: Keats’s Letters and Ode to a Nightingale, Shelley’s Defense of Poetry and Skylark.” International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies, vol. 6, no. 3, 2018, pp. 34─38.

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