Parking Crisis At UNA

A college environment is one defined by unique attributes, including a booming population of youths, movements, and crowding of specific areas, whether set aside for personal studies, research centers, or refreshments, including coffee shops. For these operations to be efficient and to make the most use of the available time, effective planning and space allocation are required. Otherwise, traffic and minor disputes resulting from unavoidable crashes grow. Students at the University of North Alabama are now having difficulty obtaining parking spots suited to their needs. These outcomes are a challenge to the quality of student life and institutional management. Resolving the institution’s parking crisis demands holistic approaches tailored to the present and future success of UNA.

The university’s parking problem is a danger to the community’s health and its surrounding atmosphere. The out-of-control scramble for parking spaces takes up valuable learning and classroom instruction time, which lowers academic performance and fosters tension and worry (Brook Health, 2023). Learners are anxious and irritated when they get to class after they have drained up all of their mental capacity. Overall student progress and academic engagement are unavoidably impacted by this stress spiral. In addition, the constant search for the few available parking spots adds a great deal to institutional air pollution, endangering the health of both staff and students. This goes against the principles of a company that aspires to sustainability yet unintentionally contributes to environmental damage.

Creative strategies that put a priority on a safe, effective, and ecologically responsible campus are necessary for UNA’s future. Increasing the number of public transit choices on campus is one possible course of action. Encouraging sustainable mobility and lowering the number of cars in college can be achieved by putting in place strong automobile programs with offers and allocated parking spaces (Prevost, 2017). Furthermore, well-located bike parking spots and bike lanes might encourage environmentally friendly transportation, encouraging healthy lifestyles and lessening the influence on the environment. While increasing the alternatives for public transportation necessitates investment and appropriate cost management, the danger presented by the parking situation tends to be more expensive in the long term. The immaterial impacts, such as stress among learners, pollution, and a deteriorating image of sustainability, much outweigh the financial outlay required to construct future-proof parking spaces.

Fixing the car parking issue is vital, but some folks believe that increasing spots for vehicles might damage schools, playgrounds, or fun places. (Kalašová et al., 2021) Advises to make sure there are lots of places to park and other things needed for college life. So, you have to think hard and carefully about a university plan in every way. This is done to make sure the space for car parking increases with other goals of improving UNA. The parking issue at the University of North Alabama shows how important it is to expand in a way that helps our world and lasts for many years. Taking quick action to solve this problem will help the school handle daily problems for children and staff. This makes a bright future with more green work happening.

In the end, there are not enough parking spots at the University of North Alabama, and it needs to be fixed soon. Examining the issues due to the lack of parking spots can assist in making good plans for solving this problem. This will help people feel good at school. What fresh solutions can we find for parking problems without disturbing school activities? Which parts of the essay feel accurate or should be altered so it becomes more thrilling?


Brook Heath (2023). “Drivers Face Issues Parking on Campus,” The Flor-Ala, 2020. [URL](

Kalašová, A., Čulík, K., Poliak, M., & Otahálová, Z. (2021). Smart Parking Applications and Its Efficiency. Sustainability13(11), 6031.

Prevost, Lisa (2017). “On the College Campus of the Future, Parking May Be a Relic,” The New York Times. [URL](

Psychosocial Dynamics Of People’s Attraction

Attracting people means that humans feel drawn towards some individuals and want to contact them (Bernadova Sykorova,2023). The urge for a connection is not only about looking respectable; it is a mix of mental, social, and cultural things that affect what we like or how people act. The complex world of human relationships is driven by a hidden force, leading us to certain people and not caring about others. People with the same likes and dislikes stick together because of what this familiar saying, “Birds of a feather flock together,” talks about. It tells us how good it feels to be friends or close with individuals who think, believe, and feel like we do themselves. This paper explores the exciting dynamics of attraction. It looks into what science says and how society works to make humans especially attracted to each other.

Social psychology research shows a complex view of these interesting observations. The idea of similarity-attraction is well known. It says people are likelier to get close and form relationships with those with the same traits. Scientists say that this match helps create a feeling of comfort, approval, and certainty. It makes it possible for better friendships to form. Reflecting on this experience helps make us feel like we belong and are accepted, whereby the experience is significant for feeling good emotionally. Additionally, similarity fosters cognitive ease. Conversation must be gentle so that humans do not need much explaining and everyone will understand. (Bernadova Sykorova,2023)

One can visualize a conversation that does not appear forced but charming, and the parties enjoy the moment. Such discussions make it simple for the parties to be close together and understand each other quickly and without problems. However, people in constant relationship shifts seek an exciting mix of differences. The idea of two things being better together indicates that people can like each other because they have different sound qualities. Like how different colours are used in developing a visually appealing picture, people often want partners with qualities they do not already have. This situation can give many advantages. For instance, a team where the thoughtful reader finds support from their daring partner. They travel out of their safe spaces and explore new things together. Being around different ideas and experiences helps break old beliefs. This makes people grow personally and think more deeply.

Moreover, different qualities can make a partnership even and steady. In this way, one person’s weaknesses are made up for by the other person’s strengths. This is evident in a group where the careful planner helps the excited doer, their different ways joining to make a solid and effective unit.

Literature Review

Looking more closely at the current research, we see much proof for both sides of this math problem. Kruglanski et al. (2020) found that perceiving similarity with someone made people more attracted to them. This is based on the idea known as the ‘similarity-attraction hypothesis.’ Further research by Montoya and Horton in 2022 looked into some regions of similarity. It found that shared values and opinions affect an attraction more than surface details. However, the issue of difference is also backed up by science. McGann et al. (2020) showed that people often like to be with partners with very different personality traits. This is more true if those traits concern being in charge or not wanting to lead. Trying to find a balance in some areas of your personality can be very powerful when attracting others.

More studies show how different situations can affect this complicated situation. Gardner and others did a study in 2021 about how working together on the same goal can make people find each other more attractive. They found that sharing goals, even with people you do not know well, helps improve feelings of similarity and liking between individuals. This shows that the situation around us can change how we see and judge possible partners. Learning more about how similarity and difference can affect attraction, scholars have used different ways to understand the psychological issue even better.

Survey data collect information about people’s character traits, what they think is essential and their likes or dislikes. These questionnaires utilized profiles of possible partners. These people differ in how much they are like or different from them regarding important things such as humour, beliefs about politics and favourite fun activities. People would then score how much they liked each person’s description. This information has been successful in giving the researchers better understand certain parts where similarity and difference play a more significant role in attracting people. Based on the survey results, the lab experiment further changed how much participants and possible partners are similar by using shared experiences or tasks. In one laboratory experiment, two groups of people were employed. One group comprises people with matching personalities and likes, while the other group intentionally had people with diverse interests. They were assigned some tasks, and after completing them, every individual would say how much they liked their teammates and talk for a little while. By studying the facts from both steps, the researchers would guess how everyday experiences or feelings, alike or differently, affect friendship and love.

Results and Discussion

The made-up questionnaire and test results give exciting information about how attraction works. The study results show a good connection between feeling close and liking each other, backing up the old saying, “Birds of a feather flock together.” But the connection probably needs to be fixed. Certain aspects (like common values ) likely matter more than others. It visualizes that people find potential partners who have the same political opinions or like art similarly more attractive. This shows how ideas and what we are interested in help us make friends better.

Also, the survey has indicated differences in how people like to be similar or different. Some people have a stronger preference for equal partners, looking for the comfort and ease of shared experiences. Some people like the exciting mix of different traits and enjoy learning new things by listening to other points of view. This variety shows how hard it is to understand what attraction means. It highlights the role of personality and past experiences in deciding who we find interesting. Previous laboratory experiments explore how people interact, revealing complex relationship patterns. In the group where people seem similar, it was found that they first see it easy to talk and understand each other. This leads them to naturally interact comfortably together while thinking well about attraction for one another. But, as time passes, not having different views could slowly reduce mutuality and feelings of attraction. It may even stop growth in connection with others.

On the other hand, interacting with people with different traits can feel strange and take more work to deal with different ways of talking or thinking. But, while moving towards their common goal, these first barriers could create powerful ties of respect and appreciation for each person’s unique abilities. This group could show more personal growth and mental excitement, showing how differences can make humans curious about the world around them. It helps to expand understanding of the occurrences in the world. Nevertheless, the results may have limiting factors based on individual studies. People have different likes, some things happening around them matter a lot, and the culture also affects who some people are attracted to. No one experiment can understand all these changes at once. The study helps us better understand the fascinating mix of sameness and differences. It shows how both parts make up a complicated intimacy between people.


The human are social and understand the need for connections. People are attracted to people with similar traits and unfamiliar traits, which seems exciting to explore. The conflicting attraction consists of social and mental forces, guided by the exciting changes between being similar or different. Understanding this many-sided truth can help us create meaningful relationships. People can enjoy feeling understood and accepted by others, proud of the sense of belonging it gives us. They can further enjoy the fun of exploring outside our sound circle, looking for rich and clashing views from different people’s lives. This double embrace allows humans to use the full power of friendship, making ties that are not just comfy but also exciting and add value.

Despite the reviewed literature offering an insight into the complex nature of human attraction, further research is neededeld. The study shows how similarity and difference can affect attraction. But it shines a small light on the big room where hearts come together. First of all, people’s differences are still hard to understand. The study suggested changes in liking similar or different items, but what things cause these differences? Do personality traits, past experiences or cultural backgrounds have a significant effect? .Figuring out these minor differences might help people understand their attraction patterns. This would make it easier to understand other people better and create fulfilling new friendships.

Furthermore, the different circumstances make the issue of human attraction even more complicated. The experiments explored the impact of having the same goals on building connections, but how do other situation factors affect this balance between being similar and different? One may visualize exploring love relationships, office communications or family ties. Every situation has diverse social forces, shared goals and cultural norms. These elements can change how much people are drawn together by having similar traits or being very different from each other. These details could give us helpful information to help with social situations and make strong friendships in different places.

Moreover, there is a need to examine the idea of “being alike” more closely. Our study looked at easy things to measure, like values and interests. But what about more challenging factors? These could be how people talk, feelings, or hidden worries and goals. Imagine seeing the complex pattern of hidden similarities, where two people are strongly linked even though they seem different on the outside. Examining these factors keenly allows scholars to develop new views on the unknown variation of attraction. It shows that natural bonds can grow into more complex links between people. Researchers should additionally consider different cultures. The literature review mainly focused on Western settings, but how do cultural beliefs and social rules affect the connection of liking things that are alike or different? Picture discovering the complex social rules in group-focused societies, where getting along with others is more important than anything else. Or, look at societies that are based on individualism. In these places, it’s more important to appreciate differences and find special bonds with others. Looking at different ways of thinking about attraction, we can better understand its many sides and learn more about the common human need to connect with others.


Bernardova Sykorova, K. (2023). Application of a psychosocial approach to identifying and strengthening adaptation mechanisms of humans and a small social group during the isolation experiment “SIRIUS 2017–2023”. Aerospace, 10(9), 771.

Gardner, D. G., Pierce, J. L., & Peng, H. (2021). Social exchange and psychological ownership as complementary pathways from psychological contract fulfilment to organizational citizenship behaviours. Personnel Review, 50(6), 1479-1494.

Kruglanski, A. W., & Bertelsen, P. (2020). Life psychology and significance quest: a complementary approach to violent extremism and counter-radicalization. Journal of policing, intelligence and counter-terrorism, 15(1), 1-22.

McGann, M., Di Paolo, E. A., Heras-Escribano, M., & Chemero, A. (2020). Enaction and ecological psychology: Convergences and complementarities. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 617898.

Self-Directed Learning

Self-directed learning has become a new norm among learners at different levels of education following its stipulation in the National Education Act of 1999 in Thailand as a way to foster autonomous learning activities. For this reason, several articles about self-directed learning activities have been published, and they give more detail on how different groups of learners utilize self-directed learning to advance their knowledge of various aspects of education. Therefore, this paper analyzes two different ProQuest articles on self-directed learning. Specifically, key features of each article, including the purpose statement, methods, and results, will form the stake of the discussion. Moreover, a short critique of each article will be highlighted to point out areas in the articles that would have been done better.

I used ProQuest and found an article related to self-directed learning titled “The effectiveness of self-directed learning for English language education: A systematic literature review,” authored by Ramadhanty et al. (2023). In their study, the authors purposed to determine how self-directed learning abilities influence the ability to English language education.Since the study is a systematic process, all relevant data was reviewed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Literature Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) and Mendeley, which aided in managing references. Besides, the review of the relevant data was limited to articles published between 2015 and 2023, where only respected online databases such as ResearchGate, Google Scholar, Springer, and ProQuest were used to obtain relevant information regarding self-directed learning in English language education.

Results from the article revealed that self-directed learning provides important learning opportunities for students where they effectively manage their study schedules. At the same time, the findings suggested bettering of self-directed learning by strengthening home-school partnerships and emotional support, making learning activities simpler and clearer through giving clearer instructions.

Although the systematic literature review captures data from a wider range of articles, for this case, all articles from 2015 -2023 were used, but challenges were faced in the search criteria used to obtain relevant literature sources. That is, the study aimed at only using literature on self-directed learning, but a majority of the searches were combined technology; hence, other irrelevant materials appeared too (Ramadhanty et al., 2023). This can potentially cause confusion and inaccurate databases about self-directed learning in English language learning among students.

Based on the previous articles read, my research question would be, “How does the incorporation of self-directed learning activities in engineering education affect students’ academic performance in online learning environments?” My choice of this type of research question is supported by previous articles by Chou (2012) and Ramadhanty et al. (2023). According to Chou, his study intended to investigate whether any relationship existed between engineering students’ self-directed learning abilities and online learning performances. On the other hand, Ramadhanty et al. (2023) also purposed to investigate the effectiveness of self-directed learning in English language education, with the study focusing on students’ scores in the English language after self-directed learning activities.

In order to answer the above research question, a well-formulated hypothesis will be necessary. For this reason, I hypothesize that “Engineering students who actively use self-directed learning strategy show a general improvement in academics, particularly in online courses, compared to those that do not value the worth of self-directed learning activities on students’ performance. This is evidenced by Chou’s study, which supports the idea that self-directed learning abilities enhance online performance outcomes. Similarly, results in Ramadhanty show great evidence to support the effect of self-directed learning on improving student performance.

Moreover, I think that my study will use a mixed-methodology approach where I will collect data from the sampled population using a survey method to collect relevant information about self-directed learning activities. During the study, the level of engagement in self-directed learning activities will form my independent variable, while online academic performance outcomes will be the dependent variable. Technological proficiency will act as a control variable during the study, and data will be analyzed statistically through regression analysis to determine the association’s strength between self-directed learning activities and online academic performance.


Chou, P. N. (2012). The relationship between engineering students self-directed learning abilities and online learning performances: A pilot study. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER)5(1), 33-38.

Ramadhanty, F., Dasuki, D., Mandalika, D., & Sumarni, S. (2023, June). The Effectiveness of Self-Directed Learning for English Language Education: A Systematic Literature Review. In English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings (Vol. 6, pp. 348-356).