Patients’ Spiritual Needs Assessment University Essay Example

Spirituality in Patients

The meaning of spirituality varies a lot depending on an individual and the faith he/she posses (Barna, 2003). To some people, it may be used to refer to the faith they posses while in others, it may be used to give life meaning and purposes. Whatever the reason, spirituality is important in the life of any individual whether they have faith or not. The effect of spirituality is mainly felt when one is not of good health. The pain and suffering which one goes through during this time may affect the mental stability (Swinton, 2001). These are the times when one starts to question his/her faith, wonder why this is happening to them and tries to find out what might have let to its occurrence. Facing and addressing spiritual needs during such times is essential as it will assist in the understanding and acceptance of the issue; hence recovery can even be quicker (Netrofcare, 2011). It is therefore necessary as a care giver to assess the spirituality of patients whom you are taking care of (Hall, 2000).

Assessing spirituality of Patients

To assess the spirituality of patients, I developed 5 questions to help me in identifying the problem and formulate solutions. The questions were:

  1. Does the patient have faith in God?
  2. Is the patient trying to identify the cause of the problems/suffering he/she is going through?
  3. Is the patient optimistic or pessimistic about his condition and faith
  4. Does the patient or engage in any spiritual nurturing?
  5. Does he/she have any hope or faith that you will recover?

To get this information from my patient, I used the method of observation. I also interacted with him so that he became comfortable with me. This ensured that I would get the correct information for the assessment.

I was able to note that the patient had faith in God. The patient believed he was suffering due to the bad things that he had done in the course of his life; the sickness he was suffering from was a punishment to pay for the sins that he had committed. He had understood and accepted his condition. This made him to have the faith that he will recover from the disease and start a new life once he is fit. In the course of treatment, the patient used to pray and read the bible. He wanted to know more about the word of God.

From this assessment I was able to know that everyone had a spiritual side. It is therefore important to get in touch with your inner self, accept the condition and work towards recovery (Wagner, 2010). During the assessment, I had a great time with my subject. We related well to each other and bonded especially during prayers. The only challenge that I faced was the difference in religion as he was a protestant and I was a catholic. To ensure that the programme is successful in future, I will not try to know the religion of my subject nor will I tell them mine. While I was with the patient, I learnt the importance of spirituality, faith and belief in patient. Through the relationship that we had and the success that came afterwards and the guidance that I offered, I was able to uplift the faith and hopes of the patient which increased the rate at which he recovered.


Barna, G. (2003). Transforming Children Into Spiritual Champions: Why Children Should Be Your Church’s #1 Priority. Atlanta: Gospel Light

Hall, J. (2000). Midwifery, mind and spirit: emerging issues of care. Elsevier: Elsevier Health Sciences

Netrofcare. (2011). Spiritual Needs. Netofcare. Web.

Swinton, J. (2001). Spirituality and mental health care: rediscovering a ‘forgotten’ dimension. Wales: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

Wagner, F.L. (2010). Most Evil Is Done by Good People Who Do Not Know That They Are Not Good. Boston. Xulon Press

Sexual Health Literacy In Social Adaptation Of Women


Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) literacy is one of the significant prerequisites of promoting the social adaptation of women. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the concept of SRH literacy in women as the ability to have cognitive and social skills required to access, understand, and use the information in a manner that promotes co-existence and good health (Cheong et al., 2018). In most cases, literacy should facilitate operations, interactions, and overall functional ability in the community. Previous studies have suggested that education and literacy on matters concerning sexuality among women have improved their health and that of children and their families. Therefore, this research paper aims to explore the role of sexual and reproductive health literacy in women’s social adaptation.


The study was conducted among the women who had previously visited the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic in New York City. The design of the research used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to determine the effects of reproductive health literacy on women’s social adaptation (Maricic et al., 2020). The sources’ results were critically analyzed and recorded to help promote the accuracy of the present outcome. In terms of the quantitative technique, some secondary sources on the topic were analyzed (Maricic et al., 2020). Subsequently, the study administered self-structured questionnaires comprising of several parts: sexual, reproductive, and health knowledge and behavior, personal health lifestyle, and social effect. The respondents were expected to take actively take part to help in answering these questions.

The research subjects were 300 women chosen through stratified sampling among the beneficiaries of the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic in New York City. The criteria for selecting the respondents were mainly based on the four main factors (Maricic et al., 2020). These included the willingness to participate in the study, the age over 18 years, and a reasonable and sound mind to take part in the exercise and answer the questionnaire as expected.

Before the research’s onset, all respondents were familiarized with the objectives and the standard procedures of the investigation. They were provided with the opportunity to explore the questions before they submitted their answers. Later, the participants were allowed to carry out the exercise to help in determining the results. The obtained results were subsequently analyzed using inferential statistical methods such as Chi-Square Test (Aaby et al., 2017). Further, the descriptive statistical approaches for measuring central tendency, such as mean and median, were applied. The study results were later processed using the Chi-Square (Aaby et al., 2017). The entire process was carried out with due diligence to promote the validity and reliability of the results. Importantly, the consent of the respondents was requested before the research.


The results obtained from the study showed that a complete number of 145 subjects had 70% literacy on sexuality and reproductive health, while 30% of the entire population had an inadequate level of health literacy. The largest number of the subject that had the knowledge mainly comprised of women aged 18-29 years, while the rest with limited knowledge were predominantly 49 years and above (Maricic et al., 2020). The categorization of the above age group was indicated that older women were less educated than younger participants.

Concerning social adaptation, the results indicated that 96% of the women with adequate literacy were socially adaptable and capable of carrying out their activities as required by the community. Based on the Chi-Square results, a significant difference (p=0.288) was detected (Maricic et al., 2020). The above figures show a positive correlation between the literacy level and the social adaption of women. Consequently, only 40% of the illiterate participants were sociable (Maricic et al., 2020). This trend indicates that lack of education harmed social adaption among women in society.


Based on the provided results, it is clear that sexual and reproductive health literacy directly correlates with women’s social adaption. According to the Chi-Square results, it was evident that there is a positive correlation between literacy and social cohesion. In other words, women with SRH in literacy were positively linked to ideal health behavior, integration with other society members, and effective utilization of health care services (Maricic et al., 2020). The outcomes further suggested that well-educated women on matters related to sexuality respond well to issues affecting the community members. Consequently, the research revealed that illiteracy on the issues related to sexuality had a significant impact on reducing these subjects’ power to socialize in the community. In most cases, the lack of education in this critical part made most of the participants fail to carry out their duties as expected.

The above results confirm the information collected from the secondary sources, which indicates a positive correlation between the variables. According to the sources, elite women were socially adaptable and excellent in carrying out their society’s operations. The largest percentage of the population (84%) of literate women performed well. These members were capable of accepting, understanding, and using health care information in the best way to improve their lives and that of society’s members (Maricic et al., 2020). Research conducted by other professionals continued to indicate a constructive relationship between these critical parameters (Aaby et al., 2017). As a result, the researchers concluded that SRH literacy positively correlated with women’s social adaptation in the community. The study noted that educated women could promote social progress and we’re determined to take care of their families in the best interest.


In conclusion, it is notable that literacy in sexual and reproductive health directly relates to women’s ability to adapt socially. The outcomes showed a significant positive difference between these parameters. Therefore, every state needs to promote health literacy among women. Even though the process may be regarded as an individual effort, it should be conditioned by the relevant authorities to help achieve the required level of social adaption. One of the powerful strengths of the study is that it utilized both the qualitative and qualitative approaches to effectively analyze the data. Nevertheless, the research conducted in the health care facility should not be used as the main ground for promoting social adaption among women. The health care providers should understand that the provision of such literacy is an essential strategy for promoting health and the overall social and economic capacity of these members of society. However, more studies should be carried out to help in validating the above results.


Aaby, A., Friis, K., Christensen, B., Rowlands, G., & Maindal, H. T. (2017). Health literacy is associated with health behavior and self-reported health: A large population-based study in individuals with cardiovascular disease. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 24(17), 1880-1888.

Cheong, S. M., Nor, M., Ahmad, M. H., Manickam, M., Ambak, R., Shahrir, S. N., & Aris, T. (2018). Improvement of health literacy and intervention measurements among low socioeconomic status women: Findings from the Mybff@ home study. BMC Women’s Health, 18(1), 99-102. 

Maricic, M., Curuvija, R. A., & Stepovic, M. (2020). Health literacy in female–association with socioeconomic factors and effects on reproductive health. Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research, 21(2), 127-132. Web.

Processes That Entail A Juvenile Court

Hi dear friend. I am really sorry about the incidence that has befallen you. This should not worry you though. Several people have gone through the process and come out without complications. I write this letter to make you understand the processes that entail a juvenile court. With an understanding of this, I know that you will not be worried as you have been before. I hope that this information will be of great importance to you.

One thing that you should understand is that before you were arrested, the police had done enough investigation to be sure that you are not incarcerated innocently. After getting enough information about the crime you committed, the police discussed with the juvenile department to ascertain the type of intervention that is appropriate for you. This was determined by the degree of severity of the crime you committed. For those who commit misdemeanors and other petty offenses, the department usually sanctions them to a diversion program. These programs might involve reconciliation between you and the offended, being made to do service for the community or being subjected to counseling.

The reason why your case was referred to the court is that you denied having committed the offence. This had to be done as a matter of protocol. Now that you are in court, the following will be the process that your case will have to undergo. Firstly, it will have to undergo the preliminary hearing. This is usually the first appearance of the offender to court. At this stage, the judge will read the charges for the court. Also, this is the stage where your rights will be read for you so that you understand what is appropriate and what is irrelevant. It is also at this stage that the attorneys will be appointed and pleas will be entered.

This stage is very essential for you. I would advise that you remain very attentive so that none of the rights are denied. With a good understanding of the rights, you are likely to make informed decisions that will be crucial for your freedom.

After the preliminary hearing, the second stage will be adjudication. This is the stage where the judge will conduct the trial. You should understand that the manner in which the trial is conducted is similar to that conducted in the adult courts. The rules are also similar. There is one difference though. The juvenile court has no jury. After the trial has been conducted, the judge will ascertain whether you are within the jurisdiction of the court or not. Being within the jurisdiction of a court is just a jargon and should not worry you. It simply means that the judge will decide whether you are guilty or not. His decision will therefore determine the third and final phase of your trial. If you are found guilty, the case moves to the third stage which is referred to as the disposition stage.

The disposition stage involves the passing of the sentence. It is at this point that the judge decides on what will be the most appropriate way of helping to reform you. However, his disposition does not base only on his understanding. It relies on the information submitted by various departments. These include the District Attorney, the probation officer of the juvenile department, the defense attorney and from your own statements. This means that what you say will be great determinants on the type of sentence to be passed by the judge. I therefore advise you to ensure that you don’t speak without considering the weight of your utterances.

If you are found guilty by the court, you will be ordered to pay restitution for the injuries you caused or the damages and or of property that you inflicted on the victim. Remember that this will only happen if the victim is able to ascertain the exact worth of the loss in a written documentation directed to the probation officers. You should also understand that the court cannot order for restitution to compensate for pain, suffering, lost time or cost of mileage because these are covered by the Crime Victims’ Compensation. However, if ordered to pay for restitution, you are the one to pay. The court does not order the parents to pay. It is your responsibility. Finally, you don’t have the reason to fear because the restitution ordered will depend on your age. In addition, the restitution can be appealed if you feel that it is not worth the offence. This will mean that the judge reviews the provided information and does the necessary adjustments.

Therefore, you should not be worried. This will be the process to be followed. Ensure that this is the order of the trial. Should any of this stage be skipped, you should understand that the court will not have followed the due process law. This law is applicable to you too. Otherwise, I wish you the best of lack.

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