Peasant Fires By Richard M. Wunderli Short Summary Free Writing Sample

“The Peasant Fire” demonstrates a story about a drummer named Hans and his followers. They try to preach from a small town in Germany to Niklashausen to protest against the priests and bishops following Virgin Mary’s report. In the enchanted time, the real world is like attaching to a spiritual area, which follows the sermons of the priests and the Church, and faithful to what the Lord said. While the priests and the Church have done many things to exploit peasants and believers, they need to rebel from the Church by the sermons.

Also, Peasants always have to pay a high fee of punishment to the Church and feasts. They are living in a hardship and suppressed by other divine status. The priest leads the superior area of the pyramid, while the worker, the peasant, is at the bottom of the society. That is to say, the act that Hans and his followers do is based on different sides: spiritual combined with economic factor and social status. People from the past rely mostly on the supernatural power to sustain to work. They cannot detect the order of the world controlled by priests and hierarchy.

They consider the physical illness or problems not to some natural power, which come from God. Things happening are the cause of natural law that God decides for you to suffer or get renewed. They are sinful and need to be rescued by the Lord. The only way they can do this is to be faithful to the Lord, Virgin Mary and work hard. Through the festival of Carnival, peasants are free to revenge against priests by roaring acts. Like Hans works as a peasant as well as drummer, he suffers from cold, famine and oppression by people with higher lever.

He always worships Virgin Mary for harvest, and salvation for his sins. Virgins reply to him with the order to preach to people, forgive vanity, and allow him to challenge the authority of clergies and priest who are sinful and wicked. Virgin Mary gives them support in return, while they cannot truly release their sin from the priest, bishop or pope. Hans appears as a prophet, he has a chance to see Mary’s apparition. Mary is the Queen of Heaven who protects the lower lever peasants and workers. She tells Hans to precede the burning drummers to the Shrine.

Through Hans’ sermon that he will take a lot of people to do their will by burning vanities and clean the sins of clergies, followers are inspired and aroused by Hans’ will. They are pious to the mother of God and they are willing to put off the clergies and nobilities. The way they can go through the spiritual process is to go on the pilgrimage to the shrine, Niklashausen, to get purification and releasing. Another rule, which determines Hans and his followers to do the pilgrimage, is because of their poverty, the economic rule.

A peasant can barely get their work by enough harvest to support a family, be prepared for next year. The basic need is also to have to satisfy the money for religious work. For example, the church holds different feasts to the revival of Christ, Lent to get huge revenue from peasants and followers, and births, wedding and funerals. Peasants do not get enough money for living while they still are in a poor condition. The priest, clergy and bishop get their pay from peasants and other layman to support their living.

The bishop of Wurzburg gets money from merchants and priests to pay off the debt from the construction of more buildings and cathedrals in fifteenth century. The clergy and priests have their own law that they set apart from paying taxes and tolls. The peasants use the religious power to replace their rage against clergy, lords and bishops. They forced them to work hard and earn less money along with tax increases. However, they do not do austerity, they uphold good meals and luxury clothes by trembling poor peasants instead. Besides those, the economic basis is the root of society.

If people get unjust treatment, they will fight for their own deeds. That is how followers are loyal to Hans. They are not escaping purgatory from friars by being poor and giving up enough money. Both economic and spiritual combines, and leads the pilgrimage to the Shrine. Spiritual power is a tool to ask for justice and economic equality. At the end of the story, Hans and his followers cease their pilgrimage and a bishop executes Hans. The outcome of their pilgrimage is evidenced by their failure in a churches’ reformation in Niklashausen.

Bishops do not change the situation among peasants. Social status is also contributing in the journey to the Shrine. Hans and his followers do not overturn the power of the priests. Hans is caught secretly and the pilgrims loose the leadership of the Holy youth. They stop fighting against the secure power. In summary, peasants do not get enough economic need and right status compared with the clergies and priests. Their sincere beliefs to God are taken advantage by greedy clergies. According to “the twelve articles of the Peasants”.

Peasants challenged the authority of minsters that do not teach the right gospel to layman and do not conduct themselves well. Their tithes are not given to God; instead they are given to ministers. Spiritual and economic powers are the strength that allowed the followers to continue following in Hans’ footsteps. They follow in the faith that Virgin Mary is protecting them and help to overthrow hardship and oppression by clergies. Though the pilgrimage to Niklashause fails, they break through the castle of the bishop and request the release of Hans.

Analyzing Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Reproductive Health Bill Short Summary

The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012 (Republic Act No. 10354), informally known as the Reproductive Health Law, is a law in the Philippines which guarantees universal access to methods of contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care.

While there is general agreement about its provisions on maternal and child health, there is great debate on its key proposal that the Philippine government and the private sector will fund and undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such as condoms, birth (BCPs) and IUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers The advantage of Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippines is that hopes to provide midwives for skilled attendance to childbirth and emergency obstetric care, even in geographically isolated and depressed areas.

Thus, the one of the causes of maternal mortality, that arising from unattended births, will be addressed. The disadvantage of the Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippines is the undue focus being given to reproductive health and population and development, when many more urgent and important health problems need to be addressed in the country, those that cause a significant number of deaths across the country such as cardiovascular diseases and infections.

Financial resources allotted by foreign donors to assist the Philippine government programs could actually be better spent towards pursuing health programs targeting communicable diseases than purchasing artificial contraceptives. The Reproductive Health Bill is controversial, as it is being opposed by concerned citizens, especially the pro-life, pro-family and pro-God groups, regardless of creed or religion.

The Roman Catholic Church expresses its opposition against the bill on many counts, most especially the procurement and distribution of family planning supplies for the whole country, when the available evidence from peer reviewed medical journals supports the hypothesis that when ovulation and fertilization occur in women taking oral contraceptives (OCs) or using intrauterine devices (IUD), post-fertilization effects are operative on occasion to prevent clinically recognized pregnancy. Hormonal contraceptives and/or IUDs directly affect the ndometrium. These effects have been presumed to render the endometrium relatively inhospitable to implantation or to the maintenance of the pre-embryo or embryo prior to clinically recognized pregnancy. These make pills and IUDS abortifacient. Pro-life groups, and many professionals in the medical and nursing fields, believe that physicians and policy makers should understand and respect the beliefs of patients who consider human life to be present and valuable from the moment of fertilization.

Patients should be made fully aware of this information so that they can consent to or refuse the use of artificial contraceptives. However, the position of the Catholic Church and the pro-life groups does not mean that they espouse the attitude of “natalism” at all costs, as if the “number” of children, in itself, were the unmistakable sign of authentic Christian matrimonial life. The sexual act, properly exercised within marriage only, is ordained primarily to the propagation of life.

If there are reasonable motives for spacing births, such as serious medical conditions in the mother, or extreme poverty, then the Catholic Church teaches that married couples may take advantage of the natural cycles of the reproductive system and use their marriage precisely those times that are infertile (natural family planning). Other aspects of the bill being contested by concerned citizens include the classification of family planning supplies as essential medicines when their safety/toxicity profile and legal permissibility are questionable.

Very pertinent to the debate about reproduction rights is the right to life. The Philippine Constitution says that the State “shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. If artificial contraceptives are medically proven to induce abortion as one of their mechanisms of action, then procurement and distribution of such family planning supplies are unconstitutional and illegal. As a student, how would you describe RH Bill? How would it affect people’s manner? What are really the advantages and disadvantages of the Reproductive Health Bill?

Much has been written about the Reproductive Health bill and much has been argued for and against it, however, not all has been said The statement that reproductive health means “free sex, use of contraceptives, abortion if contraception fails…” is not found anywhere on that bill. Use of contraceptives, yes, but free sex and abortion if contraception fails?! If you have read the bill, that’s definitely putting words into the authors’ mouth. Contraception as defined “poison in the wound, kill babies inside the womb. In medical lingo, contraception is prevention of pregnancy so basically, you don’t kill any babies because in the 1st place, there aren’t any babies to kill. “Condoms increases sexual activity, increases incidence of AIDS and other STDs. ” First of all, let me say that condoms are not the enemy here. Time brings change and one of those changes is a more liberated view on sexuality and sexual practices. Condoms are not for prevention of sex because sex is, to put it simply, impossible to prevent the argument that people are our greatest asset so why are we preventing birth?

The bill doesn’t force couples to only have 2 children; rather, they provide them w/ an effective choice of being responsible parents by not having too many kids. Isn’t that the same w/ natural family planning? My point is this: natural family planning has been practiced since time began and it has never been effective. We have to admit that sex is probably one of the strongest forces on earth and is in us—and it is almost always impossible to control.

In the advent of poverty, price increases, STDs, AIDs and other crisis, we need to help our people, especially those on the lower end of the financial ladder, take care of their family by not having too many children too soon too fast and we can’t do that with the natural method because that method has failed over and over and over again. The reproductive health bill not only gives us a choice of which contraception is best for us—it prevents couples from having too many children whom they can’t feed, too many children whom they will leave to die in malnutrition, too many children who will not have an education.

God may have told us to procreate but I’m sure he did not mean this way. Contraception is not a sin but having 10 kids and not being able to feed them and take care of them is more than just a sin—its violation of human rights and a child’s right. And it’s hard for me to see many pity children on streets. All we should do is to have the will to do our responsibility as educated people. Cybercrime – crime committed using a computer and the internet to steal a person’s identity or sell contraband or stalk victims or disrupt…

Marijuana Vs. Alcohol

The Great Debate over whether marijuana should be legalized and alcohol deemed illegal has taken affect in the United States over the last century. Alcohol has been popular in America ever since its founding, and alcohol was predominately produced through moonshiners until the Whiskey Rebellion in the very early 1800s. Since then alcohol has been taxed and regulated heavily but still remains legal to all individuals over the age of 21. Marijuana, however, has always been considered illegal and has been frowned upon throughout society because of the ignorance of people who believe smoking anything leads to illness and eventually death.

Even though I do not condone the use of marijuana, I believe it would be more beneficial to society if it was legal rather that alcohol because of the provided reasons below. 1. Marijuana is generally less harmful than tobacco or alcohol: Marijuana can be smoked or consumed and its chemical, THC, is released into the body causing a sense of “high”. From what I have seen and heard, marijuana users have said they feel great while smoking and even after smoking. They are less stressed and find many things funny, often laughing uncontrollably.

I also know the harmful effects of smoking tobacco. Tobacco is highly addictive because of the chemical nicotine. Tobacco smoking leads to lung cancer, black lungs, oral cancer, and bad breath, while marijuana smoking does not contribute to these illnesses. Smoking in general is bad for you but when marijuana and tobacco are compared hand-in-hand than marijuana is considerably better. It is said that it take up to 8 marijuana joints to get the same effects as one cigarette. Alcohol impairs your sense of judgment, impairs vision and makes people more aggressive.

Drunken driving incidents are also linked to the top 10 causes of death in the US, while marijuana smoking is not. Marijuana makes you laugh and happy while alcohol makes people aggressive and fight. 2. If the government were to make marijuana legal they could tax the crap out of it, gaining close to 200 million dollars in tax revenue in one year. If it were legal, people would also be less likely to use it because it is no longer “cool” because it is now accessible to every person in the United States.

You could also limit the amount of marijuana a person could have on themselves and limit the amount of intake you could take. Hundreds of thousands of people a year are arrested, jailed, tried and sentenced each year because of possession of marijuana. If marijuana were legal it is estimated that the US could save close to 100 million dollars in legal fees and jails. It would also free up room in prisons and jail cells for actual criminals who hurt others. It seems like it would be better to arrest people who would break the governments limit intake of marijuana rather that if they possess it.

Drug related crime rate would also decrease because now that marijuana would be legal, people and gangs would not have to argue, steal or kill because of marijuana. It would also create jobs in America because you could designate specific people and farms to grow marijuana plants and to distribute these. This would help stimulate the economy. 3. Marijuana has a positive effect on cancer patients. Cancer is one of the top leading causes of death in the United States. People who are going through chemotherapy, a cancer treatment, often lose their appetites and this brings them closer to death.

People found that if you smoke marijuana during your chemo treatments, you regain your appetite and are able to eat, possibly saving your life. The THC is marijuana makes you hungry, or what stoners often refer to as the “munchies”. If marijuana was legalized in more states across the country for medical purposes, I would not be surprised to see a decrease in deaths related to cancer because people now want to eat and can survive longer. Marijuana is also said to take away some of the pain that these treatments cause so that is also beneficial to the patients.

Even though I am arguing for the legalization of marijuana, it is appropriate to say why it shouldn’t and why alcohol should remain legal. Marijuana is considered immoral and inappropriate to the mass of America. Alcohol is considered a social norm, and a vast majority of Americans (adults) drink a form of alcohol. Alcohol has been legal for hundreds of years and although it impairs your senses, it helps make people more social, which is why it is served at parties. Marijuana, on a long term bases, can cause brain cell damage, paranoia, delayed development in pre-pubic children, and blood vessel blockage.

Even though alcohol is legal, it was once deemed illegal, although there were many loopholes in the amendment which basically considered it useless. Although alcohol is legal and marijuana is illegal, I believe that it should be reserved. Alcohol makes people aggressive and millions of alcohol related deaths have been documented in the past century, while little to no deaths have been accredited to marijuana usage. Marijuana makes people less stressed and happy, could help stimulate the struggling economy and help save the lives of our cancer patients. It makes more sense to legalize marijuana rather than alcohol.

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