Positive And Negative Effects Of The Three Gorges Dam Project In China Sample Paper

The Three Gorges Dam can be found in China, specifically in Asia.

The Three Gorges Dam in China, situated between Chongqing and Wuhan along the River Yangtze, is anticipated to finish construction by November 2009. With a length of 6300 km, the River Yangtze ranks as the third longest river globally and passes through seven cities: Wuhan, Yichang, Wanxian, Nanjing, Chongqing, Liuzhou, and Zhenjiang. The main objective behind the dam’s construction is to safeguard against the River Yangtze’s devastating and unpredictable floods.

The primary purpose of building the Three Gorges Dam in 1998 was to prevent future floods that had caused the loss of more than 3000 lives. Additionally, the dam was constructed with the goals of promoting economic prosperity, environmental conservation, and poverty alleviation. By generating hydroelectric power, this infrastructure has yielded several positive outcomes.

Hydro-electric power (HEP), which is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly source of electricity, powers fridges, lights, and television without emitting CO2. The HEP dams in China are expected to generate 14% of the country’s future electric-power. This is equivalent to the output of 18 nuclear power stations.

The Harness Energy Project (HEP) aims to tackle the scarcity of natural resources and enhance the well-being of underprivileged individuals. Through a 50 million ton reduction in coal burning, HEP will effectively mitigate carbon dioxide emissions by 100 million tons. Furthermore, as part of its expansion to different cities, HEP will provide citizens with state-of-the-art facilities that foster eco-friendly urban lifestyles.

Infrastructure will be improved, encompassing sewage, transport, electricity, schools, colleges, housing, and telephone communication. The dam is crucial for safeguarding 11 major cities and towns situated on the river’s flood plain from catastrophic floods. A notable instance of a destructive flood occurred in 1998 and resulted in reconstruction costs amounting to �500 million. Additionally, it caused the demise of factories that were vital for job creation and sustaining China’s economy.

The flood resulted in 14 million people becoming homeless, with 5 million houses destroyed and 25 million hectares of farmland being affected. Due to the government’s decrease in farmland availability, individuals will be compelled to move to urban areas. This shift to cities is beneficial as it allows for a higher standard of living compared to rural regions (rural to urban migration).

This will create opportunities for people to access improved education and housing. Additionally, it will promote the development of the impoverished inland region, ultimately benefiting China as a whole. Furthermore, this expansion will enable ships to transport goods with a capacity of 10,000 tonnes. Consequently, China will establish itself as the world’s largest city and port for both imports and exports.

The construction of the Chinese dam has turned China into a formidable nation, enabling its citizens to participate in lucrative commerce and expedite the exchange of goods. This remarkable edifice, erected at a expense of �15 billion, is not only the biggest globally but also observable from space, drawing tourists worldwide.

This is the largest structure constructed in the past two centuries, rivaling even the Great Wall of China. Its creation has led to the formation of an enormous lake spanning 600km. Consequently, the government anticipates increased revenue as this dam now serves as a new tourist attraction. Moreover, it will open up job opportunities in recreation and fishing industries.

Despite not being fully completed, the dam attracts a significant number of visitors each week, reaching 15,000 individuals. This influx of tourists brings potential benefits to the less privileged as it creates more job opportunities such as tour guides. However, the Three Gorges Dam also has numerous adverse effects.

Due to the dam, a vast expanse of fertile farmland spanning 60,000 hectares will be submerged, along with 828 significant cultural archaeological sites, picturesque Buddhist temples, and an exceptional limestone landscape that is renowned worldwide for its beauty. The dissolution of limestone in water poses a potential concern, as it may impact the dam. Additionally, the construction of the dam will result in the displacement of 1.2 million residents from 11 major towns, 114 small towns, and 1711 villages, forcing them to relocate against their will (forced migration).

The flooding of the dam will have an adverse impact on crop cultivation as it leads to soil erosion. The Yangtze River is vital for agriculture in China, accounting for 70% of its rice harvest and contributing 50% to overall food production. As a result, the fertile flood plain that supports the growth of important crops such as barley, wheat, corn, and cotton will be negatively affected. Consequently, farmers will face additional challenges.

People will encounter difficulties in maintaining their livelihoods and supporting their families due to the displacement resulting from the flooding of the Yangtze river flood plain. This flood plain is highly populated as it serves a vital purpose in supplying fresh water for agricultural activities benefiting millions of individuals. While the government provides compensation for homes and farmland lost, the available housing alternatives are excessively costly and have been influenced by corruption and crime, leading to inadequately constructed structures.

The corruption within the Government involves the embezzlement of funds intended for farmers and the construction of new houses for homeless individuals, depriving them of the deserved compensation. Despite some individuals receiving compensation, it is not voluntary but rather forced relocation. Consequently, two officials from Chongqing, a significant city, were executed for embezzling the compensation funds. The government suffered a loss of $52 million allocated for people’s resettlement compensation.

The concerns of citizens revolve around their ability to afford relocation. If the construction of the dam ceases and the demolition and reconstruction of villages no longer occur, there may be a scarcity of employment opportunities. This is especially worrisome considering the limited availability of fertile land for farming. Consequently, individuals could be forced to migrate to cities where unemployment rates are already high. This situation potentially leaves people without financial resources, jobs, or homes. Furthermore, constructing the dam will impede the downstream flow of silt, jeopardizing the survival of the rare Yangtze River dolphin which heavily relies on it. Fishermen will consequently encounter significant challenges in this profession.

If the accumulation of silt and sediment at the bottom of the lake is not addressed, it will result in the lake filling up. This will cause a decline in fish catch for fishermen downstream and lead to the HEP turbines ceasing to function. Removing the accumulated silt from the deep lake would be financially burdensome, making it an unsustainable practice in the long term. Ultimately, as silt and sediment gradually accumulate in the dam, it will eventually clog up the turbine and contribute to further filling of the lake.

The restriction in water flow due to the accumulation of silt and sediment will disrupt the functionality of the HEP system, consequently preventing downstream fishermen from catching fish. Additionally, the removal of these natural deposits from the lake will result in significant financial expenses. The implications are grave for both porting businesses, who will face challenges in transportation, and fish-based businesses, who will lose their ability to capture fish.

The construction of the dam will greatly affect wildlife in the area, leading to approximately 70 species facing extinction due to changes in water temperature, the surrounding environment, and limited resources. Additionally, wildlife that has adapted well to the ecosystem along the River Yangtze will be forced out of their natural habitats and forced to adapt to new environments. Unfortunately, it is the less fortunate citizens of China who will be disproportionately affected by these negative consequences, highlighting once again the government’s lack of equality when considering its people’s welfare.

The provided cost analysis information is distorted due to the inclusion of biased viewpoints. One particular viewpoint implies that diminishing new farmland aims to promote rural-to-urban migration, relocating people to cities instead. This tactic, along with improved education, is considered crucial in elevating peasants from poverty to a more contemporary society. Nonetheless, this perspective overlooks the drawbacks of this strategy. It is essential to recognize that this standpoint reflects the government’s position and emphasizes its possible disadvantages.

They are not addressing the relocation of families or the corruption in compensation and unfairness. On our analysis of costs and benefits, we have five points in favor of the dam, while the farmers only have two, indicating bias in the analysis. However, the farmers present six points against the dam without bias. In conclusion, we believe that the Three Gorges Dam is detrimental (cost) as it negatively impacts a significant number of people.

It is affecting the people of China while the government remains unaffected and continues to grow richer. After conducting a cost and benefit analysis, we have reached the conclusion that the Three Gorges Dam is detrimental to China. Our analysis resulted in a score of 26 for costs and 25 for benefits. However, we had already formed a well-founded opinion that the Three Gorges Dam brings more harm than good. Therefore, considering all aspects, we believe that the Three Gorges Dam is harmful for China.

Future World Expo 2020 In Dubai

For over a century and a half the universe exhibition are driving invention. eduction and international cooperation. The expos participate in the moral. stuff and technological advancement of humanity. They are besides known for their iconic designs that ever have a clearly defined subject. the locale that host these exhibitions is selectted by the intl exhbtion agency Paris bye electing one of several metropoliss that have bid for the priviledge. The uae is offering to host the universe expo 20202 in Dubai under the subject connectiong heads and making the hereafter uae has decided to construct the locale of this great event at a sie equidistant fron the abudhabi and Dubai intl airoorts.

The locale is perfect for the subject CMCF This vision of invention through coaction has three bomber subjects that are ooppurtunity mobility and sustainability each bomber subject shall hold its ain dedicated zone at the bosom of this site is a place called al wasl the old Arabic name for Dubai intending the connexion. At the border of this place there will be the invention marquee an wholly new marquee construct that is meant to escalate all degrees of exhibition battles. Ramifying out from the centre each of the three subject zones is arranged as such that the size of the the marquee lessening along with propinquity to the Centre. This encourages prosaic flow.

This design was inspired from traditiona Arabic markets called souks. It is the erfect enue for such a expansive event. The uae has boasted an unprecedented narrative of success and develoopmet and is one of the best campaigners for hosting the exhibition. Dubai has a batch of advantages it has airdromes connected to all major metropoliss of the universe. it is safe. has a batch of concern oppurtunities and more than anything it has a govern ment and population that has as a common end that is the advancement of the state. Let us anticipate healthy and sensible growing of the state with the hosting of the exhibition 2020

Female Mill Workers In England And Japan

The Industrial Revolution was the greatest transformation period in human history. When people think about the Industrial revolution, they think about big steel, machines, and railroads. What’s missing are the exhausted, overworked laborers that operated the machinery that made things run.

A prime example is the female textile mill workers from England and Japan. In the textile industry, women and young girls were the main employees. The main reason for this is that nimble fingers were needed to tend the spinning and weaving machines. Originally spinning and weaving ere done at home or small spin shops but the Industrial revolution changed that by bringing house spinning and weaving to factories. With the mass production of textiles, women were given a chance to actually work for wage.

This seemed like a grand opportunity but this work experience was difficult for these women. The experiences of the Japanese and English female workers were in fact similar. Both of which had to deal with long working hours with little pay, sexual and physical abuse from male supervisors, and hardship with their families over their occupation.

The ark day for both these nationalities consisted of the same unreasonableness and unfairness. In England (In Document E), women had horrendous working hours. On weekdays work in a factory work begin at 5:30 am and finish at 8 pm which is a total of 14 hours and 30 minutes. Then in Japan, a work day would start at 4:05 am until 7:30 pm, for a total of 14 hours and 20 minutes. Also to add on to the burden of being exhausted, women were treated unequally when it came to wages. For example (In Document F), a female worker in England questions her wage when she notices that ere youngest child makes more than her.

She makes a total of 2 shillings a week while her child makes 2 shillings and 6 pence. This inequality also affects the working women of Japan. Japanese males and females work identical Jobs, but (In Document H) there is a difference in wage for the gender with a Y chromosome. When comparing Jobs such as a cotton mill worker, a male receives 17 seen daily while women only receive 9. This shows the inequality and unfairness that both these women had to endure during work. Work in the mid 18 hundreds wasn’t safe for any employer of the time, especially for omen.

Working under male supervisors, women could be abused for messing up on the Job or even be raped. In England (In Document J), a 16 year old female worker made a testimony that she would witness a cross tempered male supervisor beat employees if they did not do their work correctly. They would also get whipped if they were caught asleep on the Job. Then in Japan (In Document P), administrators on the work floor would prey on the young, single, and vulnerable female operatives. They were open targets for the personal whims and sexual abuse by these low-ranking previous.

What made matters even worse was that owners and managers were more abusive than ordinary workers and they usually had keys to the women’s dormitory rooms. Women had no chance of a decent time at work because of the dominant male figures that ran the factory.

Female workers experienced enough grief at the work place so to make matters worse, they received grief at home. In England (In Document M young women were Delve craterlike Tort naval Sods Wendell men don’t. This is mostly because women weren’t dependent on their families anymore and able to support themselves at such a young age.

This sense of independence wasn’t normal to the people with medieval thinking, which made it a bad thing. Also (In Document N), it was considered a disgrace for parent’s to send their children to work. Since families were so accustom to the old family life were parent’s worked and children went to school. In fact the title of “factory girl” was considered the most insulting name that could be applied to a young woman. It was also believed that if a girl worked in a factory that she would never find work anywhere else. With superstitions and old ways of thinking, it made things hard for women in their family life.

Life of both Japanese and English female workers was difficult, personally and in the work place. The situations these women were in had some definite similarities when it came to long hours with little pay, abuse, and grief with their families. These things showed how difficult it was for society to get used to the idea of women being appreciated and actually valued for something. Plus it could be considered the first steps for equality for women.

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