Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome: A Relapse Prevention Plan Essay Sample For College

Managing severe addiction is a long and suffering process, which requires strength and patience on both physical and emotional levels. Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) carries specific symptoms that manifest themselves after a sudden refusal from addicting substances like drugs or alcohol (Melemis, n.d.). The syndrome’s duration is individual and usually varies from six to eighteen months after immediate substance obstinacy, with symptoms ranging from minor to severe inconveniences.

The case study involving a recovering drug addict Maury is one example of how PAWS may provide a successful physical recovery; however, yet still, some mental grievances may remain present. A 42-year old man has triumphantly overcome his addiction and set life on the right path, proceeding to work with children, thus fighting internal struggles that have become more difficult to bear (Nixon, 2013). Maury’s main concern is that he will relapse; therefore, this paper is focused on developing a relapse prevention plan to help Maury combat inner fears and anxieties.

Mental relapse threat is as dangerous as the physical one; the mind is enhancing emotional worries provoking to consider using drugs again.

Maury is an unstable person who is continually caught up in self-consciousness, brutally blaming himself and the universe for his presence, and depressed about social acceptance. Working on these problems through therapy is the most feasible way to gain inner balance, free of thoughts about drugs (Melemis, 2015). Maury must start resolving his issues with a therapist to figure out the roots of the problems and act on techniques that will aid in carrying out personal anxieties.

Maury’s personal relationships with his significant other also require significant improvement. Even though he has a girlfriend, it does not seem to be a healthy, supportive relationship. A man has no other family, with a traumatic childhood background of abuse and multiple foster families (Nixon, 2013). It is vital for Maury’s recovery to find a support system that will fight inner battles along his side and would not let the man feel like a burden. Having someone to talk to will inevitably fasten the treatment of PAWS symptoms.


Melemis, S. M. (2015). Relapse Prevention and the five rules of recovery. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 88(3), 325–332. Web.

Melemis, S. M. (n.d.). What is post acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS)? [PDF document].

Nixon, G. (2013). Case study: Maury. [PDF document].

A Patient’s Guide Through Www.: Surfing Through The Internet

Introduction: Browsing Online

One of the most recent concerns for the modern world is the trustworthiness of the online information. The issue seems especially crucial when it comes to dealing with the information concerning health. Since the health of the patient depends on the result that his/her search on the Internet will crown with, certain explanations on how to deal with online surfing must be offered. As Beskeen et al. (2010) explain, “If you exercise safe browsing habits, make sensible choices, and let your browser protect you and your computer from malicious software, browsing the Internet can be a fun and rewarding experience.” Hence, it is essential to learn telling the difference between a safe and a perilous site.

Looking for the Trustworthy Sites: The Internet Evaluation Guide

The guide below can be of certain help to the people who are looking for the trustworthy sites and the reliable information on the Internet. Following the simple guidelines, one can avoid learning the information that is erroneous or contains certain mistakes. With the simple principles of safe Internet surfing, one can obtain the most valuable information on the required issues.

Internet Evaluation Guide
Criteria Trustworthy Site Unreliable Site
Site Creator In the reliable site, the author is clearly identified and his credentials are given clearly. Moreover, it is desirable that the author should be identified with an organization (Gilpin & Patchet-Golubev, 2000, p. 34) In the unreliable site, it is hard or even impossible to identify the author.
URL Address According to Doyle (2005), a reliable site contains the following domain,.edu, (p. 134). The sites that end in any other domain than the ones mentioned above are considered bogus (Doyle, 2005, p. 134).
Contact Information As Diffily (2006) emphasizes, “The vast bulk of website feedback usually arrives by email” (p. 53). Hence, for a reliable website, the contact information must be offered. In an unreliable website, it is impossible to find the ways to contact the author.
Content The content of the website must be clear and relevant. Whenever the site uses pop-ups or tries to advertize the irrelevant goods, one can claim this is a perilous site (Wang, 2007, p. 312)
Date of the Article In a reliable website, the content is regularly updated and the links are working. As Diffily (2006) explained, this makes a part of website maintenance (p. 10). Whenever the sources are out of date, or the links do not work properly, the site is untrustworthy.

Considering the Scenario: Practice Time

In the given scenario, a woman whose son is diagnosed with autism is looking for appropriate information on the Internet. One of the most appropriate sites that one can offer the woman to visit is the (2011), since it has the necessary elements mentioned in the guide that make it completely trustworthy. To contrast it to a perilous site that probably contains confusing information, one can take the site (2008). These are quite striking examples of what makes a reliable and a non-trustworthy site.

First of all, it is necessary to mark that the NetWellness site has domain name, which makes it more reliable than the other site domain. It can be supposed that the information in the second site might contain the facts that are not supported by scientific theories and experiments. Indeed, deals with a personal experience and opinion.

In addition, in the it is complicated to locate the author and his/her address, which also makes the site quite suspicious. In contrast to, contains the name of the organization and the contact information. The above-mentioned also allows to consider the latter more suspicious.

It must be admitted, though, that both sites do not have any pop-ups. However, neither of the sites has the date of the information publishing as well. However, choosing between the two, one should still pick the site with domain, since it follows four demands for credibility out of five, whereas the former follows only thee of them.

Conclusion: Internet Safety

It must be admitted that looking for credible information is quite complicated. Nevertheless, there are ways to tell the credible site from the bogus one. Choosing a trustworthy site, one will be armed on his/her “quest for knowledge” (Whitney et al., 2010, p. 29).


Beskeen, D. W. et al. (2010) Microsoft Office 2010. Thousand Oaks, CA: Cengage Learning.

Diffily, S. (2006). The website manager’s handbook. Raleigh, NC:

Doyle, S. (2005). ICT framework solution year 8. Cheltenham, UK: Nelson Thornes.

Gilpin, A. A., & Patchet-Golubev, P. (2000). A guide to writing in the sciences. Toronto, CA: University of Toronto Press.

Wang, W. (2007). Integration and innovation orient to e-society: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-business, e-services and e-society. Berlin, DE: Springer.

Whitney, E. et al. (2010). Understanding nutrition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Cengage Learning.

The Effect Of Social Media During Adolescence

Adolescence is marked by many physical and mental development changes, which have several challenges. During this time, teenagers start to use modern technology and join social media networks (SMNs), which have some adverse effects on them. From the video by CBS Sunday Morning (2018), social media isolates the teen users from people around them as they concentrate more on their gadgets, with limited face-to-face interaction. When other people talk to the young girl in the video, Elsie Fisher, she seems not to be listening to them, and when she responds, she does it briefly. Although social media use has been found to be beneficial, it has some adverse effects on adolescents.

The video illustrates that social media in adolescence makes the stage even harder because it causes loneliness. For example, when teenage users see everyone participating in the activities they are not a part of, they feel lonelier. They then become demotivated and develop lower confidence to engage in social interactions. For instance, in the video by CBS Sunday Morning (2018), Elsie Fisher looks through the window and sees her peers having fun at the swimming pool. Thus, she feels dejected because she cannot be with them. Addiction to the use of social media during adolescence adversely affects teenagers’ mental health.

However, social media use can be a double-edged sword with some advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits is that adolescents can have fun sharing their best moments with friends and family, as did the video’s director, Bo Burnham. For this reason, the negative aspects of social media use among teens can be counteracted and the positive ones maintained. One way of doing it is by reinforcing the acceptable social media practices and supporting teenagers’ interests to help them make good use of social media. The second way is starting early conversations, guiding them on the appropriate use of SMNs. These strategies will encourage responsible social media use, thereby thwarting the negative aspects and enhancing positive ones.

In conclusion, adolescents undergo many developmental changes, making this stage of life hard. Social media use among teenagers makes their time even more difficult because of the many adverse effects, such as loneliness, which makes them lose touch with reality due to limited interaction with people around them. However, these negative impacts can be counteracted by starting early conversations concerning this topic to promote responsible use of social media.


CBS Sunday Morning. (2018). How social media makes adolescence even harder. YouTube. Web.

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