Preventing Opioid Abuse And Addiction Free Sample

The genetic influences on drug use were proved after certain investigations on humans and animals (Hart & Ksir, 2013). A person has a unique physiology that may cause addiction. Enkephalins and endorphins are the morphinelike neurotransmitters that can be found in the brain (Hart & Ksir, 2013).

They have endogenous opioid receptors that play an important role in pain perception. Therefore, some people cannot resist the temptation and try a substance just to check its power, and some people find it’s normal not to try or regularly use opioids without a particular necessity. Many psychological factors make people addicted, including the drug’s ability to relieve pain and suffering, to reduce intestinal disorders and deal with diarrhea or dehydration, or to decrease a cough that disturbs people. Some people discover the possibility to avoid pain, and they cannot recognize other options that lead to the same results.

Gaidos (2016) discusses a vaccine that can counter opioid addiction. On the one hand, the information introduced in the article does not surprise me. A person died because of a drug overdose. It is not a new statement, and many people die because of their inability to control drug use. The article introduces a new chance for people to fight against drug addiction. The creation of a new vaccine is the solution millions of people could need. Relapse is common in addition (Gaidos, 2016).

Many people want to abstain but fail to achieve this goal because of weak character or some other unpredictable factors. The mother of the guy who died shared her opinion about the vaccine and wanted to believe that if her son could know about the possible effects of the vaccine, he would certainly try it and protect himself against an overdose.


Gaidos, S. (2016). Vaccines could counter addictive opioids. Web.

Hart, C.L., & Ksir, C. (2013). Drugs, society & human behavior (16th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Effective Logistics Network Design


Designing an effective logistics network is critical for the success of a firm. Crandall, Crandall, and Chen (2015) define logistics as “the management of the flow of items from the point of origin to the point of consumption in order to meet requirements of customers or corporations” (p. 68). A logistics network is a system that involves moving raw materials from suppliers to a firm, storing them before they can be used for manufacturing, holding in stock already processed products, and facilitating transportation of the final products to clients in the market. The focus of this paper is on how to design a logistics network consisting of only one warehouse.

Steps Needed to Design the Optimal Network

When designing a logistics network, it would be necessary to take specific steps to ensure that the desired goal is achieved. The first step is to define the suppliers. It will involve identifying specific firms that can supply the needed materials reliably. According to Christopher (2016), a good supplier should be able to deliver quality products at the right time and of the proper quality. Reliability is a critical factor when selecting an appropriate supplier. The firm should be assured of continued delivery of the needed products at all times without fail to avoid disrupting the production process.

The next step is to develop a fully functional warehouse that is capable of holding the raw materials once they are delivered. Given that this would be a single warehouse, it is expected that it will only be holding the raw materials and not the finished products. The warehouse should be properly structured to hold the raw materials in an appropriate manner before they are sent to the processing plant. If necessary, it should have coolants to help protect them. The warehouse should be designed in a way that the received raw materials are packed at the extreme back end of the store. The materials will be moving consistently from the back to the front where they are to be released to the processing plants.

The third step is to develop a proper communication network to help in coordinating the movement of the materials. The communication system should be based on emerging technologies. It will be necessary to ensure that information flows seamlessly from one department to another to avoid cases where the production process is halted because of insufficient raw materials. As Wang (2014) observes, a proper communication system also enhances coordination among different departments within the firm.

Information and Data Needed to Make the Determination

Effective communication is critical in ensuring that the logistics network functions effectively. According to Myerson (2015), without proper communication, it would be difficult for a firm to have an effective flow of the needed materials. Various departments are expected to maintain close communication. It should start with the sales and marketing department. This department should inform the production department about the number of products needed in the market. Once the information is received, the message is expected to flow to the logistics department explaining the quality and quantity of raw materials needed. They should also specify when it is expected to be on the production floor.

The logistics department should then find ways of accessing the materials needed. Once the supplier is identified and the price determined, the next step is to inform the finance department about the resources needed for the project (Kessler, 2013). The finance department is expected to give approval for the purchase of the raw materials based on the availability of the resources. When the payment is made, the supplier will confirm the same and state when the materials will be made available. An integrated communication system improves openness and real-time flow of information from one department to another.

Strategy to Be Employed in the Network

When defining an effective strategy to be employed in a logistics network, it is necessary to understand the goal that needs to be achieved. In this case, the primary goal will be to minimize logistics costs and improve efficiency. As such, the appropriate strategy will be to embrace augmenting human operations. The strategy involves computerizing warehouse operations. It will minimize human involvement in handling the products. Machines will handle most of the tasks within the warehouse. Once raw materials are offloaded into the warehouse, computers will control their movement. Conveyor belts will be used to facilitate the movements of these materials.

Computerizing the entire system not only improves communication but also reduces waste. The controller will know when some materials have overstayed within the warehouse. Appropriate action can be taken within the right time to reduce cases where materials are damaged because of constant handling (Hanne & Dornberger, 2017). Minimizing human labor not only eliminates time wastage but also reduces the damage of the materials through constant handling. The initial cost of installing the system may be high, but the long-term benefits will outweigh the cost. As such, the management should consider embracing this strategy.


Christopher, M. (2016). Logistics & supply chain management (5th ed.). Harlow, UK: FT Publishing International.

Crandall, R.E., Crandall, W.R., & Chen, C.C. (2015). Principles of supply chain management (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.

Hanne, T., & Dornberger, R. (2017). Computational intelligence in logistics and supply chain management. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

Kessler, M. (2013). Logistics network design in Africa: Integrating aid flows and national self-supply. Bern, Switzerland: Haupt.

Myerson, P. (2015). Supply chain and logistics management made easy: Methods and applications for planning, operations, integration, control and improvement, and network design. Old Tappan, NJ: Pearson Education.

Wang, J. (Ed.). (2014). Encyclopedia of business analytics and optimization. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Children’s Emotional-Mental State And Therapy


You see a 7-year-old child for a WCCU. The mother is present for the visit and reports that during the past 12 months he has become more “clingy”. He will separate from his parent as long as he can see them nearby. For example, he will play soccer but will turn around every 3-5 minutes to make eye contact with his mother and becomes agitated if he cannot see her in the crowd. He was excited about going to a Boy Scout overnight camp but then refused to go because his mother could not go with him.

The mother also reports that he has begun to have significant nightmares about 4 times a week. He has moved from his bedroom where he slept with his younger brother to a palette on the floor next to her bed because he is afraid to go to sleep? The child is at 50% in weight and height and his vital signs today are normal. You have done both a vision and hearing screening both were normal. A physical exam is normal except for you to note a soft systolic murmur during his exam.

Treatment Options

Based on the given case, it is possible to suggest that the patient has some symptoms of panic disorder that refer to a strong feeling of fear, which occurs suddenly, sometimes at night, and reaches maximum intensity within a few minutes. For a child, his or her family is the whole world, and the atmosphere in the family, emotional understanding, love, etc. largely identify a child’s emotional-mental state. First of all, children can tell their parents about their fears and problems.

Medications are used at the first stages of treatment in the presence of severe symptoms. Only a doctor prescribes medicines and dosage. For example, Tricyclics, Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SRIs), or Benzodiazepines can be prescribed to reduce aggression and prevent attacks (Kossowsky et al., 2013). Psychotherapy is traditionally used as a non-pharmacologic intervention. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is aimed at identifying, understanding, and explaining a child’s fears, teaches how to monitor panic thoughts, replacing them with positive ones. Emotional-oriented therapy aims at the development of a child’s optimistic emotions and positive thinking, while art therapy helps to identify unconscious anxieties.

Parents can use all the mentioned measures of non-pharmacologic intervention to promote adequate self-perception of their child. It is necessary to be patient, attentive, and kind with a child to interact with him or her effectively and address fears. A pediatric provider can study child-parents relationships, provide physical and psychological examinations, or measure a child’s self-esteem and self-perception to diagnose maltreatment (Burns et al., 2013). Sometimes child maltreatment can be confused with shyness, or it can be composed by upbringing peculiarities. To identify at-risk children, it is necessary to create open and transparent communication with parents, explaining the significance of their child’s self-identification.

Sexuality, sexual orientation, and birth control may cause different views and disputes between people. In case my personal and professional attitudes would vary, I will act according to my professional obligations, providing high-quality care to patients related to their needs. Since I am a representative of health care services, I would perform for the benefit of patients and society in general.

Preschoolers, School-Age Children, and Adolescents

Preschoolers, school-age children, and adolescents have different values, beliefs, and spirituality. For preschoolers, psychological comfort and a sense of security are ensured by the presence of a significant adult in their life (Berk & Meyers, 2015). Good relationships with peers largely define the values of school-age children. Since the period the child enters the children’s collective, the role of recognition by others plays a great role. The vital values ​​of adolescents in most cases are formed based on TV, the Internet, and peers’ opinion. For them, the values and beliefs focus on the model of the behavior of the average representative of their community, which cannot always be considered a universally recognized model of human virtue (Berk & Meyers, 2015).

A teenager is less dependent on a significant adult and more interested in his or her appearance and state of health than children. At the same time, falling under the influence of peers or the environment, he or she can easily enter the zone of marginal hobbies or begin to lead an antisocial way of life. Often material values ​​and personal ratings in society prevail on the scale of values ​​of a teenager. Thus, adolescents depend on external factors that shape their perception of life, while children are more dependent on their parents. These differences are to be taken into account to initiate preventive care through building trustful relationships.


Berk, L. E., & Meyers, A. B. (2015). Infants, children, and adolescents (8th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.

Burns, C. E., Dunn, A. M., Brady, M. A., Starr, N. B., Blosser, C. G., & Garzon, D. L. (2013). Pediatric primary care (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Kossowsky, J., Pfaltz, M. C., Schneider, S., Taeymans, J., Locher, C., & Gaab, J. (2013). The separation anxiety hypothesis of panic disorder revisited: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(7), 768-781.

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