Princess Diana: Biography And Charity Work Writing Sample

Introduction

A lot has been written about this lady, one of the most famous women of the 1990s. A lot of this has revolved around her life, her marriage to the royal family, her charity work, among other highlights of her life. Given this high profile focus on this lady, one can not help but wonder whether or not Princess Diana was a hero. This will be the focus of this essay. The writer will try to address the question, “is Princess Diana a hero?”

It is the opinion of this writer that Princess Diana was in fact a hero. This is given the fact that she used her high profile position as the princess of Wales to give hope and comfort to the hopeless and neglected members of the society (Burrell, 2007). She used the power and influence that came with her title to fight poverty, social injustices and such other negative attributes of the society. Her involvement with charity work went beyond thee conventional and mandatory involvement called for the members of the royal family.

Princess Diana: Historical Background

The story of this heroic woman began on 1st July 1961, when she was born as the third child of John Spencer, the Viscount of Althorp, and Frances Spencer, the Viscountess of Althorp (Fryer, Fryer, Bousfield & Toffoli, 1983: 73). The father was of British descent, while her mother had a mixture of English and Irish ancestry (Fryer et al., 1983).

Princess Diana can be viewed as having grown up in a characteristically unstable family, having witnessed the separation of her parents in 1969 (Burrell, 2007). A court gave her father the custody to the four children, meaning that the young Diana had to grow up with her step mother after her father remarried. Given that Diana and her three siblings were not in good terms with their step mother, she spent her early life shuttling between her father’s and mother’s residences (Burrell, 2007).

The life of Diana as part of the royal family began in the early 1980s. This is when they met and started dating Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales (Burrell, 2007). The young man proposed to the nineteen years old school teacher in early 1981. They got married on 29th July, the same year. This was when she acquired the royal title of The Princess of Wales (Levchuck, 1999: Princess Diana.com, 2010).

The media referred to her as Princess Diana, even though she had no right to this title, which is conferred through birth. This became her popular title, and no one paid attention to the fact that she had no birth right to it.

Her marriage to Prince Charles gave rise to two sons who were born roughly two years apart (Levchuck, 1999). On 21st June 1982, Prince William was born, roughly one year after the marriage of the parents (Burrell, 2007). The second heir to the throne, Prince Henry, was born on 15th September 1984 (Burrell, 2007). According to her admissions, her pregnancy with the second child was one of the happiest periods in her royal life, given that she received a lot of attention from her husband.

The high profile marriage between Princess Diana and Prince Charles started coming apart in the early years of the 1990 decade (Burrell, 2007). However, the difficulties between the two started as early as 1985, immediately after the birth of their second son. Prince Charles was accused of infidelity, and the same was said of his wife (Burrell, 2007).

Both parties traded counter accusations, blaming each other for the failure of the marriage. Referring to her husband’s infidelity, and talking about his presumed mistress, Princess Diana told a reporter that “there were three of us in this marriage” (Burrell, 2007: 67). On 28th August 1996, the two officially separated after both parties negotiated a settlement that was acceptable to all (Levchuck, 1999).

The curtains fell on her life on 31st August 1997 after a fatal accident on the streets of Paris (Burrell, 2007). She was in the company of her then-boyfriend, Dodi Al-Fayed, who also died in the accident (Burrell, 2007).

Princess Diana: Her Heroic Deeds

Even after her divorce and severance from the royal family, Princess Diana continued with her charity work that touched many lives around the world (Princess Diana.com, 2010). It is to be remembered that during the divorce, she said that “I would like to be a queen in the hearts of the people” (Princess Diana.com: 1), and her life can be seen as a true representation of this desire.

It is to be noted that it is required of the royal family members to make contributions to charity and social work by visiting hospitals and donating to humanitarian causes. However, Princess Diana went beyond this by displaying a passion for what she did (Levchuck, 1999). She empathized with sufferers of serious illnesses, with whom she developed close ties, something that was not common in the royal family.

For example, she was the first high profile personality in the world to be photographed while touching people suffering from AIDS (Levchuck, 1999). She was quoted as saying that “HIV does not make people dangerous to know. You can shake their hands and hug them; heaven knows they need it” (princess Diana.com: 3).

This alone had a profound effect in changing the opinions that were held by the society towards HIV and people living with AIDS. Against this background, it can be said that Princess Diana was a hero to those living with HIV, and in extension to the AIDS cause in general.

The princess was also a hero to the survivors of landmines that are left scattered and maim people long after a conflict is resolved (Levchuck, 1999). For example, in the year 1997, shortly before her demise, she visited a landmine field in Angola and later in Bosnia (Burrell, 2007).

Her concerns were the lives lost from the explosion of these mines, especially in children, and the loss of limbs. The Landmines Bill of the year 1998, which was signed by the House of Commons long after her death, can be seen as the culmination of her heroic deeds to the cause of landmine survivors and victims (Burrell, 2007).

Princess Diana received several honors and recognition for her charity work. For example, she is the recipient of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II, and the Grand Officer, Order of the Crown, the latter having been recognition from Netherlands (Burrell, 2007). Her legacy includes the establishment of the Diana Memorial Award, Diana, Princess of Wales Awards among others aimed at motivating people to further her cause.

Princess Diana: A Hero?

It is a fact beyond doubt that this iconic figure was, and remains, a hero to many people in the society. Her campaigns to fight the stigmatization of patients with HIV, her fight against landmines are just a few of the causes that make her a hero. Her role at the helm of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children is an indication of her determination to fight for the health of the poor and the vulnerable in the society (Burrell, 2007).

Conclusion

It can be argued that princess Diana occupies a place of honor on the table of the world’s heroes. This is evidenced by the charity work she engaged in and the recognition she received for the same. The statues and other monuments erected in her honor are witnesses to this role. It can be said that, without doubt, humanity lost one of its significant heroes on that fateful August 31 day in 1997.

References

Burrell, P. (2007). The way we were: Remembering Diana. New York: HarperCollins Entertainment.

Fryer, M., Fryer, M. B., Bousfield, A., & Toffoli, G. (1983). Lives of the Princesses of Wales. Toronto: Dundurn Press Limited.

Levchuck, C. M. (1999). Learning about charity from the life of Princess Diana. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.

Princess Diana.com (2010). Welcome on Princes Diana. Web.

Combating Compassion Fatigue

Introduction

Studies have established that the health care industry ranks among the top fields where professionals have high demanding jobs. Providing care for patients is quite a tiresome job that requires one to be physically, mentally and emotionally strong. Experts argue that all health care workers should adapt a healthier lifestyle that allows them to give their best output and avoid health complications due to the nature of their work (Gail, 2004).

Professionals working in the health care industry have an ethical responsibility of ensuring that every patient receives the best care. This means that caregivers in the health care industry should look after their welfare in the same manner they do for their patients. Experts argue that it is not possible for a patient to receive quality care from a professional in an unstable mental or physical condition.

Experts argue that health care providers who concentrate too much with providing care to their patients and neglecting their own welfare often suffer from a physical condition called compassion fatigue (Gail, 2004). It is a disorder related to the ability of health care workers to understand and evaluate the feelings of their patients.

The condition entails a situation where a caregiver lowers the level of compassion towards their patient. The caregivers experience burnout, as well as developing an attachment with their patients and the problems they go through (McLain, 2008). Experts argue that all health care professionals should ensure that they take their time to combat this disorder as soon as signs and symptoms start to show.

Warning signs for the various concepts of compassion fatigue

According to experts, all health care professionals have a responsibility to ensure that they familiarize with the numerous concepts of compassion fatigue, their symptoms, and the best ways of combating them. Studies have established that there are five concepts of compassion fatigue, namely cognitive, emotional, behavioral, spiritual, and somatic (Gail, 2004).

In addition, each concept has its own signs and symptoms that indicate when a caregiver is suffering from this disorder. The cognitive concept entails the psychological results of perception, learning, and reasoning by a caregiver. Some of the notable symptoms of this concept include boredom, inflexibility, low self-worth, lack of deliberation, minimization, obsession with distress, and bafflement among others (McLain, 2008).

The emotional concept of compassion fatigue entails any strong feelings by caregivers that are influenced by their patient and the pain they endure. Some notable symptoms of this concept include irritation, culpability, and a lack of sensation (Gail, 2004). Others include apprehension, wretchedness, sadness, and incapacity.

The behavioral concept of compassion fatigue entails, the way in which caregivers control themselves, as well as the reaction and attitude towards their patients. Some of the notable signs include rudeness, cruel comments, insubordination, drug abuse, absenteeism, impaired judgments, and avoidance among others (McLain, 2008).

The spiritual concept of compassion fatigue entails the manner in which offering compassion to patients affects the ability of a caregiver to value religion. Some of the notable symptoms of this concept include a lack of hope, faith, and disbelieve in divine power (Figley, 2013).

The final concept of compassion fatigue is somatic, which entails body changes that caregivers undergo in contrast with their mental states. Some of the notable symptoms of this concept include loss of body weight, poor hygiene, overeating, and change of dressing style (Gail, 2004). Others include impaired hearing, fainting, and emotional instability.

Nature of the problems and their causes

Health care professionals such as nurses, psychologists, and first aid workers often deal with patients suffering trauma, depression, or any other kind of pain. Providing care to such kind of individuals can be very stressful for the caregivers. This happens if they fail to work on their own well being by either taking a rest or exercising (Mathieu, 2012).

Compassion fatigue and caregiver burnout are some of the problems that professionals working in the health care industry deal with in their workplaces. These problems often lead to cognitive, behavioral, emotional, somatic, and spiritual effects on them (Figley, 2013). Studies have established that close to 90% of all emergency workers and health care professionals tend to suffer compassion fatigue if they get too much exposure to distressing scenarios without any form of intervention or management strategies (McLain, 2008).

Experts argue that compassion fatigue and burnout are problems that arise when nurses and other health care professionals use most of their time taking care of patients and end up lacking time to work on their own welfare. This affects crucial elements of the professional’s work such as the motivation to work, productivity, workplace relationships, and mental stability (Figley, 2013).

In most cases, health care workers suffering from this disorder often transfer their work problems to their families. In a study to examine the severity of this condition on various types of caregivers in the health care industry, more than 90% of the respondents admitted to having a difficult family life due to challenges at work (Mathieu, 2012).

This disorder was first identified among health care professionals in the mid 20th Century. The affected professionals showed numerous signs and symptoms. Some of the most notable symptoms among caregivers include high vulnerability to illness, anger, and irritability. Others include absenteeism from work, attrition, emotional drain, and depression (Mathieu, 2012).

Over the years, numerous concepts have been developed in regard to this disorder, the nature of its associated problems, and the best coping strategies for caregivers who are diagnosed with the condition.

Experts argue that several factors such as the character of a patient, the nature of the patient’s condition, as well as the physical and mental states of a caregiver can contribute to the development of this disorder (McLain, 2008). In most cases, neglect by the caregiver over the condition of his or her physical and mental state is the main causative factor. Professionals working in the health care industry should have a high degree of self awareness that allows them to know when a break or change in routine is necessary.

Physical, emotional, and spiritual needs of the caregiver

Studies have established that caregivers in the health care industry have certain needs that need to be met in order to avoid suffering from this disorder. Experts argue that meeting those needs helps to reduce the vulnerability of health care professionals to the effects of the same trauma experienced by their patients (Figley, 2013).

Some of the physical needs of caregivers include regular exercise, changing their workplace environment on a regular basis, team building events with colleagues, participating in sport activities, and taking nature walks.

Experts argue that physical engagements for caregivers play a crucial role in distracting their minds from the trauma stories they handle on a daily basis. In addition, physical activities help caregivers to have body fitness that is essential in managing stress and fatigue. Emotional needs for caregivers include counseling, good workplace relations, constant laughter, focus groups, and regular exercise (Reese, 2008).

Experts argue that caregivers need to have colleagues who understand and treat them well. This also includes having colleagues who can make them laugh and offer constant encouragement, especially when they are dealing with special patients. Focus or peer groups also help caregivers because they provide an opportunity to share experiences, as well as getting advice and encouragement (Figley, 2013).

Counseling is also crucial for caregivers because it helps them in managing the effects of work related stress. Some of the spiritual needs of caregivers include having a connection between the body, mind, and the spirit. Health care professionals need to build their spirituality, which helps to give a transcendent meaning to life (McLain, 2008). Experts argue that caregivers can only attend to their patients effectively if they know the value of life and show concern towards sacred matters.

Coping strategies and resources for caregivers

Experts argue that caregivers should have a good sense of self awareness in order to combat compassion fatigue (Reese, 2008). Caregivers can apply a number of strategies in order to address combat fatigue. First, they can do a lot of exercise as a way of increasing productivity and achieving fitness. The exercise gives caregivers crucial mental and physical benefits that are essential for doing their work. Second, caregivers should try to have a personal life that is different from their professional work (Figley, 2013).

Experts argue that having a personal life is crucial for caregivers because it helps them to have different experiences that can relieve the distress suffered in the workplace. Having limits between work and family related activities is crucial for caregivers. Other coping strategies that caregivers can use to combat compassion fatigue include developing a sense of humor, as well as creating broad professional and social networks (Reese, 2008).

References

Figley, C. R. (2013). Compassion Fatigue: Coping with Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder in those who treat the Traumatized. New Jersey: Routledge.

Gail, L. (2004). Compassion: The Culture and Politics of an Emotion. California: Psychological Press.

Mathieu, F. (2012). The Compassion Fatigue Workbook: Creative Tools for Transforming Compassion Fatigue and Vicarious. New Jersey: Routledge.

McLain, K. B. (2008). The Impact of Burnout, Compassion Fatigue, and Compassion Satisfaction on Foster Parenting. New York: Pro Quest.

Reese, M. (2008). Compassion Fatigue and Spirituality with Emergency Health Care Providers. New York: Pro Quest.

Financial Projections For Entrepreneurship In Food Industry

Running a restaurant, especially in the area known for its high competition rates among the local food production companies, particularly, the fast food industries, is not an easy task. However, by defining the profits and losses that the company is likely to witness in the first year of its operation within the specified area, one can identify the existing threats at the earliest stages of business development and, therefore, avoid them in the future.

The following Projected Profit and Loss Statement shows that organizing a restaurant business in the area, where fast food industries appear to have rather big influence, may turn out to be quite successful.

Item Cost ($)
Total Net Sales (Revenues) 10,000,000
Costs of Sales 6,900,000
Gross Profit 3,100,000
Gross Profit Margin 31,0%
Controllable Expenses:

Salaries

Benefits

Accounting

Advertising

Office supplies

Dues/subscriptions

Utilities

Taxes

Maintenance

2,000,000

50,000

10,000

30,000

10,000

10,000

50,000

100,000

40,000

20,000

Fixed Expenses

Rent

Deprecation

Utilities

Insurance

Licenses

Loan payments

34,000

50,000

10,000

75,000

30,000

5,000

Net Profit (loss) Before Taxes 350,000
Taxes 40,000
Net Profit loss) After Taxes 310,000
Annual Total 10,000,000
Percent 5,6%

The information provided above shows in a very graphic manner that the restaurant is going to thrive in a rather threatening environment. On the one hand, the current assets of the company are quite high, with the budget allowing for the introduction of the latest equipment and renting rather large premises.

On the other hand, the increasing competition rates and the necessity to come up with a unique marketing campaign create a rather unsettling situation (Koutroumanis, 2011). It is assumed that, by making reasonable cuts for certain facilities, such as the advertisement tools, the company will be able to create the environment for delivering the services of the finest quality.

For the restaurant business to be successful, it is imperative to take the start-up costs into account (Enz, 2010). Traditionally, several types of costs are identified in regard to the aspect of restaurant business considered. It is expected that a restaurant chain, which is going to compete with major fast food services, will have to take the following costs:

Type of cost List of costs Financing ($)
Rent/Operating Security deposit 15,000
Rent (1stmonth) 15,000
Utilities (Internet, phone, etc.) (1stmonth) 4,000
Location improvement Exterior and interior (tables and furniture, decorations, etc.) 50,000
Kitchen construction and customizing operations 400,000
Kitchen utensils, tableware (unique design with the company’s logo), bar equipment, etc. 100,000
First (initial) products supply 10,000
Opening Insurance 75,000
Licenses, permits, etc. 8,000
Accounting 5,000
Technology for ordering and payment processes 50,000
Marketing Fliers/coupons 10,000
Business cards 100 per person
Menus 2,000
Signage 10,000
Advertising Promotion campaign 10,000
Opening event 20,000

When identifying the future costs and setting certain expectations for the amount of money required to cover them, one must keep in mind alternative options. For example, the insurance costs, which have been mentioned above, may be reduced to a considerable extent by creating a merger with a partner company and, therefore, splitting the risks (Rejda & McNamara, 2014).

In addition, when defining the insurance strategy for the specified type of business, one must take a comparatively large amount of staff into account. Therefore, compiling a Managed Care Plan (Rejda & McNamara, 2014, p. 304) seems the most adequate solution for the company to adhere to.

In addition, as far as the marketing issue is concerned, one must admit that there are a variety of ways to reduce the amount of costs spent on the promotion process. First and most obvious, the efficacy of social networks and the related services must be born in mind.

For example, as the table provided above shows, the company is going to spend an impressive sum on the arrangement of the opening event; hence, creating an additional promotion campaign in order to draw public’s attention to the opening night does not seem reasonable from a financial point of view.

Therefore, instead of using the standard technique and putting a major emphasis onto the traditional media as the key promotion tool, it seems more acceptable to incorporate modern media into the promotion process.

E-marketing can be used as one of the key tools for drawing people’s attention to the opening of the restaurant; both direct e-marketing (i.e., sending e-mail invitations) should be mixed with indirect one (e.g., announcements in social networks, etc.)

When it comes to the choice of an appropriate social network, Facebook and Pinterest appear to be the best choices in terms of cost reduction and the speed and the scale of information transfer. The assumptions for the first year of running the restaurant and the associated costs are provide below:

The assumptions for the first year of running the restaurant and the associated costs

By reducing the amount of total liabilities, it will be possible to increase the net profit margin considerably. The return on investment is expected to be somewhat lower than in the previous year. However, a more appropriate insurance strategy, which can be achieved by merging with another business and splitting the liabilities, will create the premises for an increase in the total assets of the company.

Reference List

Enz, C. A. (2010). Competitive dynamics and creating sustainable advantage. In C. Enz (Ed.), The Cornell School of Hotel Administration handbook of applied hospitality strategy (pp. 297-305). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE.

Koutroumanis, D. A. (2011). Technology’s effect on hotels and restaurants: Building a strategic competitive advantage. Journal of Applied Business and Economics, 12(1), 72–80.

Rejda, G. E. & McNamara, M. J. (2014). Principles of Risk management and insurance (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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