Psychological Experience Of COVID-19 Patients Essay Example For College

“Qualitative study of the psychological experience of COVID-19 patients during hospitalization” is an example of a report of a qualitative study that I personally read before the assignment. I encountered it while conducting a Google search with the keywords “psychological experience”, “patients”, and “pandemic”. My interest in the effect of fighting COVID on mental health has led me to the article. Its title indicated that the research was suitable for my goals.

The study itself focused on the psychological experiences of COVID patients. The researchers used interviews and phone calls to ascertain how patients felt about the progress of the disease. The study’s findings indicated that the emotional response of COVID patients was not different from those struggling with other diseases (Sun et al., 2021). In the first stages, there is strong negativity and stress, which are followed by a mix of positive and negative emotions as the disease progresses.

The study by O’Lynn and Krautscheid investigated the importance of physical touch in the work of nurses. The absence of an established understanding of how touching should be handled provided the rationale for conducting the research (O’Lynn & Krautscheid, 2011). Even though physical contact between nurses and patients is essential in many medical procedures, there is no definitive guidance on how touch should be performed, which prompted the researchers to conduct the study.

The study was unique in that it was the first research that used patients’ considerations on how they should be touched in intimate spots as the study data. Furthermore, is the first paper that offered specific recommendations for establishing physical contact between nurses and patients while prioritizing the latter’s dignity. The data was interpreted by various researchers, which further strengthened the credibility of the analysis.

References

O’Lynn, C., & Krautscheid, L. (2011). ‘How should I touch you?’: A qualitative study of attitudes on intimate touch in nursing care. The American Journal of Nursing, 111(3). 24-31. Web.

Sun, N., Wei, L., Wang, H., Wang, X., Gao, M., Hu, X., & Shi, S. (2021). A qualitative study of the psychological experience of COVID-19 patients during hospitalization. Journal of Affective Disorders, 278, 15-22. Web.

“Fires Of Jubilee” By Stephen B. Oates: Overview And Main Idea

Introduction

Slavery in the United States has always been a controversial issue and the books which explore it help people to better understand the topic. At the same time, there are books which cover less popular themes but have a considerable significance today, and the work by Stephen B. Oates is one of them. Fires of Jubilee, which has a genre of historic account, is dedicated to the rarely discussed rebellion of Nat Turner, who, with a group of enslaved African Americans, revolted against the masters in Virginia. The rebellion became one of the most notable ones in the history of the United States since it claimed the lives of more than 50 slave owners. Stephen B. Oates provides a thorough account of the event and offers an insightful perspective on the origins and the aftermath of the revolt. The goal of the current paper is to analyze how Fires of Jubilee explores the issue of slavery and serves as a reminder of how injustice in society can lead to suffering and bloodshed.

Overview

Before sharing my impressions of the book, it is important to provide a summary of the key points of the book and its main topics. Southampton was the place where the rebellion took place, and, it was an average town in Virginia. The basic view of the local slave owners of the notion of slavery was that they did not oppress their slaves but rather cared for them, unlike in the Southern part of the country. Oates writes, “Virginians liked to boast that slavery was not so harsh in the Old Dominion” (3). Essentially, the masters provided their slaves with certain rights and freedoms, such as allowing them to conduct praise meetings and attend white churches.

At the same time, slavery still existed in Virginia, which did not satisfy many people, including Nat Turner, who, throughout his life, had been against it. Nat was considered, to a certain extent, a unique child due to many reasons. For instance, Nat had congenital bumps, and, according to the African beliefs, “that a male with markings like these was destined to become a leader” (Oates 12). Nat received special treatment from the slave owners, compared to other enslaved people, which strengthened his view that he was destined for more than simply being a slave. As a result, Nat experienced considerable trauma when he realized that it was time to become a slave for the master.

The abolishment of slavery was not introduced in Virginia because it brought many economic benefits to the local farmers. Moreover, there were also Christian leaders who promoted it as the righteous suffering for slaves and that the better life awaited them after the death. Additionally, slavery was also a convenient tool for controlling the African Americans, who, by engaging in hard labor, were guaranteed not to revolt against the local slave owners.

As mentioned above, Nat was one of those people who were not satisfied with slavery in Virginia. Moreover, Nat, due to his reading of the Bible and practicing Christian rites, began to communicate with the spirits who encouraged him to challenge the existing status quo. Nat also preached about his visions to the local congregation of slaves. Oates describes some of Nat’s visions, “the Holy Ghost revealed itself and Nat at last understood the meaning of these miracles” (37). Eventually, the spirits with which Nat communicated told him to make the final move and fight for his freedom.

Nat managed to form a small group of several men who conducted the attack, which later became known as Nat Turner’s Rebellion. As a result of the actions of Nat and his accomplices, dozens of white people, including the slave owners and their children, were murdered in Southampton. While the accomplices of Nat were captured almost two days later, he managed to avoid being arrested for several weeks. At the same time, the rebellion led to many negative results, such as killings of African Americans in the area and overall stricter treatment of slaves. Nevertheless, Turner’s Rebellion became a significant event which once again drew the attention of the public to the problem of slavery. The rebellion also gave rise to many prominent anti-slavery activists, such as William Lloyd Garrison (Oates 129). Finally, the uprising became the symbol of the enslaved African-Americans’ struggle against the oppression of the white people.

Review

Fires of Jubilee by Stephen B. Oates made a considerable impression on me due to its detailed and thorough account of the entire story of Nat Turner. The reading provided me with an insight not only into the rebellion itself and how it took place but also the pretext and the reasons why it occurred in the first place. I liked the book’s style and agree with Jonathan Steplyk, who noted in his review that the style of Oates’ prose was rather literary, which helped him to paint a vivid picture of life in Virginia. The most interesting part of the story was the description of Nat’s life, especially his childhood period. Although I had heard about Turner’s Rebellion before I read the book, I had no idea about the unique personality of Nat. The book also presented information on the view of slavery of the Virginians during the 19th century, which was thought-provoking. It was interesting to learn that due to the Christian influence, the locals considered slavery a normal phenomenon which constituted the necessary suffering for Black people.

The book considerably affected my perception of the concept of rebellions and how many risks they entail if they fail to produce the required outcome. The story of Nat Turner taught me that when trying to effect a radical change in society, it is important to assess how much suffering for innocent people it will cause. Nat did not kill only slave owners since he and his accomplices also murdered children and women who did not have any impact on slavery. Similarly, Nat’s rebellion caused the local white people to kill innocent African Americans in retaliation. Nevertheless, it is important that Oates did not leave out any information about the killings of Nat of innocent individuals and avoided making him a hero. As a result, the main idea which I formulated after reading the book was that injustice in society always causes suffering for people living in the society.

At the same time, Fires of Jubilee also enabled me to ponder the question of whether the actions of Nat Turner could be justified when considered from the long-term perspective. It is clear that Nat and his group committed a crime by killing innocent people, yet their rebellion gave rise to a discussion in society about the condition of slaves. It is possible that the attack of Nat became the event which made more people realize that slavery was unacceptable and eventually affected the decision of the U.S. government to abolish it.

Therefore, I would recommend the book to every person with strong beliefs about the current political and social conditions to help them understand that radical actions may not lead to positive outcomes. The book itself is extremely readable, and I agree with Scott Cowin, who stated in his review that it was fit for “undergraduate, graduate or even popular readers.” The book relates to different topics of the course, including slavery and the legal system of the early 19th century. While the course explored the issue of slavery on a larger scale and concerned the social movements and government’s decisions, Fires of Jubilee provided an insight into the perception of slavery among people. Specifically, Oates managed to show that the people in Virginia were generally accustomed to the idea of using people as property and did not want to change it. In terms of the topics of the 19th-century legal system, the book presented evidence on how ordinary African Americans were affected by the discriminatory laws of the period.

Conclusion

The Fires of Jubilee by Stephen B. Oates serves as a reminder to the readers of how social injustices can lead to unnecessary deaths and suffering. The author presents a high-quality account of Nat Turner’s life prior to his rebellion and the culture of rural Virginia in the 19th century. The book contains many notable historical details which can expand the understanding about the period of the audience. The story shows that slavery was a tragic and traumatizing practice for African Americans, which forced people such as Nat Turner to oppose it in radical ways.

Works Cited

Cowin, Scott. “The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner’s Fierce Rebellion.” Texas Christian University, Web.

Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner’s Fierce Rebellion. HarperCollins Publishers, 2016.

Steplyk, Jonathan. “The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner’s Fierce Rebellion.” Texas Christian University, Web.

Skills For Social Promotion In The Music Industry

Strategies for Self-Promotion

With the extended globalisation and digitalisation of society, it is becoming evident that using previously working promotion schemes no longer makes sense. As a contemporary artist, it is not enough to be able to play the guitar well and perform on the street to become famous. In other words, the skill set of the 21st-century freelance artist has dramatically expanded due to the emergence of new platforms and information sharing channels (Kealey, 2021). The main focus is now on self-promotion skills, as it is the only thing that determines whether a performer can become more recognisable and known. However, it is a mistake to assume that a young artist who does not know how to develop their brand and increase their online presence is doomed to professional failure. It is impossible to give an unequivocal answer, as all kinds of scenarios are possible; however, it is true to say that out of two performers, the one who implements a self-promotional strategy and engages in marketing activities is the most likely to succeed.

One of the significant trends in modern society is the mass technologisation of life. It is reported that approximately 6.6 billion people — or 84% of the world’s population — use smartphones today (Ericsson & The Radicati Group, 2022). This number will continue to grow over the next few years, which means many new users are joining the global network, including news portals, video hosting and social media. This trend can be used for self-promotion strategies. For example, I could create a community in a social network where I will post my announcements, communicate with the audience and publish future singles. Such a platform would be one of the essential tools for communicating with subscribers. Meanwhile, I should also consider that through social media, people tend not only to express appreciation but also to become haters (Malecki et al., 2021). Haters are the type of audience that expresses their hatred and disgust for a product they may not have even listened to in its entirety. When I decide to create a virtual social networking community, I have to be prepared for the fact that my audience will not only be loyal but will also be represented by haters. Ultimately, it has to be recognised that not all performers tend to be critical of the hater, so many may be mentally broken and end their careers prematurely. In addition, large-scale technologisation affects all musicians by providing them with ample new opportunities to develop their products. This includes promoting their brand and opportunities to monetise content digitally, differentiate audiences across social networks, and participate in online concerts and music conferences to increase social presence in the information field.

An alternative but not exclusive option is to post video works on the video hosting site YouTube. With YouTube, anyone can post their videos to the public domain and promote them with in-built advertising features. For example, specific videos can include either announcements of future singles and albums, music videos, or even interviews in which the artist answers questions from the audience and shares their thoughts (MI, 2021). This route seems extremely effective as I have a degree in filmmaking, so I can edit attention-grabbing videos. It is important to understand that any published video will eventually find its audience, but such works need to be discussable and provocative in terms of rapid promotion. For example, in order for a video to go viral, the video could include an unorthodox, non-linear script, atypical costumes and a song presentation, as Oliver Tree does in his catchy music videos (Tree, 2022). Such a video certainly also has the potential to get a lot of followers and dislikes, but it will increase its presence in the social field.

Meanwhile, an excellent strategy for young artists is to create their own profiles on streaming services. Streaming platforms such as Spotify and Apple Music are widely used by many users to find new songs and faces in the music industry (Ingham, 2019). For an aspiring artist, streaming placement is an integral feature of social promotion, as it qualitatively increases the number of channels through which audiences can find the artist. When we hear about an artist somewhere, we often try to find their profile on Apple Music or Spotify to listen to their songs. Concerning me as a freelance artist, this kind of promotion will be crucial, allowing people to find out more about me. However, such profiles need to be constantly updated to keep me relevant as an artist. I need to publish new singles and albums on these platforms and create announcements to keep my audience informed.

Notably, streaming platforms have curated playlists that include works by different artists. Curators are usually already well-known people who share their playlists with the streaming community, so getting on such playlists qualitatively increases the likelihood of promotion (Scalco, 2022). I should invest in finding such curators and collaborating with them to increase the chances of popularity. In the same way curators work, my acquaintances and friends can also work. In particular, I can ask them to publish my songs on my social media page to share them with their audiences — this also qualitatively increases the chances of career advancement. In terms of technological change, radio broadcasting, which is still popular, should also be taken into account. Many radio stations offer aspiring musicians the chance to send in their tracks for auditions — if the song meets the requirements of the radio station and can, in their opinion, be successful, it will be published in the broadcasting grid, which will also increase the chances of a young artist’s popularity.

The online marketing strategies discussed above are not a one-size-fits-all route to success. It is unlikely that even having a presence on all social platforms and radio will give me the desired success, as it is not an acceptable solution to increase popularity. Social media is indeed a good tool, but it is time-consuming to promote it, and the lack of results can morally crush an inexperienced artist. The same is true of video hostings, where editing and publishing videos require considerable time and skill. Streaming platforms are a relatively safe route, but their limited functionality is a disadvantage for the realisation of career success. Thus, an aspiring artist should have as many popular social channels in their arsenal as possible, but in addition, the artist should possess several critically valuable skills.

Many of the online strategies described are excellent for promotion, but a young performer should not ignore the importance of offline representation either. This applies to any form of performing music in public places where the audience physically observes the artist (Wiebe, 2020). This form of self-promotion requires excellent public speaking skills, so it may not be suitable for every performer. However, the balance of the two strategies qualitatively improves the chances of success for the aspiring artist.

Emerging Performer Skills

A musician’s critical skills should definitely include talent, which guarantees long-term unspoken engagement with audiences. Listeners love particular artists and are willing to keep their songs in their playlists for years if the artist proves to be genuinely talented and their songs inspiring. However, talent alone is not enough, as there are many genuinely talented artists in the music industry, not all of whom eventually gain fame. Hence, a musician has to be relevant and contemporary for his songs to touch common feelings in the hearts of listeners. It is unlikely that songs about the Middle Ages will be as popular as songs about love, loneliness and fear since it is the latter that is reflected in the perception of the mass audience. From this point of view, it is an appropriate skill to create songs on a current agenda — for example, COVID-19, wars or crises. In this context, climate change plays a unique role as a tangible problem for all humanity. If a performer touches on such environmental issues in their songs, it is likely to become a solid rationale for development. Such works can go viral because they sing about what the audience really cares about right now.

An aspiring performer also needs to be multi-potential to be able to develop on social media, edit videos and attract listeners. In fact, in the early years, such a performer is also a producer, so marketing and self-promotion skills are critical. The need to be an uninhibited, uninhibited performer cannot be overlooked. It is important for young artists to be able to perform in public, and singing in parks, bars and city venues is a good ladder to develop not only online but also offline. It also helps to earn money, which can be invested in new music equipment or advertising on social media.

One significant trend in today’s society is environmental awareness, and more artists and companies are striving to reduce their carbon footprint. Moving away from physical media, digitalising content and adopting an environmentally conscious lifestyle are steps the music industry takes to help reduce its overall carbon footprint (Kamiya, 2020). Commitment to such an idea is also a necessary skill for the modern musician who expects to be famous (ASCAP, 2022). For example, I can refuse to participate in those festivals where environmental regulations are violated. I can also promote a conscious lifestyle, including reducing waste as part of my musical image. Refusing to produce physical media, be it CDs or vinyl records, can also build perceptions of me as a ‘green’ artist who is environmentally conscious. Conversely, I can actively talk in my virtual communities about why I prefer digital releases, which will also give audiences an understanding of my vision. Hence, as a modern aspiring guitarist and songwriter, I have to have social promotion skills if I want to gain popularity. I need not only to be talented in composing music but also to be aware of new trends and developments in the world, as this will allow me to increase my representation in the social field.

Reference List

ASCAP (2022) Greening the music industry resources sheet. Web.

Ingham, T. (2019) Apple Music for artists launches, rivalling Spotify’s analytics tools. Web.

Malecki, W.P., Kowal, M., Dobrowolska, M. and Sorokowski, P. (2021) ‘Defining online hating and online Haters,’ Frontiers in Psychology, 12, pp. 1-4.

Tree, O. (2022) Cowboys don’t cry [music video]. Web.

Kealey, M. (2021) 7 top marketing strategies for musicians. Web.

MI (2021) The complete musician’s guide to YouTube. Web.

Scalco, J. (2022) Spotify playlist curators (that have listeners) you can submit to for free. Web.

Wiebe, A. (2020) How to start busking and street performing. Web.

Kamiya, G. (2020) Factcheck: what is the carbon footprint of streaming video on Netflix? Web.

Ericsson & The Radicati Group. April 2022 mobile user statistics: discover the number of phones in the world & smartphone penetration by country or region. Web.

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