In the world of nowadays, communication is gaining importance and power. The modern world has made a serious leap concerning the level of communication over the last several decades. Scientists came up with the technologies allowing free and speedy communication almost in every corner of the planet. In the contemporary world with its expanding influences and vanishing borders between the countries public diplomacies in the field offering a lot of important skills and providing the services that are crucial for successful communication, because the success of communication is based not only on its technological accessibility but on the skills and professionalism of the sides participating in it.
I decided to pursue a Master’s degree in Public Diplomacy at USC because I sincerely consider this profession as one of the professions of the future. Evidence suggests that the number of professions that will remain popular during the upcoming decades is gradually getting smaller. Technological progress starts to replace many professionals with machines, many occupations become extinct. In my opinion, diplomacy that is based on highly professional communication is one of the occupations that would not lose its popularity and that will always require highly qualified professionals. The last several years in the political arena became a good demonstration that even though the modern world is getting more and more technologically advanced, people in it still have trouble finding understanding and reaching compromise.
The last decade resulted in several armed conflicts most of which were international and involved the professional participation of the diplomats from many countries of Asia, Europe, America, and the Middle East. Honestly, I cannot recall a year in human history when none of the nations engaged in open armed confrontations. At the moment it seems like the peace of Earth is a myth, yet in my opinion, it is quite a reachable goal, and one of the fields that can help with achieving it is public diplomacy. To sum up, my reasons to choose this discipline are based on both self-interest and altruism. My purpose is to become a successful professional and work in a field that is the power of making a difference for the whole world.
Being qualified in such disciplines and Business and Management I decided to turn to a different field and pursue a degree in Public Diplomacy because this is an object of my fascination on the professional level. Gaining my experience at the business companies and handling documentation and data I learned about the importance of information and the way it is presented. In my leisure time, I read a lot about international relations and the role framing and propaganda play in them. In the contemporary wired world communication and information are the starting and moving forces of the biggest conflicts and mass actions. For example, over the last five years, some of the major revolutions started in social networks and then were actively stimulated by them.
The power of information technologies directed by people is immense. Professor Nicholas Cull is an outstanding expert, I would like to learn from him and study his approach towards public diplomacy as I believe he possesses great insights based on his critical thinking. The cull is a specialist that knows how to maintain objectivity in the contemporary world where every piece of information is twisted and framed, this is why I am convinced that having this Professor as my tutor would be a major benefit and a great honor. I believe that public diplomacy is the field that studies communication on the deepest level taking into consideration all of its aspects and dimensions. In the modern world, thoroughly selected words enhanced by some psychological strategies and filtered properly can change the world. Public diplomacy demonstrates the power of carefully presented information.
After obtaining my qualification in public diplomacy I would like to develop a career in this field. First of all, this profession is filled with many challenges as well as opportunities. I know I would have to start at the very bottom and then make my way to the top. To make a successful professional, I would have to never stop improving. This is why I am determined to continue developing the skills important for a career in public diplomacy. I would have to acquire more knowledge in public speaking, diplomatic strategies, and planning, the psychology of communication, history, and culture. To be successful in public diplomacy one must be able to work with people, find understanding and common language with them notwithstanding the size of the audience. I see public diplomacy as the link that connects people with their leaders. Public diplomacy involved the citizens as a part of the communication process. Public diplomats are to show professionalism in handling social reputations, representations of events, intercultural communication, and building a harmonious environment on the international and global levels. I am excited to start the course in Public Diplomacy and learn to see and analyze social processes that are invisible to the majority of people.
South Korea’s Innovations In Data Privacy Principles
There have been many discussions about data privacy and methods that should be used to make sure that the information stays confidential. This article focuses on the current principles of information protection in South Korea and compares them to those of other Asian countries. Innovations that were introduced by the government are central topics for discussion.
The authors focus on the enforceability of the laws, limitations that are associated with the collection, limitations, security, and other issues. Also, they discuss how why such innovations are necessary and efficient, and they think that some of them should be considered by other countries. The authors explain how these principles were developed and improved over time. One of the main aspects that should be noted is that the system that focused on this issue has been established in the country from the start of the 1990s (Greenleaf & Park, 2014). It is imperative because this was not viewed as a problem in most countries at that time. There are such reoccurring themes as tremendous data breaches in the country and comparisons with European reforms. The primary goal of this piece is to show that there are highly effective policies in South Korea that are related to information privacy, and some of the methods can be used by other countries. The authors use court cases to prove their point.
They state that the laws are very comprehensive, and can be applied to all sectors (Greenleaf & Park, 2014). The weaknesses of these principles are also listed. For example, data export policies are questionable in their formulation (Greenleaf & Park, 2014). I agree with the authors that some of the principles are innovative, and laws are often improved through necessary provisions. However, I think that the system should be enhanced because of the information leakage that happened in South Korea in 2014 (Greenleaf & Park, 2014). Reforms have helped to solve this issue, but such incidents should not happen because the safety of the citizens and the country are in danger. Greenleaf and Park (2014) state claim that “South Korea’s highly interconnected and technological society is likely to continue to indicate the direction that Asian data protection laws will take” (505). This means that it is expected that the government will continue increasing the effectiveness of legislation in the future.
It should be said that some points in this article have left me wondering. Could these innovations be used to improve the data protection system in the United States? What is the opinion of South Korean citizens on this topic? How could these principles be developed even further? Have any incidents of data leakage similar to the one that happened in South Korea happened recently? How is information protection enhanced by new technologies?
Greenleaf, G., & Park, W. (2014). South Korea’s innovations in data privacy principles: Asian comparisons. Computer Law & Security Review, 30(5), 492-505.
“Assessing The Effects Of Voluntary Youth Service” By McAdam And Brandt
Summary of the Article
The article under consideration dwells upon the civic commitment of people who had TFA experience. The major question which the researchers try to answer is as follows: “do the subsequent service commitments of participants show significant effects of the TFA experience, net of other explanatory variables?” (McAdam & Brandt 965). The research is based on a survey. The study included individuals who were accepted from 1993 to 1998.
Two thousand five hundred forty-one subjects responded to the inquiries. The subjects were divided into three groups: “graduates,” “dropouts,” and “non-matriculants” (McAdam & Brandt 949). The researchers found that graduates lagged behind the other two groups in their service activity or other forms of civic or political activity. The researchers also tried to explain the data obtained. They provided an analysis of possible factors that influenced former and prospective activists.
Analysis of the Introduction
It is important to note that the researchers provide a concise introduction where they overview and outline the problem discussed. They introduce the issue in a concise way. They also point out the significance of the issue discussed. Thus, they mention two US presidents’ attention to the civic activism of Americans. The researchers also note that the issue has already been discussed. Finally, McAdam & Brandt highlight the major focus of the study (946).
Use of Literature
As for the literature used, it is necessary to note that the researchers refer to works that focus on the same issue. Notably, the authors provide quite a detailed literature review where they overview the most important sources. McAdam & Brandt reveal the major findings of the most important sources and focus on their limitations (946). Importantly, the authors arrange the sources analyzed in a very concise way.
The researchers divide the sources into several groups. Each of these groups addresses one of the facets of the issue. Therefore, it is quite easy to trace the significance of the theories or sources discussed. Admittedly, the sources discussed are really significant for the research under consideration. The authors often address the limitations of the studies discussed to extract the most precise data for their own research.
Purpose Statement and Research Question
Remarkably, the article has a perfectly formulated purpose statement. The research question appears in several parts of the article, and this helps the reader to remain focused on the subject matter of the article. For instance, the objective of the study is highlighted in the Introduction, i.e., “understanding more about the social processes and factors that may be linked to, or productive of, increased civic engagement” (McAdam & Brandt 946). The research question also appears in the Results part. Thus, the researchers focus on the following questions:
Do such programs, in fact, have enduring effects on the subsequent civic attitudes and participation of those involved? And is it the case that all of these effects are positive? (McAdam & Brandt 951)
The research questions and the major focus of the study are also revealed in the final part of the article Discussion and Conclusion. The researchers put it into simple terms and state that the major goal of the study was to find out whether participation in such programs as TFA can “make citizens” (McAdam & Brandt 966).
To draw their samples, the authors addressed 2,771 individuals who were accepted to TFA in the period from 1993 to 1998. Quite many participants (2,541) took part in the study. Nonetheless, the sample is not representative in terms of certain variables (social status or age). Thus, the researchers note that the participants of the study could not be analyzed in terms of certain variables. For instance, while race and gender could be taken into account, the social status of the participants could not be identified. Therefore, this variable could not be taken into account. There is one more limitation of the study, which was defined by the researchers.
The samples analyzed in the present study could not be generalized to all young people as the researchers focused on people who had experience at TFA. Admittedly, it could be more effective to analyze civic activities (and attitudes) of people who took up different projects and courses. Nevertheless, it is possible to point out that the researchers have quite representative samples which can be analyzed in term of several important variables. Still, there are certain limitations that can be addressed in further research.
As far as a research design is concerned, it is possible to state that the researchers addressed the major points to disclose their topic. The authors analyzed current attitudes toward civic activities and current civic behaviors. They also analyzed the current service activities of participants. Analysis of these variables enabled the researchers to come to their conclusions concerning the influence of former experience on current civic positions.
Basically, the study is based on data obtained from questionnaires. There could be several flaws. In the first place, questionnaires sent to participants could contain the wrong questions, i.e., questions which led to certain biases. Thus, participants could misinterpret a question or answer it insincerely. Provided all the questions were clear, comprehensive, and they excluded any possibility of bias, there is one more major flaw. The researchers should have chosen people who had different experiences (not only TFA). Notably, the researchers commented upon this limitation of their study.
As far as the organization of the article is concerned, it is necessary to note that the article is concise and precise. All the arguments are provided in a logical and comprehensive way. The results of the study are provided in tables. This helps the reader to analyze the results obtained. It is also necessary to point out that the article’s outline is very clear and easy to follow. Headings help to remain focused and follow the researchers.
Notably, the authors comment upon the most important findings and provide their conclusions in a clear way. It is easy to follow the article. More so, the researchers provide reasonable conclusions that arise from the arguments suggested and findings analyzed throughout the article. However, it could be interesting to have a look at a sample of the questionnaire. The reader could make his/her own conclusion on the clearness and comprehensiveness of the questions asked.
As has been stated above, the researchers provide the results of their research in a concise and comprehensive way. They comment upon one factor at a time. It is important to state that they provide logical interpretations of the results obtained. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the interpretation of the major findings. For instance, I agree that TFA could be one of the most potent factors that influenced the attitudes and current activities of participants of the research. I guess this is one of the major findings of the study, which can play a very important role in future research in this field. It is important to stress that the results are obtained to address the research question.
McAdam and Brandt draw a very important conclusion, i.e., TFA experience plays a significant role in the development of civic attitudes (966). This conclusion logically arises from the findings discussed throughout the article. Though it slightly contradicts the authors’ assumption that experience obtained in such projects as TFA positively influences the civic ‘consciousness’ of people, the study shows that such experiences shape civic behaviors in the future. The researchers also note that such influence can be somewhat negative, so certain changes should be undertaken in the field of education. Admittedly, the lack of current activists among TFA graduates is one of the major proofs justifying such a conclusion.
I believe the article provides a comprehensive analysis of data obtained from deep research. The major strengths of the article are comprehensiveness and clarity. In the first place, the sample analyzed is quite representative. Secondly, the researchers provide a cohesive narrative that enables the reader to come to precise conclusions. Remarkably, readers tend to agree with the researchers’ conclusions, which are logical. As for the article’s weaknesses, the article could benefit from a more precise outline of future perspectives in the field.
Nonetheless, the article under consideration provides very important insights into the development of people’s commitment to civic and political activities. The researchers prove that civic behaviors depend on the future civic experiences of young people. Admittedly, I will have this major finding in mind as this knowledge can help me in my academic life. For instance, civic behaviors can become a topic of my future research like this a very interesting issue to study. Besides, now I understand what can influence my own civic behaviors and attitudes.
McAdam, Doug and Cynthia Brandt. “Assessing the Effects of Voluntary Youth Service: The Case of Teach for America.” Social Forces 88.2 (2009): 945-970. Print.