Racial Discrimination Within The Educational Setting Free Sample

Article 1: The World Outside and Inside Schools

The author in this story of the world outside and inside the school is mainly based on the life of those immigrant students who come in from different countries and join the American schools which are mostly English-speaking schools. These immigrant students encounter different challenges and hardships in their education levels. First, they travel long distances just to join American schools and this process of traveling affects them physically and emotionally, they encounter problems such as learning English because most of these immigrants do come from non –English speaking schools and thus they can not be allowed in classes of the English student until they follow the instruction given in this language. The author is trying to show us what is involved in most homes, schools, and cultures and also what it means for young people to join new schools without knowing and understanding English. He also points out the issue of discrimination in terms of language spoken. For example, he tells us that there are two schools in one, meaning that the students who understand and speak fluent English have their class, they are separated from those who are still new and know little or none. This is not fair because it becomes hard for non-English students to learn as they are not allowed to share or talk with those who understand English.

The author also tried to show us the economic and social differences that existed between the Americans and the immigrants who settled in from different countries and states. For instance, he gave us a picture of the places occupied by the Mexican immigrant how they looked. Those places were neglected by their owners, buildings were never renovated and their grocery stores were too small. Compared to the other places occupied by the English people who are the whites, the buildings had been freshly painted, had clean grounds, and well-maintained playing fields. There is also social discrimination of the poor by rich people, the writer pointed out that society should change the teaching technique in schools to help in developing full intellectuals potential of all the citizens and also help them find their places in society other than creating boundaries between the English speaking students from the non-English speaking.

In summary, he points out the need for people to plan carefully and work quickly to consider those people and students who are suffering because they are eager to participate fully in society and achieve the American dream of a better life.

The author assumes that schools can be improved by allowing the usage of other native languages in the teaching process to increase class participation, reduce frustrations, limit school drop-outs and overcome vocabulary problems among the learners. He also has the assumption that, for teachers to move forward, they must have in mind the kind of society they want to have in the future or have a vision of what society they are creating through their teaching career. They are advised to have some ethical knowledge on how related education is to wider social and cultural relations (Yancey, p. 45).

The major question that occurs here is why would teachers create boundaries between the English-speaking student and non-English ones, yet they are in the same school where they are supposed to share ideas among themselves?

Article 2: White Privilege and Teaching

The author’s point of view is mainly based on prejudice and privileges. He points out that racial prejudice is negative ways shown to a particular person who has a different skin color. For example, from his story, we can tell that the person who is negatively affected here is that one with black skin color. While on the other hand privileges are mostly accorded to people with white color skins. The author is trying to bring out the point of racism in his story; He portrays a picture of the privileges given to the whites and their children at the expense of the black-skinned people with their children. For example, he illustrates how their children have enough confidence at school because they are sure that they will get all the information they need depending on the topic they chose to do, as most people in the school are from their race which is the white race, the children are sure that they will never be embarrassed due to low living standard levels, children are given promotions to other classes just as a privilege accorded to them for being white. Though they get all these privileges, they just take them for granted and they don’t even realize that as they are having those good or better lives and education someone somewhere is going through a lot of hardships. In summary, the author is much concerned with the racial discrimination shown especially to the black-skinned people without caring how they feel or survive.

Assumptions made here are that all the privileges are accorded to the white people and that this racial discrimination is done countrywide beginning from homes, working places, and schools. The author also assumes that the white people are taking for granted all the privileges their children are being given in schools at the cost of the black children to an extent that they do not take much keen interest in those privileges. For example, when he says that he takes for granted the procedures used to test for the achievements of the children and promotions to special classes, given the fact that the people (teachers) belong in the same category as the whites.

The author also assumes that racial discrimination is not only carried out in schools but also in the society where they live. It is a practice that began some years back. This is seen when he says that the children’s learning experience is made by the state and those who understand their racial history better.

By reading through this article, there are questions that one is left thing about, these include; what is the government or the state doing to help reduce or eliminate the problem of racial discrimination because it’s a prejudice that needs to be dealt with seriously to protect the black-skinned people.

The author has challenged my view on this issue of racism in a way that I feel the African American people undergo a lot of suffering because of racial discrimination and no one seems to care about it. Thus I feel that something has to be done to correct this problem of racism so that people can live happily and free. There is a need for justice for all people.

Article 3: Culturally Relevant Teaching within Traditional School Settings

In this article on culturally relevant teaching within traditional schools, the author points out the different teaching techniques used in American school curriculums. For instance, there is a standard-based and assessment curriculum and the pedagogical perspective which is culturally based teaching. It pointed out that the American teaching curriculum is a traditional one especially to the working-class students of white color and thus it was not favoring the African American students. The curriculum is irrelevant for the present and future generation especially to the African American students because they were only taught how to read, write and do arithmetic repeatedly.

The author points out the better method of teaching that is beneficial to both the teacher and the students and this is the culturally responsive teaching which leads to a better relationship between the teacher and the students because they both learn from each other and share ideas freely as they value each other’s information very much. The author argues that if teachers are committed to helping the working-class students of color and the African American working class to perform well academically, then it’s their duty and responsibility to find out how to create classrooms into learning communities that makes the student feel free to learn and prosper through engaging in activities which are culturally compatible and emphasizes critical thinking and solving of problems. For instance, the teacher should allow students to identify issues and problems that are affecting them and their communities and then try to find ways on how such issues can be solved. The author points out that it requires commitment for one to become a culturally responsive teacher, for it involves a great deal of reflection and organization.

The writer points out the basic steps and resources that should be used by teachers in developing culturally responsive teaching techniques. These include their understanding and having enough knowledge of their cultures through attending workshops on institutional events. Another step advised is to learn about their student’s communities, he points out that both teachers and parents should join hands in fighting against racism. They can do these by talking to colleagues and community leaders who work well with parents. The last step given is to implement the problem-based pedagogy, through this step, the author suggests that teachers can allow the students to study the social problems that are affecting them in their communities (Linda, p. 34).

The assumption taken by the writer is that all students are in a position to perform better in their academics if the right teaching practices and techniques are followed by the teachers. He also assumes that assessing the student’s progress and letting them know about it, will enhance high performance in the academic field.

The author has the assumption that all students whether African American or white, rich or poor, male or female have a right to get proper education, and therefore support should be accorded to them to make them meet their goals. The most disturbing question here is why should there be racial discrimination yet all are human beings who should work together as one to help improve the economy of the country?

The writer challenged my thinking in that I now know that despite the high rate of racial discrimination, there are people who are working hard to eliminate it and these are the teacher.

In conclusion, from the three articles discussed above, we learn that there is a high rate of racial discrimination between the whites and the African American people and there is a need to fight for justice for all people.

Work cited

  1. Linda, Reif. Seeking Diversity. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1992.
  2. Yancey, Kathleen. Reflection in the Writing Classroom Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 1998.

Implementation Of Solutions For Successful Business

Factors affecting implementation of solutions

Having identified the proposed solutions to the problems that the McDonald faces in setting up a successful business in Kava, the implementation of these solutions becomes the next step. Decision application in any organization is marred by different forms of biasness. The biasness could result from liking someone and faulty overviews based on unconfirmed information. However, the greatest factors that act as determinants in the implementation process are those earlier on considered in the determination of the proposed solutions. In addition, the resource endowment of the McDonald Company and their allowable risk margin will determine how much they can invest and in what way to invest it. Each proposed solution can therefore be considered and the possible factors related to it analyzed (McDonald, 2011).


Since the business premises should be located in the Central Business District Kava’s government policies on the establishment of foreign businesses will apply. The company has to identify appropriate space and consult the city council on the possibility of establishment. Earlier suggestions on the characteristics of the premises location will be dependent on availability. The terms of acquisition of the building will then be discussed between the company representatives and the housing agents. The rent, goodwill or lease amount imposed and the companies suggested budget will determine closure of the contract. Should an agreement be struck, then the relevant licenses of operation must be acquired from the applicable authorities. These may include the business license, the medical license and others that may be deemed necessary. Licenses are evidence of the government acceptance of the company operations. Once the business is up and running then the company may opt to purchase the building and offer the business as a franchise to a prospective local entrepreneur (Edmund, n. d).

Equipment and room preparation

Subsequent to securing the business premises the concerned building should then be tailored to resemble the already established businesses in America. To achieve these, the company will engage the services of its structural engineer and the local masons in order to develop an exact replica of the existing structures. Nevertheless, availability of local expertise will determine the need for foreign experts. Decoration of the building should be done by a competent local individual and the necessary equipment acquired from the mother country if the business has to maintain its culture. A cheap and efficient mode of transport should then be identified.


The method used to raise awareness on the arrival of new McDonald restaurant and the search for the best employees will be dependent on the speed, cost and efficiency of the method. If there are more television viewers than newspaper readers then the most efficient method will be the use of television. However, in order to reach more people different advertising methods can be mutually applied. In fact, to reach the right qualified staff the company should advertise in the catering and hotel management institutions. A small competition to discover the best cooks can be held for two major reasons namely to help tap the best cooking talents in Kava and to popularize the company to the locals. This way the company is bound to kick start its operations on a very high note. Prior experience should however be emphasized while picking the best applicants for the jobs. This reduces the costs involved in training new arrivals. The first staff should also consist of foreign employees to assist in passing the culture to the locals (McDonald, 2011).


Since there are Americans and tourists dwelling in Kava many of the existent products should be sold here. On the other hand, the presence of other ethnic and religious groups with varying beliefs will prompt the addition and differentiation of a variety of products. Researchers in the catering industry should be hired to identify new products for the other ethnic groups. The serving areas might also be differentiated to cater for these differences. For instance, Muslims might not be comfortable being served at locations where pig products are sold. Such decisions ensure ethnic or racial difference does not influence the customer turn out.

A thorough research should be conducted on the possible pricing of the products. This will be dependent on the cost of the raw material, the rent expense, number of staff and their remuneration amount. To begin with the staffing should be on the minimum and should be adjusted depending on the demand. The availability of raw materials, low transport costs and cheap labor suggests that the price should not be unreasonably high. The price of the competitors’ products in the region will also influence the companies pricing. Besides, the company management may set the break even point which eventually determines the profit margin. This has a bearing on the price of products adopted by the company in Kava. The pricing of the new products is nonetheless dependent on the costs involved and the companies already established pricing model. Lastly, the government tax or price controls on the foreign company operations may place a ceiling beyond which the company cannot price its products (Edmund, n. d).


The raw materials needed might be differentiated into two including those available locally and those to be imported. Raw materials available locally are best transported from the source areas to the company store by the company van. The company should hire a driver and purchases manager who oversees the smooth provision of supplies to the company. The imported raw materials will be availed through air transport for faster delivery. This ensures that the company has the relevant quantities of each commodity at the required time.

Necessary resources

In the implementation of the above solutions several resources will be required. The most important will be the financial and the human resources. Funds will be required to pay for the rent deposit and the supposed goodwill. Amount set aside for this depends on the management budget and the usual percentage allowable for such expenses since the rent is a recurrent expense. Moreover, funds will be required for purchase of the licenses of operation from the government (My Professor.com, n. d). The set up process of the premises requires ready cash as most masons are paid on a weekly or daily basis unless otherwise agreed. Therefore, the company finance manger should ensure proper arrangements are made with regards to this. The project manager can handle the payments while overseeing the preparation of the building. Availability of timely funds helps create a good reputation of the company amongst the locals.

Other resources include the food preparation equipment. These can be purchased depending on the products being offered by the company. Majority of these are shipped from America since as a good number of them may not be available in Kava. The decoration materials are available locally and will therefore be purchased from the local stores. The expansion of the business into a drive through restaurant like the already established South African franchise may be established as the business picks up.

The human resource manager should be availed at the early start of business to help impart the locals with the relevant skills for future independent running of the business. Previous foreign business startups in other foreign have proved more successful when managed by the locals. This is purely because they can readily maintain Kava’s culture. Where qualified locals are not available then the foreigners should persist in the running of the business.

Ethical implications according to the stakeholders

Stakeholders are majorly concerned with the subsequent returns of every business venture. The expansion of the business to Kava will definitely come with more returns. However, these will only come after the breakeven point. Since previous business ventures in other foreign countries have brought more returns through management by the locals the stakeholders are bound to accept the management decision (McDonald, 2011).

At the start the stakeholders may not agree with the decision to rent out the place. They may be more insistent on acquiring the buildings as an asset. However, the frequent tornados and tsunamis may prompt a change from the normal business operations of the company. This reduces the risks that result from natural calamities which could gravely affect the share price of the company. The decisions on the equipment to be purchased and the transport options will definitely be accepted as they are in their best interests of maximizing profits. The company’s tradition of conducting charitable events may come along later in order to help popularize the company further. Implementation of these solutions would ensure McDonald uphold its culture of success in the new discovered market of Kava.


Edmund, N. (n.d). Decision Making

McDonald (2011). Mission and Vision. Web.

My Professor. Com (n.d). McDonald’s Corporation: the Past, Present, and Future.

Women Leaders In The Field Of Corrections

Research Question

One of the most challenging professions for women, the work in the field of corrections, has spurred a surge of applications from women recently. According to the summary offered by the American Society of Criminologists (2011), the number of women who are willing to devote their careers to the field of correction has increased considerably, which is a peculiar issue worth researching.

In addition, according to the ideas conveyed by Flannery (2011), the fact that women conquer the field of corrections can mean that women are willing to enhance the role of their actions in society and contribute as much as men do into the social sphere, thus, making the male and the female gender issues dissolve (Lambert, Paoline, Hogan & Baker, 2007). Therefore, the question is what exactly motivates women to take their chance, challenge the social stereotypes and choose a job in the field which was originally considered a typically male profession.

Qualitative Research Orientation

It is essential to add that the qualitative method is the optimum decision for the given research since the issue requires not only the theoretical background but also an analysis of the statistical data, which will involve certain calculations. For instance, it will be necessary to take into account the number of women currently occupying the positions in the sphere of corrections, find out the number of women engaged in the given sphere earlier and then figure out the ratio of the women previously engaged into the correction sphere to the current one. Therefore, the given strategy is more appropriate than the quantitative analysis.

Research Design

The role of the researcher

It is worth noting that the role of the researcher in the given project is rather important. First of all, the researcher has a considerable amount of knowledge concerning the given issue, as well as the controversies connected with the issue, which means that there are certain grounds for the researcher to undertake this exploration. In addition, I can claim to have certain experience in the given field, since I have read a large number of sources on the issue of women taking leadership over their male colleagues and am particularly interested in the ways women manage to offer better results than men in such sphere as the field of corrections.

Sample size

Speaking of the size of the research, one must mind that the paper is going to embrace a certain time lapse, because, sadly enough, women gained recognition in the sphere of law only two centuries ago. In addition, the paper is going to touch upon only U.S. history, for it hardly seems possible to embrace the corresponding changes in every part of the world. Thus, the key limitations of the research are time and space, which means that the paper is going to be of middle length. Not to clog the research with the irrelevant data and not to reduce it merely to the enumeration of the statistical data, one will find it most reasonable to write a paper of some five pages long.

Sample and context

As for the sample of the study that is going to be conducted, it is necessary to mention that the paper is going to touch upon the issues that are relevant to the issue of women’s employment in the field of corrections. Among the rest of the elements that are going to be included in the research, the key ones are:

  1. the factors that enhance women’s employment in the field of corrections (both inner and outer ones);
  2. the reasons that make women apply for the jobs in the given sphere, tracking the causes down to the peculiarities of the psychological development, the frame of mind and the impact of the environment;
  3. the age of the women applying for the given job;
  4. the status of the women willing to get a job as employees in the field of correction.

Sampling procedure

It will be most appropriate to use the theoretical material, the statistical data from reports on women in the field of correction, and even certain examples from interviews with women working in the given field.

Data type and collection

Speaking of the data which is going to be collected for the given research, the most obvious types are age, social status, and the statistics concerning women’s efficiency in the field of corrections. The given type of data will allow defining the reasons for women to engage in the given activity.

Data analysis

To conduct the data analysis, mathematical calculations must be carried out. In addition, certain deductions must be made. Finally, with the help of comparison, the most legitimate reasons for women to enter the field of corrections will be chosen.

Ethical protection of participants

It is also worth keeping in mind that some of the data types offered above can be considered confidential, which will mean that the researcher will have to search for the substitution to avoid ethical issues.

Reference List

American Society of Criminologists (2011). The official newsletter of the American Society of Criminologists. Web.

Flannery, K. (2011). Coping methods of female correction officers. School of Justice Studies. Web.

Lambert, E. G., Paoline, E. A., Hogan., N. L. & Baker, D. N. (2007). Gender similarities and differences in correctional staff work attitudes and perceptions of the work environment. Western Criminology Review, 8(1), 16-31.

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