Redford Township’s Community Assessment Essay Example

Redford Township was established in 1883 on the Western border of Michigan City and Detroit. The Redford community has no sub-communities and does not have individual names (“Zip Code 48239 – Redford MI Map”, 2022). Most of the houses in Redford were built in the 1950s and 1960s and appear to be in good condition to date (“Zip Code 48239 – Redford MI Map”, 2022). Most of the homes in Redford seem to be single families with roughly three-bedroom houses. The oldest building in Redford is the Moonlight Printing firm which provides insurance policies to the community in the advantage of social meetings (“15116 Telegraph (Redford’s Oldest Building)”, 2016). Redford’s community comprises people aged around 35-45 years who are married 91% of them have a high school diploma, while about 23% of the population have a bachelor’s degree (“United States Census Bureau”, 2021). Redford’s population consists of 49.6% Whites, 43.8% Blacks, 6.4% Hispanics, and 0.2% belong to other ethnic groups (“United States Census Bureau”, 2021). There are a lot of schools, parks, recreation centers, and several convent stores in the Redford area, which houses both the white and black populations.

Many of Redford’s citizens are second or third-generation inhabitants who grew up in the town and are willing to raise their families the town. The citizens of Redford are highly dedicated to giving back to the community that has given them so much. For this reason, the citizens are involved in local government at a high rate, which has led to the success of many neighborhood civics and churches. The Redford Township represents the appearance of America since it consists of people of all ages, races, cultural, and religious backgrounds (“Street guide map”, 2020). Redford has approximately 15 well-maintained parks that facilitate efficient navigation of the town and improve its appearance (Trails & Trails, 2022). These parks have uncountable selections of youth sports and offer options for adults, including water activities, yoga, and other fitness options. Redford has several private gathering spaces and a public library that gathers small children weekly for reading and other interactive activities.

The population of Redford is diverse and comprises various socially unequal groups. One of the vulnerable populations in Redford is Black people, primarily low-income earners. Many of these families fail to meet their basic needs making it difficult for them to thrive in Redford. According to the US census, the population of the Black community has been declining in the last ten years. For instance, the average Black resident’s population in Redford was 45% in 2013-2018, down from 52% in 2000 (“United States Census Bureau”, 2021). A significant challenge the Black community has been experiencing due to poverty is the lack of access to quality healthcare. Most of these families lack healthcare insurance to support their medication. As a result, children have been regularly suffering from malnutrition and other healthcare conditions that have contributed to the decline of the population. Additionally, mental health conditions such as depression have been prominent among the adults in Redford’s Black community. These problems have significantly undermined the development and prosperity of the Black community in Redford, making it susceptible to various economic, social, and healthcare challenges.

Poverty is a significant problem in Redford that is affecting the majority of Black community. 53.9% of the Blacks in Redford live in poverty compared to 12.3% of the national average of people living in poverty. Black women are the most affected, especially those aged 12-14 and those between 25 and 34. Income disparity is prominent in Redford, depending on the worker’s race. In 2019 the highest paid race of workers were the Asians, who were paid 1.13 times more than the white employees. The Black workers were the lowest paid workers in the region’s employment industry.

Additionally, employees from the black community were more likely to lose their jobs than workers from other races. The little income the Black employees earn often fails to meet their expenditures, thus elevating the poverty levels within this population. In Redford, the employment rate between 2018 and 2019 declined by -15.7% (Redford Township”, 2022). In 2019, full-time male employees in Redford earned a salary 1.34 times more than that of female employees (“Redford Township”, 2022). Therefore, the gender and racial disparities in employment and income distribution contribute to poverty among the Black community in Redford.

The most prevalent health risks likely to affect the Blacks community in Redford are malnutrition from hunger, lack of access to healthy foods, and inadequate healthcare. Malnutrition is contributed by the lack of enough income to afford a balanced diet. Therefore, poverty is a direct contributor to malnutrition, thus undermining the health of the Blacks in Redford. The percentage of Black households facing insecurity in Redford has decreased from 14.2% in 2011 to 11.9% in 2019 (“Risk factor”, 2020). Although the number of families facing food insecurity has fallen, many Black households continue to live in poverty. An analysis of annual death rates from 2009 – 2019 shows an average yearly increase of deaths from malnutrition and poverty-related health risks by 0.5% (“Risk factor”, 2020). Since the Blacks are the lowest paid workers in Redford, most low-income families are black and will experience unreliable food supply leading to malnutrition.

Inadequate healthcare is an additional risk to the Black community in Redford. In 2010, it was estimated that 1.2 million Redford residents lacked medical insurance (“Risk factor”, 2020). The highest number of uninsured people falls between 20 and 29 (“Risk factor”, 2020). Uninsured adults claimed that the main reason for being uninsured is that they could not afford the insurance, for they had either left or lost their jobs. The lack of insurance makes accessing medication expensive for the blacks, and as a result, most of them have accumulated large hospital bills that they find difficult to pay. About 55% of the uninsured adults claim that the most horrifying aspect of being uninsured is being unable to pay for healthcare services (“Risk factor”, 2020). Employment status is another reason for the inadequate healthcare services among the black families in Redford.

Various preventive mechanisms can be employed to address the healthcare disparities between the Black community and the rest of the population in Redford. For instance, there is a need to address poverty among the Blacks to give them the financial power to access quality healthcare services. This approach is necessary because a majority of low-income families spend a large share of their income on food, and little is left to afford to pay for health insurance and other basic needs. Offering quality education to the Black community is the first step in overcoming poverty. Quality education will equip the community with the necessary knowledge and skills needed in the employment sector, thus increasing their chances of getting equal employment opportunities. Restriction policies on food taxes should be implemented to ensure that food prices are stable and affordable for all social classes in Redford. In addition, the poor should be protected from malnutrition by providing them with information that will help them make better dietary choices.


15116 Telegraph (Redford’s Oldest Building). (2016). Redford Township Historical Commission.

Trails, F., & Trails, R. (2022). Redford, Michigan Trails & Trail Maps | TrailLink.

Zip Code 48239 – Redford MI Map, Data, Demographics, and More – Updated July 2022. (2022)

Redford Township. (2022). Web.

Risk factor. (2020). Risk

Street guide map. (2020). Web.

United States Census Bureau. (2021).

The Aztec Empire And Causes Of Its Fall


The Aztec Empire was highly developed socially, intellectually, and creatively. It was an organized society with a strict caste system – at the top were nobles, and at the bottom were serfs, indentured servants, and enslaved workers (Bowstead, 2022). My first reaction to an Aztec settlement would most likely be one of fear because the empire is notorious for its brutality in addition to its development. However, I remember that for successful acculturation and safe communication, it is necessary to be imbued with the Aztec culture and remember its main symbols. For example, the legend of an eagle sitting on a cactus and holding a snake in its claws has survived to this day on the flag and coat of arms of Mexico.


In addition, it is known that the Aztecs were deeply religious, making a large part of their culture. The primary guiding culture of the Aztecs was religion (Bowstead, 2022). They built huge, stepped pyramids topped with temples to worship the gods. There, the priests performed their bloody rites of sacrifice. For this reason, knowledge of the main gods, and even better, the entire pantheon of gods, will help to become a part of Aztec society.

On the other hand, in the absence of at least basic knowledge in this area, one can show respect for their religious cult and try not to criticize excessive brutality. It should be remembered that the Aztecs were warriors and conquerors, thus, it is necessary to show a friendly attitude (Bowstead, 2022). I can show that I am not hiding anything against them and am ready to share my knowledge and experience.


In conclusion, I would like my friends and family to remember that the Aztec Empire is known as an empire ruined by cruelty. Inadequate use of force is an example of a ‘convulsive’ response to a state of fear and assurances of the need for victims to cease to work. In addition, no less cruel invasions of the Spaniards into the territory of ancient civilizations are the same vivid example of what greed and lack of humanity and morality can lead to. This event will change my view of the world: I will understand that people are still mostly cruel. Thus, meeting the Aztecs will teach me that there is no justification for cruelty.


Bowstead, H. (2022). The little book of world mythology: A pocket guide to myths and legends. Summersdale Publishers LTD – ROW.

Aviation Safety: Ground Accidents And Their Prevention


Aviation is one of the strategically important spheres of the modern world. It supports the high speed of globalization and provides people with new opportunities for better cooperation. Thousands of flights are performed every year, with millions of passengers carried. It means that safety issues acquire the top priority as it is critical to avoid accidents and save people’s lives. Unfortunately, regardless of numerous attempts, there are still emergencies causing severe damage to all parties involved in the functioning of the sphere. Ground accidents belong to this cohort, and it is vital to establish an effective procedure for their prevention to avoid undesired outcomes.


The given type of undesired events remains one of the problematic issues for civil aviation. Ground accidents can be determined as occurrences happening when the aircraft is parked or during the maintenance phase. These might result in significant financial losses and cause damage to individuals working at the ramp or specific maintenance area. Furthermore, ground accidents might precondition severe air accidents. For this reason, international agencies such as ICAO, IATA, and FAA are focused on investigating the major causes of such events’ emergence and their prevention.

Analysis of previous ground accidents shows that several major causes might result in the emergence of an undesired or risky situation. Ground damage usually does not emerge because of a single reason. The existing security systems and guidelines regulate the work of the maintenance service and specialists, meaning that critical flaws might be detected. However, it means that a ground accident should be viewed as a combination of errors, rude violations, and specific circumstances resulting in damage to the aircraft or collision.

The human factor is often viewed as the most common cause of the occurrence of ground accidents. It is determined as the error emerging due to a poor understanding of the existing instructions, lack of attention, disregard of rules, or other actions linked to the activity of specialists. In aviation, the human factor is one of the common causes of accidents resulting in severe damages, injuries, and deaths. The problem is complicated because the person might not recognize his/her mistake until the undesired results are apparent.

Poor reporting is another significant cause of the emergence of ground accidents in aviation. The problem is that unreported ground damage might not harm flight safety at the initial stages; however, it might promote the development of critical outcomes and the destruction of aircraft. Unreported damage is a severe issue as, in many cases, it creates the basis for new, severer accidents. The ineffective reporting procedure or disregard of existing guidelines is a serious challenge to aviation safety.

Finally, mistakes during maintenance should also be mentioned as the frequent cause of ground accidents. The lack of the needed equipment, inexperienced specialists, or violation of current maintenance rules might create the basis for the critical deterioration of the situation and undesired outcomes. Thus, the causes mentioned above should be addressed to ensure the increased safety of flights. For this reason, prevention activities aim to reduce the probability of such mistakes and eliminate the causes of their emergence.

Establishing an effective reporting practice is viewed as one of the possible prevention activities. The employees’ inability to report can result in the growth in the problem’s complexity and long-term outcomes. For this reason, it is vital to cultivate a reporting culture with clear guidelines on how to act if any issue is detected. It should introduce transparent and effective procedures available to workers. They should be encouraged to share information about detected problems, which is key to improving safety.

Hazard identification and risk management could be viewed as potent prevention too. ICAO, IATA, and FAA emphasize the critical importance of the in-time detection of possible threats and the introduction of ways to respond to them. The Ground Accident Prevention (GAP) program is one of the possible methods to prevent ground accidents by creating a list of the most common risks and approaches to their management. It might help to avoid potentially dangerous situations and promote higher awareness levels among the staff.

Finally, training is considered one of the effective approaches to addressing the identified problem. It might help to reduce the probability of mistakes linked to the human factor. The regular evaluation of the employees’ skills and provision of required materials to improve them is a key to better maintenance practices. It might also help to minimize potential risks in the future. For this reason, ICAO and IATA develop guidelines and courses for airlines to guarantee specialists have access to the latest information on the problem and can use it in practice.


Altogether, ground accidents remain a serious issue for the aviation sector. The major causes might include human error, poor reporting, risk assessment, and improper maintenance. Regardless of the factor causing the undesired outcome, these events might cause substantial harm. For this reason, regulatory agencies focus on preventing ground accidents. The recommended approaches include improving the existing reporting culture, potent risk assessment and management procedures, and training for specialists working at the ramp area. It might help to cultivate the necessary safety culture and attain better results.