Relations Between Strategic Planning And Budgeting Writing Sample

“Would you tell me please, which way I ought to go from here? ” asked Alice. “That depends a good deal on where you want to get to” said the Cat. “I don’t much care where.. ” said Alice. “Then it doesn’t matter which way you go” said the Cat. It is the famous script from Alice in Wonderland which has been quoted in the business world as “if you do not know where you are going, any road will take you there”. In any organization, whether it is a profit or non-profit oriented, they must know their destiny and the road that will take them there.

They must know which path they have to go in order to establish their purpose of existence. Hence, a proper planning is needed and will be a key factor to determine the successful of the organization destiny. A good planning will let the organization make an important and right decision on choosing the right path of their future direction. Remember that popular adage that sounds “Failing to Plan, Planning to Fail”?. Both Strategic Planning and Budgeting is a planning tool to set an organization’s continuity and sustainability in their market field.

Strategic planning is a modern ways in designing an organization future direction and its sustainability. It is an integrated planning approach that considers the involvement of all units in an organization to achieve the organization’s vision and mission. It might also take into place the cooperation between one unit to another to produce a greater result of the outcomes. A Strategic Planning for an organization by business dictionary is: “Systematic process of envisioning a desired future, and translating this vision into broadly defined goals or objectives and a sequence of steps to achieve them.

In contrast to long-term planning (which begins with the current status and lays down a path to meet estimated future needs), strategic planning begins with the desired-end and works backward to the current status. At every stage of long-range planning the planner asks, “What must be done here to reach the next (higher) stage? ” At every stage of strategic-planning the planner asks, “What must be done at the previous (lower) stage to reach here? Also, in contrast to tactical planning (which focuses at achieving narrowly defined interim objectives with predetermined means), strategic planning looks at the wider picture and is flexible in choice of its means”. By that definition, we can conclude that a strategic planning is a long term structured programmes that bearing the desired-end result. It requires numbers of data and previous records, as for the reference to outline the strategy and tactical approach that need to be taken before implementation.

While strategic planning is busy setting up the organization long term direction, budgeting come into picture as a tool to support the organization’s strategic planning. Budgeting is needed to ensure all the activities and action plan designed in strategic planning, are running smoothly and effectively. Budgeting will be functioning as a financing element as to facilitate all the activities that has been planned. Budgeting will also be a tool to monitor and measure the performance of the organization in a day to day operation.

Libby & Lindsay, Part 1, 2003 describe budgeting as : “To motivate employees, allocate resources and coordinate operations within organization are, and have been the primary purpose of budget. Budgeting is aimed to facilitate responsibility distribution and is used to evaluate performance. 3. 0Relationship between Budgeting and Strategic Planning for an Organization. It is with no doubt that a budgeting is prepared for a purpose. In this case, a budgeting is prepared for a strategic planning purpose.

Both budgeting and strategic planning is inter-related and must be planned accordingly in order to justify whether an organization’s strategic plan is executable, workable, measureable and more importantly is meeting the organization’s vision, mission and objective. The relationship between budgeting and strategic planning lies as below: a) The budget will inform the organization how much money they need, to carry out the activities planned in the strategic planning. b) The budget will let the organization thinks the implications of the activity planning.

It will help the organization making some adjustment if the implication looks like to be failed. It will enable the organization make an income and expenditure projection and identifies any problems that might happen. A basis for organization’s accountability and transparency. Any discrepancies can be identified by looking into the amount received and spent is equal to activities being carried out. Most bankers or financial institution give loans based on the organization well planned activities.

None of these two can be stand alone because strategic planning need budgeting to materialise the activities that has been planned while budgeting need strategic planning to know for what purpose it is being used. As strategic planning helps the organisation establish its existence, a budgeting helps the organizations establish its continuity and sustainability.

Identity Statuses By James Marcia’s

In his work, James Marcia presents four identity statuses which involve differentiating individuals based on their level of crisis/exploration or commitment. These four identity statuses are known as identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement. The distinction between these statuses lies in the way each status is characterized. Identity diffusion refers to a person who has not yet encountered a crisis or made any commitments.

They are undecided about their occupational and ideological choices and lack interest in making any decisions about them. Diffusion differs from the other statuses because individuals in this category have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments, and they have no desire to decide on their careers or ideological preferences. Identity foreclosure refers to individuals who have made commitments without experiencing a crisis. Typically, these individuals have had their commitments imposed upon them by authoritarian parents, limiting their exploration of alternative ideologies and vocations. Foreclosure sets itself apart from the other three statuses as it involves having a commitment without having experienced crises, often due to choices made for the individual and deeply ingrained within them. Identity moratorium characterizes individuals who are currently facing a crisis but lack clear commitments.

The status of moratorium is distinct from the other three statuses in that it lacks a defined commitment and is currently in crisis. In contrast, identity achievement is the status achieved by individuals who have successfully navigated the crisis and made a commitment. This status is different from the others as it involves both experiencing a crisis and making a commitment. Ultimately, all four identity statuses are determined by the presence or absence of crisis/exploration and a commitment to identity.

Book Critique Of Charles Spurgeon Lectures To My Students


Charles Spurgeon is known as one of the most significant pastors, orators, authors and humanitarians of the nineteenth century. In addition to authoring numerous books, founding Stockwell Orphanage, serving as pastor of the Church in Waterbeach, Baptist Church of New Park Street in Southwark, London and the famed Metropolitan Tabernacle, Spurgeon also founded the Pastors’ College.

Perhaps one of Spurgeon’s greatest ministries was to the hundreds of pastors who were trained in the Pastors’ College which he founded and served as President until his death. In 1865 Spurgeon began an annual conference to address students, alum and other interested parties. Lectures To My Students contains many of the lectures and topics that Spurgeon presented at his annual conference. Lectures To My Students covers a variety of topics discussed in twenty-eight lectures.

Spurgeon defines his purpose for writing and publishing his lectures in “Introduction and Apology” where he states: Many men of earnest spirit and established Christian character are hindered in their own efforts to do good by the slenderness of their knowledge. Conscious of their own defects, they endeavor to improve themselves, but the absence of a guide, their need of books, and their scanty time, all prevent their making progress.

These are the men whom the Pastor’s College welcomes… The College aims at training preachers rather than scholars. To develop all the faculty of ready speech, to help them understand the word of God, and to foster the spirit of consecration, courage, and confidence in God, are objects so important that we put all other matters in secondary position. If a student should learn a thousand things, and yet fail to preach the gospel acceptably, his College course will have missed its true design (Spurgeon 2011, Location 63 of 11118).

In pursuit of such lofty and noble goal of instructing and teaching young men to become pastors Spurgeon poured his heart and soul into these lectures in an attempt to convey practical advice, knowledge and wisdom to a group of apprentice pastors who Spurgeon described thusly: My College lectures are colloquial, familiar, full of anecdote, and often humorous: they are purposely made so, to suit the occasion. At the end of the week I meet the students, and find those weary as I well can be.

They have had their fill of classics, mathematics, and divinity, and are only in a condition to receive something which will attract and secure their attention, and fire their hearts…To succeed in this the lecturer must not be dull himself, not demand any great effort from his audience…I have purposely given an almost autobiographical tinge to the whole, because my own experience, such as it is, is the most original contribution which I can offer, and, with my own students, quite as weighty as any other within my reach (___).

As evident by his concern and understanding Spurgeon had a special place in his heart for his students. critique Evaluation Spurgeon’s Lectures To My Students contains practical wisdom, sound advice and a common sense approach for pastors worldwide regardless of the era in which they find themselves ministering to others.

In other words Lectures To My Students is a timeless piece of literature written by a renown pastor that many refer to as the “Prince of Preachers” and “A Master Pulpiteer” with over 1,900 to his credit. Spurgeon’s love for the Lord and the vocation of preaching and teaching come through on every page of this brilliant piece of work. It is hard to establish a purely academic value for this book because it was not written to produce scholars but rather by and for preachers who Spurgeon cared for so much.

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