Researching Of Omega-3 Fatty Acids Sample College Essay

Fish oil has a high content of omega fatty acids, which play an important role in our body’s physiological processes. It regulates the production of hormones, participates in the processes of oxygen transfer to tissues, maintains vascular health, and improves the function of the digestive tract and excretory system (Shahidi & Ambigaipalan, 2018). Moreover, it normalizes brain activity, prevents the development of diabetes and heart disease, reduces inflammatory processes, and increases immune status (Gutiérrez et al., 2019). Even though it can cause side effects, the selected articles prove the efficacy of fish oil on the human body.

The first article is dedicated to omega-3 polyunsaturated acids and their benefits. The authors describe the selected supplement’s key features, chemical formula, and properties (Shahidi & Ambigaipalan, 2018). They also state that it is exclusively retrieved from aquatic organisms and is typically found in the liver of halibut or cod (Shahidi & Ambigaipalan, 2018). Omega-3 can be extracted from different animals and plants. Shahidi and Ambigaipalan (2018) suggest that fish oil boosts metabolism and prevents the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, or cognitive decline. Regardless of the benefits, conducting a more profound investigation of omega-3’s impact on people with other disorders is vital.

The second article describes how immune cells are affected by omega-3. This supplement causes serious changes in the emergence of cells both from innate and adaptive immunities (Gutiérrez et al., 2019). Omega can regulate membrane properties, regulating the immune systems. The article posed questions related to the impact of fish oil on other immune cells, such as dendritic or mast ones (Gutiérrez et al., 2019). It also emphasized the necessity of conducting additional studies to fully comprehend the mechanism of the supplement.

In general, the effect of using omega-fatty acids has been proven to improve the condition of patients with various disorders. The effect of Omega-3 on the human body has been proven by numerous scientists and is widely recommended by specialists. Its element has a beneficial effect on the immune system, ensuring its resistance to numerous diseases. Finally, Omega-3 fatty acids are a popular supplement that is used all over the world as a metabolic accelerator.

References

Gutiérrez, S., Svahn, S. L., & Johansson, M. E. (2019). Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on immune cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(20), 5028.

Shahidi, F., & Ambigaipalan, P. (2018). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their health benefits. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 9(1), 345-381.

Incompatibilism And Determinism In Human Life

When it comes to the philosophical aspects of life, many people support the idea of free will. This idea is deeply ingrained in their actual experiences to the extent that it is nearly hard to consider the possibility that their perspectives are incorrect. For example, when individuals contemplate various actions and make decisions, it can be assumed that there are several options available to them and that people may execute multiple courses of action. Consequently, when individuals reflect on a poor decision or criticize themselves for bad decision-making, it is often believed that they could have decided to act differently in the given situation. Nevertheless, many many philosophers and schools of thinking assume that the argument of free will is false and that human life is governed by determinism, implying that all human actions are the result of extraneous causes.

When it comes to a deeper understanding of determinism, it is seen as a broad argument about the existence that states that every event that occurs, particularly what an individual chooses and does, is predetermined by historical events and principles. Determinism is not a sensible concept, and it is difficult to believe that it may be real, which established two perspectives, compatibilist and incompatibilist (McKenna, 2019). Incompatibilism is the belief that a predetermined reality is incompatible with the concept of free will, which is described as the ability of aware actors to select a future direction from among multiple physical choices (McKenna, 2017). Meanwhile, the compatibilists doubt that determinism’s validity would have such a significant effect (McKenna, 2019). From a compatibilist’s point of view, the reality of determinism is consistent with the veracity of the human version of free will (McKenna, 2019). Consequently, the metaphysical issue of free will and determinism lies within trying to ascertain which school of thought holds an accurate version: compatibilists or incompatibilists.

In order to understand the perspectives of incompatibilists with regard to free will and determinism, it is vital to observe the types of this group. Hard determinists and libertarians are two types of incompatibilists who argue for determinism (McKenna, 2017). The former can be considered incompatibilists who claim that determinism is absolute or, instead, that such a concept is relatively strong to be regarded as valid in relevance to free will, implying that humans do not possess it.

Meanwhile, the latter can be considered incompatibilists who argue that humans do have free will and that this implies that determinism is untrue. Generally, libertarians have claimed that acting in a sensible way necessitates individuals possessing a unique and enigmatic causal capacity not possessed by any other entity in nature (McKenna, 2017). This can be rendered as a divine ability to be an abstract entity of world shifts (McKenna, 2017). Libertarians who share this viewpoint appear to believe that free will is only conceivable in universes that are at least somewhat uncontrolled and lack any laws. However, there are libertarians who reject such dangerous philosophical assertions, arguing that free will is viable in unpredictable settings (McKenna, 2017). Incompatibilists are hardly strong determinists or libertarians since they are skeptical about the validity or falsehood of determinism’s concept (McKenna, 2017). There are incompatibilists who do not believe in free will, and there are individuals who choose to be hopeful when it comes to the potential of developing a viable explanation of free will.

As for the considerations for incompatibilism, the arguments of these philosophers can be divided into two categories. The first involves claims for the idea that the essence of determinism makes it extremely difficult for humans to properly create and govern their behaviors and actions (McKenna, 2017). The second involves claims for the idea that determinism would take away the possibility of individuals to act or choose freely. The first type of reasoning focuses on the concepts of self, cause, and accountability (McKenna, 2017). The fear is that determinism eliminates the kind of causality individuals evoke when they ascribe acts to people and pass moral accountability judgments (McKenna, 2017). The second type of reasoning focuses on the concept of freedom. It appears that having control means having true possible alternatives and methods of acting (McKenna, 2017). The concern is that determinism implies that whatever individuals do is constantly the single option they can have (McKenna, 2017). As a result, it is believed that people never truly have a choice, rather than being under the possibly unavoidable delusion that they do.

One of the most significant points of view in regard to determinism was introduced by Peter van Inwagen, an American philosopher, more specifically, his Consequence Argument played a pivotal role. The Consequence Argument was presented by Peter van Inwagen as a justification for the notion of incompatibilism and was popularized as a counter-argument to compatibilism. The given theory is based on what van Inwagen refers to as the no choice principle (O’Connor, 2018). This notion appears quite reasonable and involves the question of how an individual can make a decision about something that is an inevitable outcome of something a person has no control over.

The argument of the philosopher and the like-minded individuals is that nobody has control over historical facts or natural laws. Nobody can change the reality that the events of the past and the laws of the universe imply all future realities (O’Connor, 2018). As a result, many philosophers argued that nobody has control over future events (O’Connor, 2018). If determinism is accurate, per the Consequence Argument, nobody really seems to have any control over how their own destiny unfolds. The reasoning of van Inwagen alarmed compatibilists for a legitimate reason (O’Connor, 2018). The traditional compatibilists’ inability to evaluate claims about an individual’s capacities on the grounds of hypothetical conditionals left them with no obvious rebuttal to the Classical Incompatibilist Argument’s fundamental assumption (O’Connor, 2018). Moreover, as per the reasoning of the Consequence Argument, determinism indicates that, based on the past and laws of nature, the future will develop in one direction solely, and nobody has the capacity to change that outcome, it appears that nobody ever can do anything.

In order to delve peer into the essence of van Inwagen’s opinion, if determinism is real, then human actions are the result of natural rules and distant occurrences. However, individuals have no control over what happened before they were born, nor do they have control over the laws of nature (O’Connor, 2018). According to the American philosopher, since actors have no influence over previous events, then they have no influence over the effects of those circumstances. The accompanying is a syllogistic interpretation of the statement that claims that no entity has control over historical facts or natural laws (O’Connor, 2018). Consequently, individuals have no control over the reality that the events of the past and the forces of nature necessitate every future occurrence, which means that determinism is valid. Moreover, they are not responsible for the outcomes of the events, primarily their current actions.

Therefore, the argument of the mentioned philosopher allows one to comprehend the concept that the future is available in a way that the past is not. Thus, it can be rendered as a part of the human shared perception system of assumptions about themselves as choosers and actors. This also represents a belief that the laws of nature restrict people’s capabilities and powers. The reasoning made by Peter van Inwagen is an effort to offer support for the incompatibilist’s interpretation of these rational assumptions. The given argument established that the debate over free will and determinist is a philosophical matter, with underlying concerns involving issues related to human skills and capabilities, including more common questions about causality, hypotheticals, and natural laws.

Consequently, the main question raised by the perspective of van Inwagen is whether choosers’ and individuals’ powers or capabilities can be thought of as a natural ability or demeanor. Moreover, it raises the question of whether there is an incompatibilist option that is feasible and whether there is a way how humans should think about hypothetical scenarios in terms of actors’ alternate decisions and thoughts in predetermined realms.

Hence, numerous philosophers and schools of thought believe that free choice is a fallacy and that human existence is regulated by determinism. In this sense, incompatibilism claims that free will and determinism are incompatible, which led to two schools of thought emerging, more specifically, libertarianism and hard determinism. However, one of the most influential perspectives was provided by Peter van Inwagen who developed the Consequence Argument, also known as the no choice principle, to bolster the claims of incompatibilists. It is based on the assumption that no one can alter reality and that previous occurrences and laws of nature infer all future occurrences. Thus it is possible to claim that no one has influence over future events. As a result, because no human being has power over previous occurrences or natural forces, it appears that no one has control over present actions, implying determinism and the nonexistence of free will in its common perception.

References

McKenna, M. (2017). Arguments for incompatibilism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web.

McKenna, M. (2019). Compatibilism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web.

O’Connor, T. (2018). Free will. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web.

Nursing And Physician Shortage

The nursing shortage is a complex problem involving many factors of influence. Ethics and culture can play a significant role in solving this issue. In particular, the conditions of work in which the employer supports and promotes ethics and the diversity of cultures are more favorable for the staff and can increase their job satisfaction. As a result, ethics and culture can affect the retention of employees and their intention to leave the workplace. The current paper examines sources that study the association between these factors and the possibilities of reducing medical staff shortages.

Sources

Faramarzpour, M., Farokhzadian, J., Tirgari, B., Shahrbabaki, P. M., Borhani, F., & Rafati, F. (2021). Nurses’ perceptions of hospital ethical climate and their job satisfaction. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, 18, 1-8. 

Working conditions, including organizational culture and atmosphere, significantly impact employees, especially their job satisfaction. Faramarzpour et al. (2021) conducted a survey using a questionnaire among 110 nurses to identify the correlation between the ethical climate at their workplace and the level of job satisfaction. The ethical environment affects decision-making, the relationships between employees of the organization, and their communication with patients and their families. Job satisfaction is associated with positive emotions that the employee experiences when assessing their working conditions. A survey by Faramarzpour et al. (2021) found a direct correlation between employees’ perceptions of the ethical climate and job satisfaction. This article is a credible source for research that can be trusted. It is published in an international peer-reviewed journal and is based on original research conducted by the authors. They also used a significant amount of scientific literature to prepare their publication. The information obtained from the source is valuable for the study, as job satisfaction is essential in retaining nurses and reducing their intention to leave work, and, accordingly, it decreases staff shortages. Faramarzpour et al. (2021) revealed that the ethical climate is critical for all employees regardless of their demographic characteristics. Therefore, ethical working conditions are crucial to reducing the shortage of medical staff.

Pressley, C., Newton, D., Garside, J., Simkhada, P., & Simkhada, B. (2022). Global migration and factors that support acculturation and retention of international nurses: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, 4, 1-16. 

Culture is another factor influencing the problem of nursing shortages. Pressley et al. (2022) report that countries seeking to solve the shortage issue hire nurses from other nations. However, employer pay little attention to the new workers adaptation and support, which may affect the decision to stay or quit the job. Authors conducted a systematic literature review that examined the experience of migrant nurses from various countries of origin (Pressley et al., 2022). Since such employees leave their native culture and must adapt to a society that is entirely new for them, support and acceptance play an essential role (Pressley et al., 2022). Racism and discrimination are significant barriers to adaptation to a new place and can cause a decision to leave work. This source combines a substantial amount of data from various research and is published in a peer-reviewed journal, which indicates its reliability. The article helps explore the topic of nursing shortages, as it covers a few crucial aspects – the recruitment of nurses from other countries, their adaptation, and the cultural factor of their retention. The significance of supporting migrant nurses in their adjustment requires measures and policies to be taken at various levels, such as government and health care institutions themselves, to help these workers. Adopting a culture of diverse employees will make the workplace more ethical and help reduce the shortage of specialists.

Tei-Tominaga, M., & Nakanishi, M. (2018). The influence of supportive and ethical work environments on work-related accidents, injuries, and serious psychological distress among hospital nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2), 1-13. 

The work of nurses is complex and carries significant health risks to employees, which also affects their shortage. Tei-Tominaga and Nakanishi (2018) surveyed nurses to investigate how ethical and favorable conditions can reduce the chances of injury and psychological stress. The researchers found that risks increase due to individual and job characteristics, organization of workflows, and the presence of security programs (Tei-Tominaga & Nakanishi, 2018). Tei-Tominaga and Nakanishi (2018) determined that an ethical work environment can reduce risks and make conditions more favorable, contributing to lowering nurse shortages. At the same time, unfavorable working conditions, in addition to personnel turnover, can also lead to a requirement for compensation from the employer (Tei-Tominaga & Nakanishi, 2018). The source’s reliability is confirmed by the conduct of the original study and the publication in an international peer-reviewed journal. The study is of interest to explore the topic of nursing shortages, as it reveals some of its causes and offers a solution by establishing an ethical environment in the workplace. The paper correlates with other studies, highlighting the importance of ethics in health care settings for employee retention. Moral support can therefore be a critical factor in reducing the shortage of medical staff.

Conclusion

Thus, research demonstrates that ethics and culture are essential in addressing nursing shortages. The ethical climate in the medical institution reduces risks to employees’ physical and mental health and contributes to increased job satisfaction. As a consequence, improved working conditions lessen staff turnover and helps to reduce the shortage of nurses. The cultural aspect, in turn, is becoming increasingly important as employers attract nurses from other countries. Such employees need support in adapting to new cultural conditions. However, they face discrimination, which becomes a significant barrier to retention. Respect for other cultures, as well as ethics, are critical parts of a supportive work environment, which can reduce the nursing shortage.

References

Faramarzpour, M., Farokhzadian, J., Tirgari, B., Shahrbabaki, P. M., Borhani, F., & Rafati, F. (2021). Nurses’ perceptions of hospital ethical climate and their job satisfaction. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, 18, 1-8.

Pressley, C., Newton, D., Garside, J., Simkhada, P., & Simkhada, B. (2022). Global migration and factors that support acculturation and retention of international nurses: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, 4, 1-16.

Tei-Tominaga, M., & Nakanishi, M. (2018). The influence of supportive and ethical work environments on work-related accidents, injuries, and serious psychological distress among hospital nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2), 1-13.

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