Robots And Human Traits Writing Sample

Evolution has been inevitable in the decades past and will still be inevitable in days to come. Some evolutions have natural causes yet others are stirred up by humans by their activities or at their own will, especially if it is necessitated by natural causes or business purposes or for research purposes. In this essay, we are going to consider the film “A Space Odyssey 2001” and Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution to determine how the “man machines” portray human traits and how the specific traits associated with the two different genders, how they reflect scientific claims regarding natural male and female qualities as stated by Charles Darwin, and how they contradict traditions and scientific claims.

In Darwin’s theory, it is stated that life evolves though a series of stages a natural selection process in this process, several characters and traits are rendered more of use or even of less use in accordance with the benefits they bring along to the creature. The same characters were used to build robots so as for them to be able to perform certain complex tasks, their brains were wired in a way that they were selective in nature to enable their artificial brains to be able to pick up the mostly used traits and for them to continue evolving as well. When the robots were put to test, it is only the smarter ones that kept multiplying because it was already in their mind to eliminate the dormant traits and keep activating the mostly used ones. He also states that the generation of a species that can survive ends up having more individuals because those that are not able to survive grow extinct as time goes by. The same also happens with humans, the only ones who can survive against all odds are the ones who are able to survive and therefore multiply with time. His theory continues to state that in many a certain species, individuals who had traits that would be inherited and were better when suited with the environment that they find themselves in will survive in the long run. In this case, we can conclude that the number one trait that the robots took over from human character was the ability to acquire an artificial brain as that of humans, for either the male or the female gender. Now that evolution had been a biological process in the past decades ago, it is now a debatable question right now because artificial processes can now be used to bring evolution about.

The robots, as shown in film “Space Odyssey”, are also seen to be able to bring solutions to problems by showing roles to one another by different gestures and motions. This is the second trait that we see that identifies with human beings as at today. Humans can team work and counter a problem or an attack from another party by showing signs, raising alarms, or even making sound, most especially women. This is a sign that the robots were made to exhibit humans and act in the capacity in which humans can act. They are seen to be conscious in their acts just as humans are. the only difference is that these are done artificially and for humans, it’s a natural cause. The hominids, as illustrated in the film “a Space Odyssey” are seen to kill one another over a pool of water and this is caused by a deep persuasion from within them to be able to overcome and survive. This is another human character that is portrayed here, that one would do anything and to save their life, especially the male species, when they see oncoming danger and there is not much they can do about it. This is also in line with Darwin’s theory that more individuals of a certain species will continue living for as long as they keep surviving all danger that they come across. Fourthly, when the hominids face that which is a mystery to them, they do not simply ignore, but they get curious to know what it is. They are afraid, to touch the monolith, yet their eagerness is also well aroused beyond any form of ignorance. This is also another character trait found in humans, especially the female gender. They are always curious yet timid deep inside, they have a form of fear in them to confront that which is unfamiliar to them yet so curious to confront it.

In the film, the hominids act as animals, and can be characterized much as the human ancestors just as HAL was considered just a machine which lived by calculation (robot) rather than by real human instinct. But the hominids managed to evolve overnight into humans that had the ability to preserve themselves. In this way, we see that the same happened to humans from the early man who was believed to be an ape who has evolved to become the modern man of today, and who can form tools to fight for himself and preserve his life in every way possible until he is able to survive against all odds. This also goes in line with Charles Darwin’s theory that living creatures have kept getting better and descended from the type that they originated from. Modification has come from what has already been and given birth to a better thing that is in existence to this very day. Initially, the hominids are creatures that do not have the ability to talk. In fact, in the first almost half of the movie phase, there is no talking involved because they do not have the ability to do so.

Visual effects are the major forms of communication used here. This applies to humans, back to the day s of the Homo-habilis, Homo-sapies and Homo-erectus, who did not have the power of speech because they were apes. Even in the modern days, children are born without the power of speech, they cannot talk, but they can see. This means that they also use vision as their main mode of communication. It is also in line with Darwin’s theory that creatures within a certain population have a difference in their character traits, and that some of them can be inherited, from one generation to another. This means that the inability to speak once a human being is born was inherited from the initial man and has been passed on actively throughout his evolution even on to this very date.

Charles Darwin stated that traits that are obtained from mating should be separated from those which are brought by natural causes. He added that these should be considered as cases of sexual selection which are obtained by either choice or contests. That selection contest involves members of the same sex and selection by choice involves members of the opposite cetothere also happens to be artificial selection where individuals which have different genetic traits are brought together on purpose and to bring out a trait that one desires to see on the concerned species. According to Than on his contribution on “what is Darwin’s theory of evolution?”, evolution by natural selection has been seconded by almost all the scientific disciplines in existence. The theory is at times known as “survival for the fittest theory”. This does not mean that only the individual with the greatest athletic ability will be the one who survives, but that the one who is able to reproduce and survive gets to dominate the ecosystem.

Scientifically, Evolution is believed to be a natural process which takes some time before it happens, but as shown in the movie, it contradicts this whole thing by the fact that the hominids, which were initially animal figures, can evolve into humans that can defend themselves overnight. This is a great contrast to the natural selection process which at times may take as long as decades to happen as compared to just an overnight turn around which happens in the film. In Darwin’s theory, it is stated that life evolves though a series of stages a natural selection process. In this film, the process is not evident in any way, there is just a magic turn around which defies the scientific rules. Laws have been made as to how robots should be made and should operate, but the problem is that the laws are sometimes not applicable, scientifically and even naturally. For example, if a robot is constructed and programmed in specific rules, then if anyone can use it, it may end up being destructive instead of being constructive. This is because one of the laws of making robots says that they should not harm humans, but some harmful humans can use the robot, programmed in the same instructions, to cause harm to a mass of people.

In conclusion, Darwin’s theory states that when some reproductive isolation happens, then there are new species formed. If a certain species of individuals does not fight hard enough to be able to survive the environment, then they must go extinct and another must form, through evolution. Evolution is therefore a major thing for as long as the earth will be because the earth will not be empty, each time, there evolves a new species naturally. If not naturally, humans will always find ways to cause things to evolve artificially.

Clarence Hervey’s Character

So many people limit themselves because they are afraid of what others will think, so we cast ourselves into something we are not, a fabricated version of ourselves. Clarence Hervey, as the people know him, is a made up version of himself. In the novel entitled Belinda, author Maria Edgeworth describes the character Clarence Hervey, suitor of Belinda, as a man of intellect and potential shadowed by a pompous attitude using techniques such as point of view to provide negative characterization through a third-person perspective, a constant shift between the narrator’s hope for Hervey and a swift loss of hope, and ironic diction to develop Hervey’s very prevalent complex character.

To begin with, Edgeworth uses point of view to provide negative characterization through a third person perspective. Although coming from the narrator, the focus is turned to Hervey, showing the narrator’s disappointed feelings towards Hervey, as he “might have been more than a pleasant young man had he not been smitten with the desire of being thought superior in everything.” Filled with opinions of Hervey coming from one perspective, the root of such a negative view of Hervey is quite untraceable. It’s unclear whether the narrator opposes Hervey due to his character traits or because the narrator curls his/her upper lip in disdain because Hervey is not living up to the potential the narrator believes him to possess. What the bias of the third person point of view does give us, however, is a peek into Hervey’s future, or the one he invented for himself. The narrator states that Hervey would “soon become vicious” as he is “easily led, or rather so easily excited by his companions”, providing a feasible foreshadowing not only of Hervey’s future, as he worries too much about the way he is seen and how the way of others contributes to such, but also as to what is to come in the novel. To the narrator, and now to us readers, Hervey is a lifeless entity consumed with a character who seeks acceptance by putting down others to do so. Superiority is key to this that resides in Hervey and serves nothing but a hindrance to his potential of being any different, of accepting others for who they are in order to be accepted for who he truly is.

Secondly, Maria Edgeworth uses bold diction coupled with irony to emphasize descriptors of Hervey as well as those around him to add to his complex character. For example, Edgeworth says Hervey was “so dreadfully afraid of passing for a pedant”, with emphasis on the word dreadfully. This goes beyond just being afraid,as to absolutely dread something connotes to him anticipating it, constantly letting it wreck his brain, alluding to the fact that he cares that much about how he is seen; it consumes him. This is quite ironic as he is using this emotion and applying it to “passing for a pedant” when a pedant is excessively concerned with minor details, just as Hervey is. Edgeworth then goes on to say “ there was none on which he valued himself so much as on his gallantry”, meaning he admires his courageous behavior, which is ironic as it is actually the exact opposite of the traits Hervey possesses. It takes courage to be who you really are and as the narrator portrays Hervey as a charlatan such as when she says “ he pretended to disdain every species of knowledge. His chameleon character seemed to vary in different lights, and according to the different situations in which he happened to be placed”, a true coward is in the makings. Lastly, after an admittance of Hervey being smitten of Belinda when Edgeworth says “every day he saw her with increasing admiration of her beauty, and with 40 increasing dread of being taken in to marry a niece of ‘the catch-match-maker,’’ we see the word dread dragged along again, this time in relation to Belinda’s status as a “niece of a catch-match-maker”. This further reveals Hervey’s obsessive character not only of himself, but of others as well. Most people obsess over themselves and tend to forget about others, however Hervey, being as complex as he is, does quite the opposite. He takes note of Belinda as infatuation grows but he also takes note of her status, turning his nose up to someone besides himself for once.

Furthermore, Edgeworth uses tone shifts coupled with a parallel syntax structure to show high hopes contrasted with the sad reality of Hervey. For instance, when Edgeworth says “He had considerable literary talents, by which he was distinguished at Oxford; but he was so dreadfully afraid of passing for a pedant, that when he came into the company of the idle and the ignorant, he pretended to disdain every species of knowledge.”, we see the narrator gawking in awe at the accomplishments of Hervey, however he does nothing with it, and in fact disregards is, leaving the narrator with disappointment. The parallel syntax structure used by Edgeworth here adds to the complexity of not only the sentence, but of Hervey as well, utilizing two different ideas in the sentence, signifying Hervey’s two-sidedness. However, the narrator themself contradicts the tone present when noting the traits of Hervey. The entire passage is judgement from the narrator, as if the narrator is peering down taking note of each and every detail. The narrator in a sense is the puppeteer while everyone else, from Hervey to Belinda, is a marionette. They don’t make one move without the narrator’s okay, making the tone quite stiff, also pinpointing the scared attitudes the marionettes have for the puppeteer. The narrator is no exception to the upper-class personalities of the characters and proves to us so through the constant critique and judgement he/she spews out. Everything is freeze-framed while the narrator goes through with a fine-tooth comb, nitpicking at every little detail.

Maria Edgeworth molds an emblem of complexity through Clarence Hervey with the help of techniques such as point of view to provide negative characterization through a third- person perspective, a constant shift between tone to show the narrator’s hope for Hervey and to a swift loss of hope, and ironic diction to develop Hervey’s very prevalent complex character. In a society where scrutiny such as that coming from the narrator is prevails, it is not unreasonable for Hervey to attempt to exude superiority and hide his true self. For if gold rusts, what will iron do?

Does One See What Is True To The Eye?

What truly defines a masculine man or a feminine woman? How does society really view masculinity and femininity? When we see a man become emotional, we automatically assume he is weak. When we see a Woman become emotionally, we assume it’s totally normal. Many of us will look at a person on the outside and judge them specifically on looks. However, the physical attributes a person possesses, does not always define the traits or characteristics typically associated with being a male or female.

Men have the ability to show similar yet different qualities. Wayne from the novel Picturing Will by Ann Beattie, is a handsome man but a womanizer. Wayne’s character is looked at as a strong confident man while Mel’s character is looked at as not so “manly”. Not to mention, Mel is a good-looking man, however, he is more of a soft guy thats financially stable and a type that focuses on supporting his home and family. People may look at the outside of both characters and get the idea that one is more masculine than the other. The truth is masculinity cannot be defined on what you see on the outside but the view as a whole.

With paying attention to both characters, it is safe to say Mel is more likeable than Wayne. There are more pros than cons when it comes to Mel. These pros include the way Mel treats women with respect and helps out, As for Wayne, he did not change throughout the novel. He remained the same coward and it didn’t phase him. Wayne had abandoned his wife Jody and son Will and went and married a new Woman named Corky. That just shows how much of a “man” he is.

Jody is a single parent struggling to raise her son Will alone. She is a photographer in a small town named Charlottesville. She photographs weddings to make a living for her and her son. The first impression of her is an astonishing single parent who is doing an admirable job of being both a mother and father in order to support herself and her son Will. This proves that woman may simultaneously possess both masculine and feminine attributes.

Mel was the character that showed more emotion than Wayne. With this thought, does this mean Wayne is more masculine than Mel? Just because one character expressed himself more than the other, does that mean one shows more signs of weakness? The answer is no. Even though Wayne is probably considered such a “manly man”, it doesn’t necessarily mean he really was. He might be physically but not mentally.

People will always have their own ideas on the definition of masculinity and femininity. We may look on the outside of a human being and decide without hesitation the traits he or she might have to define his masculinity or her femininity.

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