Sabrina Ferhani The Odyssey Essay Writing Sample

Sabrina Ferhani The Odyssey Essay Prompt C: Heroism can have different meanings for different people; literature is full of characters considered “heroic. ” Specifically, some characters are also “epic heroes. ” In a well-developed composition, identify how Odysseus meets the criteria to be an epic hero. Explain how the heroism of the character relates to the work as a whole. In the epic poem, The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus is shown to be an epic hero.

Epic heroes have guides to help them along their journeys, face temptations but end up doing the right things, and have specific goals and plan on doing whatever it takes to reach them. Odysseus shows all these characteristics throughout the book. His characteristics of an epic hero related to the work as a whole because it links to the outcome of the story and demonstrates that Odysseus’ actions are important throughout his journey.

Odysseus faces many temptations on his way back home to Ithaca. When Odysseus and his crew are on their way to Thrinakia, the sun god Helios’ island, they must pass the Sirens. The Sirens are dangerous creatures who lure you with their soft sweet singing. Circe had instructed Odysseus to put honey wax on the ears of his crew and if he wanted to hear the Sirens, to tie his hands and feet to the mast of the ship so that there was no way of him to steer the ship towards the Sirens. ‘Come this way, honored Odysseus, great glory of the Achaians, and stay your ship, so that you can listen here to our singing; for no one else has ever sailed past this place in his black ship until he has listened to the honey-sweet voice that issues form our lips; then goes on, well please, knowing more than ever he did; for we know everything that the Argives and Trojans did and suffered in wide Troy through the gods’ despite. Over all the generous earth we know everything that happens” (XII. 190. 84-191). The Sirens told Odysseus that if he came to them, he would know everything there is to know about what is going back home in Ithaca. He was tempted to listen and hear more by going to them, but he told his crew that if he impored them to set him free that they should tie him with more lashings. Odysseus faced temptations on his way back home to Ithaca but restrained himself by being an epic hero. Odysseus encounters many guides who give him a great deal of help on his journey back home to Ithaca.

Odysseus has the help of Aeolus, the god of winds, Circe, the sorceress of Aeaea, and Zeus, the father of all gods. When Odysseus and his men reach the Aiolian island, Odysseus encounters Aeolus. Odysseus needed to sail west so, Aeolus gave Odysseus a bag of winds that held the North, South, and East Wind so that the only wind there was left was the West Wind. He also received help by Circe. “…and I will show you the way and make plain all details, so that neither

Sexual Harassment In The Workplace Can Occur Anywhere

Sexual harassment can occur anywhere, especially in the workplace. In fact, approximately 15,000 sexual harassment cases are brought to the attention of the Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC) each year. (Risman) This does not include actions brought privately by sexual harassment attorneys. This type of harassment is not only damaging to the victim and the harasser, but also to the organization involved and could potentially cost them a lot of money. Sexual harassment is not only unethical; it is illegal.

Managers and other individuals of authority are ethically obligated to ensure that they, their coworkers and their subordinates never engage in this type of conduct, even unintentionally. Victims of sexual harassment can be both men and women, and their harassers do not have to be of the opposite sex. However, women are the most frequent victims of sexual harassment.

Women who are employed in male-dominated occupations or positions stereotypically associated with certain gender relationships, such as a female secretary reporting to a male boss, are more likely to be sexually harassed. Of the 607 women surveyed by the National Association for Female Executives, 60% indicated that they had experienced some form of sexual harassment. ” (Jones, George 169)

According to the EEOC’s website, sexual harassment is described as “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment and when this conduct explicitly and implicitly affects an individual’s employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.

Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, there are two types of sexual harassment: hostile working environment and quid pro quo. Hostile working environment sexual harassment consists of actions such as telling lewd jokes, displaying pornography, making sexually oriented remarks about someone’s personal appearance, and other sex-related actions that make the work environment unpleasant. (Jones, George 169) Courts have held employers and harassers liable for this type of harassment. A hostile work environment interferes with an employee’s ability to perform their jobs effectively and is considered illegal.

Claims of hostile working environments are very “fact intensive. ” (Sexual Harassment That Creates a Hostile Work Environment) There are various circumstances that are severe or persuasive enough in order to constitute a legal violation. Managers who engage in this type of harassment or allow others to do so risk costly lawsuits for their employer. For example, in February 2004 a federal jury awarded Marion Schwab $3. 24 million after reflecting on her sexual harassment case against FedEx.

From 1997 to 2000, Schwab was the only female tractor-trailer driver at the FedEx facility serving the Harrisburg International Airport vicinity in Middletown, PA. During her employment at the facility she was the target of sexual suggestions, given more work assignments, and was the center of derogatory comments about her appearance and the role of women in society. The breaks on her truck were tampered with five times also. The EEOC sued FedEx and Schwab was a part of that lawsuit. (Jones, George 169-70)

Quid pro quo is Latin for “this for that. This type of sexual harassment can occur when an employee is asked or forced to perform sexual favors in exchange for job benefits. These benefits can include employment, promotion, salary increases, shift or work assignments, performance expectations or other conditions of employment. It can also occur if rejection of a sexual advance or request for a sexual favor results in the loss of job benefits as described above. (Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment) This type of sexual harassment is prohibited as a matter of criminal law as a form of sex discrimination or as a violation of labor or tort law.

Offense in a quid pro quo case is directly related to the individual’s basis for employment or the terms of employment decisions affecting the victim. (Roberts, Mann) When this type of harassment occurs, the employee has the legal right to take their employer to court. The legal relationship between an employer and an employee is called an agency. The employer is known as the principal and the employee as an agent. The theory behind respondeat superior is that the principal controls the agent’s behavior and therefore must assume some responsibility for their actions.

The company is strictly liable even if it had no knowledge of the conduct because the courts follow the doctrine of respondeat superior. (Respondeat Superior) Respondeat superior is a common-law doctrine that states that an employer is liable for the actions of the employee when the actions occur within the scope of their employment. It was established in 17th century England and adopted by the United States. This doctrine allows injured parties to have a better chance at recovering damages resulting from sexual harassment. (Respondeat Superior) In the Henson v. City of Dundee, Barbara Henson stated that the chief of the Dundee police department subjected her and her female coworker to sexual harassment. She alleged that the harassment ultimately led her to resign under duress. (Henson v. city of Dundee)

In 1982, the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit set forth the rationale of a company’s strict liability. It reasoned: “the supervisor uses the means furnished to him by the employer to accomplish the prohibited purpose. He acts within the scope of his actual or apparent authority to “hire, fire, discipline or promote. …Because the supervisor is acting within at least the apparent scope of his authority entrusted to him by the employer when he makes employment decisions, his conduct can fairly be imputed to the source of his authority. ” (Roberts, Mann)

The effects of sexual harassment go farther beyond a lawsuit. Those victimized of this kind of conduct may suffer deeper more personal issues. The effects of sexual harassment vary from person to person. They also depend on the severity and duration. Sexual harassment is considered a form of sexual assault and victims can suffer the same psychological effects as rape victims. After retaliation they can become a target of retaliation, backlash or blame from their aggravated harasser. (Effects of Sexual Harassment)

Depending on the situation, a victim of this type of harassment can experience feelings of mild annoyance to extreme psychological damage. Like many other types of discrimination, sexual harassment can be prevented. As previously stated, managers are ethically obligated to ensure that they, their coworkers and their subordinates never engage in sexual harassment. Managers must follow four initial steps in order to deal with urrent problems and prevent new ones from occurring.

The first step is to develop and clearly communicate a sexual harassment policy that is endorsed by top management. This policy should prohibit both quid pro quo and hostile work environment sexual harassment. It should include examples of the types of behavior that are not accepted and a procedure for employees to use when reporting incidents. It should also include a discussion of disciplinary actions that will be taken if harassment has taken place and a commitment to educate and train organizational members about the subject.

The second step is to use a fair complaint system to investigate accused persons of sexual harassment. This procedure should be managed by a neutral third party and ensure that complaints are dealt with promptly and thoroughly. It should protect and treat victims fairly. It should also ensure that alleged harassers are treated fairly. The third step is to take corrective action as soon as possible when it has been determined that sexual harassment has taken place. These actions may vary depending on he severity of the situation.

When harassment is extensive, prolonged, of quid pro quo measures or severely objectionable in another manner, corrective actions may include termination of employment. The last and final step is to provide sexual harassment education ad training to all organizational members, including managers. For example, DuPont, a Fortune 500 firm, developed a “Matter of Respect” program to educate their employees about sexual harassment and eliminate its occurrence. The program consists of a four-hour workshop in which the participants are given information intended to define sexual harassment.

It also sets forth the company’s policy against the issue and explains how to report complaints and access a 24-hour hotline. (Jones, George 170) By following these four steps to prevent sexual harassment, organizations are able to educate their employees. When an organization educates its employees about intolerable conduct and its consequences, they are decreasing their chances of ending up with a lawsuit. Sexual harassment is illegal and should not be taken lightly or as a joke. The effects of this type of conduct not only affect the victim but also its harasser and the employer.

Both women and men can be victims of sexual harassment and the harasser does not necessarily need to be of the opposite sex. Of the two types of sexual harassment, a hostile working environment is the most common. The other type of sexual harassment, quid pro quo is the more severe of the two. In quid pro quo cases, an organization may be liable of harasser because of the respondeat superior doctrine. The effects of sexual harassment can go far beyond a lawsuit. Victims and harassers can be affected emotionally and psychologically, depending on the situations.

All this can be prevented by taking four initial steps: develop and communicate a sexual harassment policy, use a fair complaint system to investigate instances, take corrective action when sexual harassment has been determined and provide sexual harassment education and training for all organizational members. By becoming aware of sexual harassment laws and educating its employees an organization can prevent themselves from the negative effects of sexual harassment.

Works Cited

  1. “Effects of Sexual Harassment. ” Welcome to Workharassment. net. N. p. , n. d. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www. workharassment. net/index. php/effects-of-sexual arassment. html>.
  2. Henson v. City of Dundee, 682 F. 2d 897 (11th Cir. 1982). Jones, Gareth R. , and Jennifer M. George. “Sexual Harassment. ” Contemporary Management. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2011. 169-70. Print.
  3. “Respondeat Superior. ” TheFreeDictionary. com. Farlex, n. d. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://legal-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/Respondeat superior>.
  4. Risman, Maya. “Workplace Sexual Harassment Scary Stats. ” Understanding Your Rights (2012): n. pag. Law Offices of Maya Risman, P. C. 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www. risman-law. com/2012/01/workplace-sexual-harassment scary-stats/>.
  5. Roberts, Barry S. , and Richard A. Mann. “Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: A Primer. ” Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: A Primer. N. p. , n. d. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www3. uakron. edu/lawrev/robert1. html>.
  6. “Sexual Harassment That Creates a Hostile Work Environment. ” Stop Violence Against Women. Advocates of Human Rights, n. d. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www. stopvaw. org/sexual_harassment_that_creates_a_hostile_work_e vironment>.
  7. “Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment. ” Stop Violence Against Women. Advocates of Human Rights, n. d. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www. stopvaw. org/quid_pro_quo_sexual_harassment>.

Overview Of Romeo And Juliet Play

Romeo and Juliet Prologue: Enter Chorus Chorus Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. (Prologue 4) From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross’d lovers take their life; Whose misadventured piteous overthrows Do with their death bury their parents’ strife. Prologue 8) The fearful passage of their death-mark’d love, And the continuance of their parents’ rage, Which, but their children’s end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours’ traffic of our stage; (Prologue 12) The which if you with patient ears attend, What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. (Prologue 14) Romeo and Juliet vs. West Side Story Character Parallels Romeo & Juliet Montagues Capulets Romeo Juliet Nurse Mercutio Tybalt Friar Laurence Paris Prince Balthasar Benvolio

West Side Story The Jets (white) The Sharks (Puerto Rican) Tony Maria Anita Riff Bernardo Doc Chino The Police (i. e. Lieutenant Shrank) Doc (as a messenger) Anybodys (action-wise) Baby John (personality-wise) Scene Parallels Romeo & Juliet 3rd civil brawl party at the Capulet house balcony scene West Side Story confrontation between the Jets and Sharks at the beginning dance at the gym fire escape scene edding at Friar Laurence’s mock wedding at the bridal shop cell duels between Mercutio, Tybalt and Romeo Nurse abandons Juliet by urging her to marry Paris Other Differences Star-Crossed Lovers Why Their Love is Forbidden The Parents Romeo & Juliet Romeo & Juliet West Side Story Tony and Maria rumble underneath the bridge Anita betrays Maria by not delivering her message to Tony families are enemies and have racial tension between the been feuding for a long time two gangs the parents are heavily involved with their children (especially the Capulets) parents are never seen and rarely involved

Law and Justice Lieutenant Shrank is biased the Prince is neutral in his against the Puerto Ricans, decisions and does not favour and is more interested in his a certain side own interests Paris is not a member of either side, though he supports the Capulets Italy, Renaissance/Medieval swords, rapiers, daggers Juliet and Tybalt are cousins Chino belongs to the same side as Maria New York, 1950’s switchblades, guns, fists Maria and Bernardo are siblings The Fiance Setting Weapons Character Relations #1 Character Relations #2 Character Relations #3 Opening Brawl he Nurse is Juliet’s nurse (i. e. Anita is Maria’s best friend a nanny) the Nurse and Tybalt don’t really have much of a relationship (though the Nurse Anita is Bernardo’s girlfriend says that he was “the best friend [she has] ever had”) Sampson, Gregory and Abra fight a bit, Benvolio tries to the Jets and Sharks run around and attack, throw stop the fight, but Tybalt ends paint and garbage, etc. at up fighting him in the end each other “Hands” “If I profane, with my unworthiest hand… sonnet the Nurse tells both Romeo and Juliet that the other is from the rival family Tony and Maria talk about the coldness of each others’ hands Tony finds out that he’s not really supposed to associate with Maria after Bernardo takes her away The Revelation After the Party the infamous balcony scene Romeo sneaks into the Capulet’s orchard and catches Tony meets Maria on her fire Juliet confessing her love for escape, and they sing him. They spout romantic “Tonight” poetry before they make their wedding plans “What’s Montague?… “What’s Maria and Tony ask each in a name? ” other what their names mean Tybalt has been looking for Romeo since the party, but the confrontation and outcome are the results of Fate the rumble is organized by the two gangs, but the eventual outcome is unexpected Maria asks Anita to tell Doc that she will arrive later than expected, but Anita is harassed by the Jets and tells Doc that Maria was killed by Chino instead the Jets physically and verbally harass Anita, eventually simulating a sexual harassment

The Name Game The Double Duel Juliet’s Nurse encourages her Abandonment to marry Paris and commit and Betrayl bigamy, instead of supporting her marriage to Romeo Harassment of the Nurse/Anita Mercutio taunts the Nurse with obscene jokes and such The Ending Tony runs around outside, yelling for Chino to kill him Romeo arrives at the tomb too. Then he sees Maria, and and poisons himself.

Juliet Maria sees him. They run wakes up moments later and towards each other, but commits suicide by stabbing Chino arrives and shoots herself with a dagger. The two Tony. Tony dies in Maria’s families reconcile arms. The two gangs silently reconcile, and members of both help carry Tony’s body large view Script Venn large view Acting Venn large view Content Venn large view Composition Venn

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