Seen From Above Poem Analytical Free Sample

Does a beetle’s death require as much thoughtful consideration as a human’s? Is a beetle only less significant as a human due to the contrasting proportions? Does size matter at all? A dead beetle lies on a path through a field and is meditated on for only a glance. The passing person then continues the right of way. Wislawa Szymborska attempts to change our ideas of death to comprehend that even small things are relevant as shown in the poem, ‘Seen From Above,’ by utilizing the imagery of the dead beetle, through claiming death’s metaphorical right of way, and with the contrast of a deceased human and a dead animal.

The insignificance of the dead beetle is portrayed as a sorrowful and somber event though the skillful use of imagery of the mechanical beetle on the side of the field. As Szymborska walks through the fields, she discovers the despairing significance of a dead animal lying in her path. “.. Lies unmourned and shining in the sun. ”(16) Every single person that walks the same path simply gives the beetle one glance and walks on. The beetle is forgotten and neglected. In contrast, full attention would be given to a human being lying in the equivalent situation. Szymborska utilizes imagery to get the audience to stop and think for a while.

Imagery not only assists the audience in visualizing what this scene looks like, but it helps them comprehend the importance of the situation. Humans feel no relevance in the matter of the multitudes of animals dying each day. However, even the smallest animal should be mourned after. Animals live their life, and do no harm, where as humans commit the worst crimes and are still recognized as something special. When comparing a human ‘s and an animal’s outcome of death, the idea of death changes to a great extent, which is displayed through the use of irony.

The first time the persona comes upon the dead beetle, she immediately realizes the difference in the way the beetle had died. “Instead of death’s confusion, tidiness and order. ” (2,3) When people pass away, they most commonly die of disease or as a result of an accident. The scene caused is revolting and therefore captivating. In contrast, the beetle dies with “tidiness and order. ” Its legs are neatly crossed and no mess it produced. What the beetle signifies, is that meaningless things in life will nevertheless stay meaningless.

As it is on a different level of importance, it will stay that way, no matter how orderly it actually is. Through the utilization of irony, the large physical contrast between the unlike deaths and the difference in the importance of the two things are clearly intelligible. One should learn to not just disregard small things, but to give them consideration as well. Every single thing has a history to it, which should not be ignored, but acknowledged with intention. Through the metaphor claiming the right of way, Szymborska expresses that humans need to be more attentive and consider smaller things as well.

After having discovered the beetle lying on her path, she meditates on what she believes is right. “Important matters are reserved for us, for our life, and our death, a death that always claims the right of way. ” (19-21) This person clearly believes that the importance of humans is at a higher stage than that of an animal. The beetle is given one glance before it has becomes irrelevant history from the past. As this person is walking through the field, without any further thought after seeing the beetle, she continues walking forward.

It is metaphorical in the sense that there are things in life that are so small, that there is no significance to it. This metaphor assists the audience in understanding that matters in one’s life, even as small as the beetle are important. The level of the human standard of what is and what is not vital is set too high. Life and death are both relevant, whether or not it is of a human being, an animal, or of a thing. Szymborska conveys the literal idea of the contrasting importance between a decaying human and a dead animal, as well as a deeper understanding of the figurative message in the poem.

The beetle symbolizes things that occur in one’s life, which are not given much judgment, but rather, a brief opinion and then eventually forgotten. The persona passing represents human thought as well as the common natural action of humans continuing ‘the right of way. ’ Through the utilization of imagery, metaphor, and irony, Szymborska captivates the reader and assists them in creating a vivid image of the scene as well as in comprehending the truth of the message expressed. Every single thing should be given consideration whether or not it is great or little.

Marley And Me Book Review

After getting married, John and Jenny Grogan move from Michigan to southern Florida to escape the harsh winters. They both get jobs as reporters, but at different newspapers. Jenny works at The Palm Beach Post and is given important assignments that make it to the front page. On the other hand, John ends up at the South Florida Sun-Sentinel where he writes obituaries and short articles about uninteresting news like a fire at the local garbage dump.

When John feels that Jenny is considering becoming a mother, his colleague Sebastian Tunney proposes that they adopt a dog as a test to determine if they are prepared to raise a family. They choose Marley, a yellow Labrador Retriever from a litter of newborn puppies. They name him after the famous reggae singer, Bob Marley. However, Marley quickly proves to be uncontrollable. They decide to bring him to Ms. Kornblut (played by Kathleen Turner), who strongly believes that any dog can be trained. Unfortunately, Marley refuses to follow commands and is ultimately expelled from her training class.

Editor Arnie Klein offers John a biweekly column in which he can explore the enjoyable and comical aspects of everyday life. Initially struggling to decide on a subject, John eventually recognizes that the antics of Marley could be an ideal topic for his debut article. Arnie approves of the idea, and John comfortably adjusts to his newfound role.

Despite causing chaos in the household, Marley’s mischievous behavior provides ample content for John’s popular column, which helps increase the newspaper’s circulation. Unfortunately, Jenny suffers a miscarriage during her first trimester of pregnancy. To compensate for their delayed honeymoon, John and Jenny take a trip to Ireland while someone else takes care of Marley. However, managing Marley becomes challenging for this person, especially during thunderstorms. When they return, Jenny discovers she is pregnant again and successfully gives birth to a healthy baby boy named Patrick. Later on, she has another son called Connor and decides to quit her job and become a stay-at-home mom. The couple also moves to a bigger house in a safer neighborhood in Boca Raton where Marley thoroughly enjoys swimming in the backyard pool.

John and Jenny have recently welcomed their daughter Colleen into their family. However, Jenny, although she denies it, displays symptoms of postpartum depression. This is noticeable in her growing impatience towards Marley and John’s suggestion to find a new home for the dog at Jenny’s request. Nevertheless, Jenny eventually recognizes that Marley has become an indispensable member of their family and ultimately consents to letting him remain.

John celebrates his 40th birthday and decides to change his job. He accepts a position as a reporter with The Philadelphia Inquirer, and with Jenny’s blessing, the family moves to a farm in rural Pennsylvania. Life is perfect until Marley, their aging dog, starts showing signs of arthritis and deafness. Despite surviving a near-fatal attack of gastric dilatation volvulus, Marley’s health deteriorates. The family realizes that surgery is no longer an option and decides to euthanize Marley. John stays by Marley’s side until the end. The family holds a final farewell for their beloved pet and buries him under a tree in their front yard.

The Birth Of Slavery In The U.S

  1. In the 17th century labor for plantations was based on indentured servitude.
  2. 1675 Bacon’s Rebellion
  3. By 1770 “By the mid-1770s, the system of bond labor had been thoroughly transformed into a racial caste system predicated on slavery.

    “Racial division was a consequence, not a precondition of slavery, but once it was instituted it became detached from its initial function and acquired a social potency all its own.” Loïc Wacquant, “America’s New ‘Peculiar Institution’: On the Prison as Surrogate Ghetto,” Theoretical Criminology 4, no. 3 (2000)

The Death of Slavery in the US

  1. Emancipation Proclamation 1863

    “Following the Civil War, it was unclear what institutions, laws, or customs would be necessary to maintain white control now that slavery was gone. Nonetheless, as numerous historians have shown, the development of a new racial order became the consuming passion for most white Southerners. Rumors of a great insurrection terrified whites, and blacks increasingly came to be viewed as menacing and dangerous. In fact, the current stereotypes of black men as aggressive, unruly predators can be traced to this period, when whites feared that an angry mass of black men might rise up and attack them or rape their women.” [Michelle Alexander, Cornel West, The New Jim Crow]

  2. 14th Amendment 1868
  3. 15th Amendment 1870
  4. “Black Codes” in South. “As expressed by one Alabama planter: “We have the power to pass stringent police laws to govern the Negroes—this is a blessing—for they must be controlled in some way or white people cannot live among them.” While some of these codes were intended to establish systems of peonage resembling slavery, others foreshadowed Jim Crow laws by prohibiting, among other things, interracial seating in the first-class sections of railroad cars and by segregating schools.” [Michelle Alexander, Cornel West, The New Jim Crow]
  5. “Black Codes” overturned under reconstruction.

    “Southern conservatives vowed to reverse Reconstruction and sought the “abolition of the Freedmen’s Bureau and all political instrumentalities designed to secure Negro supremacy.” Their campaign to “redeem” the South was reinforced by a resurgent Ku Klux Klan, which fought a terrorist campaign against Reconstruction governments and local leaders, complete with bombings, lynchings, and mob violence.”, [Michelle Alexander, Cornel West, The New Jim Crow]

  6. Reconstruction 1863-1877 (Disputed election of 1876 was given to Republican Hayes, but an agreement to withdraw federal troops from the South and an end to reconstruction left the Democrats in control of the South for more than a century.) The Birth of Jim Crow in the US
  7. Plessy v. Ferguson – “separate but equal” standard set – 1896
  8. Three philosophies of race during and after reconstruction a. Liberal – paternalistic emphasis on stigma of segregation and hypocrisy of government

    Conservative – blames liberals for pushing blacks too far and warned blacks that things could be worse under the Redeemers

    Radical – populist movement of poor whites and blacks against planters, railroads, and big business

    “The Populists took direct aim at the conservatives, who were known as comprising a party of privilege, and they achieved a stunning series of political victories throughout the region. Alarmed by the success of the Populists and the apparent potency of the alliance between poor and working-class whites and African Americans, the conservatives raised the cry of white supremacy and resorted to the tactics they had employed in their quest for Redemption, including fraud, intimidation, bribery, and terror.” [Michelle Alexander, Cornel West, The New Jim Crow]

  9. Segregation laws put a wedge between black and white just as slavery and racial ideology was the response to Bacon’s Rebellion 200 years earlier.

Weakening the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution

“The Fourth Amendment is but one example. Virtually all constitutionally protected civil liberties have been undermined by the drug war. The Court has been busy in recent years approving mandatory drug testing of employees and students, upholding random searches and sweeps of public schools and students, permitting police to obtain search warrants based on an anonymous informant’s tip, expanding the government’s wiretapping authority, legitimating the use of paid, unidentified informants by police and prosecutors, approving the use of helicopter surveillance of homes without a warrant, and allowing the forfeiture of cash, homes, and other property based on unproven allegations of illegal drug activity.”, [Michelle Alexander, Cornel West, The New Jim Crow]

 When is a “search and seizure” voluntary? – Bus and sidewalk sweeps. 20. Pretext stops – traffic violations – “driving while black”

Wacquant’s Conception of Ghetto and Hyperghetto

  • Loïc Wacquant. 2002. “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration: Rethinking the ‘race question’ in the US.” New Left Review, No. 13 January & February. pp. 41-60
  • Folk Conception of the Ghetto
  • The notion of soul, which gained wide appeal during the ghetto uprisings of the 1960s, was a folk conception of the lower-class Negro’s own “national character.” Produced from within for in-group consumption, it served as a symbol of solidarity and a badge of personal and group pride. By contrast, ‘underclass’ status is assigned wholly from the outside (and from above); is it forced upon its putative ‘members’ by specialists in symbolic production – journalists, politicians, academics, and government experts – for purposes of control and disciplining.

Peculiar Institution

Economic and Political Roots of the Hyperghetto

  1. The transition of American economy from a tightly integrated, factory centered, Fordist system of production catering to a uniform mass market
  2. To a more open, decentralized, service intensive system geared to differentiated consumption patterns.
  3. Accompanied by dual occupational structure and racial segmentation of the peripheral segments of the labor market

Racial Disproportion in US Imprisonment

  • At mid 20th century about 70% of inmates were white (Anglo) • At end of the 20th century about 30% of inmates were white (Anglo) • The mid-point was about 1988, the year of G. W. H. Bush’s “Willie Horton” ads YouTube link
  • Blacks account for o 29% to 33% of all property crime arrests

    o 44% to 47% of all violent offenses

  • But blacks are incarcerated about 8 times more often than whites. • The life long probability of “doing time” is

    o 4% for whites

    o 16% for Latinos

    o 29% for Blacks

  • This change in incarceration during the 1980’s and 1990s occurred simultaneously with a large increase in the number of middle and upper middle class blacks and significant numbers of blacks hired in the police, courts, and corrections institutions

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