Self-Awareness With Vulnerable Populations: Hispanic Culture Essay Example For College

The nursing profession highly values caring for a culturally diverse group of patients. Health care professionals recognize that a person’s cultural background, values, and beliefs can have an impact on their health and how they respond to medical treatment. Nursing also places great importance on caring for vulnerable populations, with a specific emphasis on the Hispanic community.

The Hispanic population in the United States has experienced substantial growth, with a fifty-eight percent increase between 1990 and 2000 (Kanna, Fersobe, Soni, & Michelen, 2008). The terms “Hispanic,” “Latino,” and “Latina” are frequently used interchangeably to encompass individuals from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Central America, South America, and the Spanish West Indies (Weaver, 2011). Regrettably, individuals often develop biases and stereotypes towards cultures that differ from their own.

Prejudice and bias towards the Hispanic population encompass their resistance to learning English, low socioeconomic status, improper use of government resources and assistance, accepting significantly lower wages, and lacking official citizenship. The language barrier presents a difficulty in providing care for these individuals, as a translator is required for effective communication and patient education. Additionally, educating on a nutritious diet may prove challenging, given that the Hispanic diet is not typically considered the healthiest.

Nurses perceive the Hispanic population as lacking compliance with recommendations for a healthy lifestyle, diet, and medication plan. There is a persistent prejudice that most Hispanics are uninsured and unable to afford prescribed medications. The initial approach to fostering successful relationships across diverse cultures is demonstrating self-awareness. This involves being mindful through self-reflection of personal attitudes and beliefs towards races or cultures (Vargas & Wilson, 2011).

According to Vargas & Wilson (2011), self-supervision encompasses mindfulness, awareness, attentiveness to assumptions, sensitivity, and attention to potential sources of bias, judgments, and discomfort (p. 106). By enhancing their self-awareness and supervision, nurses and health care professionals are initiating the process of displaying cultural competence in the workplace. It is essential for nurses to establish an inclusive and multicultural-friendly environment in order to cater to the unique cultural beliefs, values, practices, and lifestyle of each patient.

While nurses may have personal biases and stereotypes, it is crucial to display sensitivity towards diverse cultures. It is necessary for nurses to develop self-awareness about their responses and actions when communicating with different cultures. “Diversity self-awareness happens when we reflect on our own cultural identity, acknowledge our cultural values and beliefs, and recognize the differences within our own cultural group(s)” (Jeffreys, 2008, p. 37). When nurses exhibit cultural sensitivity, they are supporting favorable outcomes and patient safety.

It is important for nurses to consider a patient’s cultural practices when providing healthcare. This means respecting and incorporating their beliefs into the treatment plan. Additionally, nurses should empathize with and be genuine towards a patient’s feelings and beliefs—this demonstrates cultural competence. To better understand and create a culturally sensitive environment, it is recommended that nurses have knowledge of Hispanic culture and traditions.

This is accomplished by the nurse demonstrating interest in the beliefs and practices of different cultures, as well as receiving education on various cultural practices. It is crucial for the nurse to be aware of any obstacles to effectively communicating with diverse cultures when providing culturally competent care. The nurse should possess knowledge of potential cultural or communication barriers in order to concentrate on enhancing these areas. The nurse must thoroughly assess and reflect upon barriers such as stereotypes, racism, language, and differing viewpoints on the plan of care.

According to Leonard (2001), it is important for nurses to acknowledge their own cultural beliefs and biases towards different cultures. This understanding of various cultural practices can contribute to better patient health outcomes. When patients perceive that their culture is being respected, they tend to be more open in discussing their health concerns. Research has indicated that the Hispanic community encounters greater health risks as a result of inadequate healthcare and limited primary prevention initiatives.

According to Kanna et al. (2008), Hispanics have a higher prevalence of certain illnesses, such as diabetes, asthma, obesity, cancer, heart disease, liver disease, and HIV. The causes of these diseases are primarily attributed to a lack of preventive education, health insurance, immunizations, and language barriers. Studies indicate that this group at risk has a lower median income in comparison to other minority groups. Furthermore, the Hispanic population encounters elevated levels of poverty and diminished educational attainment. These demographic factors substantially contribute to heightening the vulnerability of this particular population.

Segregation of cultures within a specific neighborhood, especially among immigrants, will restrict opportunities for achieving improved socioeconomic status, higher-paying jobs with health insurance, and adequate access to healthcare. The National Institute of Health has granted funding for epidemiological research aiming to examine the occurrence of disease and health conditions among Hispanic Americans. The initiatives implemented by the US Department of Health and Human Services, in collaboration with Healthy People 2010, are focused on educating and preventing health disparities among Hispanics (Kanna, Fersobe, Soni, & Michelen, 2008).

Reducing the rate of disease, illness, and mortality can be achieved by providing primary disease prevention and health promotion education. The “Office of Minority Health” is a federal resource within the US Department of Health and Human Services that helps limited English-proficient minorities overcome language barriers and access culturally appropriate healthcare. This resource aids healthcare professionals in educating minorities about health information, including risk factors, primary prevention, and identifying cultural language barriers (The Office of Minority Health, 2013).

Effective language and communication techniques are necessary for optimal, culturally competent health care to ensure patients comprehend prevention, illness, and care plans. Research indicates that the Hispanic population, often stigmatized as impoverished, undereducated, and lacking healthcare access, faces disparities primarily due to language barriers. Consequently, this group encounters challenges in grasping primary health prevention education, securing employment with health insurance benefits, and obtaining suitable follow-up care.

Efforts are being made to address the challenges of effective communication with patients who have limited English proficiency, as required by federal and state laws (“Cultural sensitivity and awareness,” 2011). Nurses and healthcare professionals must be flexible in caring for individuals from diverse cultures. By incorporating cultural awareness and addressing communication barriers in their nursing care plans, nurses can provide optimal care and promote positive outcomes.

It is essential to incorporate cultural competency and awareness education into the orientation of every institution and nursing school curriculum. Nurses should receive education that enables them to become self-aware of various cultures and to identify their own biases. This will facilitate the provision of culturally competent nursing care that is sensitive and respectful to individuals from diverse backgrounds.


  1. Cultural sensitivity and awareness in the delivery of health care. (2011, May). Committee Opinion, 493. Retrieved from http://www. acog. rg/ResourcesAndPublications/CommitteeOpinions/CommitteeonHealthCareforUnderservedWomen/CulturalSensitivityandAwarenessintheDeliveryofHealthCare. aspx
  2. Jeffreys, M. (2008). Dynamics of diversity: Becoming better nurses through diversity awareness. NSNA Imprint, 55(5), 36-41. Retrieved from http://www. nsna. org/Portals/0/Skins/NSNA/pdf/Imprint_NovDec08_Feat_Jeffreys. pdf
  3. Kanna, B. , Fersobe, S. , Soni, A. , & Michelen, W. (2008). Leading health risks, diseases and causes of mortality among Hispanics in United States of America (USA). Internet Journal of Health, 8(1).
  4. Leonard, B. J. (2001). Quality care celebrates diversity. Journal of Issues in Nursing, 6(2). Retrieved from http://www. nursingworld. org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume62001/No2May01/NursingCareDiversity. aspx
  5. The Office of Minority Health. (2013). minorityhealth. hhs. gov/templates/browse. aspx? lvl=2&lvlid=16
  6. Vargas, H. , & Wilson, C. M. (2011). Managing worldview influences: Self-awareness and self-supervision in a cross-cultural therapeutic relationship. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 22(2), 97-113. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1080/08975353. 2011. 57768

Religion And Colonization

Religion played a major factor in the colonization of the New World as the primary reason for the founding of New England was the search for religious freedom. The religious freedoms sought by the colonists in the New World included freedom from the Anglican Church of England, freedom to worship God in a Puritanical manner, and the freedom of each church to separately govern itself and its membership.

Freedom from the Anglican Church was a highly motivating factor in the colonization of the New World because the majority of the founders of the New World were in strong disagreement with religious practices of the Anglican Church, also referred to as the Church of England. One major complaint of the New World founders was that the Anglican Church too closely resembled the Catholic Church and its practices.

The Anglican Church was organized very similarly to the Catholic Church in that there was a hierarchy of bishops and archbishops that governed the churches across England as a whole, and there was a lack of insight from the church members as far as church service structure or changes were involved.

A large part of the colonization of the New World came to be due to strong desire of New World founders to separate from the strong hierarchy that governed the Anglican Church that was also very strongly tied to the government of England. The lack of religious freedom in the country of England and across Europe was a large motivating factor that sparked the treacherous journey to the New World, filled with danger and challenges.

The founders of the New World valued separation from the Church of England enough to face the dangerous risks of travel across the ocean to an unknown land so that they could seek a new way of life and be separated from the governing of a church that did not fit their bill of satisfaction. A large majority of the New World founders valued a Puritanical way of religion that gained its name from the desire to purify the ways and practices of the Anglican church that the founders so disagreed with.

The Puritan form of religion that motivated the foundation of the New World was also referred to as Non-Separatism because there was an even more extreme group of New World founders referred to as the Separatists who completely opposed anything to do with the Anglican Church, period. The Puritans or Non-Separatists held on to a very basic, bare-bones structure derived from the Anglican Church, but took out any views or church laws that were once enforced by the hierarchy structure f the church in England and instead replaced these formulaic and rigid practices with new rigid practices of their own devise. Some of the Puritan practices of religion and changes from the Church of England included an all-encompassing way of life in the New World colonies that tended to force an entirely Puritanical religious lifestyle by creating the freedom for each church to decide who earned “sainthood” by their everyday practices and way of life.

If the Puritan colony and church did not approve of a person’s everyday practices and did not deem a person to have the status of “sainthood” then they could deny the person membership to the church and also ostracize them from the colony as a whole, therefore forcing anyone who disagreed with the new, rigid Puritanical way of life to relocate elsewhere. Giving each church the freedom to govern itself and its membership was a new “freedom” in the New World that forced people out of the New World churches and colonies as each deemed appropriate.

This caused many to relocate elsewhere and created many different branches and sects of churches to accommodate the many differing religious views of the pilgrims of the New World colonies. This led to the creation of new colonies up and down the New England coast, each with their own varying degree of Puritanical religious beliefs. As new pilgrims arrived in the New World, there became a large variance of religious freedom and lifestyle to suit many ways of life, each varying according to location and colony.

These newfound religious freedoms led way to a new way of life for many that took sail to the New World in hopes new and exciting freedoms that the New World claimed to have. Though many Puritanical colonies were just as rigid as the Anglican Church, it was the freedom to move elsewhere and create a new sect of religious freedom to accommodate a large variety of people, opposed to a one-church way of life in Europe, that enticed many to venture to the New World and populate the colonies up and down the coast.

In conclusion, one can see that religion was a major factor in the colonization of the New World, because not only was it the primary reason for many pilgrims to make the treacherous voyage to the New World, but the newfound freedom of religion that the New World colonies offered allowed new colonies and new religious ideas and sects to take hold.

All one had to do to find religious freedom in the New World was to choose a colony with a religious mindset that resembled one’s own mindset, and if that wasn’t an available option then the option to up and move to a new area was always on the table. This freedom to simply up and move to create a new colony with a new religious standard was a major factor in the colonization of the New World.

Each group of pilgrims that arrived in the New World took this freedom for what it was worth and spread up and down the New England coast in a wildfire fashion of colonization that allowed the New World to flourish. Once word spread back to Europe that so many freedoms, especially in the religious realm, were offered in the New World then more pilgrims chose to take the treacherous journey to the New World in hopes of a new way of life. Colonies flourished and continued to spread throughout the New World, and the rest is history.

Essay On Today’s Generation

The Statement saying that ‘Today’s young people are facing challenges no other generation has faced in an over sexualised society’ is an interesting one. I personally believe that today our generation is faced with a sexualised society but to say that it is ‘over’ sexualised and an experience that no other generation has faced is not something I support. Today’s generation is faced with a sexualised society but I don’t think it is a bad thing.

If the generation is exposed to this sexualisation at a young age and we have parents that are there to guide us in terms of what we think of this sexualisation and how we will act on this sexualisation then I do not see the problem. For example with clothing, there is a wide variety of clothing available to today’s society that is portraying a message of sexualisation….. his itself is a problem but if the young children see/want/wear this clothing then I believe it is up to the parents to guide the children onto the right path of understanding what message is being said when these clothes are worn and why the clothing is not appropriate at their age; by the time these young children have grown up and understand fully what the clothing portrays then it is up to their personal opinion to have a say in how they want to display themselves to society.

The following girls have the ability to criticize and evaluate the sexualisation in today’s society; this also carries a point of how disgusted the images make them feel but being able to critique the topic does not mean it has no impact. “So many young people find things such as sexy dancing and dressing provocatively, now completely acceptable, yet are completely unaware of some of the risks this behaviour can come with, especially when it is shown over the internet. I strongly believe this is due to the portrayal of celebrities in the media.

I think many young females feel that if a celebrity can dress or act in a sexualised way in front of millions of people in the media, then it must be acceptable for them to do the same. ” Abi, 17 “The main problem is the media; I think more restrictions on what children and young people are shown and how they are portrayed in the media would help by changing how young people think they should be seen and therefore how they would act. ” Ale, 17 Some say children want to grow up sooner in today’s sexualised society and experiment with adult themes at a younger age but I believe that children pass through their own personal stages of evelopment when they feel ready. When the time comes for the parents to leave the children to make their own decisions; this is when they develop their individuality and begin to express themselves. The exposure of sexualisation at a young age is something I don’t see as harmful. When a young child listens to a song that may tell a story about sex or relationships, they do not understand the context or the message being told…. all they hear is the catchy tune and a song they can jump around to in their room.

As an older teenager I listen to the songs that I loved when I was little and am gobsmacked about what they really were talking about but when I was little the words went straight in one ear and out the other In class I noticed that my fellow class mates and I rejected the idea that we were passive victims of the sexualisation in society and I believe that we indicated that as we got older we developed a knowledge about how products such as clothing and advertisements were affecting our lives in a negative way but we were able to make a wise decision on how we would let it affect us.

To conclude my argument I will say that every single individual is going to have a different opinion on sexualisation. Children see sexualisation in a different way to adults but we are influenced very strongly by our parents because they make the decisions for us when we are too young to understand. There are problems that children face in today’s sexualised society but if they are educated and understand what they are being exposed to then they will be okay because we turned out alright!

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