Self-Confidence In A Reality Show Sample Essay

Conceptual Definition

The construct I am interested in and which will be presented in the study is self-confidence. Self-confidence is the self-perception of oneself, one’s capabilities, and level of professionalism. It is expressed as a positive assessment of one’s skills, abilities, and strengths to achieve meaningful goals. Self-confidence can likewise be defined as a person’s correct assessment of skills and abilities to achieve goals or meet the needs.

Research Question

Did self-confidence often arise in the participant during the qualifying round of a reality show?

Operational Definitions

Self-confidence manifests itself differently in each person, but the crucial thing is that only someone who recognizes their flaws and accepts them as part of themselves can admit mistakes. It is necessary to remember that body language is much more eloquent than words. One can make ranting speeches, but if the pose, facial expressions, and gestures express insecurity, the content of these speeches will have no meaning. A successful, confident person takes up as much space as one needs. Insecurity manifests itself primarily in an attempt to shrink, hide, and not draw attention to oneself. Playing with fingers/fingernails, hair rubbing, fidgeting, and other small fidgety movements correspondingly give away a nervous state. A calm and confident person does not avoid eye contact and looks boldly into the other person’s eyes. It is one of the oldest codes of communication, which we read as a sign of the sincerity of the speaker’s intentions and the truth of his words.

Measurement Development: Checklist

  • Registers the occurrence of the behavior, as well as its frequency.
  • All behaviors that demonstrate confidence (e.g., eye contact with the jury, expressive and loud speech, open posture) may occur throughout the show’s qualifying round.
  • Behavior is considered “complete” after the camera focuses on another interaction with at least one person.

Checklist Items (Write them down every time they are encountered)
Calm, direct, no “running” gaze, direct contact with the jury and the camera
Having a sound voice, not constrained by vocal cord clamps, not squeaky
The tone of voice is appropriate to the situation, not overly loud and insistent, but clear enough to be heard by others
Having relaxed body, no clamps, smooth, even movements, no tension
A confident gaze while answering questions or listening to criticism
Shoulders back, head held high
Speech clarity with slow and clear communication or silence
Unrestrained and confident gestures to convey one’s position
Palms open towards the other person

Table 1. Checklist Items

Development of Measurement: Rating Scale

The rating scale for confidence demonstrated in the reality show qualifying round

  • The number of participants depends on the TV show and episode chosen.
  • Behavior qualifying as confident will be the same as the behavior qualifying as confident on the checklist above.
  • Behavior will match the same parameters (reaction conditions and end time) as in the checklist above.

Contestant Observed No self-confident behavior

(0 examples)

Some self- confident behavior

(1-5 examples)

Moderate confident behavior

(5-10 examples)

High confident behavior

(10 or more examples)

Contestant One (Insert Name Here)
Contestant Two (Insert Name Here)
Contestant Three (Insert Name Here)
Contestant Four (Insert Name Here)
Contestant Five (Insert Name Here)

Table 2. Observed Contestants


Ensuring validity is often considered a significant problem associated with a measurement. One cannot validate a size by comparing the scores in that measurement with the same variable’s scores in another valid measure. However, it is possible to judge validity by the extent to which a given measurement as an indicator of a variable creates the same types of relationships between that variable and other variables that we would expect. Using surface validity, one can prove that the items on the list and scale measure the construct of confidence (ResearchSampleOne, 2022). Face and congruent values will be operated to confirm the validity in order to assess their relationship to other constructs.

Possible Television Shows

Iron Chef, Dancing with Myself, America’s Next Top Model.


ResearchLabSample, 2022.

Research Participant Data Privacy And Confidentiality

When gathering, evaluating, and reporting data, the confidentiality of the information is the ethical procedure used to preserve the privacy of human beings. Separating or altering any personally identifying data provided by respondents from the data is referred to as privacy. Anonymity, on the other hand, is the practice of gathering data without getting any identifiable, private information (Bender et al., 2020). In quantitative investigations, anonymity is often the protocol used, whereas confidentiality is upheld in qualitative studies. In both situations, the researchers collected responses from people, and it is this data will be examined. As opposed to an exposé about specific persons, the actions and experiences of the participants are of considerable interest to social scientists.

Privacy rights are the independence from interruption or encroachment. Information privacy is the ability to have some level of control over the gathering and use of personal data. Information security against unauthorized users, use, disclosure, alteration, loss, or theft is part of the ethical responsibility of confidentially. Respecting the moral commitment to secrecy is crucial to the validity of the research endeavor and the trusting connection between the researcher and the respondents.

It is crucial that customers be kept secret from responders at all times in order to avoid skewed findings. The most remarkable results are often attained when secrecy is kept from recruiting to focus group fulfillment, albeit there are rare situations where the patient’s identification might be exposed. Respondents should never be in the same room together to ensure perfect secrecy. The marketing intelligence institution must closely monitor all participants’ activities. For the receptionist to efficiently handle the flow of people and lead them to the correct location, they need to have a clear awareness (Bender et al., 2020). To maintain total secrecy, responses should ideally have a waiting room apart from client access locations. In order to avoid misunderstanding, it is crucial that all responders are routed to the appropriate focus group, and each participant should show a picture ID upon arrival to verify their identification.

The privacy of research data must be adequately protected in research that involves human subjects. In order to ensure security, information must be protected in a trusted relationship with the understanding that it will not be shared with anyone else without consent unless necessary to carry out the original revelation. In the scope of human research, confidentially relates to the inspector’s agreements with volunteers, when appropriate, on how their identifying information will be treated, stored, and shared. Only when the data is protected from disclosure outside the research environment will people be able to provide it for research purposes.

Investigators should take precautions to protect the privacy of study participants and the data they provide when anonymity is not an option. Data protection strategies range from simple safeguards like changing participant identification numbers to codes and locking file folders to more complex ones like encryption software or statistical analysis. Standards for data protection and preservation should be taken into account both during and after the study’s conclusion.

It is the duty of the researcher to be aware of any known or prospective dangers and to inform study participants of them. The terms of service that are published by commonly available applications describe how the app’s data is being used by the seller and shared with any third. It is primarily exploratory research to comprehend these concepts, communicate that knowledge to volunteers, and keep track of any revisions. Furthermore, it is crucial that the researcher only extracts from the app the bare minimum of information required to respond to the study questions.


Bender, S., Jarmin, R. S., Kreuter, F., & Lane, J. (2020). Privacy and confidentiality. In Big data and social science. Chapman and Hall/CRC. 313-331.

Stimulant Therapy For Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Psychostimulants – in terms of ADHD treatment – have both advantages and disadvantages. Stimulants used in the treatment of ADHD are no exception to the rule that all drugs have potential negative side effects. Hence, the disadvantages will be related to the latter and are to be explored and understood carefully. One cannot treat ADHD with stimulants taking into account solely their benefits. However, when an individual quits taking the psychostimulant, the majority of the quick physical side effects of stimulant prescriptions disappear.

Lack of appetite, losing weight, teenagers’ delayed development, disturbed sleep, and compulsions are a few possible lengthy physical health consequences. Then, children’s growth may be impacted by ADHD drugs. The possibility that ADHD stimulants may hinder or inhibit growth is one of the topics that has received the most research. Children’s development can momentarily be slowed by stimulants, but it does not subsequently improve. According to Snitselaar et al. (2017), protracted stimulant usage in children was associated with a slight overall decline in weight and height. Moreover, among the most studied symptoms within the scope of the theme is anxiety (Poysophon & Rao, 2018). Stimulants enhance cerebral and dopaminergic activity, which can make someone feel tense or agitated.

Despite the potential for negative consequences, stimulant therapy is an effective treatment for ADHD signs. As a result, it has the potential to greatly raise someone’s quality of life. The possible advantages include decreasing the suicide risk, the frequency of drug-related incidents, encouraging improved academic performance, lessening the possibility of car accidents, and diminishing crime rates (Zhou et al., 2020). Even after stopping the medicine, a person’s symptoms may occasionally continue to get better. Thus, within the scope of ADHD using psychostimulants, both their significance and flaws should be considered. Anyway, stimulants cannot be taken after a thorough and continuous assessment by a physician.


Poysophon, P., & Rao, A. L. (2018). Neurocognitive deficits associated with ADHD in athletes: A systematic review. Sports Health, 10(4), 317–326. doi: 10.1177/1941738117751387

Snitselaar, M. A., Smits, M. G., van der Heijden, K. B., & Spijker, J. (2017). Sleep and circadian rhythmicity in adult ADHD and the effect of stimulants: A review of the current literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21(1), 14–26. doi: 10.1177/1087054713479663

Zhou, Z., Betts, K. A., Bocharova, I., Kinrich, D., & Spalding, W. M. (2020). Concomitant use of psychotropic medication with stimulants for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents: A retrospective insurance claims study in the United States. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24(2), 336–347. doi: 10.1177/1087054718784668

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