“Shit”: Figurative And Literal Meanings Free Writing Sample

Usage The word shit (or sometimes shite in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Ireland, Northern England and Wales) is used by English speakers, but it is usually avoided in formal speech. Minced oath substitutes for the word shit in English include sugar and shoot. In the word’s literal sense, it has a rather small range of common usages. An unspecified or collective occurrence of feces is generally shit or some shit; a single deposit of feces is sometimes a shit or a piece of shit, and to defecate is to shit, to take a shit and a new variant to leave a shit.

While it is common to speak of shit as existing in a pile, a load, a hunk and other quantities and configurations, such expressions flourish most strongly in the figurative. For practical purposes, when actual defecation and excreta are spoken of in English, it is either through creative euphemism or with a vague and fairly rigid literalism. “Shit” can also be combined with other words to denote the type of feces one has.

For instance, “Snake shit” describes feces that are long and thin in shape, thus reminiscent of a snake’s appearance. Shapeepee” or “Shit pee pee” is another word for diarrhea, or can be used to describe feces that are almost entirely of liquid composition. Shit carries an encompassing variety of figurative meanings, explained in the following sections. Vague noun Shit can be used as a generic mass noun similar to stuff; for instance, This show is funny shit or This test is hard shit, or That was stupid shit. These three usages (with funny, hard, and stupid or another synonym of stupid) are heard most commonly in the United States.

In Get your shit together! the word shit may refer to some set of personal belongings or tools, or to one’s wits, composure, or attention to the task at hand. He doesn’t have his shit together suggests he is failing rather broadly, with the onus laid to multiple personal shortcomings, rather than bad luck or outside forces. To shoot the shit is to have a friendly but pointless conversation, as in “Come by my place some time and we’ll shoot the shit. ” Surprise To shit oneself, or to shit bricks can be used to refer to surprise or fear.

The latter form can be commonly seen in a form of Internet meme which goes by the phrase when you see it, you will shit bricks, used in connection with an image of a busy scene with an often unnoticed laughing face or disturbing object which is hard to see until you study the picture. [citation needed] The word can also be used to represent anger, as in Jim is totally going to flip his shit when he sees that we wrecked his marriage. [citation needed] Trouble Shit can be used to denote trouble, by saying one is in a lot of shit or deep shit. It’s common for someone to refer to an unpleasant thing as hard shit (You got a speeding ticket?

Man, that’s some hard shit), but the phrase tough shit is used as an unsympathetic way of saying too bad to whoever is having problems (You got arrested? Tough shit, man! ) or as a way of expressing to someone that they need to stop complaining about something and just deal with it (Billy: I got arrested because of you! Tommy: Tough shit, dude, you knew you might get arrested when you chose to come with me. ) Note that in this case, as in many cases with the term, tough shit is often said as a way of pointing out someone’s fault in his/her own current problem.

When the shit hits the fan is usually used to refer to a specific time of confrontation or trouble, which requires decisive action. This is often used in reference to combat situations and the action scenes in movies, but can also be used for everyday instances that one might be apprehensive about. I don’t want to be here when the shit hits the fan! indicates that the speaker is dreading this moment (which can be anything from an enemy attack to confronting an angry parent or friend). He’s the one to turn to when the shit hits the fan is an indication that the person being talked about is ependable and will not run from trouble or abandon their allies in tough situations.

The concept of this phrase is simple enough, as the actual substance striking the rotating blades of a fan would cause a messy and unpleasant situation (much like being in the presence of a manure spreader). Whether or not this has actually happened, or if the concept is simply feasible enough for most people to imagine the result without needing it to be demonstrated, is unknown. Another example might be the saying shit rolls downhill, a metaphor suggesting that trouble for a manager may be transferred to the subordinates.

There are a number of anecdotes and jokes about such situations, as the imagery of these situations is considered to be funny. This is generally tied-in with the concept that disgusting and messy substances spilled onto someone else are humorous. Displeasure Shit can comfortably stand in for the terms bad and anything in many instances (Dinner was good, but the movie was shit. You’re all mad at me, but I didn’t do shit! ). A comparison can also be used, as in Those pants look like shit, or This stuff tastes like shit. Many usages are idiomatic.

The phrase, I don’t give a shit denotes indifference. I’m shit out of luck usually refers to someone who is at the end of their wits or who has no remaining viable options. That little shit shot me in the ass, suggests a mischievous or contemptuous person. Euphemisms such as crap are not used in this context. The term piece of shit is generally used to classify a product or service as being sufficiently below the writer’s understanding of generally accepted quality standards to be of negligible and perhaps even negative value.

The term piece of shit has greater precision than shit or shitty in that piece of shit identifies the low quality of a specific component or output of a process without applying a derogatory slant to the entire process. For example, if one said “The inner city youth orchestra has been a remarkably successful initiative in that it has kept young people off the streets after school and exposed them to culture and discipline, thereby improving their self esteem and future prospects. The fact that the orchestra’s recent rendition of Tchaikovsky’s Manfred Symphony in B minor was pretty much a piece of shit should not in any way detract from his. ”

The substitution of shit or shitty for pretty much a piece of shit would imply irony and would therefore undermine the strength of the statement. Dominance Shit can also be used to establish superiority over another being. The most common phrase is eat shit! symbolizing the hatred toward the recipient. Some other personal word may be added such as eat my shit implying truly personal connotations. As an aside, the above is actually a contraction of the phrase eat shit and die!. It is often said without commas as a curse; they command the other party to perform exactly those actions in that order.

However, the term was originally Eat, Shit, and Die naming the three most basic things humans have to do, and it is common among soldiers. [citation needed] Positive attitude Interestingly, in slang, prefixing the article the to shit gives it a completely opposite definition, meaning the best, as in Altered Beast is the shit, or The Oregon Trail is the shit. Again, other slang words of the same meaning, crap for example, are not used in such locutions. Shortening of bullshit The expression no shit? (a contraction of no bullshit? ) is used in response to a statement that is extraordinary or hard to believe.

Alternatively the maker of the hard-to-believe statement may add no shit to reinforce the sincerity or truthfulness of their statement, particularly in response to someone expressing disbelief at their statement. No shit is also used sarcastically in response to a statement of the obvious, as in no shit, Sherlock. In this form the word can also be used in phrases such as don’t give me that shit or you’re full of shit. The term full of shit is often used as an exclamation to charge someone who is believed to be prone to dishonesty, exaggeration or is thought to be “phoney” with an accusation.

Shoe Horn Sonata Sample

Discuss how the writer utilizes dramatic techniques to research the subjects of post- traumatic emphasis. endurance and friendly relationship.

Thingss that go against who you are determining you into who you become and are a changeless reminder of what you endured. Hope is grief’s best music.

John Misto the composer of Shoe-Horn Sonata demonstrates the effects of post-traumatic emphasis. endurance and friendly relationship throughout the drama with the usage of movie and dramatic techniques. Misto illustrates the ferociousness of the Nipponese to foreground the strength and resiliency of the adult females. These adult females had been captured by the Nipponese during WW11 and were taken into surety. they remained in cantonments. where they had been brutalised.

In Shoe Horn Sonata. John Misto highlights the horrific ordeals sheila had to see in order for her to maintain Bridie alive. Survival is a sustained subject throughout this scene which is demonstrated when Sheila states “ Every dark when I fall asleep lip rouge Larry is waiting. He calls to me and I go to him and no 1 can alter that non even you” . Misto utilises abbreviated sentences and phase waies to underscore the traumatic experience sheila went through to salvage her friends life. Subsequently this demonstrates how the dramatic technique enhances the readers apprehension of the subject endurance.

The subject friendly relationship is exemplified through out the drama and is apparent through the phase connexion between sheila and Bridie. This is quoted when sheila provinces ”Guidance? You mean a bombardment orders sheila- did you eat your grass? Why haven’t you drunk your wood coal H2O? God how I hate that stuff” . Through the usage of rhetorical inquiry the composer illustrates the degree of friendly relationship they had for each other and the bond they shared because of their traumatic experience during WW|| . Consequently this quotation mark exemplifies the battles the two adult females underwent during the clip they were held confined and how their friendly relationship grew and go unbreakable due to that.

Throughout Act one. Scene two Misto high spots the importance of post-traumatic emphasis through out this scene. This is conveyed through the phase waies when sheila is “ researching the saloon area” reveals her liking of intoxicant “ . It exhibits that the war still has an consequence on her life. this is signified through her changeless liking of intoxicant. The use of phase way emphasises post-traumatic emphasis as even till now sheila drinks intoxicant to assist her bury the atrocious experiences she faced in the yesteryear. Additionally this enables the audience to visualize and to hold a greater apprehension of the atrocious things they experienced through the despairing steps they have succumbed. in order to try to bury the atrocious things they went through.

In decision it can clearly be seen how the writer John Misto utilizes dramatic techniques to make a better apprehension of the station traumatic emphasis experienced by the female POW and the battle for endurance at the cantonment. whilst conveying the unbreakable friendly relationships that had developed at the cantonment. Dramatic techniques that had been used were rhetorical inquiry and abbreviated sentences.

Short Notes About Histopathology

Screening test for cervical cancer invented by George Phonically(Father of Eschatology)when he found out that cells in the cervix change before they become cancerous. Recommended starting 21 y/o to 65 y/o Speculum – instrument used in the test Importance/Clinical Significance: For early detection of small tumors or pre-malignant cells in the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer.

Specimen: cells in the cervix; the doctor or nurse starts by inserting a speculum into the patient’s vagina, spreading it open so that access to the Ervin is possible and collects a sample of cells. CINE – cervical antithetically neoplasm; pre-malignant transformation and abnormal growth of exogamous cells in the cervix. TWO METHODS: 1. Liquid – Based Cytology This method uses an arrow-shaped brush and the sample is deposited into a small bottle of preservative liquid rather than putting it in a microscope slide. Involves Thinners- it preserves the cells and minimizes cell overlap, blood, mucus and inflammation. . Conventional Pap Smear This method uses a spatula to collect the sample and the cells are transferred into a gyroscope slide that can cause uneven layering, crowding and overlapping of cells making a correct diagnosis difficult under a microscope in the laboratory. Cells collected can be obscured by blood, mucus and inflammation.

But it is one of the best cancer prevention tool. Pregnancy tests are designed to tell if your urine or bloodstains a hormone ladled human chronic contradiction (hug). Margaret Crane is/was a US scientist that created the first at home pregnancy test (listed inventor on US Patent care -rest (POCK) HUMAN CHRONIC CONTRADICTION (hug) Short Notes About Histology’s By dissimilarities Produced during pregnancy. It is made by cells that form the placenta Levels can first be detected by : blood test- 11 days after conception urine test- 12 – 14 days after conception hug levels will double every 72 hours.

The level will reach its peak in the first 8- 11 weeks of pregnancy WHAT DOES A HIGH hug LEVEL INDICATE? . Miscalculation of pregnancy dating 2. Molar pregnancy- happens when tissue that normally becomes a fetus instead becomes an abnormal growth in your uterus 3. Multiple pregnancy- more than one fetus is carried to term in a single pregnancy WHAT DOES A Logic LEVEL INDICATE? 2. Octopi pregnancy- the fertilized egg stays in your fallopian tube. 3.

Miscarriage or Blighted Ovum- the loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy TYPES OF PREGNANCY TESTS URINE TESTS -3 FORMATS: (1) Strip/Dipstick Format, (2) Cassette Format, (3) Midstream Format – done home or in a doctor’s office private and convenient -can detect hug levels after 12-14 days after ovulation-for accurate results: (a)wait a week after you miss your period, (b) do it first thing in the morning, where your urine is most concentrated 0 BLOOD TESTS -can detect hug levels after 11 days after ovulation (earlier than urine tests) -done at the doctor’s office -2 TYPES: (1) QUALITATIVE hug TEST- Simply checks if hug present (“yes” or “no”) (2) QUANTITATIVE hug TEST- (beta hug) measures the exact amount of hug in your blood; and may be helpful in tracking pregnancy problems An Introduction to Routine and Special Staining

In the histology’s laboratory, the term “routine staining” refers to the homoeopathy and eosin stain (H) that is used “routinely’ with all tissue specimens to reveal the underlying tissue structures and conditions. The term “special stains” has long been used to refer to a large number of alternative staining techniques that are used when the H&E does not provide all the information the pathologist or researcher needs. Preparing Tissue for Staining FROZEN SECTION 1 . Tissue is quickly frozen to preserve and harden it. 2. The frozen tissue is sectioned in cryostat (a sectioning microcosm in a freezing hammer) and placed on a microscope slide for staining. 3.

The section is fixed immediately before it begins to decay and is then stained. PARAFFIN SECTION 1 . Fixation preserves the tissue (typically using a formaldehyde- based solution). 2. Grossing isolates the particular area of tissue to be sectioned. 3. Tissue processing uses a sequence of reagents to replace an aqueous (water-based) environment with a hydrophobic one enabling tissue elements to be infiltrated with paraffin wax. 4. Embedding allows specimen orientation and secures the specimen in a block of wax for section cutting and storage. 5. Sectioning is done on a microcosm that cuts very fine sections which are floated-out on a water bath then picked up and placed on microscope slides. 6.

The slides are then dried in an oven or on a hot plate to remove moisture and help the tissue adhere to the slide. 7. The tissue on the slide is now ready for staining. 8. The first staining step is De-waxing which uses a solvent to remove the wax from the slide prior to staining. This is always done as part of the staining process. When a stain is complete the section is covered with a coverall’s that makes the preparation permanent. Why H&E Staining is Routine Homoeopathy and Eosin (H&E) staining is used routinely in histology’s laboratories as it provides the pathologist/researcher a very detailed view of the tissue. It achieves this by clearly staining cell structures including the cytoplasm, nucleus, and organelles and extra-cellular components.

This information is often sufficient to allow a disease diagnosis based on the organization (or disorientation) of the cells and also shows any abnormalities or particular indicators in the actual cells (such as nuclear changes typically seen in cancer). H&E Chemistry – Homoeopathy reacts like a basic dye with a purplish blue color. It stains acidic, or basophilic, structure including the cell nucleolus (which contains DNA and nucleotide), and organelles that contain RNA such as ribosome and the rough endoplasmic reticulum. – Eosin is an acidic dye that is typically reddish or pink. It stains basic, or acidophilic, structures which includes the cytoplasm, cell walls, and extracurricular fibers. Dye origins – Homoeopathy is extracted from the Lockwood tree and purified.

It is then oxidized and combined with a mordant (typically aluminum) to allow it to bind to the cell structures – Eosin is formed by a reaction between bromine and fluorescent. Cell Block Preparation Cell blocks are routinely utilized in cytological diagnosis of fine needle aspiration biopsies (FANS) and body fluids (pelvic, pleural, pericardia, and ascetics) which either contain tissue fragments or are very cellular. It is generally an ancillary procedures and may add additional information about the specimen, supplementing the smear. The prepared cell blocks are processed in Histology where H&E and/or special stains are applied to the mounted specimen. Importance and Significance Useful for categorization of tumors that are otherwise may not be possible from smear themselves.

Advantages Pattern and architectural recognition of tumor possible Simple, reproducible, and readily available in routine laboratory No necessity of biopsy Storage of cell blocks is easier than unstained slides Traditional Cell Block Preparation Histories Centrifugation Procedure Specimens Used Fine Needle Aspiration (FAN) material Sputum Effusion fluid Urine sediments Various washings and laves Sample integrity Unfixed specimens are refrigerated until processed Fixed specimens may be stored at room temperature indefinitely Reference Range Normal value is not applicable. TISSUE PROCESSING The process of preparing the tissue by embedding it in a sulfonamide that is firm enough to support it and give sufficient rigidity SIGNIFICANCE -used to give or produce substantial microscopic information -helps in the diagnosis and monitoring of the disease of a patient (ex. Cancer) STEPS 1.

Specimen Labeling It is very important that the tissue be properly labeled so as to avoid any confusion regarding duplication of same name or giving a wrong diagnosis to the patient. 2. Fixation – process in which a specimen is treated by exposing it to a fixative for a particular period of time in order to facilitate the succeeding steps . Dehydration and Clearing – tissue is embedded in a solid matrix to support the tissue during sectioning (most commonly used solid support: paraffin) -tissue must be dehydrated in order to properly embed it (usually done with ethanol) -tissue is usually passed through a series of baths of increasing concentrations of ethanol then ends in several baths of 100% ethanol -after dehydration, alcohol must be cleared from the tissue (done with an organic solvent such as Selene) 4.

Embedding It is done by transferring the tissue which has been cleared of the alcohol to a mould filled with molten wax & is allowed to cool & solidify. . Sectioning – paraffin block containing the tissue is sliced or sectioned using a device called microcosm: equipped with a knife sharp enough to routinely slice the paraffin block into sections as thin as 5 micrometers -thickness of a typical tissue section is 7 – 10 micrometers -after sectioning, the paraffin sections are floated on a water bath then mounted on glass slides 6. Staining Staining of the section is done to bring out the particular details in the tissue under study. The most commonly used stain in routine practice is Hamiltonian & eosin stain. Result : The nucleus stains Blue The cytoplasm stains pink.

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