Education is an essential tool in our life. It is encompassed critical skills such as decision-making, mental dexterity, logical thinking and problem-solving. People face challenges in their personal and professional life that require key elements to solve them. The problems and challenges may vary in personal life but the design of solving depends upon how well-educated and self-awareness the person is actualized. A good education system in a country helps to measure and determine the working force of a country (Elstad, p.94-110). It helps to measure the invention and innovation that increases the industrialization of a nation.
For instance, the education system enhances the absorption of its students into the external and internal world. It promotes employment, earning, poverty and health reduction among other disparities in society. It also compares the relationship between its employees and functional products in innovation and invention globally thus drawing a broader conclusion of a good educational system. Should the US education system be changed? The US education system should change in comparison with that Iceland’s structure. Generally, the US education system and structure are ranked to be the best in terms of offering inventive and innovative knowledge to its students across the world.
However, the primary and upper section needs to be enhanced and advanced to increase the numbers of children and students of all communities attending basic education to increase chances of opportunities. The US education system is not single as other nations have, the reason being of several districts in the country exercise their regulation and duties to ensure efficient and effective education in the country.
Despite the many educational systems, the US faces many challenges that cannot afford to change education system; some of the challenges include many districts with different policies regulations and frameworks, lack of funding for education, shortage of trained and professional teachers and challenges faced by disparities among racial groups causing a high rate of dropout of some of the students.
The many districts with different policies and structural frameworks in the US mitigate the chances of changing the educational system. For instance, the working environment of a teacher in New York varies from that of Mississippi in the country thus causing a difference in the content offered to the students. Changing the education system in this manner will result in a fall in the economic state of each state in the country. It also leads to a difference in the earning that will increase the minimum wage for the teachers in each state causing turbulence to other economic activities of the country. Unlike in Iceland where the national and local government regulate the education system of the country which result in high performance for the students because a comparison of the performance of each teacher is analyzed.
Lack of funding for change in the US education system is another faced challenge that hinders the development of a new system. The funding of the US education system is estimated to be $1.3 trillion which comes from the national and the local government while the federal government amounts to $ 260 billion in the support of the educational program. The funding of the education program is estimated to be 7.2% of the US GDP. The new educational system will require a higher budget than that of the current state thus leading to the failure of the other sector of the economy. For instance, an additional amount on the educational budget will reduce appropriation on other sectors of the economy such as technology and agriculture causing inflation in the country. Unlike Iceland where the system of education starts funding from the preschool centres. The government of Iceland undertake the responsibility at all levels of education and hence creates and drafts a set of policies that regulate its members across the country(Goff et al, p.153-170). Education is taken as the bedrock of the country’s economy hence many policies and guidelines are passed to enhance its education system globally.
However, changing the US education system could influence great change in the economy. With the available resources; educational stakeholders can create and design sets of policies that allow education to all levels of races despite the disparities across the country to enhance the logic and mentality agility of all children in the state(Merz-Atalik & Kerstin, p.9-34). Educational stakeholders should ensure resource equality and in a just manner to provide opportunities for all thus driving the economy. The pressure for change will increase innovation and invention in the industries, which increases chances of employment, and health and reduces poverty across society.
In conclusion, the educational system helps to equip learners with critical knowledge essential for making profound decision-making. It also helps to increase logical thinking and problem-solving skills on professional and personal levels. The educational system of the US should remain neutral because it requires more funding and resources that will interfere with other economic activities of the countries resulting in inflation.
Elstad, Eyvind. “The Evolution of Extended Universal Compulsory Schooling in Sweden, Norway and Denmark: Policy Borrowing and Path-dependent Processes.” Nordic Studies in Education 43.1 (2023): 94-110.
Goff, Kerby, Eric Silver, and Inga Dora Sigfusdottir. “Academic Orientation as a Function of Moral Fit: The Role of Individualizing Morality.” Sociology of Education 95.2 (2022): 153-170.
Merz-Atalik, Kerstin. “Canada as a “Driving Force” for Inclusion Activists in European Countries? 1: Comparative Perspectives on Inclusive Education in Europe and Canada.” European Perspectives on Inclusive Education in Canada. Routledge, 2022. 9-34.
Essay On Restitution Essay Sample For College
Restitution denotes a lawful act that entails returning something to a victim which was unlawfully taken or compensating them for harm caused. In criminology, restitution is ordered as a part of a plea or sentence agreement where the offenders compensate the victims for the damage they caused (Martin & Fowle, 2020). Punishing offenders due to their unjust acts fails to address the core causes as well as social circumstances that prompted criminality, and thus punishments need to be lenient and integrate more rehabilitative approaches such as restitution. Restitution strives to make victims whole again by reinstating their position before the crime happened. Besides, when offenders fulfill their restitution obligations, they experience greater self-worth feeling as they recognize the price of their criminal conduct. More so, restitution holds a deterrent influence since offenders attempt to avoid future delinquency and guarantee that victims’ status will be restored after damage.
Remarkably, restitution takes various forms, like community services, returning taken property, and monetary payments. Community service restitution seems to be common when adult offenders are involved since it avoids offenders’ contact with their victims. This seems easy as the offender is not required to get a job to pay the victim, and monitoring the offender’s improvement gets easier. Monetary restitution refers to the reimbursement a victim receives to cover losses instigated by the misconduct (Martin & Fowle, 2020). Also, the offender may be forced to return stolen assets or property to the victim. These restitutions are under two classes indirect and direct type. Direct restitution entails paying the victims directly, particularly through money for damages caused (Martin & Fowle, 2020). On the other hand, indirect restitution demands other work or community services that benefit society as a whole (Martin & Fowle, 2020). Besides, indirect restitution is ideal when direct compensation will not be adequate or possible for the victim. This paper highlights different restitution types, associated problems, its collection, improvement areas, and new policies or programs that could help reestablish victims.
Restitution, although an alternative punishment, still comes with its challenges. Among the main issues in restitution is that some wrongdoers cannot pay the requested sum due to restricted financial resources or are reluctant to commit due to a lack of repentance or meanness (Martin & Fowle, 2020). Besides, this leaves victims with deep hollows since they are not compensated for the damages and harm they suffered. Again, the restitution collection process seems complicated and lengthy (Paik, 2020). Victims could be needed to maneuver intricate legal systems; after all, they may fail to receive compensation for years. Besides, victims may lack the know-how to collect restitution or may have limited access to legal support and resources to assist them.
Restitution is usually ordered via a court directive. Notably, the court determines the restitution amount owed and orders the wrongdoer to recompense the victim (Bawono, 2021). When the offender fails, legal consequences may follow, such as imprisonment or fines. Typically, restitution is collected through various methods like tax refunds, property liens, or wage garnishment. Even though these approaches may seem effective, much more can be done to streamline the process.
One area that can be improved in this process is ensuring that victims have it easier when collecting their compensation. Besides, this could entail offering more support and resources to victims in getting their payments and smoothening the legal course to ensure victims are not subjected to burdensome processes (Bawono, 2021). For instance, technology utilization can help streamline this restitution process. Digitized wage garnishment and online payments can make the process less burdensome and more efficient for offenders and victims. Also, jurisdictions need to implement a restitution fund for victims, which can assist in compensating the victims when offenders are not in a position to pay (Bawono, 2021). Such a scheme can ensure victims receive something irrespective of the wrongdoer’s financial status. In addition, during sentencing, the importance of restitution should be emphasized, at the courts should take up the role of following if the victim is compensated rather than leaving them alone to pursue their compensation.
New Policies and Programs
Victims have the right to be compensated for damages they have suffered from crimes, and this calls for restitution policies and programs to help victims. Victims compensation fund would be an ideal program to help victims get their payback (Martin & Fowle, 2020). Notably, this fund can help assist crime victims by offering financial support, including lost wages, costs incurred from the crime, or medical bill compensation. Besides, this fund can be publicly financed through taxes, and it would assist victims in moving on with their lives normally and recovering from crime trauma. Education or training programs in which offenders earn can help compensate victims (Bawono, 2021). This would ensure offenders become productive society members and victims receive something to nurse the damages sustained.
Restitution seems an essential component in criminal justice since it holds offenders liable for their crimes and helps in compensating victims for damage incurred. Even though there are some problems with this approach, some areas can be improved for it to be effective. By adopting new policies and programs and leveraging technology, victims can be sure they will receive restitution which they are eligible to. Besides, through restitution, offenders can be seen as responsible society members. Restitution aims to ensure that the justice system becomes just and fair.
Bawono, B. T. (2021). Restitution Rights As A Construction Of Justice Referring To The Law On Protection Of Witnesses And Victims. International Journal of Law Reconstruction, 5(1), 25-36.
Martin, K. D., & Fowle, M. Z. (2020). Restitution without Restoration? Exploring the Gap between the Perception and Implementation of Restitution. Sociological Perspectives, 63(6), 1015-1037.
Paik, L. (2020). Reflection on the Rhetoric and Realities of Restitution. UCLA Criminal Justice Law Review, 4(1).
Safety Policy And Safety Culture University Essay Example
Safety should be the priority for any organization in the aviation industry (Adjekum & Tous, 2020). Therefore, the issue of safety should be addressed with utmost keenness and caution because the results of a failed safety system could be catastrophic and costly to the organization. For this reason, organizations in the aviation industry have laid down policies and regulations that govern the safety of staff and passengers traveling on these airlines. These rules dictate the behavior of each employee towards safety management and enforce compliance with set rules. In addition, organizations adopt a safety culture that directs employees on how to conduct themselves when dealing with threats to safety and raises their commitment to safety management. Notably, a blend of well-designed safety policies and a well-developed safety culture is the foundation of an effective safety management system.
Safety Policy in aviation is a statement of the approach an organization has taken in ensuring safety by defining all safety objectives as well as the responsibilities and accountabilities of the employees and management in achieving acceptable safety levels (Pidgeon & Leary, 2017). Primarily, safety policies are seen as a fundamental aspect of achieving safety in aviation. The safety policy defines the organizational commitment to achieving safety and the steps taken to ensure the policies are followed across the organization. According to ICAO Safety Management Manual, it is the safety policy that should express how the management team is committed to safety management.
Safety responsibility is based on the principle of safety responsibility that dictates that all staff must follow all the rules governing safety in the organization. In addition, safety planning is an important activity through which the organization sets its safety targets and lays down strategies to be followed in achieving set targets. The safety department drafts the safety policies and communicates them to all employees in the organization. Each employee is expected to behave in accordance with the safety policies of their organization, failure to which they face disciplinary action. Notably, the safety department reports periodically on the progress and achievements in safety management and writes a comprehensive report about it. From the report findings, they review the safety policies and make changes where necessary. These policies enable the organization to keep bettering its safety and building a good reputation for itself.
Safety culture in aviation refers to practices and norms of the organization that manage and reduce the risk of accidents and other safety threats. Precisely, safety culture is defined by how people in the organization conduct themselves and their commitment to achieving safety (Adjekum & Tous, 2020). Developing an effective safety culture within an organization is a continuous process that requires the effort of everyone to identify hazards that could compromise safety and implement solutions early in advance. It also involves creating awareness through training on safety practices and the role each person should play in ensuring safety in operations. Furthermore, maintaining a positive safety culture calls for proper reporting on safety issues from all levels of the organization to aid in safety management and planning.
A safety culture of an organization is a reflection of the beliefs, values, and attitudes that individuals in an organization hold regarding safety. It is the safety culture that sets the tone for how safety management is practiced, managed, and monitored. Notably, developing an extensive and effective safety culture is significant in aviation because of the risky nature of operations in the industry. Therefore, there is a need to develop a positive safety culture across organizations in the aviation industry to identify and prepare for risks whose results could be catastrophic if not addressed early. The only way the management can achieve this is by ensuring everyone becomes committed to identifying, reporting, and addressing safety concerns as soon as they arise.
Relationship between safety policies and Culture
Both safety policies and safety vulture are important aspects of safety management in aviation as they complement each other to ensure safety is achieved. However, the two are different in how each is implemented and developed in the organization. Notably, safety policies are formalized rules and procedures laid down to guide safe operations in aviation, while a safety culture consists of all the safety-related attitudes and behaviors that are developed collectively among all members of the organization. It is the safety policies that lay a basis for safety management in aviation. This is achieved by defining all the roles, duties, and responsibilities of employees in the risk management process. Through these policies, the risk is identified, accessed, and effective mitigation measures are taken.
However, the success of safety policies depends mainly on the existence of a good safety culture in the organization. Safety policies alone cannot be much effective in achieving exemplary safety performance but require complimenting with a positive safety culture. Unlike the safety policies, the safety culture requires a voluntary commitment to improving safety through open communication and reporting. It develops a sense of accountability among all employees towards risk reduction, making them more committed to safety management in their daily activities. Through the development of a positive safety culture, employees are motivated to be at the forefront in reporting safety concerns in the course of their duties and even suggest possible solutions to safety threats.
Role of Accountable Executive in Safety Management
The Accountable Executive so critical in implementing effective safety management systems in the aviation industry. Primarily, he is in charge of making sure that safety measures are followed, and safety regulations are adhered to. He does this by establishing a solid safety policy and setting the organization’s objectives regarding safety management. Notably, the policies should be in agreement with the long-term goals of the organization (Pidgeon & Leary, 2017). Additionally, he follows up to ensure the policies and objectives are well communicated to all employees. Another role he performs is to monitor how effective the safety system is. To achieve this, all hazards are identified, and controls are implemented to mitigate threats. Throughout the process, the Accountable Executive ensures accurate data is recorded at every step, and safety is monitored frequently. The data collected is used later to establish trends in risks and ways to improve safety in the future.
Another role of the Accountable Executive is making sure that all the safety regulations are complied with and followed to the letter. Notably, the internal regulatory policies should align with the general standards set by regulators in aviation, such as FAA in the U.S. (Turner, 2019). Besides, he must ensure that internal safety policies are updated to align with changes that happen over time to avoid obsolescence. In addition, it is the role of the Accountable Executive to allocate resources needed to design and implement an effective safety management system, such as training costs. Ultimately, after implementing and monitoring the safety system, it is the role of the Accountable Executive to review the effectiveness of the systems and make adjustments where necessary.
The foundation of an effective safety management system is indeed the establishment of sound safety policies and cultures. Notably, the first step in ensuring safety is altering employee behavior to make them act in accordance with the set safety regulations. However, safety culture is instrumental in influencing employee behavior toward safety. The Accountable Executive should therefore strive to implement policies and cultures that promote safety in organizations in the aviation industry.
Adjekum, D. K., & Tous, M. F. (2020). Assessing the relationship between organizational management factors and a resilient safety culture in a collegiate aviation program with Safety Management Systems (SMS). Safety science, 131, 104909.
Ellis, K. K., Krois, P., Koelling, J., Prinzel, L. J., Davies, M., & Mah, R. (2021). A Concept of Operations (ConOps) of an in-time aviation safety management system (IASMS) for Advanced Air Mobility (AAM). In AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (p. 1978).
Pidgeon, N., & O’Leary, M. (2017). Organizational safety culture: Implications for aviation practice. In Aviation psychology in practice (pp. 21-43). Routledge.
Turner, B. A. (2019). The development of a safety culture. In Risk Management (pp. 397-399). Routledge.