Significance Of Ethnicity In Shaping Student’s Experience In Schools

The educational experiences of American pupils are significantly shaped by their race and ethnicity. The racialized environments in which kids learn significantly influence their academic prospects, successes, identities, decisions, and overall experiences. The role of race and ethnicity in determining how children perceive American schools, emphasizing the impact of racialized environments on learning results, interpersonal relationships, and personal identities, have manifested in many cases in America. TheseThese complicated dynamism of race and ethnicity in educational contexts have been both positively and negatively influential to the racial minorities in the United stated are justified by the cases below.

Ethnicity contributes to increased social inequalities in American schools such that racial minorities experience high levels of injustice. According to Meador (2005), The Mexican immigrants who joined rural schools faced many hardships, especially during their attempts to fit into the sociocultural environments of America, especially during their junior and middle levels of education. According to Lewis et al. (2015), middle-childhood American children have been made to believe that Latinos possess lower intelligence than whites. Introduction and reinforcement of culture-based curriculum, funding disparities, and tracking practices contributed to cold experiences within the school environments by racial minorities. Mexican school-going girls were shaped by their ethical compositions in the American schools they attended, where they made efforts to possess acceptability from the large American population. The unpleasant experiences of the students from the Mexican ethnicity brought about poor grades, low status, and overall poor academic achievements, and therefore didn’t fall under the ‘good student’ category.

Racial segregation has led to increased crime rates and other hardships associated with crime among racial minority students. Racial discrimination plays a significant role in shaping ethnical minorities into engaging in criminal activities. Limited access to public facilities and social services and exposure to hazardous and toxic environments made some Latinos and African American students from Riverview high school willingly seek criminal groups where they felt warmly welcomed and less discriminated against. According to Lewis et al. (2015), Although Riverview high school was very popular in accommodating students with diverse racial backgrounds, it did not achieve equity between all the students, which was a continued hard normalcy for racial minorities. Racial identities continuously influenced the availability and access to academic resources, opportunities, and quality education.

According to Chhuon and Hudley (2010), Cambodian students have easily overcome the prevalent racial stereotypes in America. Asian American students are shaped into academically successful students. This situation, however, is faulty as it obscures the hardships that some Asian American students face contributing to a deficiency in the quality of education that people of Asian American origin obtain. The presumptions subjected to the racial minorities of the Cambodian students influence the student’s sense of awareness and belonging within the academic environments in America. These presumptions from the American society and the school’s community include the academic strengths and cultural backgrounds, transforming the facet of the Cambodian students who belong to the racial minorities.

Although racial identities have been associated with much negativity, studies from Chhuon and Hudley (2010) show that they have sometimes provided positive results. Racial identities played roles in providing students with educational opportunities and negotiation strategies that different students in America could use to promote ethnic equality. Ethnicity in schools effectively shapes the student’s experiences through the growth of cultural identity, belonging, and diversity within schools. Accommodating diverse ethnic groups in a learning institution contributes to a more habitable and inclusive environment where all students, including racial minorities, feel represented. Through schooling in America, students from other ethnicities other than Americans were allowed to interact socially with students of different cultural compositions. Through these interactions, a diverse and dynamic culture was developed, accommodating Americans and students from other ethnic minorities. Integration of different ethnical groups does not necessarily mean that equality would be achieved, and therefore more efforts need to be made to seek equal treatment in America.

To conclude, race and ethnicity play crucial roles in shaping students’ experiences towards schools in the United States. The racial discrimination towards students of ethnical groups that does not involve white American students brought about unpleasant experiences for the Latinos and the African Americans. Racial segregation brought about the unjust provision of school resources reduced academic chances for racial minorities, limitations to social interactions, lowered student’s self-esteem, and the poor manifestation of student’s identities. Obtaining clarity on the hardships associated with ethnic differences would be a helpful tool in creating a more equitable school environment for racial minorities in many parts of the United States. Integrating students from different racial groups brings about a rich cultural diversity where the students interact with each other, likely to cause an exchange of cultural aspects.


Chhuon, V., & Hudley, C. (2010). Asian American Ethnic Options: How Cambodian Students Negotiate Ethnic Identities in a U.S. Urban School. Anthropology & Education Quarterly41(4), 341–359.

Lewis, A. E., Diamond, J. B., & Forman, T. A. (2015). Conundrums of Integration. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity1(1), 22–36.

Meador, E. (2005). The Making of Marginality: Schooling for Mexican Immigrant Girls in the Rural Southwest. Anthropology & Education Quarterly36(2), 149–164.

Sisters In Hate Review


“Sisters in Hate “by Seyward Darby appears as a captivating and impactful exploration into the frightening rise of female extremism in our modern community. However, in this thought-provoking writing, the author masterfully reveals the lives and perspectives of three women who find themselves entangled in numerous extremist movements, providing the readers with a deep and nuanced comprehension of their challenging journeys(Darby et al. 30). Through profound narration, Seyward Darby offers an in-depth look at the origins, radicalization procedures, and the extensive outcome these women have on the movements they become part of it. The storytelling of Darby Seyward is detailed and rich with intense anecdotes, captivating interviews, and an ambiguous evaluation of historical context.

Significantly, the narrative of Seyward Darby stretches beyond surface-level observations, dredging into the complex facets of extremist groups and disclosing the human narratives behind the headlines. Apparently, the dedication of Seyward Darby to present an intricate view of the women’s experiences adds layers of challenges to the depiction of extremism(Darby et al. 31). As the readers are directed via the lives of the three women, an apparent and intense portrayal evolves, forcing contemplation on the intersection of individual struggles and the profound societal forces that result to the allure of extremist perspectives. Thus, “Sister in Hate” snares the attention of the readers with its intense depiction of the unsettling realities revolving around female extremism, making it a compelling and significant read for people seeking an extensive comprehension of the challenges within these radical movements.


In the analytical depth of “Sisters in Hate” transcends conventional narrative, offering a vast exploration of the societal underpinnings, igniting the radicalization of women. However, Seyward Darby deeply dissects the central motifs of identity, alienation, and the pursuit of belonging, unwrapping the driving forces igniting women towards extremism(Darby et al. 34). The close evaluation of the author exceeds the influential responsibility of online societies and social media platforms, laying bare the mechanisms via which these modern spaces result to the formation and dissemination of extremist perspectives among women. The ideologies of the three women are central to the book; the author profoundly discloses the complex web of individual struggles, demonstrating the indispensable intersection of personal experience with vast societal matters. The readers are forced to illuminate the main causes of radicalization, challenged by the realities depicted in the narratives. The author’s exploration acts as a compelling call to action, urging readers to face the challenging amalgamation of individual and societal aspects that agitate for the extremist perspectives among women, making “Sisters in Hate “a story and a crucial evaluation of the deep-seated forces at play in the contemporary topography of radicalization.

In addition, the narrative goes beyond the common discussion of personal radicalization, presenting a nuanced scrutiny of different extremist movements. The author profoundly unwraps the complex state of these groups, highlighting the complexities and variations that prevail within them(Darby et al. 40). The book functions as a lens through which readers can discern the different inspirations compelling women to resonate with such movements, dispelling inflexible ideologies. Through reflecting on this diversity, the author motivates the readers to be involved in a crucial interrogation of the societal and political conditions that establish fertile ground for the flourishing of extremists. The story becomes a catalyst for promoting a deeper comprehension of the challenges in this frightening phenomenon, propelling readers to deal with the complex nature of radicalization. Therefore, “Sisters in Hate” appears as an important resource for those focusing on displaying the complex realm of motivations and conditions that result in the dominance of extremism among women.


The scribbling of Seyward Darby in “Sisters Hate” attracts readers with its involving and thought-provoking features, presenting a detailed and well-investigated exploration of a subject mostly sidelined in debates revolving around extremism. The author’s dedication to portraying the human side of the women engaged is notable, adding a layer of depth to the story that escapes the pitfalls of romanticization (Darby et al. 51). This avenue results in a more nuanced comprehension of the challenges revolving around extremism. However, some readers might find the message emotionally challenging, given the book’s unflinching discussion of alarming perspectives and acts. Seyward Darby manages to strike a balance, offering a gripping tale that provokes critical thought while recognizing the emotional weight it carries. Generally, her writing and avenue make “Sisters in Hate” an informative, potent, and insightful read for people seeking to face the uncomfortable realities in the domain of extremism.

“Sister in Hate” evolves as an important and timely contribution to the literature on extremism, providing a fresh and different idea on the frequently overlooked gendered state of radicalization. The author suggests the handling of the subject issue, which raises her writing into crucial reading for people anticipating a deeper comprehension of the complex forces fostering individuals, particularly women, on extremist perspectives. The book stands because of its detailed examination of the difficulties in these narratives and its thought discussion of the societal and gender-specific dimensions of radicalization(Darby et al. 77). While the subject issue burrows into heavily and challenging motifs, Seyward Darby’s masterful narrative and rigorous examination acts as directing lights, making the discussion of extremist perspectives informative and thought-provoking. Darby’s capacity to navigate the complexities of the narratives with sensitivity and depth adds to the vitality of the book. Generally, “Sisters in Hate” sparks a crucial illumination on the societal matters that underpin the frightening rise of extremism among women, placing itself as a thought-provoking work that informs and motivates a nuanced comprehension of the intricate forces influencing these troubling phenomena.

Works Cited

Darby, Seyward. Sisters in Hate: American Women on the Front Line of White Nationalism. 2020,

Social Enterprise Report Format Instructions


Feeling truly heard is one of humanity’s most basic yet cherished needs. For senior citizens especially, loneliness has become an everyday reality that takes a heavy toll on health and happiness. Studies reveal over a third of seniors are isolated, with numbers rising as communities and families spread farther apart. COVID made this worse by limiting social contacts that folks relied on.

The costs for our elders are huge, from much higher risks of dementia and depression to their lives themselves being shorter. Just think about how many older neighbors and relatives you know who now live alone and have few chances to connect. Our societies aren’t set up to support the types of meaningful bonds we all seek.

Luckily, people power is stepping up to fill gaps through innovative community programs like Petaluma’s Listening Bench (Dignity Health Global Information). Inspired by friendly bench meet-ups in Africa, they’ve created weekly sessions at their local senior center where older folks can share what’s on their hearts, and caring volunteers really tune in. It’s all about being present, asking thoughtful questions, and, most importantly, not judging.

This report takes a deep dive into how Petaluma Listening Bench is making a difference and what more might be done to spread similar support to elders everywhere. Using tools that help size up programs’ impacts and readiness to grow, they shine bright in building community ties and well-being locally. What’s still needed are ways to reach more seniors struggling with isolation nationwide, which could happen through online options and funding tools used by world-changing ventures.

Most of all, Listening Bench sets an example of the power we each have to lift vulnerable members of our human family. Simply being there for someone, offering gentle encouragement and focus, speaks that they matter. That’s something we all long for and owe our elders especially.

Community Partner Overview

Petaluma Listening Bench began in early 2022 as a creative way to bring Zimbabwe’s Friendship Bench idea to comfort lonely seniors nearby. The original Friendship Benches started in the capital, Harare, in 2006 as safe spaces where everyday folks could talk openly about struggles and have peer helpers really tune in. They became hugely popular as affordable mental health support.

Seeing isolation weighing on local older folks through the pandemic, Petaluma Senior Center staff decided to give the concept a go. They drew on studies showing over a third of U.S. seniors were socially isolated before COVID, with numbers far higher today (Helseth). The costs are more than emotional – prolonged isolation can take the same deadly toll as smoking 15 cigarettes a day. It puts people at much greater risk for sickness from dementia to heart disease.

Listening Bench sessions kicked off to offer supportive spaces for open talks between older locals and caring community volunteers. In a judgment-free setting, seniors can voice joys, grieves, difficulties, or goals while listeners give warm attention. The peaceful exchanges aim to help elders feel genuinely understood, cared for, and less alone. As one organizer described, with so much trauma recently, having someone bear compassionate witness is deeply meaningful.

Framework to Analyze the Organizational Model

To see how well Listening Bench works, I used a framework called the “critical triangle.” This framework helps analyze social programs by looking at three key things:

  1. Impact – How much does it help people and society?
  2. Financial Sustainability – Can it cover costs without hurting operations?
  3. Scalability – Can it grow to help more people over time?

The Listening Bench is not a formal social program. But looking at these three questions can teach what works well and what could improve. It can also give ideas for similar programs later.

Most social programs aim to balance impact, sustainability, and scalability. Public health efforts like Listening Bench focus more on helping people than making money. But they still need to think about funding and growth for long-term success.

Analysis & Findings

To gain insights on the merits and demerits of the Petaluma listening bench, the Use of the Critical Triangle framework highlights the key effects on the following focus areas:

Innovation: Listening Bench initiated a resourceful community-based health program adapting Zimbabwe’s Friendship Bench for Western seniors. It identified isolation as an escalating yet overlooked health factor and implemented an evidence-backed, volunteer-run solution leveraging existing assets. The inventive peer support model empowers locals as change agents to foster wellbeing.

Impact: Listening Bench has a strong local impact in many ways. It started a creative new health program no one else was doing to help lonely seniors. It smartly adapted Zimbabwe’s Friendship Bench. It empowered locals’ volunteers to lead change and foster wellness. It provides emotional support that can improve mental and physical health. This can cut the risk of sickness and suicide over time. It brings community members together and builds ties.

Sustainability: Sustainability is a key weakness subject to ongoing municipal funding and volunteerism, which confines control (Helseth). Grants could offer a supplement to costs, while freelance listeners may enable flexibility. However, unpredictable budgets and over-reliance on optional labor are weaknesses.

Scalability: Scalability is hindered by the serious in-person listening format, which limits spread. Growing nationally would need far-reaching inputs to replicate across communities countrywide. With no digitization, manual copying efforts could drain resources fast.

Discussion & Conclusion

Social seclusion can be done away with by incorporating grassroots efforts that are linked to considerate human connection, as shown in the Petaluma listening Bench. The Bench uses volunteers to minimize costs as enough effort is offered to the seniors who, ideally, are helpless. Most rural areas do not have decent mental health services; hence, this model could motivate comparable listening programs across the nation. Little funding from the local or municipal governments could help fund these programs even where money seems to be tight.

To facilitate a bigger effect, significant changes would need to be made. Such include adding listening programs to health systems that could connect seniors to additional care. Digital alternatives could also aid in breaking several barriers, like those in the mobility sector.

In closing, listening to Bench promotes interpersonal networks and community support for well-being. In contrast, loneliness is promoted by a broken culture. To embrace seniors’ worth and make people’s bonds stronger, grassroots listening initiatives help towns go about it by offering cheap tools that could be more sophisticated.

Works Cited

Dignity Health Global Information. “OpusVi Healthcare Workforce Development.”, Accessed 13 Dec. 2023.

Helseth. “Young Entrepreneurs Help Remold Rural Healthcare in Oregon through Membership Payment Model.” The Rural Monitor, 2014,

“Mental Health | Friendship Bench | Zimbabwe.” Friendship Bench,