“Sleep, Health, And Wellness At Work”: Article Analysis Essay Sample For College

The source under analysis is a scholarly article that focuses on how sleep impacts individual health and wellness. Synthesizing this study is not an elementary process because it is necessary to read 18 pages and understand their content. That is why it will be reasonable to make some notes to emphasize the most important information while reading. They will help synthesize the article and be useful when it comes to presenting the content of the source to peers. Thus, the presentation process will entirely rely on these notes.

I want my group members to know a few essential aspects regarding the study under analysis. It is necessary to admit that sufficient sleep positively affects the quality of life. Simultaneously, I would clarify that sleep problems can lead to mental health issues, impaired cognitive function, increased stress levels, high cardiovascular risks, and others (Magnavita & Garbarino, 2017). I believe that these data perfectly match what the group members need to know. It is so because these literature findings explicitly indicate that there is a direct connection between sleep and people’s wellness and health. The peers should also need to know that they can improve their well-being by devoting more time to sleep.

However, the information above can only reach the group members if it is shared clearly and concisely. That is why I will not use any long quotations from the study by Mangavita and Garbarino (2017). Instead of it, my speech will include specific facts that explain the authors’ points of view, and an example of this approach is present in the previous paragraph. I will avoid using long sentences and terminology to ensure that the peers do not have any difficulties understanding the message. Finally, it will be suitable to invite the group members to the discussion to make sure that the content is straightforward for them.


Magnavita, N., & Garbarino, S. (2017). Sleep, health, and wellness at work: A scoping review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(11), 1-18.

Self-Awareness: Influences On People’s Lives


While undertaking their daily activities, humans underscore available opportunities, personal capacities, and innate trajectory toward psychological well-being and personal growth. Different theories give varying outlooks of traditional humanistic psychology. They advance and refine these perspectives by emphasizing the self as the central causal object in people’s functioning. In light of this view, self-awareness is the principal tenet of human behavior. While growing up, people have to make some decisions whose impact could positively or negatively affect them or others in equal measure. However, being aware of one’s emotions, feelings, thoughts, and actions drive an individual’s decisions on the self as well as the external environment. In this case, self-awareness becomes the main controller or determinant of one’s decisions. Being aware of myself has been an integral aspect of my behavioral conduct. For instance, knowing that my self-esteem falls steadily after failing an exam, it has been my practice to avoid peer pressure-driven outings and events but to allocate such time to studying. Self-awareness is the key factor that determines personal, interpersonal, and real-world outcomes.

Research Discussion

Since the 1800s, self-awareness arose as an interesting and equally thought-perturbing aspect among psychologists. The quest for an all-acceptable definition of self-awareness, its importance, and how it impacts people’s development and growth has been ongoing. In the course of this continuing discourse on self-awareness, it has emerged that self-awareness, as described in its definition, is inseparable from the progression of people’s behavior and well-being. Self-awareness could be defined as the ability to view oneself objectively and clearly through introspection and reflection (McCutcheon et al., 2014). Based on this definition, self-awareness is a psychological state in which people become the focus of their attention. People could think and act while at the same time reflecting on their thoughts and deeds.

Understanding the self is the central precept in self-awareness. It involves multiple dimensions of people’s familiarities and practices in the course of their life. According to McCutcheon et al. (2014), self-awareness entails consciously understanding the self by paying attention to the individual’s dispositions and attitudes. This mindful knowledge of the self includes awareness of thoughts, emotions, sensations, relationships with other people, one’s physical body, feelings, and the way all these aspects interact with one another.

Periodically, people should self-examine themselves through self-reflection. In this case, self-reflection is the turning of attention towards the self to understand the underlying individual’s behaviors and attitudes and their relation to the outside world. As McCutcheon et al. (2014) highlight, self-awareness is a fundamental mechanism in one’s exercise of self-control. While self-focused, an individual compares oneself with societal standards of correctness that govern how they ought to feel, think, or behave. While evaluating the self against the set standards, people could adjust their behavior accordingly. Therefore, developing clarity on the self is imperative to realizing the implicit or subtle and precise, explicit mental states and feelings that shape people’s behavior.

Real-Life Application

Through self-awareness, I have been able to change my behavior remarkably. Initially, I could spend a lot of time with friends traveling, partying, or attending events for pleasure. This experience had a domineering but negative bearing on my studies and life. Sometime back, I suffered low self-esteem, as I could not withstand failing to meet my academic expectations. Notably, the low self-image became worse when the same friends I spent time traveling and sharing stories with scored higher grades in the exams. It was time to find out the reasons behind my low self-esteem and failure in my academics.

On self-examination, I understood I needed more time to study to understand some of the concepts we covered in class. Moreover, being extremely tired and deprived of sleep due to the weekend travels affected my class attendance and attention while in the class. It is within my family beliefs that academic excellence is the precursor to a good career and life. Within this belief I understood my performance in school depended solely on my time management and the activities that I gave priority to during my free time. Being aware of my feelings (low self-esteem), behavior including partying and traveling, allowed me to adjust and focus more on my education. I reduced the time I spent with friends and allocated the same to my studies and resting; affirmatively, my grades improved considerably. In light of this outcome, self-awareness shaped my self-control, the activities I chose, and how I spend my time.


Indeed, self-awareness influences the outcomes of people’s life choices. It shapes their feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Self-reflection is a crucial process in understanding the self. It allows people to evaluate themselves against the correctness standards practiced within their society. Moreover, it enables them to develop awareness regarding their abilities and potential opportunities that they could harness to boost their personal and interpersonal growth and development. People should spare some time periodically for self-reflection. This aspect would be a valuable experience, as it would allow them to understand their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and how all these interact to shape their interactions with the outside world.


McCutcheon, L. E., Bartels, J. E., Hackney, A., Hart, J., & Rauch, S. M. (2014). Social psychology for today’s world. Georgia Southern University.

Understanding Community Needs: A Case Study Review

The target setting selected for the analysis is the prison environment, which has been chosen due to the lack of support for the incarcerated and the necessity to provide them with access to healthcare as one of their basic human rights. The target communities are represented by African American female prisoners and Latin American ones. Therefore, the agencies offering healthcare support for female inmates, specifically, the National Survey of Prison Health Care (2021) and Health Services Division of the Federal Bureau of Prisons (2021), have been selected for this case study. By introducing better communication between the target population and the agencies in question, one will be able to address some of the health issues that presently threaten the well-being of women in prison, specifically, the problem of chemical dependency and reproductive system issues, particularly, STIs.


In order to collect the necessary data from the target population, the agencies in question have been deploying similar instruments, namely, surveys. Remarkably, while one of the agencies uses open-ended question surveys, the other one resorts to the use of preset questions and a Likert-type scale. To improve the existing framework for data collection, one will need to build a combined instrument that includes both open-ended questions and a Likert-type assessment scale. Thus, data diversity will help to evaluate the health status of the target population better, while also identifying the extent of their awareness concerning the health issues in question. Specifically, the following questions will be used:

  1. Have you ever taken drugs?
  2. Do you currently suffer from drug misuse issues?
  3. How have you been addressing these issues?
  4. What resources have you been using to address these issues?
  5. On the scale from 1 to 5, how bad is your drug misuse problem currently is?
  6. Have you ever suffered from STIs? If so, what issues have you faced?
  7. Do you currently suffer from STIs? Which one(s)?
  8. To what STI treatment options do you have access?
  9. What have you been doing to avoid STIs?
  10. How are you going to manage this problem in the future?

Criteria Summary

The issue of drug misuse and STIs are quite common in female inmates, which is why developing a strategy for preventing further aggravation of the problem and ensuring that the target population can identify a threat and prevent it from affecting them is crucial. Specifically, the criteria suggested from the diagnosis of the presence of a drug misuse problem as it is described in the DSM-V can be defined using three primary criteria. These include the experience of strong craving for the substance, the willingness to neglect other aspects of life in favor of continuing the use of the said substance, and the willingness to continue the use of the substance even if it entails a direct danger to an individual (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The specified standards for determining a substance misuse problem should also be supplemented with the assessment of the patients’ ability to identify the specified health issue and seek appropriate support.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

To diagnose the health problems in question, regular checks should be provided along with the increase in the availability of tests for STIs and drug dependency issues. The specified measures will allow locating both the patients that actively seek help and those that are in denial of their health status. Thus, the aggravation of the issue and the rise in the threat to other inmates will be prevented successfully. As for the treatment options, medications for managing STIs will be provided along with the drug therapy aimed at minimizing the extent of patients’ dependency on drugs. With the described measures introduced into the target settings, female prisoners will be able to receive proper treatment.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). APA.

Health Services Division of the Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2021). Leadership. Web.

National Survey of Prison Health Care. (2021). Background. Web.

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