Social Impact Of Gambling Writing Sample

Gambling, as it is well known, can be an impactful activity affecting one’s social, economic, and health status. A large body of research has delved into understanding the effects and potential risk factors of gambling, and the results are surprising. The findings suggest that gambling has become a social problem. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that gambling is a generational activity that has existed for decades. Therefore, understanding the evolution and advancements associated with gambling can help track its societal effects and the possible intervention the addicted gamblers.

The video “The physiological effect of Gambling” by Dr. Drew was posted on YouTube in 2019. Drew provides an overview of how gambling can alter a person’s physiological activities based on winning or losing. Dr. Drew introduces how one’s habits can grow into dangerous zones, which he calls “bad habits .”He points out that gambling is one of the habits that are addictive and may cause severe issues in one’s life. The video tries to answer the question, “How does gambling affect physiological functions?” To answer the question, Dr. Drew visits a laboratory in which gambling survivors, addicted, and other gamblers are studied to determine the possible causes of addiction and suggest appropriate interventions. The study revealed that gambling increases heart rate from 76.5 to 80.5 beats per minute, skin temperature rises from 87 to 89 degrees, and respiratory rate rises from 6.5 to 19 breaths per minute. The varying responses are attributed to several factors, such as those playing for escape and those who play to obtain euphoria. In both cases, repetitive gambling plunges an individual into addiction by altering the physiological functions. To help gambling addicts, the researchers propose using credit cards to limit the amount gamblers can put into gambling. This is to help them avoid problem gambling affecting their relationships and personal lives. Therefore, Dr. Drew suggests seeking professional help when an individual is addicted to gambling.

To understand gambling from a cultural and historical approach, Tse et al. (2010) reviewed the literature to highlight the emerging trends concerning Chinese people and gambling addiction in the past 15 years. The researchers also aimed to provide a discourse on the probable link between gambling and Chinese history as well as gambling. The researchers utilized various studies, reports, and traditional Chinese literature to report the phenomenon of gambling among Chinese people. Furthermore, the researchers compared the proliferation and advances in gambling between the Chinese and Roman empires to provide a clear picture of how gambling has become more prevalent among Chinese people than among other races. The researchers address several key points, including the increased prevalence of problem gambling among Chinese people. This is seen in China as a country and in other countries where the Chinese are a minority. Also, the researchers addressed the expansion and proliferation of gambling in the pan-pacific region between 1995 and 2010. They noted that gambling became the sole recreational as well as source of income in many pan-pacific countries. Additionally, the researchers demonstrated how rulers influenced gambling activities in Chinese and Roman history. The researchers provided that although gambling was restricted in China and Rome, rulers and emperors legalized some forms of gambling, and even some were performed in the emperors’ residences. Other factors that led to the legalization of gambling, especially in China, was that the country was facing wars and needed to fund war and also pay for the repatriations. Equally, Roman emperors legalized some form of gambling for benefits similar to China. However, several factors led to the increased proliferation and prevalence of gambling in China compared to Rome, which the researchers referred to as divergence. For instance, Chinese beliefs, culture, and reasons for escape created a drift between China and Rome. On the other hand, Rome was greatly influenced by Christian values, which illegalized gambling. The researchers advanced to the current gambling practices across China, enveloping how numerous forms of gambling have erupted, leading to an increased rate of gamblers. However, this can be seen in other countries, but the researchers wanted to provide insights into how it started and reached where it is now. Clearly, the reaches drive the point home by demonstrating how Chinese culture, history, and social factors have played a role in the increased prevalence of gambling.

The article “A qualitative investigation of problem gambling as an escape‐based coping strategy” by Wood and Griffiths was published in 2007. The researchers wanted to determine the role played by gambling in the lives of problem gamblers and the extent to which it may be used as a means of copying. The researchers hold that although gambling has been a villain, gamblers may often use it as a coping mechanism, and finding the extent to which gamblers use it as a coping mechanism can play a significant role in formulating appropriate intervention, treatment, and management strategies. Therefore, the researchers utilize Jacob’s General theory of addiction to explain how gambling causes addiction. The General Theory of Addiction purports that addictive behavior patterns occur when individuals use a substance or activity to alter their arousal levels to escape from the reality of their existence. The researchers successfully draw the alignment between gambling addiction and the General Theory of Addition by determining why people gamble. The researchers used 50 problem gamblers from the UK and Australia to carry out the research. Participants were interviewed using open-ended questionnaires and direct questions to allow alteration and encourage participants to exhaust their feelings. After the selective coding process, the core categories included gambling to escape, whereby individuals gambled to prevent their problems. Also, gambling was undertaken to modify moods, which involved dissociating from reality. Another reason for gambling, as cited by many respondents, was filling the void. Most participants gambled to fill the gap in their life by alleviating boredom or providing a means of socialization. Furthermore, other findings showed that people gambled to avoid problems and responsibilities. Most participants reported that they would gamble mainly when experiencing problems, conflicts, or stress. Others reported gambling to control beliefs, cognitive regret, and chasing. The researchers then utilized the grounded theory of problem gambling to explain the role of an escape. The study’s strengths include using a detailed conceptual account of the problem gambling experience from the participants’ perspective, using open-ended questions, and using theories to validate their argument. However, as a limitation, the methodology presents chances of recall error and uses few participants. Also, the participants knew they had problems gambling, which may lead to false information.

Chapter 11 of the book “THE SOCIOLOGY OF GAMBLING” by Aasved, published in 2003, explores problem gambling correlates and risk factors. The author is determined to address the possible risk factors and triggers associated with problem gambling using literature and various surveys in the United States and the United Kingdom. The primary factors explored include psychosocial, behavioral, demographic, environmental, and personality. For instance, it is said that the prevalence of gambling is higher in males compared to females, among young people compared to older, among singles compared to married, among divorced and widowed, and among Catholics and Jews than among Protestants. Additionally, the findings demonstrated that the prevalence of problem gambling is higher among Hispanic, Native American, Black, and mixed-race students than among Asian and Caucasian students. There is also the issue of availability and exposure to gambling. According to the author, children exposed to gambling activities begin participating and may continue to adulthood as problem gamblers. Also, the availability of numerous forms of gambling predisposes individuals to problem gambling. This is determined by social class and religion, where children from high-income families have preferences contrasting those from low-income families. Also, it dictates the frequency one participates in gambling activities. Among the most participating gambling activities include sports betting, betting shop patronage, gaming, slot machines, and Bingo. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that the findings demonstrate variabilities even among individual games. Some correlates associated with pathological gambling include initiation by parents, illiteracy, employment, and type of gambling activity. For the Active Slot machine, correlates identified included being male, young, having a low level of education, employment, marital status, low income, and stress. The same findings were observed in gambling among Juveniles in North America and gambling-related suicide in Australia.

In Chapter 9, “Special Populations: Youthful Gamblers,” Aasved explores the prevalence of gambling among children and adolescents, citing possible correlates. The author acknowledges that few studies have examined gambling among special populations such as women, homosexuals, the homeless, institutionalized groups, and military personnel. Aasved points out that a literature review done among children in Canada, the United Kingdom, India, and the United States showed that almost half (49.3%) to about all (91%) of children reported having participated in gambling for money. A subsequent survey revealed that 64% of high school students had participated in gambling. The researcher adds that the trend has risen and is expected to go even higher. This is because a survey in the United Kingdom and Australia showed that gambling is a popular pastime among adolescents revealing that 75% of adolescents and young adults aged between 14 and 25 were active gamblers. Aasved adds that this increased prevalence is attributed to early exposure and has contributed to the rising problem gambling rates.

In summary, gambling has a significant social impact but requires a specific approach to understand its complexity. For instance, Dr. Drew investigated how gambling impacts physiological functions to understand how to formulate appropriate interventions at an individual level. He demonstrated that since addiction originates from a physiological function, it arose due to changes introduced by gambling. However, he fails to include gender differences, age, and other social, demographic, and cultural factors. Thus his findings may not be used to represent the overall population. On the other hand, Tse et al. (2010)’s approach provide a clear understanding that participation in gambling can be associated with many factors, including culture and beliefs, as seen among Chinese people.

In contrast, Wood and Griffiths’s (2007) study stood out for me since their approach is entirely different from other studies. They investigated why the prevalence of gambling has kept rising over the decades. It was essential to understand the drive and motive prompting people to gamble. From the study, it is clear that it is more than just gambling for money, as most participants expressed the need to escape, cope, and modify their moods and stress. This study can be used to address the contemporary issues related to gambling because of the changes in the social and economic worlds. Aasved findings in chapters 9 and 11 may be helpful for researchers to find gaps but may not reflect the current real-life situations. This is because twenty years have passed, and life has changed since the study was conducted. Overall, there is no significant contradiction among all the readings. I agree with Tse et al.’s (2010) suggestion that any intervention toward problem gambling should include cultural and social considerations as they complement the physiological approach by Dr. Drew. Ultimately, gambling is a complex and multifaceted issue requiring multifactorial interventions.

References

Dr. Drew. (2019). The physiological effect of gamblingYouTube. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09c3QWb6pEE.

Tse, S., Yu, A. C., Rossen, F., & Wang, C. W. (2010). Examination of Chinese gambling problems through a socio-historical-cultural perspective. TheScientificWorldJOURNAL10, 1694-1704. https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2010.167

Wood, R. T., & Griffiths, M. D. (2007). A qualitative investigation of problem gambling as an escape‐based coping strategy. Psychology and Psychotherapy: theory, research and Practice80(1), 107-125. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608306X107881

Aasved, M. (2003). THE SOCIOLOGY OF GAMBLING: Volume II (Vol. 2). Charles C Thomas Publisher.

The Concept Of Nature Is Portrayed In Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” And Bishop’s “The Moose.” Writing Sample

Nature has for some time been an essential theme in literature, serving as a source for countless writers and poets throughout history. Two poets who explore the natural world in their work are William Wordsworth and Elizabeth Bishop. Wordsworth, a vital figure in the romantic movement, and Bishop, a post-romantic poet, both use nature in their poetry to explore deeper themes about the human experience. This paper compares the utilization of nature in Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” and Bishop’s “The Moose,” analyzing how every poet utilizes nature to convey their unique perspectives on life.

Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” is a meditation on the role of nature in moulding experience. The poem portrays the speaker’s visit to the banks of the Wye River, which he had visited as a young fellow. The region’s natural landscape fills the speaker with a feeling of awe, and he reflects on the manners by which his previous encounters with nature have impacted his identity. Wordsworth’s utilization of natural symbolism, for example, the “steep and lofty cliffs” and the “wreaths of smoke Sent up, in silence, from among the trees,” helps convey the power and magnificence of the natural world (Wordsworth 1901-1902). The poem proposes that nature has a transformative power that helps individuals find meaning and purpose in their lives

Bishop’s “The Moose” adopts an alternative approach to the subject of nature, portraying it as a vehicle for discovering human connections and feelings. The poem depicts a bus journey through rural Ontario, where the travellers see a moose standing on the road. The moose becomes a focal point for the travellers’ feelings, setting off memories and reflections on their lives. Bishop’s utilization of vivid natural symbolism, for example, the “smell of watermelon in the hot field” and the “moose’s solid weight leaned up against me,” helps create a feeling of intimacy between the travellers and their environmental factors (Bishop 243, 245).

The poem suggests that nature can unite individuals and work with close-to-home associations.

Regardless of their approaches, the two poems convey a profound appreciation for the power and meaning of nature. Wordsworth is known for emphasizing nature, which he saw as a spiritual and emotional renewal source. In “Tintern Abbey,” he depicts a visit to an area he had visited as a young fellow, reflecting the manners by which the natural world shaped his life. Wordsworth stresses the groundbreaking force of nature, proposing that being in nature can recharge the soul and restore a sense of calm. He compares to nature’s experience of being in nature to that of a blind individual regaining sight after an extended period, proposing that nature can uncover aspects of the world that could be disregarded.

Wordsworth is known for his emphasis on the power and beauty of nature. In “Tintern Abbey,” he utilizes vivid descriptions of the natural world to convey a feeling of awe and marvel. He writes, “These beauteous forms, /Through a long absence, have not been to me/As is a landscape to a blind man’s eye.” Here, he looks at the experience of being in nature as regaining sight after a period of blindness. This allegory emphasizes the extraordinary power of nature and the significant effect it can have on an individual.

The poem is an illustration of the romantic ideal of self-discovery through nature. In this sense, it is like Wordsworth’s different poems, for example, “The Prelude” and “ode: intimations of Immortality.” however, in “Tintern Abbey,” Wordsworth centres around the impact that nature can have on individuals rather than what they mean for it.

Wordsworth also compares the natural world to human existence, believing they are interconnected. He writes, “And I have felt/A presence that disturbs me with the joy/Of elevated thoughts; a sense sublime/Of something far more deeply interfused.” Here, he recommends that there is a spiritual or divine presence in nature that can elevate human consciousness and provide a sense of meaningfulness.

On the other hand, Bishop has a more ambiguous relationship with nature in her poetry. In “The Moose,” she portrays a bus trip through the Canadian wilderness and encounters a moose on the road. While the natural world is a specific element in the poem, Bishop emphasizes the human experience of observing it. She writes, “The bus driver, crabbily, announced civilization and we hurried off down a side road.” This line suggests that the encounter with the moose is a short-lived snapshot of beauty that is immediately eclipsed by the demands of everyday life. As Bishop puts it, the encounter with the moose is both scary and transformative.

Despite their different approaches to nature, Wordsworth and the Bishops use nature to investigate deeper themes about the human experience. Wordsworth considers nature a wellspring of renewal and a spiritual source, while Bishop investigates the natural world’s dark, more puzzling parts. The two poets utilize striking symbolism to convey the force of nature, inviting a reader to consider their relationship with the natural world.

Using nature in poetry is a longstanding custom, and both Wordsworth and Bishops are remarkable examples of poets who use nature in their work to explore subjects about the human experience. Bishop also involves nature more complexly than Wordsworth, as she frequently investigates the darker, more mysterious parts of the natural world. In “The Moose,” she writes, “We saw the earth, a cold stone, set in blackness, and tiny figures walking on it as if it were a dream, they had recently escaped from.” This section creates a feeling of confusion and proposes that the natural world can be both delightful and terrifying.

The poem’s final stanza portrays a bleak, nearly dystopian scene: “We saw the earth, a cold stone, set in blackness.” The feeling that this world has been destroyed is uplifted by the coldness of the stone and the darkness encompassing it. This feeling is upheld by the Bishop’s utilization of words like “tiny figures walking on as if it were a dream,” which proposes that these individuals are just living in their minds.

In conclusion, Wordsworth and Bishop use nature as a central theme in their poetry, yet their ways of dealing with it contrast significantly. Wordsworth stresses nature’s groundbreaking power and magnificence, associating it with human existence and consciousness. Alternatively, Bishop investigates the more ambiguous and mysterious parts of the natural world, featuring the complicated connection between humans and nature. Looking at these two poets, we can see the manners by which the romantic and post-romantic customs have evolved and diverged in their utilization of nature as a theme in poetry.

Works Cited

Wordsworth, William. Tintern Abbey. Halvorson Dixit, 1975.

Bishop, Elizabeth. “The Moose.” The Complete Poems: 1927-1979. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1983, pp. 243–247.

Johnston, Kenneth R. “The Politics of” Tintern Abbey”.” The Wordsworth Circle 14.1 1983: 6–14.

Gravil, Richard. “Tintern Abbey and the System of Nature.” Romanticism 6.1 (2000): 35-54.

Flores, Susette. “Nature Greets Man: An Ecofeminist Reading of Elizabeth Bishop’s.” Mellon Research Scholars Program 2022.

Schlick, Yaël. “Writing Wonder: Elizabeth Bishop’s Ethics of Perception.” Environmental Ethics 36.3 2014: 319–332.

The Moral Imperative Of Granting Animals Equal Rights As Human Beings Essay Example For College

Why are non-human animals not entitled to the same liberties as humans? How does it feel to be dealt with distinctively when we are creatures who share numerous organic, mental, and profound attributes and live on a similar planet? Animals have generally been esteemed and utilized in numerous human networks as wellsprings of food, work, and clothing. Animals are not like other forms of property because they resemble humans, and it is thus wrong to abuse them and give them undue suffering (Deckha 5). Even though it might appear questionable, there is a case to be made for conceding creatures similar privileges as individuals in view of their significance to our planet and their capacity to encounter torment. As youngsters, we learn to adore and coexist with animals, particularly pets. Hence, they should be treated with care and love since people are likewise subject to them for their prosperity and solace. The way that creatures share central attributes with people is the most powerful argument for allowing them similar privileges as people. Animals, similar to people, are fit for feeling agony and enduring and have limitations concerning mindfulness, feeling, and complex social way of behaving (Deckha 4). Therefore, animals deserve to be treated ethically and with respect, and their well-being is crucial to our planet’s health, so it would be ideal if they were given the same rights as humans.

Animals that are cared for by humans may be exploited to get through complex operations and raised in an environment rife with disease due to a lack of food and a secure connection to a reliable person. People have shown no desire to provide safe and charitable offices where these species live by putting them in crowded enclosures or horse shelters (Deckha 4). Something like this should not be accepted by society with animals if it is not acceptable to society’s members on a personal level. Animals want the same pleasures as humans, such as play and community. Animal health is hampered both physically and emotionally when these stimuli are removed (Deckha). Through the Animal Legal Defense Fund, the Animal Bill of Rights aims to protect all animals’ fundamental legal rights. To determine if such an action is necessary, one must consider the advantages humans gain from animals’ suffering.

Understanding creature consciousness is an area of strength for an indisputable case for giving creatures similar privileges as people; however, there is not a glaringly obvious explanation. Being sentient includes having a subjective experience of the world and one’s own body. Over the most recent 20 years, researchers have gained ground around here, yet there is still a long way to go about how creatures feel and whether they can have cognizant encounters. Projects like ASENT are a positive development, expecting to foster a calculated structure to more readily figure out creature consciousness and to test it in honey bees(Wilmer et al.3). When addressing conservation issues, animal impact assessments should take into account the subjective experience of animals, as animal welfare is an important consideration here. We can create more robust legislation to safeguard animals’ welfare and recognize their rights with a more profound comprehension of animal sentience.

Whether creatures ought to partake in similar privileges as people has been discussed ever since. One of the strongest arguments in favour of treating animals like humans is the way that they can profit from drugs used to treat mental well-being problems that individuals experience. A veterinarian and creator, Nicholas Dodman, fights that emotional well-being issues in creatures are practically identical to those in people. He mentions that many behavioural issues that creatures face have human counterparts, for example, hostility, uneasiness problems, inordinate feelings of dread and fears, and, shockingly, post-horrendous pressure issues.

In addition, Dodman and his colleagues at the Creature Conduct Facility at Tufts College have identified a trait associated with impulsive behaviour in humans and dogs. Also, they have discovered that medications used to treat people in extraordinary grave situations may also be used to treat animals in similar situations. In debating whether or not creatures should have the same rights as people, it is imperative to take into account the undisputed evidence that they can experience mental problems comparable to those that affect humans(Nicholas). It makes evident that animals should have the same freedoms and protections as people if they are capable of experiencing psychological health difficulties similar to those that affect humans. Since that animals may experience emotional distress, it makes it evident that they should have the same rights as humans to seek therapy and keep their liberty. Consequently, treating animals like peasants is wrong, and the best way to ensure their prosperity and access to government services is to provide them with the same privileges as humankind.

Having rights is crucial for animals. If they had rights, they would not be imprisoned, beaten, confined, maimed, drugged, exchanged, transported, hurt, or murdered simply so someone else may benefit from it. Giving animals rights will significantly lessen their misery in the world. The physiology and biology of humans and animals are strikingly similar. The two have complex sensory systems, cerebrums, and different structures that empower them to encounter agony and delight(Nicholas). Creatures likewise share attributes with individuals, including sympathy, empathy, the capacity to take care of issues, and mindfulness. These discoveries show that creatures are more than instinctual creatures and should be treated with respect.

Timothy Milligan looks at the moral ramifications of eating meat. He argues that eating meat is an ethical and necessary component of the human diet, despite our obligation to consider the well-being of animals (Milligan,2). Milligan examines the history of vegetarianism to begin his argument. He points out that vegetarianism was once thought of ascetically and was only recently adopted by the general public. This demonstrates that eating meat is a fundamental and ingrained part of human existence. In addition, Milligan argues that eating animals is a normal part of life’s cycle and that they are an essential component of any ecosystem (Milligan 2). He also says eating meat can be ethical and kind if done right. In addition, Milligan discusses the philosophical implications of meat consumption. According to him, eating animals is not wrong; instead, it is our duty to do it in a morally upright and considerate way. Even though we do not have the right to exploit animals, we have a duty to ensure they are treated well. He also argues that it is our duty to protect animals from needless suffering and to give them places that allow them to live their natural lives.

Is it ethically wrong to kill creatures for food? In the event that you are a vegan or a major creature lover, you could believe butchering creatures for food or different purposes is wrong (Milligan 4). There are numerous viewpoints about fundamental rights. Animal rights advocates have long contended that it is exploitative to consume creatures, while meat-eaters have contended that it is normal and vital for people to consume meat to get by. Milligan starts his book by examining the human-creature relationship, noting that creatures are food and companions, with people having an obligation to approach them with respect. He proceeds to talk about the ethical ramifications of meat eating, taking a gander at the moral speculations of utilitarianism, deontology, and perfection morals (Milligan 5).

While utilitarianism and deontology both suggest that eating meat is wrong, he observed that goodness morals could offer a more nuanced perspective since they take into account the expectations and character of the person consuming the meat (Milligan 20). The concept of fundamental entitlements is then examined in the book’s concluding section. Considering that humans might experience lasting suffering and should not be treated as mere commodities, Milligan argues that creatures have inherent liberties that should be respected. He also argues that people believe in protecting animals and upholding their rights to freedom.

In conclusion, Milligan’s book gives an important understanding of the ethical ramifications of meat-eating and protecting animals. People have a moral commitment to regard creatures’ freedoms and guarantee that their suffering is limited (Milligan 20). It is in this manner important that we think about the moral ramifications of our activities and endeavour to safeguard the freedoms of animals. We should perceive that animals are conscious creatures with innate freedoms and that it is our obligation to guarantee that their privileges are respected.

Works Cited

Deckha, Maneesha. Animals as legal beings: Contesting anthropocentric legal orders. The University of Toronto Press, 2021.

Milligan, Tony. Beyond animal rights: Food, pets and ethics. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2010.

Wilmer, Gareth, and Gareth Wilmer. “How Does It Feel to Be a Bee? The Quest to Understand Animal Sentience.” Horizon Magazine, 16 Feb. 2021, https://ec.europa.eu/research-and-innovation/en/horizon-magazine/how-does-it-feel-be-bee-quest-understand-animal-sentience.