Social Mentoring For People With IDD: The Impact Of “Best Buddies” Program Essay Example For College

Building friendships and maintaining relationships represent some of the core needs that allow keeping one’s life healthy and satisfying. However, in the present-day environment, keeping long-term relationships with friends has become increasingly challenging. With the emergence of COVID-19 and the associated restrictions on people’s social lives, as well as the consistent rise in the levels of workload, social life has acquired the status of luxury that not everyone can afford. The process of socializing and keeping social connections has become especially difficult for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), who may find it difficult to navigate the realm of digital communication with its lack of physical interactions. In turn, the “Best Buddies” organization offers an opportunity to address the specified issue. Due to its innovation-driven transformational leadership framework and the focus on continuous growth, “Best Buddies” demonstrate that social mentoring has an evidently positive outcome for the volunteer and the participant with an IDD.

“Best Buddies” seeks to encourage the development of relationships and friendships between people with IDD. I have previously participated in the event called “Fun Day,” which involves spending the day with adults with IDD. The environment of mutual support and cooperation that I observed at the specified event was the main impetus for me to join the organization. “Bets Buddies” has an asset-based mindset since the organization encourages collaboration and equality among its members and participants (Embregts et al. 579). The collaboration in question involves mutual learning between al participants.

Furthermore, the organization is planning to do similar events in the future. Specifically, each participant will be matched with a “buddy” based on their interests and the relevant background information. It is expected that “buddies” will participate in future events, which will lead to the development of friendships. In the course of the specified program, the participants will be able to recognize the support with which they will be provided, therefore, feeling more comfortable and accepted in society. Moreover, the friendships that the participants will form will also blossom independently, with “buddies” becoming actively engaged in each other’s lives.

The specified endeavor will also lead to further contemplations on the issue of social mentoring as a phenomenon, as well as its impact on the lives of mentors and mentees. Namely, the outlined experience will help determine the changes in the participants’ quality of life, including changes in their social participation and the extent of their overall satisfaction with their life. Thus, the problem of fulfilment and self-actualization of the participants, including both mentors and mentees, will eb examined. It is assumed that the program in question will allow all participants to feel accomplished and satisfied, which will lead to an increase in the extent of their self-actualization. Moreover., the specified experience will be crucial to the volunteering participants, who will acquire essential skills for supporting patients with IDD.

Therefore, the outreach program created by “Bets Buddies” contributes significantly to the promotion of inclusion within the community. Specifically, the program serves as the platform for educating all stakeholders involved, including not only program participants and volunteers, but also the community, in general. Specifically, the events organized and held by “Best Buddies” will serve as the example of inclusivity and collaboration. Therefore, all stakeholders involved will receive an opportunity to educate themselves about the issue of IDD and its specifics (Theis et al. 2). Namely, patients with IDD will be provided with an opportunity to create strong social connections and friendships in a non-judgmental setting, where they will not be affected by the stigma that is typically associated with people with IDD.

In turn, the stigma in question represents a tremendous obstacle on the way to integrating patients with IDD into tehri communities. Studies show that the stigma in question and the associated prejudices lead to the increased threat of patients with IDD being ostracized from their community (Pelleboer-Gunnink et al. 180). The described outcome is detrimental to the emotional and mental well-being of people with IDD, which is why the problem of stigma must be addressed on a community level. In turn, the “Best Buddies” organization will help engage community members into the process of assisting people with IDD and supporting them in the way that will alleviate social pressure that they experience and, eventually, remove the stigma that they face when interacting with other community members. Therefore, “Best Buddies” will prove the importance of social mentoring in the promotion of acceptance and tolerance within the community.

Incorporating an innovation-driven approach that pursues active change toward communication and collaboration, with an appropriate transformational leadership framework set, “Best Buddies” proves the importance of social mentoring both for the volunteer and the participant with an IDD. Specifically, the obtained experience illustrates the importance of promoting the active development of friendships between people with IDD and other community members. Namely, the specified change will allow people with IDD to integrate into the community faster and become accepted, which will improve their quality of life and mental hath. Simultaneously, the described change will have an immediately positive effect on the volunteer since the latter will obtain crucial experience in supporting people with IDD.

Works Cited

Embregts, Petri JCM, et al. “A Thematic Analysis into the Experiences of People with a Mild Intellectual Disability during the COVID-19 Lockdown Period.” International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, vol. 68, no. 4, 2022, pp. 578-582.

Pelleboer-Gunnink, Hannah A., et al. “Stigma Research in the Field of Intellectual Disabilities: A Scoping Review on the Perspective of Care Providers.” International journal of developmental disabilities, vol. 67, no. 3, 2021, pp. 168-187.

Theis, Nicola, et al. “The Effects of COVID-19 Restrictions on Physical Activity and Mental Health of Children and Young Adults with Physical and/or Intellectual Disabilities.” Disability and Health Journal, vol. 14, no. 3, 2021, pp. 1-8.

Hospice Care And Nursing Ethics Provisions

End-of-life care is fraught with various dilemmas and requires practitioners to observe the standards of ethics strictly. The American Nurse Association (ANA) offers clear ethical guidelines to be followed across the healthcare continuum, including hospice settings. Observing its first provision in caring for a hospice patient involves refraining from any stigmatization and prejudice with regard to medical needs and requests, decision-making approaches, and spiritual characteristics.

The first provision of the ANA’s ethics-related guide seeks to establish respectful care for all patients as a standard. The ANA makes Provision 1 centered on the nurse’s ability to demonstrate “compassion and respect” for all people’s “dignity, worth, and uniqueness” (Rutgers School of Nursing, 2019, p. 1). These attitudes to care and interpersonal communication are anticipated to be practiced regardless of the patient’s socio-economic situation, health-related variables, or personality-level characteristics. Respecting human dignity under any medical circumstances, as well as recognizing each healthcare client’s need for care/assistance and self-determination, should be practiced in hospice settings and any other institutions.

To provide hospice care in accordance with Provision 1, the nurse must avoid stigmatization on the basis of medical requests and details of a patient’s condition. Since Provision 1 directs nurses to care for patients respectfully, following it is incompatible with any stigmatizing remarks, including disrespectful or non-empathetic responses to requests for more pain medication (Copeland, 2020). From prior research, hospice nurses’ ambiguous attitudes to patients’ drug-seeking behaviors are crucial contributors to unresolved ethical dilemmas in end-of-life nursing (Copeland, 2020). Next, practicing palliative care in line with Provision 1 entails the absence of disrespect and suboptimal care quality when managing a hospice patient with peculiar conditions. Depending on the diagnosis and unfavorable life circumstances, individuals might exhibit wound myiasis, dementia-related aggressiveness, scatolia, and other needs that hospice professionals can find repulsive (Waidyaratne et al., 2021). Nevertheless, to fulfill the said provision, the hospice nurse should practice supportive care without enabling the condition’s details to interfere with the care recipient’s perceived worth and the right to respectful communication.

Along with the uniqueness-related and self-determination-related portions of Provision 1, the hospice nurse must practice care without prejudice to a patient’s preferred decision-making method. If coming from a collectivist culture with strong family values, a hospice patient might prefer to rely on his/her immediate social network to make supportive care decisions and formulate preferences as a group. The nurse’s disapproval of such approaches should not affect the care and the readiness to comply with the family’s requests as long as they are implementable and would not cause any harm to the care recipient.

In a similar manner, implementing Provision 1 into hospice care involves demonstrating respect for a patient’s spiritual needs and identity regardless of whether the care professionals practice the same religion and attitudes to death. Aside from the absence of prejudice demonstrated through verbal and non-verbal means, practicing respect often involves supporting a care recipient in seeking prayer, carrying religious jewelry, and using religious symbols/equipment in the setting (Pentaris, 2018). Consequently, ignoring a patient’s religious identity and letting the nurse’s own values interfere with care planning and attitudes toward a client are incompatible with Provision 1.

To sum up, the first ANA provision requires palliative nurses to engage in respectful and non-discriminatory practice when caring for a hospice patient. Such populations’ dignity should be preserved carefully, which involves providing information and assistance without prejudice of any kind. Avoiding disrespectful treatment and preferential attitudes to patients’ requests depending on their socio-economic, cultural, and health-related characteristics is central to offering ethically appropriate care.


Copeland, D. (2020). Drug-seeking: A literature review (and an exemplar of stigmatization in nursing). Nursing Inquiry, 27(1), 1-11. Web.

Pentaris, P. (2018). Religious literacy in hospice care: Challenges and controversies. Routledge.

Rutgers School of Nursing. (2019). American Nurses Association code of ethics for nurses. Web.

Waidyaratne, G., Zhou, S., O’Neil, T., & Marks, A. (2021). Management of wound myiasis in the hospice and palliative medicine setting. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 24(5), 797-800. Web.

The Food Truck Business Models Development

Operating Model

  • Value Chain: The key value chain of this startup will be to cook and sell brunch-type healthy food to the local office workers. Furthermore, alcoholic beverages will be sold in this food truck. The whole business will be operated by five people who prepare meals and take orders.
  • Key Resources: The three critical resources needed for this startup are a truck, fridge, and kitchen.
  • Key Partners: Local farmers will be the primary suppliers of food ingredients for preparing brunches.

Value Model

  • Value Proposition: We offer high-quality brunch options to local office workers and those who value healthy nutrition.
  • Product System: Our customers can purchase some items separately, but most brunch options will be a combination of complimentary meals. For example, eggs will always be served with a salad and fresh bread, or an egg omelet may be combined with either bacon or vegetables.

Service Model

The core differentiating service that our startup will offer is free delivery in cases of all orders above $35.

Experience Model

  • Brand: The central brand promise is fresh, healthy brunch alternatives for people mindful of their well-being but who do not have time to cook at home. Although food truck is usually associated with fast food, we want to change the paradigm and make individuals perceive our brand as an ally in their daily struggles to eat healthy.
  • Customer Relationships and Engagement: Friendly and high-quality service is one of our strategies to ensure that clients will return. We want to introduce a points-based membership program for our customers to receive one free meal for every ten points.
  • Channels: The primary channel for our brand to reach consumers is social media. We may consider ads in the future, but we will primarily rely on customer feedback on Facebook and Instagram.

Cost Model

The most expensive part of starting this business is purchasing and modifying the truck. The latter may cost more than $15,000, and its upgrading will require approximately $7,000-$9,000 (Peek, 2022). The cost of insurance, permits, and licenses may reach about $4,000-$5,000 per year (Peek, 2022). Furthermore, purchasing additional equipment for cooking and storage may require about $5,000-$7,000.

Revenue Model

The major revenue stream is selling various brunch options and alcoholic beverages. In the latter case, customers like its availability since they can purchase liquor in the same place they buy prepared meals. When it comes to brunches, customers are prepared to pay for quality; hence most of our clients are middle-class, white-collar workers. Still, beverages’ contribution to total revenue is lower than food since most sales occur during the day.


Peek, S. (2022). How to start a food truck business. Business News Daily. Web.

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