Social Movement Framing In Pictures Essay Sample For College

Importance of Framing for Social Movements

When defined this way, social movements may sound similar to special-interest organizations, and they do share some characteristics. A social movement is an organized attempt by many people to achieve or prevent social, political, economic, or cultural change (Shuster & Campos-Castillo, 2017). It is possible to hypothesize that social changes are impossible without a successful public campaign that guarantees that many people share particular ideas, and framing is an integral part of this process.

The definition of framing describes the signifying work of activists, leaders, average participants, and other actors. The actions of all participants of the movement, including social control agents, elites, mass media, activists, and representatives of the counter-movements combine into the meaning construction. All of them engage concerning the interests of movements and the challenges they face in pursuing those interests (Shuster & Campos-Castillo, 2017). Framing is crucial as it allows one to understand a social activity in-depth and examine its effectiveness concerning social change. This paper examines the #MeToo social movement in which women recounted their experiences of sexual harassment and assault. #MeToo’s countermovement #HimToo also interacts with the topic of sexual assault of males but from a different perspective of false accusations of rape.

Framing and Pictures

MeToo Photo from Demonstrations
#MeToo Photo from Demonstrations. (What is MeToo Movement, 2022)

HimToo Poster
#HimToo Poster. (O’Neil, 2018)

The #MeToo initially aimed at helping individuals who suffered from assault, sexual harassment, and bullying, which allowed them to feel that they were not alone and shared familiar stories. This movement evolved into a global one with time, resulting in significant societal and legal reforms, a vivid example of framing. Furthermore, the campaign has provided survivors a sense of belonging while also sparking a national—and global—discussion about the common concerns about harassment and assault and the necessary changes. Women who experienced sexual violence find a solution in sharing their experiences to support other women worldwide. Motivational framing is that victims will unite and raise awareness regarding the issue of sexual harassment and assault (Shuster & Campos-Castillo, 2017). Harassment and violence can have catastrophic consequences for victims, leading to substance abuse, suicide, psychiatric problems including PTSD, and other adverse effects.

As #MeToo concerns females, the counter-movement that focuses on male-related problems has emerged. Even though it started as a way for makes to tell others their stories of sexual harassment and assault, #HimToo has evolved into the response to the #MeToo movement. This movement was supported by those people who thought that all males were endangered by spreading false rape accusations against men. The diagnostic framing of this movement is that there are wrong rape and sexual violence cases in which males become victims. Prognostic framing is that the supporters of the campaign also call to share experiences so that it will catch the attention of a more significant population to a male problem. Like the #MeToo movement, motivational framing is to use social media platforms and make posts related to their cases.

Effectiveness Evaluation

Both movements accurately diagnosed their problems as cases of sexual assaults and false allegations are common for both females and males. In the era of modern technologies, the solutions of both movements to use social media and share their experiences are appropriate. The actions of the members of both movements raise awareness and motivate victims worldwide to join the movement and make an impact in preventing any cases of harassment and abuse in the future. In terms of social change, the movements did a substantial job as many people started to think about consent and appropriate sexual behavior. Moreover, the campaign also allowed victims to feel not alone and supported. Yet, reforms or any constitutional were not implemented, which is why the actual social change did not happen.

#MeToo has remained the symbol of the union of all victims of sexual assault and harassment. It is possible to conclude that people often mention the hashtag #MeToo in their tweets in posts on social media accounts like Instagram and Facebook. These actions show that the #MeToo movement has become successful and achieved good results in increasing public awareness about sexual harassment and contributed to the formation of a supportive environment.

References

Shuster, S. M., & Campos-Castillo, C. (2017). Measuring resonance and dissonance in social movement frames with affect control theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 80(1), 20–40.

O’Neil, L. (2018). #HimToo: how an attempt to criticize #MeToo went delightfully wrong. The Guardian.

What is the Me Too movement all about? (2022). Verywell Mind.

Waste Disposal: Environmental Issue

Environmental issues are a common occurrence worldwide, with new patterns emerging every day. It is important to note that humans are the main actors in environmental issues. They are also responsible for creating solutions that can benefit future generations. Waste disposal is one of the most important environmental issues that need some consideration. Humans are known to carry out various activities that threaten the environment. Poor waste disposal by humans has overcome existing laws, policies, and environmental activism.

Production

Waste disposal is usually linked to plastic, which has been under scrutiny for a long time. Some argue that the production of plastic in some industries is directed to a lack of other means, which is highly debatable in today’s technological age. Synthetic polymers trackback to the early years, with the first plastic appearing in the 20th century (Rezaee et al. 361). The growth of plastic dates back to the period after the Second World War, which was remarkable due to the rampant use of materials. The majority of the materials involved in making plastic include propylene and ethylene. Such materials are made from fossil hydrocarbons and, as a result, are non-biodegradable (“Harmful Effects of Non-Biodegradable Plastic Products”). One of the notable features of waste disposal worldwide is the accumulation of plastic, especially in places that lack waste management. Additionally, the only proper way of eliminating such materials is through pyrolysis, which is a disadvantage to the environment.

Effects of Plastic Debris as Part of Waste Disposal

Waste disposal in the form of plastic debris is a concern, especially for the marine environment. Some of the threatened areas include human and marine health and huge tourism and food safety industries. Most of the waste disposed of in the ocean by individuals or industries near large-water bodies causes suffocation and ingestion of marine species (“How Does Plastic Pollution Harm Water”). The challenge, however, comes in when human beings are responsible for such issues that are easily avoidable.

Poor waste disposal methods pose a risk to food safety because they can easily cause public health concerns. Discovering microplastics in drinking water proves that human consumption is adversely affected. Water pollution poses a carcinogenic risk that further interferes with the developmental, neurological, and immune parts of a human being. Environmental activism is one of the areas that channel human concerns on matters concerning waste disposal. However, most people have refused to practice good waste disposal methods.

Countries that rely heavily on tourism know the importance of managing waste disposal. The only challenge is the lack of resources, which forms one of the main issues. The aesthetic value of a location is damaged by poor waste disposal methods resulting in decreased income, which later affects revenue channeled from this source (Leon, 169). Picture 1 is a photo of a shore affected by human-produced waste.

Shore affected by waste disposal
Picture 1. Shore affected by waste disposal (Frayer).

The Future of Waste Disposal

For most environmental experts, waste disposal requires reforms, especially in the current age. The challenge, however, is trying to fix the economic terms with supply chains that require reuse and recycling. The methods can be made possible by first managing how waste is consumed and conceived. Additionally, the reforms should consider the fact that not all waste is wasted material; rather, it is a valuable item that companies can reuse. Instead of individual companies burning the waste materials, these entities should create a uniform program that allows for reprocessing all under one place. This decision will separate actual waste material, and valuable resources will be returned to the manufacturers for recycling. Being an environmental issue, waste disposal is solvable only if the solutions provided are practical for current and future generations. The waste disposal channels of today ought to be the raw materials for the future, and that is the aim of the long-term sustainability goals.

Speech Outline

The environmental issue of waste disposal has a significant impact on our health, and as young people, we should be responsible for our environment. It is important to practice good waste disposal methods for our benefit and that of future generations. Therefore, it is important to discontinue activities that threaten the environment by practicing good waste management. Plastic is the main source of waste to the environment due to its increased production in industries. It is made of hydrocarbons which make it biodegradable; however, it easily accumulates in places where there are no waste management practices. Plastic can only be eliminated through a process known as pyrolysis, which is also harmful to the environment.

Plastic debris in our environment has various adverse effects on our health and a country’s economy. Plastic debris threatens the marine environment and the economies of huge industries such as tourism. Marine species ingest waste disposed of in oceans leading to suffocation. Microplastics in drinking water pose health concerns to humans as well. Therefore, humans need to adhere to good waste management practices to protect themselves and the environment from the adverse effects of pollution.

In the end, I want to say that waste experts need to create some reforms for waste management. It can be done by reviewing how waste is used and consumed. The reforms should ensure that not all waste is poorly utilized by using value-addition strategies such as burning to produce fuel and recycling to add more value to waste materials. Therefore, we all need to work together to manage our waste and prevent pollution.

Works Cited

Frayer, Lauren. “An Indian State Bans Plastic Bags, Straws and More. Will It Work?” KNAU Arizona Public Radio, 2021.

“Harmful Effects of Non-Biodegradable Plastic Products.” Egomaniac, 2019.

“How Does Plastic Pollution Harm Water?” Thewatershed.org, 2019.

León, María José. “Aesthetic Insight: The Aesthetic Value of Damaged Environments.” Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics, vol. 50, no. 2, p. 169, 2013.

Rezaee, Mohammad, et al. “Conceptual Modifications of Coal Preparation Plants to Minimize Potential Environmental Issues Associated with Coal Waste Disposal.” Fuel, vol. 250, pp. 352–361, 2019.

Childhood Obesity In The US From An Economic Perspective

Background

Childhood obesity is a complex issue that requires consideration from the perspective of several areas, including economics. Looking at the problem of childhood obesity from an economic point of view offers an understanding of a wider range of causes and consequences and the definition of government intervention in solving this problem. The economic explanation for the problem of childhood obesity, in general, refers to the inability of part of the population to provide themselves and their children with healthy food.

The Economic Principles

One of the main economic principles is directly related to the problem of childhood obesity. This principle is associated with the choice of efficiency, that is, what can be used to extract the maximum effect with the minimum expenditure of resources. When choosing high-calorie fast-food, a person chooses efficiency to the detriment of health, since high-calorie food is cheaper and satiates for a longer period. The second economic principle is related to the sacrifice in the name of value. Food, among other things, has an opportunity cost; for a cheaper product, people pay with spoiled health. In addition, this association correlates with the time spent preparing healthy meals and ordering fast-food quickly, so people are more likely to choose the second option. The third economic principle involves consumer response to incentives. Fast-food advertising encourages the population to make choices in favor of unhealthy food.

The Economic Impacts

The economic consequences of childhood obesity can be divided into direct and indirect. Direct economic impacts include spending on childcare, prescription drugs and emergency care. Obesity is a serious threat to all body systems, so medical costs will be quite high. Indirect economic consequences include situations when an obese child becomes an overweight adult. The risks relate to the potential employer, who may face low productivity and frequent sick days.

Socioeconomic Factors

The broader socioeconomic explanation for obesity lies in food prices, agricultural policies, and household incomes. Real food prices have generally declined over the past decades. However, prices for fruits and vegetables rose by more than 15% during the last decade (Mehta & Deshpande, 2018). Children and adolescents from families with low socioeconomic status are particularly sensitive to changes in the price of fast-food. The cheapening of this type of food is one of the main causes of childhood obesity. The decline in prices may be due to agricultural policy. The trend towards cheaper prices has led manufacturers to prefer to use fructose instead of sucrose. Fructose, in turn, does not regulate the level of food intake, unlike sucrose, which leads to overeating and obesity. Decreased incomes of the population can also lead to childhood obesity. Higher income may allow families to choose more expensive but healthier food.

Healthcare Organizations

The problem of obesity in general and childhood obesity in particular is of concern to the World Health Organization. The organization suggests that the causes of excess weight can be prevented or eliminated. WHO considers the main cause of obesity in the modern world to be a decrease in physical activity against the backdrop of urbanization (WHO, 2022). To solve the problem of obesity, WHO offers information about this issue, ways to solve it and raises awareness of citizens. The World Obesity Day initiative focuses on reducing the stigmatization of people with obesity (WOD, 2022). If there is a comfortable environment for people suffering from this problem, it will be easier to seek help and change their lifestyle.

References

Mehta, P., & Deshpande, R. S. (2018). Meeting the crisis and challenges in prices: In fruits and vegetables. Sustainable Horticulture Development and Nutrition Security, III.

World Health Organization. (2022). Obesity. Health Topics. Obesity (who.int)

World Obesity Day. (2022). People living with obesity. WOD.

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