“Socrates’ Ideas And Plato’s Representation In “”Allegory Of The Cave””” Free Essay


Early philosophical discussions presented by the scholars of Ancient Greece are still essential for the scientific community of the current age. The knowledge and beliefs manifested in the writings of well-recognized philosophers of that time offer the researchers an opportunity to establish the characteristics of philosophical thought. Furthermore, it is imperative to highlight the notions crucial for the thinkers within this historical period in order to evaluate their impact on subsequent developments in philosophy. A valuable piece of writing which addresses the complications of life is Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, a parable written from the standpoint of Socrates. In this essay, the beliefs and practices of Socrates, his significance as the parable’s speaker, and the connection between Socrates’ thoughts and the themes of the writing will be evaluated.

Socrates: The Philosopher of Ancient Greece

The impact of Socrates’ ideas on the subsequent scientific advances is highly regarded in various areas of research, from philosophy to psychology. In contemporary philosophical society, the Greek scholar is well-known for his contributions to Western philosophy (Stavru and Moore 126). The intellectual abilities of the philosopher were captured by his devoted students, Xenophon and Plato, who incorporated his thoughts into their writings, representing his character, beliefs, and attitudes.

A subject essential for Socrates’ philosophical improvements appears to be ethics, often discussed in the works of his peers. Socrates appears to be invested in the nature of ethical matters, the value of life, and morality (Wolfsdorf 35). Another topic connected to this investigation is the reality of truth, its origins, and approaches to its evaluation. A majority of the philosopher’s ideas refer to the physicality of the surrounding world, the essence of all objects and people. According to the scholar, it was crucial to examine the wrongful and beneficial deeds in order to establish the weakness of will, perceived morality, and ethical cost (Wolfsdorf 35). In addition, the theme of distortion and misunderstanding is also especially vivid in Socrates’ ideas, which often refer to the analysis of various circumstances and the evaluation of positive impact.

Another pertinent topic is linked to the nature of knowledge, its boundaries, and possible implications. As declared by various sources, Socrates was remarkably engaged in the pursuit of scholarly information, encouraging other philosophers to participate in the search for additional findings (Stavru and Moore 810). During his time, the scholar was invested not only in learning for himself but was also passionate about teaching others and contributing to the spread of knowledge. Socrates gladly shared his ideas and thoughts with his followers, explaining the necessity of scientific research and negating the demand for material possessions. Understanding the nature of various events and establishing possible methods for further philosophical advancement was tremendously important for the philosopher. Therefore, even now, the Greek citizen is regarded as a symbol of education and wisdom.

The Speaker for the Allegory of the Cave

Finding a perfect narrator for delivering philosophical thoughts is a vital issue for numerous writers who desire to give their ideas an ideal representative. As a person aspiring to establish the true nature of objects and people, arguing for the ambiguous origin of truth and knowledge, Socrates is an excellent embodiment of Plato’s theories in Allegory of the Cave. Given that the leading argument of this story pertains to the difficulties of finding the real and false, Plato depicts Socrates as the speaker knowledgeable of these aspects, able to liberate individuals from their captivity. In this scenario, Plato explains the observable data and the unknown as the contrast between light and darkness, two opposites of each other. In the writer’s view, daylight represents the visible realm, the events, and objects that a human can perceive (Plato 28). However, in order to gain access to such knowledge, one must overcome the illusions of shadows and understand them only as inferior copies of the truth.

Although the images created by the light resemble the physical world, they are merely depicting the form of the actual object, which can not be understood in this manner. Therefore, Plato introduces the comparison between the daylight and shadows, which literally represent the physical object and their copies but metaphorically become the symbols of knowledge and ignorance. Socrates, as the speaker of the story, understands the importance of the distinction and serves as the provider of scientific insights. Thus, the themes of uncertainty, thirst for knowledge, and the necessity to question the nature of information depicted in the work perfectly correlate with Socrates’ beliefs and practices.


To conclude, Socrates’ ideas and their representation in the Allegory of the Cave by Plato were discussed in this essay as corresponding elements. It is evident that the beliefs expressed by the Greek scholar throughout his life perfectly align with the narrative of the writing, adhering to the topics of knowledge, search for truth, and ambiguousness of information. Plato’s choice to represent Socrates as the speaker for the allegory excellently represents the philosopher’s intellect and establishes the narrator as the symbol of knowledge and wisdom.

Works Cited

Plato. The Allegory of the Cave. CreateSpace, 2010.

Stavru, Alessandro, and Christopher Moore. Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue. Brill, 2017.

Wolfsdorf, David Conan. “The Historical Socrates.” The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Ethics, edited by Christopher Bobonich, Cambridge University Press, 2017, pp. 30–50.

The Siemens Company’s Bribery Scandal

Executive Summary

Siemens has implemented anti-corruption measures, detailed standards and ethics, and stringent corporate norms. Prior to the bribery scandal, Siemens had a superb reputation. Bribes have long been accepted as a business norm at Siemens. When calculating the project’s cost, Siemens workers used a famous tax phrase that literally means “acceptable costs” or “confidentially recognized payments.” The policies that allowed corruption to grow may be to blame for Siemens’ high levels of wrongdoing. Furthermore, it is a factor that contributes to negative company culture. Its management hoped that the strategy would help them keep the firm solvent. Executives and groups must comprehend the difference among control reports from external and internal auditors and tangible conformity outcomes from the methods and equipment put in place in order to achieve compliance. With additional inspections in effect and significant re-training, new techniques make it easier to report high-risk activities and potential intrusions.


Siemens has established organizational anti-corruption policies, elaborate standards and ethics, and stringent business rules. For years, the corporation appeared to operate in accordance with the highest ethical and legal norms. Siemens had a stellar reputation previous to the bribery crisis. It was well-known for its worldly goods and dependable services in communications, electricity, transportation, and hospital instruments. It was typical to see news about its operations in remote places, the development of new high-quality items, and the winning of competitive bids. In the wake of the recent corruption scandal, German industrial firm Siemens missed some of its own red signals for international bribery (Mercy and Anuradha, 2007). According to former corporate insiders and internal company evaluations, the concerns addressed the corporation’s use of third-party vendors, who have frequently functioned as conduits for paying foreign politicians. According to evidence from government records in China, difficulties with resellers persisted throughout the epidemic, resulting in the sale of hospital devices to Chinese government institutions at exorbitant costs.

Problem Statement

Bribes have become the recognized business standard at Siemens over many decades. They were routed through obscure intermediaries, disguised bank accounts, and fake advisers. Siemens personnel utilized a popular tax word literally meaning as reasonable expenses or privately perceived as payments when determining the cost of the project. The fact that the legislation in Germany was constructed in such a manner that bribery might be reported for as tax-deductible costs did not help matters (Mercy and Anuradha, 2007). Siemens published a new company circular mandating functional groups and regional firms to incorporate a new anti-corruption provision in all agreements with agencies, advisers, dealers, or other third parties.


Bribery is an issue for Siemens that may be attributed to a variety of causes, ranging from German legislation to the company’s bad corporate culture. The former is due to a statute that does not prohibit paying bribes to foreign entities. Siemens used this approach so widely that when the ban was repealed, the culture was already firmly established in its infrastructure. It maintained this technique and readily admitted that the funds were utilized to keep its operations running in various nations.

The high levels of corruption at Siemens may be traced back to the rules that allowed the practice to flourish. Furthermore, it is a component that contributes to poor corporate culture. Its executives believed that the technique would help keep the company afloat. Any manager who would have taken a different stance against the corporate culture would have faced stiff opposition from other managers. Corruption at Siemens has an influence on competitiveness since it hinders rivals from participating in the same business or country (Mercy and Anuradha, 2007). The consequence of a nation accepting the money in return is that it endangers local jobs and forces residents to pay exorbitant prices for commodities.


The Siemens incident is a symbol of history, and many hope that it be understood and used to establish easy compliance processes in the future. Without effective countermeasures, the fear is that corruption will spread like a virus, with corporations emulating one another. Another conclusion is that the United States is the only entire justice system that takes corruption seriously. Only the US Department of Justice has been able to penalize businesses adequately. However, the United States should not be alone in penalizing corporate wrongdoing. All governments must do more than merely declare that corruption is wrong; they must also demonstrate that it will be prosecuted.

Siemens did not wait for the inquiry to be finished before beginning the remedial procedure, which resulted in two critical results. First, management disclosed findings from the repair process with authorities, exhibiting a degree of cooperation that prosecutors praised in the settlement deal; second, the corporation quickly proceeded to improve its housekeeping. In addition to repairing and implementing operational controls, the corporation improved its worldwide compliance and internal audit activities, concentrating on issues such as possible corruption in reporting relationships, ability, approvals procedures, and remuneration. Disciplinary procedures were evaluated to see if they were working effectively in responding to new claims, including the use of relevant skills in identifying the appropriate degree of an internal inquiry, which is neither over-reacting nor inadequately.

Managers and committees must understand the distinction between reports from external and internal accountants on control and actual conformance results of the systems and methods put in place to achieve conformity. New methods facilitate reporting elevated transactions and suspected breaches with new checks in place and intense re-training. Nevertheless, the decision is used to avoid fully automated and disproportionate prudence in situations where concerns are brought up for evaluation irrespective of risk, which, in the extreme, can cause supervisors to go haywire in seeking someone to sign off on exchanges instead of doing their due diligence and maintaining culpability. Middle top management’s fear of negative evaluation and attractive compensation administration is also taken into account.


The reality that German regulations were written in such a way that bribes might be recorded as income charges did not help matters. Siemens issued a new company circular requiring all agreements with organic compounds and regional enterprises to include a new anti-corruption language. Siemens did not wait for the investigation to be completed before initiating the corrective action, which resulted in two important outcomes. Disciplinary processes were assessed to see if they were successful in response to changing accusations, including the application of applicable skills in determining the right degree of an inside inquiry that is neither overreacting nor insufficient. The Siemens tragedy is a sign of the past, and many hope that it will be recognized and used in the coming to build simple compliance methods. Without adequate defenses, corruption is expected to spread like a disease, with firms imitating one another. Taking the payment in exchange puts local employment in jeopardy and compels citizens to pay high prices for goods.

Reference List

Mercy M., Anuradha D. 2007. ‘Siemens Saddled with Scandals (A): Doubts over German Board Structure’. IBS Case Development Center. pp. 1-6.

Which Belief Was The First: An Eternal Debate

A large part of Abrahamic traditions has similarities with Zoroastrianism, especially within the core texts of these religions. In his study, Akbar extensively compares Islamic and Zoroastrian teachings and points out substantial similarities, especially about the afterlife and the journey of a human soul (91-93). The same paper also found that even the descriptions of hell show remarkable resemblance in a way that «the form of punishment inflicted on the wicked corresponds to the crimes they committed in this world» (Akbar 98). This concept appears in Judaism as well in the form of hanging punishments. It is also evident that Zoroastrianism was in contact with Christianity, in terms of universalism in particular. According to Ramelli, the Christian concept of «apokatastasis» and Zoroastrian eschatology have a lot of common perceptions of universal restoration and reestablishment (357). With this in mind, the impact of Zoroastrianism on early religions is relatively clear.

Despite all those facts, some critical analyses doubt that the borrowings were single-sided. Since the religions were historically and geographically close, there is a strong possibility of mutual influence of traditions and beliefs. Substantial evidence of this is the same strategy of national unification Christianity and Zoroastrianism had in the Roman and Persian empires, respectively (Ramelli 354). It is, however, difficult to identify the single origin of this idea to unify the nation through religion, so the discussion remains unresolved. Regarding my point of view on Abrahamic religions borrowing concepts from Zoroastrianism, I believe it is somewhat natural. Since all those beliefs are built upon the same basic concepts, such as the afterlife, it is predictable for them to invent similar details. I think it is very much possible that early religions exchanged ideas and were inspired, probably, by some even more ancient traditions.

Works Cited

Akbar, Ali. “The Zoroastrian Provenance of Some Islamic Eschatological Doctrines.” Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses, vol. 49, no. 1, Mar. 2020, pp. 86–108. .

Ramelli, Ilaria LE. “Christian Apokatastasis and Zoroastrian Frashegird: The Birth of Eschatological Universalism.” Religion and Theology vol. 24, no. 3-4, 2017, pp. 350-406.

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