Stephen’s Case Study Sample Essay

To initiate the evaluation of Stephen’s present LRE placement, arranging an IEP meeting with all relevant parties is necessary. These include his parents, Ms. Gonzales, Mr. Kuchar, the school principal, and any other staff belonging to the Child Study Team (CST). The primary objective behind this context is to reflect upon the current educational status for Stephen while considering a possible shift in place along with its requisites that can be catered via special programs and services provided by educators catering exclusively to disabled children. It is important to emphasize how significant stakeholders such as parents must approve their child’s entitlements underlined within special education procedures through written consent while being allowed maximum participation during IEP meetings where they provide credible inputs pertaining directly towards enhancing their respective wards’ academic profiles- which ultimately culminates into better understanding on both fronts -parents having clearer insight regarding current progress. In contrast, teachers learn more about student abilities, making future planning easier.

Furthermore, Stephen’s academic journey involves vital contributors other than his parents. Ms. Gonzales and Mr. Kuchar hold paramount importance in the process as they possess direct knowledge of Stephen’s educational experience, which is crucial for this meeting to assess his progress effectively. Ms. Gonzales plays a critical role by providing instruction to him since she holds expertise in general education teaching techniques. On the other hand, Mr. Kuchar handles special education because he has an extensive understanding of how specially designed instructions can meet individual needs. Additionally, the school principal ensures that all students access free and appropriate public learning opportunities. Thus, ensuring everyone receives equal treatment while assessing whether placing them according to their respective IEP reviews are evaluated with utmost care or not lies under the jurisdiction of principals during meetings like such at schools ensuring evenness across the board.

Ultimately, the IEP team consists of many crucial players, including CST. The Individualized Education Plan (IEP) undergoes the supervision and management of the former. The responsibilities encompass the development, review, as well as modification of said plan with adeptness. As such, CSC must ensure that apt assessments are conducted while also ensuring appropriate goals are developed along with proper care services. In this light, having a comprehensive meeting involving stakeholders allows Stephen’s educational placement status quo to be reviewed, with data taken into consideration in making informed decisions on possible changes regarding his learning environment. Ongoing discussions about suitable strategies and interventions geared towards supporting Stephen within the least restrictive surroundings would also take place during these meetings.

After acquiring a fundamental understanding of the special education process and issues surrounding the specific case study, I deduced that organizing an assembly with Stephen’s parents was imperative regarding entertaining potential alternatives for his placement. It is imperious for special educators to maintain professionalism and comply conscientiously with ethical standards and legal obligations under all circumstances (Tohara, 2021). Stephen has displayed exceptionally challenging conduct among five other students within this inclusive classroom setting. This behavior impedes her effectiveness at providing suitable accommodations while shielding others from harm. To assure the maximum safety of every student in class confines, both school principals and Mr. Kuchar are inclined to change Steven’s current placement arrangement if necessary.

It is important to ascertain that considerable information has been amassed to substantiate the demand for displacement. If reliable information is available, making an informed decision can be manageable. It is important to have reliable statistics before taking definitive action. Mr. Kuchar ought to invest more time in Stephen’s class while observing his behavior so that he can offer support for Ms. Gonzales too. This collected analysis should then form the basis of arguments made during meetings between school officials and Stephen’s folks about relocating him. Furthermore, the meeting presents an opportunity for both parties to develop strategies to manage problematic behaviors exhibited by Stephan successfully. These tactics shall encompass positive measures, reducing instances when Steven gets aggressive. Additionally, it would prove expedient if one were mindful enough regarding individual needs alongside preferences specific only to Steve. Considering any resource limitations, a coherent strategy dictating how best attainable goals may helpfully serve all concerned must also undergo development. Finally, Prioritizing benefits achievable via possible placement transfers while keeping close family members abreast of arising consequences forms part and parcel of this intricate process. Special education teachers are well advised to always consider parents’ opinions, worries, and basic rights throughout everything they undertake.

The ethical dilemma in enabling Stephen to thrive academically lies within his current aggressive conduct towards other pupils and the disagreement between his teacher and parents on how to handle it. Although transferring him from a regular classroom would be the utmost modification for him, according to his guardians, Ms. Gonzales believes she cannot proficiently meet Stephen’s requirements while maintaining safety measures for others. Moreover, available details collected thus far have been somewhat inconsistent with regards to supporting placement change prerequisites now due to standard special education progression, which incorporates conducting systematic interviews as well functional behavior assessments aimed at identifying behavioral patterns featuring specific functionality – both aspects yet ongoing when it comes Stephen’s case (Howe et al., 2018). Besides, the LRE shift is currently not feasible without approval by a Child Study Team. They must also develop IEP so that he gets necessary support services from transferred surroundings until investigations are over. Then after such completion, it can happen accordingly afterward.

Data is key to understanding and deciding Stephen’s educational placement (Rumrill et al., 2020). With quality data, it is easier to accurately identify and address Stephen’s specific needs and determine the best placement for him. The lack of additional support in the classroom is also a factor in this decision. Stephen’s behaviors are the most severe of the five other students in the inclusion classroom who receive special education services. Ms. Gonzales feels she needs to work on effectively meeting Stephen’s needs while keeping the other students safe. Additional support would ensure that Stephen’s needs are met while maintaining a safe learning environment for the other students.

Before a change in LRE placement is considered for Stephen, additional support in the classroom should be explored. This could include providing Ms. Gonzales with additional support, such as a paraprofessional to help manage Stephen’s behaviors and provide one-on-one instruction. Providing Stephen with social skills instruction would also be beneficial in teaching him more appropriate ways to interact with his peers. A behavior specialist could also be brought in to guide Ms. Gonzales and Mr. Kuchar on behavior strategies and management. Lastly, data should be collected consistently to accurately assess Stephen’s behavior and determine if a change in placement is necessary. All these supports should be explored before considering a change in placement.

Stephen may benefit from the presence of paraeducators, tutors, volunteers, and related service providers. Paraeducators can provide a supportive atmosphere for Stephen, which guides him toward success, while tutors can be useful in bridging any academic gaps he experiences. Additionally, having volunteers around will enable Stephen to interact with positive role models who help alleviate his anxiety within the class environment. Related services providers such as cognitive behavior or occupational therapists also offer professional assistance that ensures individualized support is given throughout lessons. To ensure this approach’s effective implementation, clear guidance and instruction are provided beforehand when engaging these stakeholders in classrooms where they work alongside Stephen. For example, they should be fully informed about his unique needs stemming from diagnosis strengths and strategies employed before dealing with challenging behaviors. Moreover, they must receive training emphasizing confidentiality maintenance, like professional boundaries.

Special education teachers should satisfy legal and ethical standards when collaborating with volunteers, tutors, or paraeducators. In addition, they must ensure that confidential student data management meets quality requirements. To accomplish this, they must comply with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) which promises students privacy rights (FERPA & RECORDS, 2018). Additionally, these practitioners must meet specific state regulations such as Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA); Special Education Teachers also bear an ethical duty regarding the secure storage of private data for learners(Howe et al., 2018.). This implies ensuring adequate instruction to pertinent stakeholders regarding confidentiality practices and guaranteeing safety measures during instructional support services from nonprofessional staff like Para educators and tutors. These professionals should provide detailed information about responsibilities while maintaining a high training level.


FERPA, W. I., & RECORDS, W. A. E. (2018). Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

Howe, K. R., Boelé, A. L., & Miramontes, O. B. (2018). The ethics of special education. Teachers College Press.

Rumrill Jr, P. D., Cook, B. G., & Stevenson, N. A. (2020). Research in special education: Designs, methods, and applications.

Tohara, A. J. T. (2021). Exploring digital literacy strategies for students with special educational needs in the digital age. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT)12(9), 3345-3358.

Tesla Technical Challenges University Essay Example


Tesla has reported several cases of quality in its automobile production. Elon Musk has been heavily criticized by car enthusiasts who expected his innovations to be life-changing. In February, Tesla was forced to recall 135,000 of its automobiles due to faulty infotainment touch screens (Himes, 2021). This move was mainly inspired by a backlash from the regulators, who deemed the challenge a potential hazard. Before the persistent persuasion, Tesla had downplayed the issue and even charged its customers for the screen replacement. Tesla’s faulty car touchscreen hits at its incompetent total quality management. There is a need for a revision of its total quality management procedures (Himes, 2021). This paper will reexamine the necessary revisions on the existing Tesla’s total quality management procedures. It will also suggest how the automotive giant will incorporate the cost of quality reports to rectify total quality management challenges. Furthermore, areas of the balanced scorecard, such as the business processes and customer perspectives, are crucial in readdressing Tesla’s production challenges. These balanced scorecard aspects will solicit a cause and effect of Tesla’s production challenges and suggest its solutions. Tesla will also successfully eliminate its production bottlenecks through benchmarking from related industry giants (Lee and Kim, 2014). Varied benchmarking options will produce more accurate solutions to the automotive manufacturer’s challenges.

Key total quality management principles

Total quality management is mainly targeted at improving the general production capabilities of an organization. It constantly empowers employees to evaluate their product quality in line with required standards. Total quality management benefits a company’s development by minimizing production costs (Aquilani et al., 2017). Improves product quality delivered to customers and improves the company’s adaptability to the changing market requirements. Total quality management principles include customer focus, systematic and strategic approaches, fact-based decision-making, and communication (Aquilani et al., 2017). Customer focus ensures that there is value for their money. It ensures satisfaction to win the customer’s trust. Tesla needs to be more focused on the customer focus through the frequent substandard product deliveries. It has also underperformed in total employee commitment, which ensures the whole company is in sync with the goals and targets expected through its operation (Oakland et al., 2020). TQM also upholds a strict process approach. The process approach illustrates the required tasks in the organization to ensure the activity is complete. Sandy Munro, an automotive specialist, has raised issues on incomplete manufacturing procedures of Tesla’s automobiles. He notes uneven gaps on the exterior panels and unfished paintwork. TQM guarantees an integrated system where all the personnel in the company are familiar with the procedures. It also needs a systematic and strategic approach to a company’s procedures. This includes identifying and managing all interrelated processes along the production path. Identification and management are achieved through continuous training, product quality improvement, and innovation acknowledgment. Most importantly, the TQM is reliant on communication and fact-based decision-making. This requires accurate data analysis based on product performance. Tesla pushed for charges on the customer’s faulty screen replacement without accurate information about their errors in production. Communication will allow for familiarity in the production departments. Tesla should vigorously incorporate the cost-of-quality reports to rectify total quality management flaws. The cost of quality reports indicates how the organization utilizes its resources in addressing poor production quality outcomes (Moges et al., 2014). It includes the appraisal, prevention, and internal and external failure costs. These cost-of-quality reports will clearly illustrate Tesla’s investment toward preventing errors during its automobile production. Tesla should ensure substantial financial figures are allocated to the cost of quality to curb the errors evident in its automobiles.

Areas of the balanced scorecard relevant to Tesla’s competition

Balanced scorecards are invaluable tools in organizations that prioritize procedures and communicate the importance of products and services. Tesla will benefit from the customer perspective and business processes in improving its competitive strategy in emerging markets. Considering Tesla’s current product quality issues, these two aspects will aid in rejuvenating customer trust and improving its overall sales. Internal business processes perspectives are concerned with how the measures and objectives can help the company achieve its goals and objectives (Hassan and Chyi, 2017). Tesla requires an urgent makeshift of its internal procedures governing its automotive productions. Due to the quality concerns frequently communicated by the customers, Tesla will benefit from this internal business strategy. Tesla’s faulty touchscreen may occur due to a disconnect between the production and quality assurance teams. Tesla should ensure all the automotive and critical components are adequately tested for quality before being released to their customers. This section of the balanced scorecard will allow Tesla to improve its competence regarding total quality management and cost of quality reporting. Tesla should equally address the customer perspective section on the balance sheet to ensure its product quality adequately meets its customer’s expectations. Customer perspective equally evaluates the level of customer satisfaction (Hassan and Chyi, 2017). Customer satisfaction will highly impact Tesla’s profitability and securing of the market share in the new investment geographies. Tesla can, however, face several challenges to the implementation of its balanced scorecard perspectives. More data is needed to ensure the automotive’s balanced scorecard directives are implemented. Insufficient data will cause challenges in appropriate mechanics for implementing the balanced scorecard directives (Kopecka, 2015). It will also challenge the effectiveness of the quality mechanisms due to the need for reference material. Poorly defined metrics also affect the implementation of balanced scorecard directives, depriving competent organizations of strategies. Moreso, too much internal focus may cloud the general company perspective on the world, especially its customers. It prevents the focus on the customer’s views and feedback.

Benchmarking methods to help Tesla address its challenges

Benchmarking helps identify probable approaches to quality issues in the automotive industry that can aid Tesla in improving its production. Several benchmarking mechanisms serve each purpose for the automotive producer (Azevedo et al., 2016). Firstly, Tesla can implement competitive benchmarking. Competitive benchmarking compares the automotive’s statistics with equal industry players. It will compare the automobile’s product quality with similar automotive producers. Tesla can gauge its production capabilities with similar hybrid and electric vehicle producers. It will analyze the quality of their touchscreen system to troubleshoot the potential shortcomings in manufacturing the models. It will also entail analyzing their level of technology against their industry competitors. Competitive benchmarking should also ensure the differentiation of key performance indicators. This will ensure the detailed aspects are met to maintain a desirable industry standard (Lee and Kim, 2014). Secondly, Tesla will benefit from strategic benchmarking. Strategic benchmarking will primarily encompass Tesla’s automotive competitors’ total quality management techniques. Through evaluation of the competitors’ total quality management system, Tesla will have a clearer picture of the loopholes in their systems. It will also include the higher market share and performance metrics and isolation of performance strategies that can be borrowed by Tesla Inc. Lastly; Tesla will benefit from performance benchmarking. It will evaluate the current company’s procedural achievement. Research indicates that automotive performance benchmarks are vital for assessing future productivity. A specific time duration, such as 18-24 months, is essential for the company’s evaluation of its software and hardware’s competitiveness (Azevedo et al., 2016). Moreso, Tesla should fully revolutionize its visualization tools to ensure the computational model’s performance can be adequately seen. Improved benchmarks in production are the answer to Tesla’s production challenges.


Total quality management ideals target solving the internal challenges at Tesla. Automotive will benefit from this production mechanism since they can constantly evaluate their quality. TQM will increase Tesla’s profit margins since it devises practice strategies to minimize its operating costs. Also, improved production quality and reduced recall incidences will reduce extra amounts spent on improving their automotives’ quality. The company is set to benefit from the principles of TQM, such as communication and timely fact-based decision-making. This involves a hasty response to quality issues raised by customers after the release of the company’s automotive models. Communication should also ensure transparency in the company concerning its production challenges and the suggested changes. Equally, TQM suggests a customer-focused approach that majors on ensuring customer satisfaction. It involves a consistent review of production and challenge address mechanisms to ensure Tesla’s customers enjoy value for their money. Some areas of the balanced scorecard, such as internal business perspectives and customer perspectives, will aid in tackling the challenges at Tesla. Business internal perspectives will ensure the establishment of competent internal procedures such as quality assessment. Tesla requires a functional production system where the workers are interconnected to produce a final quality product. The corporation will increase since its engineers and quality management team can work in unison to eliminate deliberate production errors. Internal procedures also include reporting and response to technical challenges encountered during production. The management should respond quickly to the production team’s challenges and ensure a quality service is delivered at the end. More so, Tesla should address the customer perspective aspect of the balanced scorecard to ensure an increased market share in their new investment areas. Customer satisfaction is critical to a business’s success. Tesla will improve its market share by delivering vehicles meeting customers’ expectations. This will also include a competent after-sales service procedure. They should promptly address challenges experienced by customers when operating their new models. Tesla’s current product quality issues will be adequately addressed through a review of its quality management procedures and increased corporation between the production, quality team, and management.


Himes, E., 2021. NHTSA Up in the Clouds: The Formal Recall Process & Over-the-Air Software Updates. Mich. Tech. L. Rev.28, p.153.

Aquilani, B., Silvestri, C., Ruggieri, A. and Gatti, C., 2017. A systematic literature review on total quality management critical success factors and the identification of new avenues of research. The TQM Journal29(1), pp.184-213.

Oakland, J.S., Oakland, R.J. and Turner, M.A., 2020. Total quality management and operational excellence: text with cases. Routledge.

Moges Belay, A., Moges Kasie, F., Helo, P., Takala, J. and J. Powell, D., 2014. Adoption of quality management practices: An investigation of its relationship with labor productivity for labor-intensive manufacturing companies. Benchmarking: An International Journal21(1), pp.77-100.

Hasan, R.U. and Chyi, T.M., 2017. Practical application of Balanced Scorecard-A literature review. Journal of Strategy and Performance Management5(3), p.87.

Kopecka, N., 2015. The balanced scorecard implementation, integrated approach, and the quality of its measurement. Procedia Economics and Finance25, pp.59-69.

Azevedo, S.G., Carvalho, H. and Cruz-Machado, V., 2016. LARG index: A benchmarking tool for improving the leanness, agility, resilience, and greenness of the automotive supply chain. Benchmarking: An International Journal.

Lee, H. and Kim, C., 2014. Benchmarking of service quality with data envelopment analysis. Expert Systems with Applications41(8), pp.3761-3768.

The Courts: A Quest For Justice During The Pre-Trial Process Free Sample

According to Tate, everyone has the right to equality before the law without discrimination of race, nationality, or ethnic origin (Tate, 2019). The disparity occurs in the quest for justice. The police, the courts, and the correction institutions all have unfair treatment of minority people. For instance, in the Powell versus Alabama case, a jury made up exclusively of white people found the Scottsboro youths, nine African American youths, guilty of raping two white females. A death sentence was given to eight of the youngsters. The public criticized the notion of mixed juries. All were finally cleared years later. In 1979, the Newsome Case added to the predicament. In Chicago, he was charged with killing a white grocery store owner and committing an armed robbery despite the lack of any tangible proof. Although there was no physical evidence, a strong alibi was evident, with three witnesses identifying him as the killer. The jury recommended life imprisonment over the death penalty. After 15 years in prison, the killer was identified by a fingerprint at the scene. The prosecution claimed race had no role. These instances show that the minority are more vulnerable than the whites.

Bail and counsel rulings negatively impact the minority. It is evident as they have a greater chance of being poor, convicted, and facing harsh sentencing. In addition, they are less likely to be freed before trial and have a lower chance of finding qualified legal representation. The right to counsel was emphasized in 1932 by Powell versus Alabama case, Johnson versus Zerbust in 1938, and Gideon versus Wainwright in 1963. According to their decisions, states must provide an attorney for indigent defendants who are accused of crimes, federal crimes, or both. They must designate an attorney for poor defendants accused of state crimes. It was evident in the supreme court in the William versus Taylor case in 2000, which ruled that William’s right to practical counsel assistance had been violated. Hiring a private attorney has been shown to benefit whites more than minorities. Minorities are more negatively impacted by public defenders than are white people. Public defenders experience longer working hours, lower salaries, fewer resources, and limited technology, limiting their success in cases.

Reforms and procedures for bail have been created to guarantee that the defendant shows up for court. It is administered by factoring in race and other factors, including previous offenses and geographical areas. Research has shown that in minority groups, bail amounts are higher than in the white community. They are more likely to receive a harsher disposition for less significant offenses and have cases dismissed less frequently. Before trial, those imprisoned face a higher likelihood of conviction and a heavier sentence. With 33% to 50% of felony cases being dismissed before any judgment of guilt or innocence, self-perpetuating biases have also been demonstrated to influence prosecutors’ charging decisions (Tate, 2019).

The resolution of 96% of cases occurs through pre-trial plea negotiations: criminal record, offense seriousness, and evidence against a defendant influence charging and plea bargaining decisions. More plea deals are offered to white offenders, and they are also better offers. Their chances of getting charges dropped, cases dismissed, avoiding harsher penalties, additional charges, and having their records wiped at the state and federal levels are higher. The war on drugs has also exhibited selective prosecution, with minority groups facing the wrath of this fight. Pregnant black women had been prosecuted for fetal abuse, child exposure to illegal drugs, and involuntary manslaughter. They were found to be reported for addiction at health and human services institutions making their infants vulnerable. It was countered, however, that the reason the prosecution singled them out was not because they were guiltier of prenatal abuse but rather because they were black and poor. State and federal laws have demonstrated to drastically reduce instances of racism since the Scottsboro Boys Case, according to evidence. Because race, gender, and ethnicity continue to influence court-related decisions, equal justice for all groups is still not achieved.


Tate, A. (2019). The Courts: A Quest for Justice During the Pre-trial Process. SlidePlayer – Upload and Share Your PowerPoint Presentations. Retrieved May 4, 2023, from