Team Building And Development In An Organization Writing Sample

Abstract

This paper explores how team building and development is tied to the overall study of organizational behavior. The theories that sandwich motivation are also evaluated to understand the mechanisms through which organizations should put in place to ensure a work force that is motivated and satisfied. In respect to this, a scheme of talent management is core in maintaining a highly effective and efficient team. This paper explains in detail the reasons and effects of team building and development in an organization.

Introduction

Most organizations are comprised of both teams and workgroups. In respect to this teams are yielded from groups of employees which may either be formed willingly or un-willingly depending on the organizational task (Thompson & Pozner, 2007). On the other hand, a team is a collection of people in the workplace just like a group but differ in its design and characteristics (Locke, 2009). A team, therefore, has a relatively small number than the group and it pools together persons with complementary but varying skills thus leveraging on experience, expertise and knowledge.

Organizational behavior forms the basis through which the individuals or persons and their respective teams or groups are studied. Thus, organizational behavior lays its emphasis on how best to manage the persons, groups, teams, organizations as well as processes. This study therefore broadly captures the management of organizations, the fundamental structures as well as designs of different organizations, and the theories as well as the practices encompassing motivation of employees (Mullins, 2005).

Components of Organizational Behavior as Applied in Team Building and Development

Therefore, the ultimate reason for organizational behavior is to aid managers to have a clear and concise understanding of the ways and means through which their respective organizations attempt to achieve their goals. This concept of leadership can therefore not be taken separately from that of team building and management. This is because management is solely concerned about direction as well as control in the organization. Therefore, managers are seen to maintain harmony and cohesion within the workgroups and teams under their ‘man-ship’ (Mullins, 2005). Team in the workplace involves bringing together a task force with complementary but varying skills and knowledge. This type of team is normally referred to as a department in a natural organization (Locke, 2009). Thus, team building and development comprises the techniques or the processes through which organizations use to motivate their employees. Motivation, therefore, forms part of a crucial role in determining the quantity as well as the quality of the work done in the organization by the respective employees.

This is usually true because motivated employees tend to work more and put extra effort in trying to complete the task at hand thus accomplishing it on time or before time. Therefore, employees with a lot of motivation tend to work more efficiently as well as effectively in a bid to shape the organizations’ behavior which is translated into an organizational culture (Hewapathirana, 2008). This in effect is tied to job satisfaction. Job satisfaction means that the employees are satisfied with the tasks given to them and they do not feel as if they are been taken advantage of in the workplace.

Team building and development solely rely on theories capsulating employee motivation. Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory that explains human needs in five major categories which are dependently linked to each other in a categorical way (Thompson & Pozner, 2007). This means that for employees to be fully satisfied and motivated their physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs (Thompson & Pozner, 2007).

The above-illustrated theory is the most significant especially in most US-based organizations, thus forming a good basis for team building and development in any organization. This is because as employees tend to move to higher levels in the corporate ladder, their needs vary. This is an important point to note because depending on the level of employees in an organization i.e.: operational level, tactical level, or strategic level, the needs differ (Locke, 2009).

In respect to the other motivational theories namely: Herzberg’s factors, McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y, Theory Z, Expectancy Theory, Equity theory and Reinforcement Theory, they all add up to employees’ needs satisfaction, compensation and rewards.

Therefore, in practice team building and development relies mostly on assessing the needs of employees, their compensation as well as their rewards. Therefore organizations need to come up with adequate mechanisms that capsulate these employee demands.

Tactics Organizations Use to Enhance Team Building & Development

In a bid to have successful team building and development initiatives in any organization it is advisable to create a talent management scheme. Talent Management is a concept that endears to create a committed, skillful, and expert pool of human capital in an organization. This in return is beneficial to the organization for it increases the productivity as well as the capability of employees to perform tasks more competently. This is because the employees become motivated, their career development is also enhanced this is due to in-house training programs thus increasing their knowledge and competence levels (Chambers et al., 1998).

This in return becomes very key to the organization because the platform of the organizational business model and the strategic goal is aligned with the talent management scheme, thus training and developing the skills of its employees in a more or less but a lucrative investment in terms of human intelligence capital (Locke, 2009).

Other mechanisms that might captivate motivation in employees include compensation programs, working schedules that are flexible, an increase of job security as well as establishment programs that involve the employees (Duttagupta, 2005).

Conclusion

It is therefore appropriate for organizations to ensure that team building and development is at the core of their objectives especially in regard to their investment in human intellectual capital. This ensures that the organization’s core business is maintained with the correct level of expertise and experience. In today’s competitive world it is therefore prudent for any organization to have in a place a talent management scheme that ensures the needs of its employees are met both extrinsic and intrinsic (Locke & Latham, 2002). Then compensation and reward systems should be set in place so that employees feel a sense of belonging, recognition and appreciation. This results in high-performance levels of its employees because as long as they are satisfied with their jobs and their physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization needs are met; then it is inevitable that they will perform their duties more effectively and efficiently. As a result, in the long run, this amounts to great levels of organizational success in its operations.

References

Adamsky, H. (2003). Talent Management: Something Productive this Way Comes. Web.

Armstrong, T. (2010). Teams in the Workplace. Web.

Chambers, E.G., Foulon, M., Handfield-Jones, H, Hankin, S.M. and Michaels, E. (1998). The War for Talent. The McKinsey Quarterly, 1(3), 44-57.

Duttagupta, R. (2005). Identifying and Managing Your Assets: Talent Management. London, PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Hewapathirana, G. (2008). Social Identity and Work Place Motivation: A Sri Lankan Case Study. Web.

Locke, E. A. (2009). Hand Book of Principles of Organization Behavior. Web.

Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a Practically Useful Theory of Goal Setting and Task Motivation: A 35-year odyssey. American Psychologist, 57(9), 707-717.

Lunenburg, F. (2011). Self-Efficacy in the Workplace: Implications for Motivation and Performance. Web.

Mullins, L. J. (2005). Management and Organizational Behavior. Web.

Thompson, L., & Pozner, J. (2007). Organizational Behavior. Web.

Continuity Planning: The University Of Virginia

Introduction

The University of Virginia often abbreviated as UVa or sometimes UVA is by now the only UNESCO Heritage Site University in all of the United States of America. Located in Virginia at Charlottesville, the Public University is known for public research. It was founded by Jefferson Thomas and by 1819, it had already been established. It offers such courses as Philosophy to technical courses of Engineering and the like.

Risks

Just like any other organization or business franchise, this university faces various risks to its day-to-day operations. One of the major risks is a cyber-attack risk. This could especially lead to sensitive data being hijacked just over the normal network. Another major risk could be due to a fire outbreak which might cause loss of properties and even life. The university might also risk closure by the state if especially its buildings fail some structural test of safety or due to health reasons. Other risks that could occur include the risk of a drop in ranking and the risk of improper financial management.

Continuity Objectives

To ensure continuity of the university after a cyber-attack that might have disabled its servers, the university has put in place backup systems that continually save all necessary data. In case of a fire outbreak, copies of an important document can be easily retrieved from their online serves that are kept at separate locations. On the other hand, a contingency plan is always on standby to mitigate any fall in ranking.

Alternative Strategies

An alternative strategy to a cyber-attack would be the shut down of the servers that might be under attack. However, this would only help the attacker as the attacker would have eventually disabled the universities communication. In case of a fire outbreak, an alternative to safeguard important files and documents would be to build special vaults that would suck up air and automatically kill the fire. A fall in ranking could be handled by using services of outsourced firms

Disaster Recovery Plan

In case of a disaster like a fire outbreak at my place of work, several disaster recovery plans have been drafted to mitigate the situation. The company is reliant on information technology, it cannot afford to lose the data stored in its servers. Therefore, services of another outsourced company were acquired to help ensure the availability of backup data in case of such an event. Further, smoke detectors have been placed in the offices and corridors and in case of a substantial amount of smoke, they do fire up a siren in the building to alert everyone and let them evacuate. This trigger is also automatically detected by the fire brigade. The police also do get this notification and they come in to prevent loss of any property during this commission

As much as outsourcing a third party to handle all the companies’ backup information is almost 100% effective, a few challenges do exist. These challenges involve how to back up vital secrete company information that ought not to be seen by an outsider to the company. There is also the risk that this outsourcing company could sell our information to our competitors. As much as there are legal actions that can be taken against these actions, the harm would already have been done. To prevent all these, it is my suggestion that the company builds a separate building at a remote location and installs its backup servers at this location. They should be manned and controlled by their staff and thus ensure proper security.

Ideal State Concept: Government And Economic Structure

Introduction

In this paper, I will describe the ideal country and determine its political and economic structure, social problems and their solutions, national defense system, as well as its participation in international relations. The country in which I am elected president is rich in sources medium-sized state with a multinational composition of the country, where the majority of the population has the same nationality and language. The government wants to create a democratic and equitable state that will become an active member of the international community. Socialization and unity of the people depend on the right propaganda of patriotism through information policy. The country also has to join such international organizations as the UN and the WTO. Consequently, my country is a democratic federal parliamentary republic with three branches of power and a system of market relations, which strives to be a member of global affairs through international organizations and interstate contacts.

Domestic Concerns

Governing Style and Principles of the Government

A country that has suffered from the tyranny of a dictator needs democracy and a state structure that could protect its citizens from power usurpation. In such a country, administrative units have their limited authority, which is not included in the power of the central government (Geest, 2017). For this reason, a federation in which several administrative units are interconnected by a general national law is the best choice. A democratic republic is a form of government operating where people are the primary source of power that delegates its function to the president, the parliament, and the court (Geest, 2017). The president and bicameral parliamentary system promote fair distribution of power and do not allow its usurpation, since all government bodies control each other.

Branches of Government and its Functions

The executive power belongs to the president and administration, and its functions are expressed in the implementation and enforcement of laws. The legislative power is divided between the upper and lower houses of parliament and consists in the consideration and adoption of laws, ratification of international treaties, determination of the state budget, and taxes (Geest, 2017). The judicial power belongs to a system of courts, and its main task is to resolve disputes and determine the legality of the adopted laws.

Economic Structure

The best economic structure for my country is an open system of market relations, since the availability of resources allows us to develop production and trade in both raw materials and goods.

Public Good Domestic Programs and Unification of the Population

A country that has been destroyed because of terrorist actions needs to restore infrastructure and protect its borders from external interference. The first program should include grants and loans to businesses and public organizations, which they can invest in providing citizens with such public goods as housing, transport, and other public facilities necessary for life. The second program should be aimed at reforming the army and supporting military personnel, since a country with internal problems and the absence of an army is an easy target for an external attack. Thus, the state will be able to provide citizens with such a public good as security.

Creating a national spirit is also an essential component for any state. A population that had in common only fear of the dictator has to be united by their cultural and national values. This unification can be done by promoting common goals and solidarity through the media and cultural-traditional events. Thus, the population will be able to unite under the influence of a shared history, national, and cultural values.

Foreign Concerns

International Organizations

A country that has not participated in international for years relations should join global organizations that will help it restore its image, and the UN and the WTO are such an organization. According to Weiss, Forsythe, Coate, and Pease (2018), the UN has both a Peacekeeping contingent and the International Monetary Fund, which provides financial assistance to states. Consequently, the UN is an opportunity for the country to receive guarantees of protection and financial support. The WTO is an organization that promotes the development of international trade relations, which contributes to the economic development of the state (Lanoszka, 2017). For this reason, both organizations are essential partners for the country in the field of protection, economic development, and diplomatic relations.

The state needs to apply for membership and sign the agreement after an affirmative vote of all the founding countries to join the UN (Weiss et al., 2018). For this reason, the government has to consolidate and comply with all democratic principles that are in the UN Charter. The WTO also requires that the state ratify a series of agreements related to different trade features and put them into practice (Lanoszka, 2017). Thus, the government needs to make efforts to reform the country’s production and trade system.

Defense System

Protection against terrorism and internal threats require a set of measures aimed at both preventing and combating danger. As mentioned earlier, ways to avoid risks are the support of the national army and the unification of citizens with a shared culture. The presence of a permanent army reduces the possibility of an external attack. It is also necessary to establish friendly relations with neighboring countries to prevent and combat terrorism. After analyzing external threats, the state needs to create either a system of checkpoints with verification of documents, or a shared zone with neighboring countries for free movement of citizens.

Conclusion

Therefore, a state with a democratic system of power distribution, an open market economy, and a strong army is capable of guaranteeing citizens’ security and economic growth. Participation in international organizations and cooperation with neighboring countries contributes to its development in the first years, and policies aimed at national unity assist in strengthening internal security. In addition, such a state can become a leader in the region in a few decades by wisely using its resources.

References

  1. Geest, F. V. (2017). Introduction to political science: A Christian perspective. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.
  2. Lanoszka, A. (2017). Multinationals, international arbitration, and the world trade system: Confronting the inconvenient Issues in the WTO. International Journal of Business and Economic, 5(1), 1-10.
  3. Weiss, T. G., Forsythe, D. P., Coate, R. A., & Pease, K.-K. S. (2018). The United Nations and changing world politics. London, United Kingdom: Routledge.

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