Hard (technical) competencies are characteristics that enable people to carry out job-specific tasks and duties. Seminars, vocational education, and on-the-job training and instruction are all options for acquiring hard skills. These abilities are frequently centered on particular activities and procedures, for instance, equipment, devices, or software utilization. Soft (people) competencies are a collection of positive personality characteristics that define one’s interactions in a social community. Social intelligence, communication talents, linguistic proficiency, personal traits, mental and emotive empathy, time management, collaboration ability, and leadership attributes are examples of people skills.
I suppose the major difference between people and technical skills is that technical competencies are learned, but people competencies are mostly intrinsic and natural. Technical abilities refer to the information that an expert acquires via years of study, experience, and practice. Soft skills, which deal with the inner sector and are more difficult to be measured, demonstrate the person’s ability to adjust to circumstances and react to conditions and stress. These qualities can be developed and enhanced, but they are often linked to the technician’s individual nature.
The appropriate mix of people and technical competencies is highly valued in the business world. Job applicants should demonstrate both capabilities to be considered for employment at all ranks. To my mind, raising the question of choosing one factor, it is more important for a successful IT specialist to have more advanced technical skills. Despite the significant need to master personal abilities in order to build a successful career, an IT worker is believed to be a more independent unit that does not require constant communication. In my opinion, without excellent professional knowledge and skills, as well as experience with software, a person will not initially be considered a potential candidate for a worthy position.
American Gothic Novel “Wieland” By Brown
Wieland as a Gothic Novel
Wieland is a great example of an early gothic novel. The gothic elements of its storytelling and narratively play an irreplaceable role and critically frame the main points of the discussion. To be precise, the use of the more supernatural elements is used as a way to highlight the character’s paranoia and erratic behaviors. At the same time, there is no proof of supernatural or suspicious behavior persists at their estate. The Wieland family slowly becomes more and more affected by Carwin’s practical joke, growing distrustful and scared. One of the primary ways genre conventions are used is misleading the audience. During the course of the narrative, the primary characters continue to hear voices around the house, guiding them or instructing them to avoid certain types of situations. This is seen, for example, when Clara suddenly has a feeling someone is hiding in her closet. The audience sees a disembodied voice say that the heroine is not supposed to open the closet, which she disobeys, finding a threat to her life and chastity, Carwin, inside. Through the application and the variety of voices characters hear, the first assumption a genre-savvy individual makes about the novel is assuming the presence of the supernatural. This assessment is soon proved wrong, however, when Carwin is revealed to have been responsible for them by the end of the work. The difference between audience expectation and reality creates intrigue and strays from genre conventions in an interesting way.
Voices and the Novel’s Meaning
From my personal perspective, the use of such genre elements was effectively put to use to highlight the importance of having control over one’s life. Both Clara and Theodore’s resolve is tested with the seemingly supernatural aspects of the book. They both start to hear voices telling them to act in a certain way or do particular things. While Clara is able to handle herself and make her own decisions, as shown primarily by the closet scene, her brother ultimately comes to be possessed by his own fears and starts killing others. By the end of the work, it is understood that the supernatural events occurring at the house are rather regular in nature, while Theodore seems to be simply both disturbed and too gullible. Another application for voices as a part of the novel comes with the critique of putting one’s trust in authority and the supernatural. Characters throughout the novel question the validity of voices and their own judgement, leading to developments in their understanding of the world, themselves, and others. Clara, as the protagonist, is most prominently seen trying to make sense of the world using a set of beliefs she has acquired throughout life. In her mind, there is constantly a battle between superstition and realism, faith and science. On the topic of her father’s death, she says:
“Was this the penalty of disobedience? This the stroke of a vindictive and invisible hand? Is it a fresh proof that the Divine Ruler interferes in human affairs, meditates an end, selects, and commissions his agents, and enforces, by unequivocal sanctions, submission to his will? Or, was it merely the irregular expansion of the fluid that imparts warmth to our heart and our blood, caused by the fatigue of the preceding day, or flowing, by established laws, from the condition of his thoughts?” (Brown).
The quote most aptly highlights the internal struggle of her outlook on the world, having to manage to understand its events navigating two diametrically opposed perspectives. The novel, highlighting the danger of believing the voices, also says that unquestionable authority and the supernatural should be challenged by people.
Brown, Charles Brockden. Wieland. Portland: Mint Editions, 2021. Print.
The 13th-15th Amendments Of The US Constitution
The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments of the US constitution are the most important ones that brought equality to American society. According to Kay, those three amendments abolished slavery, provided the security of the civil rights of the freed slaves, and hindered society from denying the vote on race (249). The 13th amendment abolishes slavery, the 14th guarantees equal rights to American citizens, and prohibits passing any discriminating laws in any state. It states as well that in case a state somehow tries to restrict some citizens’ rights, it will be punished with the diminishing of the number of state representatives in the House of Representatives. According to the 15th amendment, electoral rights are provided to colored citizens and the descendants of slaves. Those changes relate to the so-called Reconstruction era after the Civil war from 1865 to 1877, which brought freedom to the American land (Moretta 439). The 13th amendment was issued during the war, while the other two were passed only after its end. However, the black slaves’ rights were constantly discussed during the war.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation was issued three years before the first of the three reconstruction amendments, some still insisted on the necessity of the 13th correction, which stated the abolishment of slavery. As both acts were passed during the time of the Civil war in the United States, their submission could go wrong, and it did. The 13th modification of the US constitution was truly a need as the emancipation proclamation did not apply to all states and was not taken seriously in the areas of rebellion. Therefore, the amendment passed two years later was urged to free slaves in all states and end the war. However, the transportation of colored people was restricted; they were supposed to work on the white, and mischarged past slaves were used as labor for rent on plantations and factories. Hence, even after the submission of the 13th amendment, the attitude toward black people remained unfair for years. Nowadays, prison labor is not such a big issue as it was before; however, the prisoners’ workforce is still used in both public and private prisons.
According to the 14th amendment, Congress is allowed to reduce a state’s representation if that state disenfranchises any group of voters, which is a good source of equality control. Despite the United States Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision, the 14th modification gave equal rights to all people born in the United States regardless of their skin color (Moretta 436). This correction is the most democratic in the history of the USA. Therefore, it mentioned several punishments for states who did not admit to following new rules. This measure was mostly taken to prevent the so-called “Black Codes” from functioning.
The South remained conservative even after the passing of those amendments, which means that there was a way of eluding the implementation of those acts. There is a known loophole in the 15th modification that allowed to decrease in the part of colored people in politics. The most common ways of reducing their influence were poll taxes and literacy tests, as well as intimidations from the white people’s side. Moretta states that widespread poverty led to the hindering of black political rights (440). However, white people were not obliged to pass those literacy tests according to the grandfather clause, which made the situation even more unfair. All those discriminating situations were happening because the 15th amendment was taken too narrow by the US Supreme Court; later, it reopened the case and broadened the correction, though.
Although the voting system has been modified much since those times, it is still not perfect. Therefore, some young people face difficulties in taking part in the voting process for the first time. For example, the US election system is often judged for its complexity and opacity. Some claims that the 538 actual electors do not represent the citizens’ opinion are made as well. Therefore, some may think that even the modern voting process is related to discrimination; however, even if it is so, the inequality is hidden from being recognized.
Moretta, John, et al. The American Challenge: A New History of the United States. Abigail Press, 2015.
Kay, Richard. “Formal and Informal Amendment of the United States Constitution.” The American Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 66, no. 1, 2018, pp. 243-268. Web.