Television And Streaming Services In The United States University Essay Example

Common Denominator Programs

Most Americans’ lives are dominated by television, although many young people today use online streaming services as their preferred media source. Until the 1970s, the majority of individuals on American television shows were Caucasian (Stanley, 2020). This affected the way individuals of other ethnicities perceived themselves and others. The few minorities who appeared on television tended to be stereotyped, showcasing the lack of ethics of the TV networks. This has affected the relationship between people and society in general. The history of television prior to the 1970s shows that large corporations had strong control over the content they showed to the viewers as they developed programming based on their perceptions of what should be seen by their audience. The common denominator in the case was the perception of the attention that the television show or program could generate from the users since broadcasting networks profited from advertisements shown in between breaks.

By definition, over-the-air television programs are programs transmitted from the broadcasting station to the user’s home television and controlled by corporations. This approach is the basis of the attention-selling model since television networks profit from the advertisement contracts they have. As Stanley (2020) stated, the common denominator of the programming was a result of traditional broadcast television in a previous age when three profit-driven corporate-owned networks, CBS, NBC, and ABC, appeared to have an unbreakable monopoly over daytime and primetime programming. Hence, if they can keep the users’ attention on their screens for a long time, they can generate more revenue.

Streaming and Social Media

With the increasing popularity of social media and online resources, the attention of corporations has shifted from adapting the attention-selling model on television to adapting it to online media. For example, unlike television, streaming services such as Netflix allow users to watch their preferred content at any time and watch the entire series simultaneously. Hence, these services use algorithms to collect data on user activities and offer them recommended content they will most likely enjoy.

Streaming and social media fare has changed the way advertisers and content producers generate content and revenues. Most streaming services offer their users to pay a monthly fee for their services, and they can freely select what content they can view or listen to, as opposed to television, where the content depends solely on the programming. Hence, the users have more freedom, and the companies that own the streaming services or social media are interested in keeping the attention of the users to ensure that they do not cancel their subscriptions. This allows for alleviating the issue of ethics, gender roles, and racial discrimination, which are common with broadcast television. With this approach, the company is less dependent on the advertisers, as most of these services do not show ads, but the management is interested in ensuring that the content on their platform is interesting and engaging for the people.

Television and Web Culture

Television, unlike the web, is regulated by the government, and the content aired there must comply with certain standards. For example, the Telecommunications Act of 1996, which amended the Communications Act of 1934, was the first comprehensive update of US telecommunications legislation in more than sixty years (Stanley, 2020). The Act was a significant shift in American telecommunications law since it was the first time the Internet was incorporated into broadcasting and spectrum allocation. Moreover, Section 230 of this law grants immunity to the platforms, limiting the ability of the judges to impose control on them due to the content published by third parties.

In terms of culture, there are also substantial differences between television and the web. For one, self-regulation plays a major role in the Internet, as individuals can freely choose what to watch and when. In terms of the broader context of the relationship between society and the individual, people can choose content that is created by minority groups or that represents their beliefs and cultures. With television, there is limited control the viewer has over what they see and when.

Reference

Stanley, R. (2020). Making sense of the media. Penguin.

“The Importance Of Being Earnest” Acting Analysis

We all understand the well-known expression that life is a stage, and people in it are only actors. It is valid because each of us has pretended at least once, especially in childhood. For example, my friend and I have often played teachers, trying on adult roles. Still, it should be noted that acting is a bit different because artists convey all the emotions of the fictional personalities professionally, properly using intonation, facial expressions, and gestures.

Minute 50 may be an example of intonation and voice: when Cecily was expecting a guest, she read the note in a calm tone. Still, as soon as she realized it would be Jones’ brother, she sharply raised her sound, and her facial expression changed so that one could read the emotion of joy (Bethany Lutheran College, 2018, 0:50). Further, minute 51 is a representation of gestures: Cecily folds her hands distinctively, showing impatience and a desire to see Earnest as soon as possible (Bethany Lutheran College, 2018, 0:51). Minute 52, when the character enters the room is an illustration of facial expression and pose: Cecily changes her emotions to displeasure (Bethany Lutheran College, 2018, 0:52). She folds her arms, thus making her pose closed, and the corners of her lips go down, showing disappointment and coldness.

Earnest is more friendly and holds out his hand while leaning in slightly, he makes a welcoming motion, but Cecily’s reaction is remarkable. She pulls back his hand and places hers at her side, which characterizes anger. Then she holds his hands and seems as if she has become friendlier, but this is not so, which is clear from her facial expression. The moment when she wipes her hands on her apron after touching, showing disdain is also an example of gestures in the same minute. I can also dwell on minute 54 when Algy asks for help because he expresses it with intonation and posture. He leans closer to shorten the distance and establish better contact (Bethany Lutheran College, 2018, 0:54. Ms. Prism’s reaction to Ernest’s death should also be described, she should express sympathy but actually does not. She smiles and puts her hands at her sides, demonstrating superiority. Moreover, an example of gestures is noticeable at minute 60, especially when the man leans down sharply, indicating approaching the ground and hinting at death (Bethany Lutheran College, 2018, 1:00).

Reference

Bethany Lutheran College. (2018,). The importance of being Earnest. [Video]. YouTube.

Recycling Is Vital For The Future Of Earth

Businesses and societies worldwide move toward developing sustainable practices to address climate change, pollution, and local environmental problems. Motivation and urgency to take action might be explained by severe health and economic outcomes, expanding human population, and the negative impact of waste on flora and fauna (Woods 40). One of the most beneficial approaches to saving the planet and integrating conscious use of goods as a necessity for humanity’s thriving is recycling. The process allows to use same materials multiple times after slight modifications and is an opportunity to decrease production needs and waste volumes (Huang et al. 113). This paper aims to argue why recycling is essential for addressing environmental issues and helping save the Earth for future generations.

Recycling is vital in current conditions because the human population’s needs increase while natural resources to address them are limited. Indeed, statistical prognoses assess that by the end of 2022, there will be more than eight billion people on Earth; without conscious care for the planet, overconsumption would destroy the environment (van Ewijk et al. 182). Today, sources such as plastic and polyester reduce the use of natural sources and the cost of basic goods; however, their decomposition takes centuries, causing massive waste of land for storage and water pollution (Huysveld 4). For instance, plastic bottle remelting machines cost less than landfills maintenance, and recycled plastic is still convenient for various needs, such as packaging (van Ewijk et al. 184). Recycling is the appropriate strategy to make the artificial materials serve for a longer period and more people.

Recycling is essential for a sustainable environment because processing virgin materials cause greenhouse gas emissions, water pollution, and overconsumption of natural sources. More manufacturers occur with the increasing demand for new goods, enforcing these challenges’ severity. For example, the textile industry generates more than 16 tonnes of waste annually in Europe only, and only a quarter of it is recycled (Leal Filho et al. 12). Apparel production inevitably expands with the human population, using hundreds of billions of tonnes of water and resulting in an enormous volume of greenhouse gas emissions (Leal Filho et al. 12). Conscious attempts to reuse clothes and recycle the materials are necessary to address the textile overconsumption and production demands.

Aside from growing population and production, species extinction is a significant threat to the thriving future of Earth because it disrupts food chains and the balance necessary to avoid climate catastrophes. Animals die from conditions developed due to massive volumes of plastic in the oceans, ground pollution of landfills, and hazardous materials emissions by manufacturing facilities (Issifu and Sumaila 45). Recycling is a valuable contribution to addressing species extinction because it impacts the need for production and makes goods be reused rather than wasted. Indeed, utilizing paper, textile, metal, and plastic will not harm animals and may be arranged conveniently for humans; however, taking wood, cotton, and other limited natural sources has drastic consequences. Conclusion

Recycling is vital for the future of Earth because it allows humanity to address the consequences of rapid population growth and expanding use of natural recourses. Overproduction of plastic and polyester harms the planet because they decompose slowly, causing land waste and water and air pollution. Processing virgin materials results in greenhouse gas emissions, overuse of limited natural resources, and consequent environmental issues; recycling allows for managing the manufacturing volume. Species extinction is a serious environmental issue that worsens as waste fills lands and oceans, harming animals and eliminating their food sources. Recycling allows humanity to benefit from the produced goods for longer and protect nature from the severe consequences of expanding landfills.

Works Cited

van Ewijk, Stijn, Julia A. Stegemann, and Paul Ekins. “Limited climate benefits of global recycling of pulp and paper.” Nature Sustainability, vol. 4, no. 2, 2021, pp. 180-187.

Huang, Taiyu, et al. “Assessment of precious metals positioning in waste printed circuit boards and the economic benefits of recycling.” Waste Management, no. 139, 2022, pp. 105-115.

Huysveld, Sophie, et al. “Advancing circular economy benefit indicators and application on open-loop recycling of mixed and contaminated plastic waste fractions.” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 211, 2019, pp. 1-13.

Issifu, Ibrahim, and U. Rashid Sumaila. “A review of the production, recycling and management of marine plastic pollution.” Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 11, 2020, p. 945.

Leal Filho, Walter, et al. “A review of the socio-economic advantages of textile recycling.” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 218, 2019, pp. 10-20.

Woods, Lynn. “Why environmental sustainability is important.” BDJ In Practice, vol. 34, no. 3, 2021, pp. 40-41.

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