Testing The Cleaning Power Of Dawn Dish Soap Against Other Leading Brands Writing Sample


This study compares four home dish soaps for cleaning. Dawn Ultra, Palmolive, Gain, and Ajax dish soaps are under scrutiny. A simple wash test, possible hydrogen testing, and dish-drying bacterial growth will compare their cleaning ability. Dish soap should remove stubborn grease and prevent animal oil contamination. Dish soaps with a pH lower than 9-10 are less effective. Dishes may still contain stomach-irritating microorganisms like E. coli and Salmonella after cleaning. Foodborne pathogens may stay on plates after washing, and towel-dried words have more germs owing to pre-contaminated towels. A consistent approach will evaluate each dish soap’s cleansing and bacterial growth. After pH testing, each soap will wash dishes with the same food residue using distinct sponges. A cloth mat will dry the dishes. To cultivate bacteria, sterile swabs will gather and streak bacterial samples onto agar plates for 24 hours. Counting bacterial colonies on each vessel will provide quantitative data (Central et al., 2019). This research compares four dish soap’s bacterial growth and cleansing capability to find the best one. The data will help choose the finest dish soap for successful dishwashing and home hygiene.

Methods and Experiments

In this study, the cleaning efficiency and capacity to reduce bacterial growth on dishes of four different dish soaps—Dawn Ultra Dishwashing Liquid Dish Soap Original, Palmolive Dish Soap Original, Gain Dishwashing Liquid Original, and Ajax Dishwashing Liquid Soap Yellow Lemon—was assessed. The experiment’s three main parts were a real wash test, potential hydrogen (pH) testing, and bacterial collection and analysis. To start, the basicity of each dish soap was assessed by measuring its pH on litmus paper. A dish soap was deemed successful if its pH was between 9 and 10 since a lower pH might mean less effective cleaning.

Detergent Ph Value Price ($)
Dawn Ultra 9.6 2.94
Palmolive 8.8 2.98
Gain 8.5 1.94
Ajax 8.8 2.74

The same food residue was created in four identical containers, each dirty. Each dish soap was given its own dish sponge to provide a fair comparison. The dishes were cleaned with the same quantity of soap in water that was kept at a constant temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit for a predetermined period—one minute (Jamaludin & Deurenberg, 2020). To determine the effect of the drying technique on bacterial growth, the dishes were air-dried on a fabric mat after being washed. Due to pre-contaminated towels, towel drying was found to have a greater possibility for bacterial contamination, while air drying was anticipated to result in less bacterial development.

Sterile swabs were used to collect bacterial samples from each plate after it had dried by air drying, swabbing each surface for around 30 seconds. The four-quadrant approach was used to streak the swabs onto agar plates. Bacteria were allowed to grow for 24 hours on four agar plates, one for each kind of dish soap. The agar plates were checked after incubation to see what types and how many bacterial colonies had grown. Bacterial growth on each scale was quantified by counting the number of bacterial colonies (Josep, 2021).

Dish Washing Detergents

Standardized controls were used in the experiment, including the exact water temperature, equal time spent washing dishes, and a fixed quantity of each soap. Easily accessible home goods and dish washes from stores were used in the investigation, which cost $27.48 in total in supplies. This research attempted to identify which dish soap demonstrated the most efficient cleaning power and the least amount of bacterial growth after drying by comparing the cleaning efficacy of the soaps and measuring the bacterial growth on the agar plates. The results provide helpful guidance for choosing the best dish soap for everyday usage in the home, considering both cleanliness and bacterial control.

Discussion and Result

Analysis has been done on the findings of an experiment comparing the bacterial control and cleaning power of four dish soaps: Dawn Ultra Dishwashing Liquid Dish Soap Original, Palmolive Dish Soap Original, Gain Dishwashing Liquid Original, and Ajax Dishwashing Liquid Soap Yellow Lemon. The dish soap’s cleaning efficacy was assessed based on how well they cleaned stubborn grease off dishes and animal oil splatter (Josep, 2021). The experiment used the same quantity of each soap and the same water temperature, washing soiled dishes for one minute. The findings showed that Dawn Dish Soap, made primarily for cleaning difficult grease and oil pollutants, worked very well. Although not as effective as Dawn, Palmolive, Gain, and Ajax also displayed acceptable cleaning efficacy.

Table Results

Detergent Ph Value Price ($)
Dawn Ultra 9.6 2.94
Palmolive 8.8 2.98
Gain 8.5 1.94
Ajax 8.8 2.74

According to the results of the pH tests, Dawn Dish Soap has a little higher pH than the other three soaps. This suggests that Dawn is more basic, consistent with the pH range anticipated for efficient dish soaps. The proper pH levels of Palmolive, Gain, and Ajax indicated their potential for cleaning effectiveness. The agar plate technique was used to evaluate the development of bacteria on the cleaned and air-dried plates in terms of bacterial control. The bacteria colonies were observed and studied 24 hours after incubating the agar plates.

Ph Value

The results showed that all four dish soaps had some degree of success in controlling bacterial growth. On the other hand, Dawn Dish Soap showed the fewest bacterial colonies, demonstrating its greater capacity to reduce bacterial contamination on plates (Trupp Gil, 2018). According to the testing results, Dawn Ultra Dishwashing Liquid Dish Detergent Original was the best dish detergent for cleaning and bacterial control. While limiting bacterial development, it effectively removed challenging grease and oil pollutants. Despite having a respectable performance, Dawn outperformed Palmolive, Gain, and Ajax. These findings provide customers with helpful information to help them choose the best dish soap for their requirements. For people looking for a dish detergent with exceptional cleaning power and bacterial control, Dawn Ultra Dishwashing Liquid Dish Detergent Original is advised.


Central, I., González-Fabra, J., Álvarez, M., & Gumbau, M. (2019). PubChem. ioChem-BD Computational Chemistry Datasets. https://doi.org/10.19061/iochem-bd-6-3

Jamaludin, F. S., & Deurenberg, R. (2020). Openingsscherm PubMed. Praktische handleiding PubMed, 7-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-2553-5_2

Josep. (2021, March 1). Soap and detergent – Preparation, the difference between soap and detergent. BYJUS. https://byjus.com/chemistry/difference-between-soap-and-detergent/

Trupp Gil, C. (2018). American chemical society federal funders event. https://doi.org/10.2172/1474408

The Challenge Of Opacity Sample Paper

Glissant’s concept of “the right to opacity” challenges how anthropologists have historically approached the study of non-Western cultures. He argues that people have a right to withhold information about themselves and their cultures, particularly when dealing with cultural imperialism and colonialism. Glissant believes cultural differences should be respected and celebrated instead of being analyzed and assimilated.

He emphasizes the need for anthropologists to respect the agency of the people they study. On pages 189 to 190, he submits that anthropologists should judge and compare based on transparency. This is only possible if they first accept their differences and clear any biases regarding the community under study. In his words, anthropologists should be able to “… create afresh” the people they study. It is an approach that not only sets the ground for an extensive understanding of the community but also eliminates preconceived thoughts about the community or a people (p. 190).

Further, Glissant posits that anthropologists should learn not only the right to difference but also the right to opacity. He says, “Opacities can coexist and converge, weaving fabrics” (p. 190). To understand this, one must look beyond a community as a whole. He must focus on the fine details that define a community. This refers to a community’s fundamental way of life, individual people, the kind of animals reared and why, and people’s beliefs and perceptions. Disintegrating a whole into small manageable units allows anthropologists to understand the natural foundations that define a community or a people.

It is also crucial that a dialogue with the West be held, and a complimentary discourse of whoever wants to live on and in with be added to the West (p. 191). Glissant says this regarding the fact that historically, countries in the West have subjected other jurisdictions in the East and other parts of the world to ideas they had defined as ‘universal.’ The universality aspect needs to be revised, basing the argument on vast differences within communities, not to mention that the communities in the scope were far from the West. The case becomes even more interesting when one realizes that even within its claim that the idea they peddle as truth is universal, the West keeps contradicting its ‘truth.’ Thus, their universal ideas do not fit the description and lack the effective ingredient that may qualify them as fit for inscribing to other people.

Glissant breathes more life into his argument by positing that the West’s mission has been, is, and might always be to engulf and consume other ideas while projecting their own as appropriate. In this course, they apply absolutism, which Glissant refers to as “totality” (p. 192). According to him, the idea of totality is propagated through multiplicity. This approach creates a union of its ideas – spreading the same vision and concept from community to community and state to state. Thus, it is seen as fact or truth. As Glissant describes it, “… it is the opacity of diverse animating the imagined transparency of Relation” (p. 193). This is how researchers create a blueprint of what they think is the right approach to studying people. Glissant insists on anthropologists becoming conscious of this fact and working to prevent it or reduce its influence in their research.

In summation, the choice to be opaque is everyone’s right. What is not everyone’s right is the decision to force a notion, idea, or concept on them, painting as a universal truth. Although this approach has proved worthwhile in some aspects and in some places, in the larger picture, it has yet to be successful. Thus, for anthropologists and researchers within this and other fields, recognizing the vast differences among communities and people is the first step towards writing their stories as told by them and not based on some lucid truths.


Glissant, É., 1997. Poetics of relation. “Opacity”. University of Michigan Press. p. 189-194

The Impact That An Interracial Relationship Has On The Couple, Family And Society Sample Assignment

The union of two people from distinct races is an interracial relationship. When an African American man marries a white woman, the two are known to be an interracial couple. Interracial marriage unites people from distinct cultural backgrounds, continents, regions and countries. An Interracial couple embraces one another’s differences, enabling them to form connections with one another. For instance, when a Christian man marries a Muslim woman, they embrace their different religious beliefs and this does not stop them from connecting and having a romantic relationship. The interracial relationship benefits the couple by promoting socialization since people from distinct races connect and interact. This is a huge achievement because it helps avert racial discrimination that has persisted for a long time. However, it is crucial to understand how interracial relationships impact the couple, their families and society. Besides, it is vital to comprehend how interracial relationships can be promoted and supported in society. As such, this paper focuses on interracial couples with a discussion emphasizing the impact the relationship has on the couple, families, society and how interracial relationships can be promoted and strengthened in society. Also, recommendations on how interracial couples can employ to ensure their relationships are successful.

Impact on the interracial couple

The interracial relationship profoundly impacts the couple engaged in the union. Mainly, both parties are exposed to different viewpoints, traditions and cultural backgrounds, which increases their cultural awareness and understanding. As such, they comprehend diverse cultures, which challenge their biases and stereotypes. Ultimately, they learn from one another and foster a deep appreciation of cultural diversity (Flores, 2019). Moreover, the interracial relationship enables the couple to blend their distinct cultural beliefs, which creates a diverse family unit where kids grow up understanding various cultural backgrounds. Therefore, the couple can celebrate different cultures in their union. The interracial relationship enables the couple to become resilient and form strong bonds. This is because interracial couples are subject to discrimination, prejudice and bias from others. The struggles from these challenges can create stress and harm their relationship. However, the couple can strengthen their bond by offering support and consolation in light of these challenges. They become resilient, which is an added advantage for the couple, for they can easily handle the discrimination and biases from others, which promises a fruitful future for their union. Conclusively, the interracial relationship enables the couple to sharpen their communication skills. This is because practical communication skillsets are necessary to ensure that the couple understands one another and develops proper solutions to their problems. Also, effective communication allows them to practice open discussions about race, which promotes their understanding of one another.

Impact on the Family Unit

Interracial relationships encompass two people from two different cultural backgrounds. As such, an interracial relationship dramatically affects the family unit. This is because these families hail from distinct races and cultural backgrounds. In the case of an interracial relationship, the reaction from the family varies where; some may be supportive while others may be redundant to accept the union. There exist cases where some couples were disinherited and disowned by their families because they were in an interracial relationship (Leslie & Young, 2015). Typically, such a response to the interracial relationship can cause fallouts between the couple with family members or with themselves. The strained relationships and estrangement do more harm than good. Family members must engage in open communication and address these issues to ensure they exist harmoniously (Leslie & Young, 2015).

In contrast, families that accept the interracial couple stand to learn about different customs, perspectives, beliefs and traditions. As such, the family can incorporate their culture’s different cultural aspects, enabling them to create a diverse family unit. Understanding diversity in the family creates an excellent example for future generations. This is because kids will be raised in an environment that understands and respects different perspectives. Ultimately, the created family environment allows the kids to develop an inclusivity mindset. This means that the children value one another and accept each other regardless of their distinct cultural perspectives. Ultimately, this helps break the racial and cultural barriers that exist in society. Families that accept interracial couples promote their sense of empathy and understanding towards others from distinct cultures. As such, they celebrate diversity and use it to unite them instead of cause division.

Impact on Society

An interracial relationship has a significant impact on society. One spectacular feature of an interracial relationship is that it promotes diversity and cultural understanding. As more people engage in interracial relationships, more inclusivity and diversity is accepted in society. This has changed the homogeneity aspect that was acceptable in society. As such, people have grown to accept various languages, ethnicities, races as the new norm. Therefore, creating a diverse society gives every person an opportunity to thrive. Mainly, the number of intermarriages in America has increased from 1980 to 2015. According to Livingston & Brown (2017), interracial married couples increased from 230,000 in 1980 to 670000 in 2015. This statistic is fundamental because it depicts how people are changing the homogeneity norm in society and replacing it with accepting diverse cultures and races.

Stereotypes and prejudices existed concerning interracial relationships. However, as more people from different races engage in romantic relationships, these stereotypes are broken and challenged in society. Flores (2019) asserts that in the 1800s, black men intimate with white women were assumed transgressors and punished to safeguard white womanhood purity. White women in this circumstance were considered black rapist victims. However, if the white women declared their relationship with black men consensual, society viewed them as outright prostitutes or low-class and licentious. These stereotypes about different races are altered when people observe interracial couples thriving and developing robust, loving interactions. Since the number of intermarriages in America has increased, then, there exists a shift in attitudes about interracial couples which means a broader acceptance of the relationship in society.

Challenges the Interracial Couple Family Faces

Interracial couples encounter various problems in their families due to the nature of their relationship. These challenges include; discrimination and bias, where various relatives may have prejudices against people from various races, resulting in conflicted and strained relationships in the family. Another issue involves family disapproval, where some relatives reject an interracial relationship as they are concerned about how the interaction will impact their cultural background and their family’s prestige. Consequently, the interracial couple is sometimes rejected or disowned (Csizmadia & Nazarian, 2015). Another issue that arises among some interracial couples is the pressure to change, where family members expect the couple to obey various values or traditions belonging to their race. This causes a rift between the couple because it does not align with their desire to lead individual lives. Another conflict that arises in an interracial family involves how to raise kids resulting from the union. Typically, relatives may have distinct views about the upbringing of the children concerning aspects such as cultural beliefs, traditions and language (Leslie & Young, 2015). These differing opinions about parenting may cause conflicts within the family. Another common issue that arises among interracial couples is the problem of ineffective communication, which hails from language barriers. Hailing from different cultural backgrounds indicates that one partner may have a different language. Even if the couple understands each other, the odds are different when we consider the interactions with other family members. This is because a partner from a distinct cultural background speaking a different language may have difficulty interacting with family members, expressing feelings and emotions, and offering their views and opinions on different subject matters (Csizmadia & Nazarian, 2015). Such a circumstance does more harm than good, impacting how the family connects. These challenges cause strains in the family and the interracial couple feels rejected and unaccepted. However, this problem can be resolved if these problems are handled with empathy and family members are encouraged to accept cultural diversity.

Recommendations to Promote and Strengthen Interracial Couple Relationships

Success means winning and victory. Interracial couples need to feel victorious to thrive in their relationship. For this reason, some recommendations that can be employed to guarantee their success in their interactions include; first, there is a need to establish an open and honest communication environment where couples can share their problems and experiences (Regain Editorial Team, 2023). Second, couples need to become empathetic towards one another, as this will enable them to understand and comprehend their distinct cultural backgrounds. Learning about each other’s culture will promote their understanding of one another, ultimately fostering a deep understanding, bond and respect for one another. Thirdly, interracial couples should seek support groups that are designed for interracial couples. This is an excellent way for the couple to connect with others who share similar experiences. Therefore, allowing them to have a sense of belonging, feel validated and get advice on matters that may strain their relationships (Regain Editorial Team, 2023). Lastly, interracial couples must be aware of their biases and prejudices through self-awareness. Understanding these aspects of self enables one to correct some behaviours that may harm the relationship, allowing a person to present the best version of themselves and ensuring the interracial couple thrives in the relationship.

Interracial relationships impact the couple, their families and society. However, the interracial relationship fosters cultural awareness, understanding and appreciation. Through the couple’s union, deep connections are developed, while a diverse family unit where various cultural elements are celebrated is established. Success is vital and interracial couples, through empathy, open communication, seeking and attending support groups and working on the self through self-reflection, can enable them to thrive and strengthen their relationship. Interracial relationships can transcend cultural boundaries, promote inclusivity, understanding and diversity. Therefore, the interracial couple can develop a more accepting and inclusive society.


Csizmadia, A., Leslie, L., & Nazarian, R. (2015). Understanding and treating interracial families. Understanding and treating the contemporary family: Translating research into practice, 89-107. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=DifLCQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA89&dq=challenges+interracial+couple+families+face&ots=KYTqOPhh1_&sig=qkZLFeFPcbg8miXMd8IHxYlNWDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=challengesinterracialcouplefamiliesface&f=false

Flores, R. D. (2019). “A Little More Ghetto, a Little Less Cultured”: Are There Racial Stereotypes about Interracial Daters in the United States? Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 6(2), 269-286. https://doi.org/10.1177/2332649219835851

Leslie, L. A., & Young, J. L. (2015). Interracial couples in therapy: Common themes and issues. Journal of Social Issues, 71(4), 788-803. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12149

Livingston, G., & Brown, A. (2017). Trends and patterns in intermarriage. Retrieved from Pew Research Center: https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2017/05/18/1-trends-and-patterns-in-intermarriage/

Regain Editorial Team. (2023). Interracial Marriages: How to Navigate The Challenges. Retrieved from Regain Editorial Team: https://www.regain.us/advice/marriage/interracial-marriages-how-to-navigate-the-challenges/