The Battle Of Thermopylae From Herodotus’ The Histories Essay Example

In his writing The Histories, Herodotus recorded the Battle of Thermopylae, which is considered an arduous and notable battle in western history. Herodotus, a highly significant historian from the 5th century B.C., portrays various aspects of the battle in this primary source. These include highlighting Xerxes’ superstitious and tyrannical nature, providing informative insights into Spartan culture, promoting Greek society’s values, and emphasizing the significance of the Persian invasion on Greek development encompassing political and intellectual expansion.

The Persian King Xerxes had confidence in his powerful army and believed conquering Greece would be effortless. Herodotus, a respected historian from the 5th century B.C., is praised for his meticulous compilation of materials and his renowned work, The Histories. The invaluable knowledge about the western world that historians gather and understand can largely be attributed to Herodotus’ writings in The Histories.

The author provides us with well-crafted depictions of the Greek and Persian conflict, offering a vivid understanding of the events that took place during these demanding wars. For instance, during Xerxes’ invasion of Greece, he inquires a native Greek if they are prepared to resist. The Greek responds, “…Those who reside in any Dorian land are brave, but my words concern only the Lacedaemonians. Firstly, under any circumstances, they will never agree to your terms that would enslave Greece. Additionally, they are certain to engage in battle with you, even if all other Greeks comply with your wishes.”

The boy argues that it is not important to know how many soldiers there are, as their determination and pride will determine their success in battle. Even if only a thousand soldiers show up, they will still fight against you. Herodotus’s writings offer a detailed account of these war strategies, highlighting the unbeatable nature of the Spartans and the overconfidence of the Persians.

In his work The Histories, Herodotus immortalizes the renowned conflicts between the Greeks and Persians, showcasing his remarkable insights. Within the primary source, numerous instances depict Xerxes as both superstitious and tyrannical. His irrationality is evident in several examples presented; he expresses disdain towards the Greeks’ perceived foolish approach to warfare. Furthermore, he fails to recognize the unwavering determination of the Spartans, displaying illogical and stubborn behavior by underestimating his adversaries’ strengths.

The incident in which Xerxes states, “Let them be five thousand, and we shall have more than a thousand men to each one of theirs. If, indeed, like our troops, they had a single master, their fear of him might make them courageous beyond their natural bent; or they might be urged by lashes against an enemy which far outnumbered them. But left to their own free choice, assuredly they will act differently” illustrates Xerxes’ cruel and tyrannical control over his troops. This also demonstrates Xerxes’ belief that the greater number of men he has, the more dominant his army will become.

Xerxes fails to acknowledge the Greeks’ bravery and strong ability to fight together, despite their illogical behavior. The battle events provide insights into Spartan culture and lifestyle. The Spartan society emphasized authority, leading young men to undergo military training and become obedient individuals. Spartans engaged in rigorous physical activities and maintained a healthy, balanced diet, ultimately benefiting them in times of war.

According to Demaratus, the Lacedaemonians are exceptional fighters both individually and as a group. They believe in obeying the law above all else and fear it more than Xerxes’ subjects fear him. The law commands them to never flee from battle, regardless of the number of enemies they face, and instead stand firm and either conquer or die. Within Spartan culture, bravery is mandatory and individuals are required to fight or die for their culture. As a result, Spartan soldiers are known for their exceptional physical fitness and training, as demonstrated in their courageous and victorious battle at Thermopylae.

Herodotus’ narrative emphasized several values of Greek society. According to Demaratus, Greece is the first kingdom and town in Greece, with the bravest men. The people of Greece highly value their freedom, laws, and a strong military. They also prioritize their well-being and moral values. Herodotus promotes the Greek society for its obedience and courage. The Persian invasion greatly impacted Greek politics and intellectual growth. After defeating the Persians, the Greeks assumed leadership against them.

This was the establishment of the Delian League, a confederation. The Athenians promoted a new imperial policy, with Pericles, an aristocrat, becoming influential in politics. Athens sought to expand its democracy and grow its empire in other nations. The Persian invasions affected the political and intellectual progress of the Greeks. They joined with the growing popular imperialism abroad and their ongoing pursuit of democracy.

The battle of Thermopylae from Herodotus’ The Histories was a significant and extraordinary battle in the history of the western world. Herodotus’ writing vividly portrays this exceptional battle and provides insight into Greek society and the powerful Spartan army. Studying and reading about this battle can offer valuable knowledge. It teaches us that victory does not always depend on the number of men but on the courage and determination to overcome any challenge.

Dato’ Sri Tony Fernandes Group CEO, AirAsia Berhad

Dato’ Sri Tony Fernandes founded Tune Air Sdn Bhd in 2001, with a vision to make air travel more affordable to Malaysians. Tony and his three partners bought over AirAsia from its owner DRB-Hicom and re-launched the airline as a low-fare carrier modelled after such successful low fare airlines as U. S. -based Southwest Airlines and Dublin-based Ryanair. Under Tony’s leadership, the fledging airline with a RM40 million debt became a thriving business. The airline repaid all debts and has been consistently profitable from the first day of operation.

In less than eight years, AirAsia has grown from 2 modest Boeing 737-300, one destination and 25 staff to more than 80 brand-new Airbus A320 planes, 60 destinations and almost 7,000 staff. It now operates more than 400 daily flights from its main hubs in Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok and Jakarta. . AirAsia has democratised air travel in the region, freeing it from the clutches of the elite. The airline’s low fares and high quality provide terrific value for travellers and are a constant reinforcement of its tag phrase: Now Everyone Can Fly.

Having ferries just 250,000 guests in its first year of operations, AirAsia has since flown more than 75 million guests in just eight years. AirAsia’s unmatched route network and frequency of flights in the region have made it THE Asean airline, connecting the capitals of all 10 Southeast Asian member states. Its route network has been likened to “sky bridges” linking the cultures and communities of this vast and diverse region separated by large bodies of water.

AirAsia is now acknowledged as a powerful dynamo powering the economies of the region and a powerful force binding the people of Asean into a major economic, cultural and social powerhouse. But Dato Sri Tony hasn’t stopped there. In 2007, he launched AirAsia X, the world’s only low-cost, long-haul airline. AirAsia X now flies to several cities in Australia, China, Middle East and London — linking the three continents of Australia, Asia and Europe at fares that’ are a fraction of that charged by traditional legacy carriers.

Roald Dahl: Man From The South Character Analysis

Roald Dahl, born 13/9/1916, gained fame for his works as a children’s author, including books like The Twits, Matilda, The BFG, Charlie and the chocolate factory, and more. In collaboration with Walt Disney, he released his debut children’s book “The Gremlins” in 1943 and followed it up with his first anthology of short stories in the US by 1945. Apart from his renowned children’s stories, Dahl has also curated a popular collection for adults known as Tales of the Unexpected. His literary creations predominantly revolve around fantasy and are brimming with boundless imagination.

The selected stories for analysis are The Landlady, Lamb to the Slaughter, and Man from the South. These stories blend cruelty with humor, presenting a captivating mix of the grotesque and comic. A recurring theme is the deceptive nature of people. It is evident from the characters’ language and the story settings that all three tales are set in the 1950s, reflecting the era in which they were written.

Roald Dahl has published numerous captivating and peculiar novels and nearly 50 short stories. One of his renowned tales, “Lamb to the Slaughter,” is expertly crafted with meticulous attention to every word and expression. Each element implies something and often carries a significant meaning, skillfully manipulating the reader’s perspective. Adding to the intrigue, the story is presented from the viewpoint of the murderer while still reflecting the author’s own opinions.

The setting of “Lamb to the Slaughter” is a typical 1950s home, with its “warm and clean” environment and closed curtains. The protagonist, Mary Maloney, is portrayed as the quintessential housewife. The narrator notes that she was eagerly awaiting her husband’s return, evidenced by her preparation of fresh ice cubes, showcasing her excellent housekeeping skills. Mary’s joy at her husband Patrick’s arrival from work is highlighted as Dahl describes how she hears the sound of his tires on the gravel and his footsteps approaching. Upon Patrick’s entrance, Mary immediately expresses concern for his well-being, referring to him as her “tired darling,” and promptly offers him a tall glass of alcohol.

According to Dahl, she thoroughly enjoys basking in her husband’s presence, comparing it to how a sunbather relishes the sun. However, doubts arise when considering whether her husband reciprocates the same level of affection. Dahl proceeds to portray his use of assertive language, instructing her to take a seat.

Patrick Maloney’s peculiar behavior becomes evident when he shows no signs of affection towards his wife and discloses that he is leaving her for another woman. Additionally, he offers her money for the baby. Despite being shocked by this revelation, Mary’s initial response is to dismiss her husband’s words and focus on taking care of him. She disregards his claim of not being hungry and inquires if he wants dinner. It appears as though Mary has transformed into a different person entirely, as she walks over to the freezer and retrieves the hard, frozen leg of lamb. Holding it tightly in her hands, she slowly approaches her husband who stands near the window. Without hesitation, she strikes him with the lamb on his head causing him to collapse onto the ground, while she remains motionless.

After discovering her husband’s death, she composes herself and plans what to say to the shopkeeper named Sam. She rehearses her smile and speech in front of a mirror before collecting herself and going to the shop to establish an alibi. When she returns, she immediately contacts the police and pretends to be terrified as they arrive at her home, convincingly playing the part of a grieving widow. The impression that Dahl has crafted of a loving and caring wife slowly diminishes, giving way to a sinister and unhinged woman.

In the short story “Land Lady” from Roald Dahl’s collection “Tales of the unexpected,” the main character is an innocent and welcoming middle-aged lady with gentle blue eyes and a round pink face. Unbeknownst to the police, who are unaware that the murder weapon is right under their noses, she offers them the lamb she has cooked. The story begins when Billy Weaver arrives in Bath after taking the train from London.

Excited about starting a new job in town, Billy, who has never been there before, notices a “BED AND BREAKFAST” sign in the window of a nearby house. Intrigued by the charming house, roaring fire, and little dog sleeping on the rug, he decides to investigate further and rings the doorbell. An inviting elderly lady promptly answers and invites him inside. She informs him of the room rate which surprisingly is lower than what Billy had budgeted for originally. This prompts him to decide to stay.

The woman whom he immediately encounters is described as warm and welcoming, with a ’round, pink face’ and ‘gentle, blue eyes’. This description helps us understand why Billy is drawn into the house and why he can’t believe what he sees. However, Billy starts to question the Landlady when he rings the doorbell and she opens the door instantly, as if she were a jack in the box. This simile used by Roald Dahl suggests that she already knew about Billy’s arrival and was eagerly waiting for him.

You begin to question the lady because Billy notices that there is no evidence of other guests at the house. Roald Dahl describes it as “no other coats, no hats, no walking sticks, no umbrellas, nothing.” Despite realizing this, Billy still naively decides to stay at the B&B. He believes the lady is “harmless” and may have “probably lost her son in the war.” However, the reader might still be suspicious of the Landlady because she mentions how picky she is about other guests. Dahl employs assonance when she says “teeny, weeny bit choosy.”

As Billy signs the guest book, he notices two familiar names. He recalls that she had mentioned these two guests in the past and present. She goes on to mention that the guests are still currently staying here, specifically stating ‘they are still here, both of them still on the third floor’. Despite not seeing any coats or belongings in the hallway when he first arrived, Billy decides to stay. The writer then uses a simile to describe Mr. Mullholland’s skin, comparing it to that of a baby’s. This raises curiosity about how the writer is so knowledgeable about Mr. Mullholland.

Dahl portrays her entrance into the room as a lively and enthusiastic one, with her holding the silver tray high like a playful horse. This suggests her excitement in serving Billy a drink, but also implies a sense of urgency in poisoning him. The author employs the sense of taste, referring to the tea’s bitterness and resemblance to almonds, to suggest that she has been secretly poisoning her guests. This realization leads Billy to question her true nature, challenging the perception of her as a kind and hospitable middle-aged woman.

Billy’s expectations of his new house were shattered as he quickly realized he had made a terrible decision. Initially thinking it was a good deal and a “pretty decent house to stay in,” Billy now understands how wrong he was. The connection between the women in “Lamb to the Slaughter” and “The Landlady” becomes evident as both characters turn on others in similar ways and are not what they initially appear to be. Roald Dahl’s description of the setting in “Man from the South” depicts a typical vacation spot with “big coconut trees” and “yellow umbrellas.”

The wind was blowing in the tree tops and the sun was shining as the scene transitioned into a hotel room where the bet is set to happen. The main characters include the little man, referred to as “me”, the American cadet with the lighter, and the English girl. Although the little lady who appears later in the story is crucial, she remains mysterious and less involved compared to the others. The protagonist, “me”, presents himself as a harmless middle-aged man.

The man’s South American accent is the main indicator of his pleasant personality. A cadet and an English girl request to sit down, and subsequently do so. The cadet kindly offers cigarettes to everyone. As he attempts to light his cigarette, the man comments, “That won’t work in this wind.” Disregarding the remark, the cadet confidently states, “Sure, it’ll work. It always works.” This leads to a discussion between them. The man proposes a bet to the cadet: if the lighter successfully ignites ten times in a row, the cadet will earn the little man’s Cadillac. Conversely, if the lighter fails to light, the little man will gain possession of the cadet’s left-hand little finger.

Initially, the cadet expresses aversion towards the bet, but ultimately agrees following a discussion. Subsequently, everyone proceeds to the hotel room occupied by the little man, where the bet is scheduled to occur. Carlos initiates with a remark about having a small Martini. Once the little man receives a chopping knife from his maid, he prepares for the bet. In order to participate, the cadet places his hand on a table while the little man intends to seize his finger as soon as the lighter fails to ignite. At this moment, the lady enters and grabs hold of the chopping knife from the little man’s grasp, subsequently tossing it onto the bed.

error: Content is protected !!