The Battle With Grendel’s Mother In The Beowulf Poem Writing Sample

The monster’s mother is one of the three main antagonists of the Beowulf poem, along with Grendel himself and the dragon: different versions have referred to her as both a “female monster,” a “warrior-woman,” and even “the monstrous bride from hell.” This paper examines the episode of the battle between her and the protagonist, Beowulf, and hypothesizes on its underlying significance.

Debates among scholars about the nature of Grendel’s mother have been continuing since Beowulf first saw the light of day and have not stopped yet. The author’s description of her connection with water can already be seen (Heaney 2000, 1259-1260). When the warriors assemble a party and follow her trail, they come ashore and realize that the mother of the Grendel is in her domain – deep in the lake.

The aquatic nature not only allows Grendel’s mother to set sea creatures against Beowulf but also to dodge the blows of his sword Hrunting while dragging him to the depths. Later, the sword with the name can still do her no harm, and Beowulf would have died if God had not given him strength (Heaney 2000, 1555-1557). In the end, the hero kills Grendel’s mother with the sword without a name found there – a legacy of ancient giants. It is symbolic that only a sword without a name could cut off the head of a creature without a name, outside the categories.

Considering references to God’s help, this battle can be perceived as a battle between Christianity and paganism, in which Grendel’s mother represents the quintessence of evil (1498). She and her son are outcasts, strangers in the world of men whom they hate and consider enemies, having made their lair at the bottom of a lake in the middle of swamps and gorges. After her death and the beheading of Grendel’s body, the blade of the sword withers away, leaving only the hilt – it has served its purpose.

To summarize the above, the interpretation of the specific meaning of Grendel’s mother’s role remains vague. She is dangerous and unexpected, as dangerous as a maelstrom in the calm water – the protagonist did not suspect until the last that he could not handle her with the help of such a reliable Hrunting. Her watery nature also accounts for her lack of a name – she is as transparent and fluid as water and dissolves into the narrative after Beowulf’s victory.

Work Cited

Heaney, Seamus. Beowulf: A New Verse Translation. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2000.

Healthcare Services For Vulnerable Populations In Georgia

Daily Bread

The Daily Bread provides hot meals, a place to shower, clean clothes, modest medical treatment, and social assistance to the homeless and destitute. The center assists those who require mobile phones, identity, and other forms of documents, as well as tax preparation, literacy lessons, and job searches. Donations and a thrift store on the property provide the majority of their revenue. Since 1988, The DailyBread has been serving the neighborhood. They “collect and distribute around 755,000 pounds of food every year,” according to their website (Daily Bread, n.d.). In Daily Bread’s 2015 annual report, they state that helping people find jobs and assisting the homeless with housing are two of the most significant services they make to the people they serve.

Circles of Care

Circles of Care is a behavioral health organization that helps people with mental illness, as well as alcohol and drug addiction. It has contracted for hospital, residential, outpatient, in-home, on-site, professional consulting, and public information/education services through local hospitals and the state and county (Circles of Care, n.d.). They are supported by a state contract, Medicare, Medicaid, third-party insurers, a county contract, drugstore earnings, and rental and investment revenue.

Healthy Start Coalition

Healthy Start is a local non-profit organization that assists pregnant women in having healthy infants, lowering infant mortality, and improving the general health of children in the county. Care coordination, birthing classes and education, breastfeeding aid, and resources, cigarette cessation support, parenting support and education seminars, and community resources are among the free services offered by Healthy Start (n.d.). A fund also exists to assist with specialty drugs and formulas, premature diapers, care repairs, eyeglasses, transportation, and utility expenses, among other things. The state of Florida provides funding for this program.

References

Circles of Care. (n.d.) Circles of Care, Inc.: History. Web

Daily Bread. (n.d.). Daily Bread Inc: Food for dignity.

Healthy Start. (n.d.) About Healthy Start Coalition.

Effects Of World War II On The Economy And Culture Of The U.S.

Introduction

The onset of the Second World War (WWII) affected Americans through the economic stimulus developed in the United States of America. The U.S. experienced increased government spending, tax rates, debts, hostility, and oppression of minority populations across the country. In some cases, the death trolls traumatized children and women as the men stood firm and courageous for the nation’s victory. According to Galvin and Healy, the argument for and against WWII depends on global warfare’s economic and cultural impacts (318). In this case, the text considers the impacts of WWII on the economy, women, popular culture, and minority groups in the isolation of its benefits and disadvantages.

WWII Increased Military Spending

The U.S. economy benefitted from World War II because the nation used the conflict as a fiscal stimulus to eliminate the U.S. from the negative impacts of the Great Depression. Voxeu reports, for example, indicated that defense spending in America increased from 1.4% to 37% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) between 1940 and 1945 (Goel et al. 53). Military spending in WWI cost the U.S about $4.1 trillion, based on the data located from the Congressional Research Service (Bishop and McNab 238). The financial data mean that the country’s GDP rose in the active years of the conflict than in the first wave of World War.

WWII Raised American Gross Debts

Although the economy of the U.S. experienced increased spending during WWII, the country sunk into gross debts never witnessed in American history. The U.S. accumulated debts from countries it supplied weapons by the end of the Second World War. America had been free from the war for a very long time until it was triggered to be part of the conflict through the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor (Bishop and McNab 338). The U.S. reportedly experienced economic contractions marred by increased taxes across the nation, with the major influence of the war touching the gross domestic product. A recent microeconomic study indicated that the debt-to-GDP ratio of the U.S. rose to a world record of more than 113% by the end of the Second World War (Łaski 168). The country did not pay such huge amounts of debt by the end of WWI, although it was the first global warfare that ought to have initiated economic downfalls for the nation.

Moreover, WWI impacted popular culture in the U.S. by virtually touching and affecting every part of American life, either directly or indirectly. The Second World War united illustrators, filmmakers, artists, cartoonists, and other entertainment and news mediums to create awareness about the war. The story of popular culture cannot be told without the narrations of the Second World War because the two entities are interconnected. For example, World War II changed the thinking and perceptions of Americans on home front programs by exposing the desperate struggles of soldiers during the war and the heavy patrols of the navy in World War II. The American home front program continuously created awareness of the war’s status, attracting most Americans to depend on such events to familiarize themselves with the nation’s status and casualties.

Effects of WWII on Women and Minority Groups

The end of World War II significantly changed the viewership of women and other minority groups in America. The entertainment industry, especially the home front media, shaped gender roles and values after the end of WWII. For instance, more than five million women entered the workforce during WWII, with an increasing number of male employees exiting jobs to offer security to their country and children (Galvin and Healy 417). Furthermore, the labor force offered by women in defense plants and factories shows the effects of WWII on gender. Even though the Second World War caused economic struggles in the U.S., the conflict empowered and allowed women to seek employment in large industries across the nation. The wars between minority groups and White Americans today originate from the aftermath of WWII; on the one hand, Whites believed that African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Mexicans did not actively help the country during the warfare. While on the other hand, the minority groups responded by questioning why they needed to engage in a “white man’s war.”

Conclusion

The arguments in the text support the fact that WWII affected the U.S. economy negatively more than it positively contributed to its growth and sustainability. The war left the country with huge debts and increased taxes, which affected the overall GDP of the nation. Besides, the war created disputes between minority groups and Native Americans who felt entitled to victory. The research recommends the role of the home front program during WWII based on its attributes of creating awareness and supporting women in employment and active engagement in the global conflict. Were it not for the war, many women would have remained subjects to their husbands and dependent on men due to a lack of jobs. Therefore, WWII created positive and negative effects on Americans; however, the negative forces superseded the good things associated with ending the war.

Works Cited

Bishop, Chris, and Chris McNab. History of World War II: The Campaigns, Battles & Weapons from 1939 to 1945. Amber Books Limited, 2019.

Galvin, Ray, and Noel Healy. “The Green New Deal in the United States: What it is and How to Pay for it.” Energy Research & Social Science, vol. 67, no. 1, 2020, p. 101529, Web.

Goel, Rajeev K., et al. “Growth in the Shadows: Effect of the Shadow Economy on U.S. Economic Growth over More than a Century.” Contemporary Economic Policy, vol. 37, no. 1, 2018, pp. 50–67, Web.

Łaski, Kazimierz. “Stylized Features of Economic Growth after World War II.” Lectures in Macroeconomics, Oxford University Press, 2019, pp. 162–179, Web.

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