The Compositional Development Of “The Last Supper” By Da Vinci Homework Essay Sample

There are many pieces of art that portray historically significant or religion-based events. One of the most renowned artists who skilfully incorporated complex composition and style in such work was Leonardo da Vinci. In painting the Last Supper, he impacted the room where Christ and the witnesses are seen as an expansion of the refectory. This is very fitting since the Last Supper is the essential subject of the reason for the ‘festive evening.

Last Supper was worked out with a progression of imprints at central issues featuring the building parts of the piece and situating the figure. The painter’s sfumato procedure, obscuring the lines and limits, carried authenticity to his work. The augmentation of the room that individuals see here is like what can be viewed in Masaccio’s Holy Trinity fresco, painted in the congregation of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. Leonardo subsequently utilized a portion of similar pictorial tools utilized by his painter-archetypes prior to the century (Tencati, 2018). The scene from the work of art comes from the Gospel. It accounts for the night before Christ, and the missionaries are together in a space for dinner.

All the more precisely, they are envisioned at a point in the account after Christ has made an incredible disclosure to the witnesses: one of them will deceive Christ (Strtak, 2019). This emotional second opens an entryway for Leonardo to investigate the mental responses of the figures in question (Strtak, 2019). Feelings range from dissent to bitterness to acknowledgment (Strtak, 2019). Judas, nonetheless, is shadowed, with the goal that we see part of his face while he grasps the cash sack containing silver pieces.

Last Supper is imaginative in its investigation of passionate responses and mental states. All caught in a kind of naturalism that was obscure in Italian painting in the earlier century. Hence, with Leonardo, we see the start of the long pivotal periods of the Renaissance when virtuosity was at its pinnacle. At that time, unique methods of portraying figures or scenes came into full power, and when the course of European craftsmanship started to change as far as an audience might be concerned (Emison, 2013). This was the start of the High Renaissance, where the whole picture revolves around him, and the window curve even seems to crown his head. Da Vinci guaranteed that every follower had an alternate response to Christ’s assertion.

Lastly, theories about symbolism in the Last Supper are abundant. For instance, the work is about a feast, and every food has unique importance. Wine and bread are found in many pictures of the Last Supper, as middle-aged Christians perceived them to be the starting points of the Eucharist (Tencati, 2018). A cup, or goblet, may address wine in a similar manner (Tencati, 2018). The kind of day displayed through these windows adds to the sensation of quietness that rests in the piece’s focal point, around the figure of Christ. The foundation may stress a person’s higher status (Emison, 2013). For instance, a fierce brocade overhang, a marker of respectability at that time, is hung behind Jesus in the picture at the highest point of this post. In the image, Judas is shadowed so that the main piece of his face is seen while he grips the cash sack containing silver pieces (Strtak, 2019). In some comparable pictures, the soul appears as a dark bird. Leonardo’s exceptional style results from the connection to the thoughts of magnificence, elegance, symphonious equilibrium, mathematical accuracy, perception, and traditional restoration (Emison, 2013). While he imparts affinities to his peers like Verrocchio, Ghirlandaio, and even Raphael, his work has a puzzling mysterious perspective, as uncontained as his character.

Annotated Bibliography

Emison, P. (2013). Low and high style in Italian Renaissance art. Web.

The depicted source precisely characterizes the artistic style of the Renaissance. It pays particular attention to the low and high styles. The period in art history denotes the visual arts achievements in the Italian Renaissance. The High Renaissance time frame is generally taken to have started during the end of the 15th century, with Leonardo’s fresco of the Last Supper and the passing of Lorenzo de Medici. Consequently, Emison’s article is an appropriate source to become familiar with the high style of notable Italian craftsmanship, which fundamentally portrays Leonardo da Vinci’s artworks. The limited excellence of a high Renaissance painting is made when the entirety of the parts and subtleties of the work support the durable entirety. While prior Renaissance specialists would pressure the point of view of a work or the specialized parts of a canvas, High Renaissance artisans were ready to forfeit technological standards to make a more excellent, amicable entirety.

Strtak, J. (2019). Leonardo’s Paradox: Work and image in the making of Renaissance culture. Renaissance and Reformation, 42(3), 233–235. Web.

Leonardo da Vinci’s work is well-known for his ability to make human pictures close to reality. Streak emphasizes how his attention to details in human facial expressions and emotions made the painter famous. During the Renaissance, a craftsman was not simply a painter, modeler, or stone carver. They were ordinarily each of the three. Thus, an audience can see similar notable names creating a figure and the incomparable Renaissance artworks.

Furthermore, the subjects and objectives of High Renaissance design are a lot of as old as a Renaissance painting. Stone carvers during the High Renaissance were purposely citing old-style points of reference, and they focused on ideal naturalism in their works. Among the characteristics that make da Vinci’s work extraordinary are the inventive procedures that he utilized in laying on the paint, his nitty-gritty information on life structures, his imaginative utilization of the human form in the metaphorical organization, and his utilization of sfumato.

Tencati, A. (2018). The last supper by Leonardo da Vinci and the links to food, friendliness, sharing, and spirituality. Virtues and Economics, 21–24. Web.

The writing concentrates on the religious as spiritual perspectives in the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. The artwork is profoundly connected to urgent ideas like food, sociability, sharing, and otherworldliness. In order to interface spirituality, the drawing of food is filled with meaning. Individuals promptly interface otherworldliness and fasting as a profound practice that has a long history in the Christian custom. In any case, eating isn’t just natural forever; it is likewise a significant component of confidence, the local area, and witness and administration. This is so because otherworldliness is not a piece of life yet has to do with the entire of one’s life. Subsequently, the creator might characterize Christian otherworldliness as ‘a lived experience with Jesus Christ in the Spirit’. The supper was outlined by petitions and perusing from sacred writing. As a matter of fact, the Sunday supper was a period for visitors and conversation.

Walmart Retail Corporation’s Project Management


Walmart is a famous retail corporation that saves money and improves human lives globally. It promotes a commercialization partnership with Adobe to serve better customers (Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities, 2021). This paper focuses on the chosen information technology (IT) context and analyzes several project management methodologies and tools.


Scrum vs. Kanban

All companies have equal project management opportunities to lead teams, understand organizational goals, and produce results per clients’ needs. Walmart managers are free to implement any methodology, depending on their purposes, circumstances, and resources. Scrum is a methodology that allows employees to work together through detailed and restrictive planning and intervals where customer feedback is obtained and analyzed. This method is based on three pillars: transparency (a clear understanding of goals and responsibilities), inspection (empirical processes to control and evaluate work), and adaptation (an ability for managers to get ready for changes) (Malakar, 2021). Scrum is a highly prescriptive framework with small tasks for three accountabilities, namely, product owner, scrum master, and development team. If the company does not want to establish specific roles and regulate change, another methodology, Kanban, may be recommended. The main idea of Kanban is to visualize work, limit progress, and improve efficiency. As well as Scrum, Kanban has a simplified form of control and easy adaptation (Malakar, 2021). Their differences lie in cadence (Scrum is sprint fixed, and Kanban is continuous), focus (customers for Scrum, and quality for Kanban), and roles.

The comparison of Scrum and Kanban proves certain advantages and disadvantages for the Walmart IT project. The company offers its technologies and capabilities to other businesses and chooses Adobe for further collaboration to meet customers’ needs and introduce better services for differentiated experiences (Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities, 2021). Walmart would benefit from Scrum in this case due to its high planning capacities and the possibility to control performance speed. Various Walmart leverage technologies require workflow that could be changed anytime, which is Kanban’s priority. Although Kanban attracts attention by its commitment and continuous observations, Scrum makes it possible to learn what customers presume to get from this partnership and divide team responsibilities.

Waterfall vs. Agile

If Walmart wants to succeed in its commercializing project management, its leaders should consider implementing Waterfall or Agile methodologies. Waterfall is a traditional organizational method when management tasks have to be completed in a certain order to move to another phrase (Santos, 2021). In other words, people who choose this model participate in a linear and sequential process that consists of seven steps (data gathering, initiation, analysis, design, construction, testing, and delivery). Agile is an iterative model where feedback promotes responses and changes at each phase (Santos, 2021). It consists of small projects and pauses for analysis and evaluation, while Waterfall is one big project divided into phases. This method promotes interaction between employees, collaboration with clients, and change planning. Regarding the intention of Walmart to involve as many businesses as possible because of its partnership with Adobe, Agile methodology is appropriate for the implementation of several projects at the same time.

On the other hand, there are enough reasons to continue comparing Waterfall and Agile, and the Walmart IP project is ambiguous. For example, the company has one specific goal to establish commercialization relationships with Adobe (Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities, 2021). Thus, it is necessary to gather information about a new partner, evaluate the situation, and deploy the process, and it is a part of a perfect Waterfall plan. At the same time, a variety of services offered by Walmart cannot permit the selection of one project manager for all processes, which plays an essential role in a linear approach. The Agile idea to neglect the choice of a dedicated manager is more attractive to Walmart in its current IT project. Both methodologies are grounded on strong principles, and Walmart may succeed with both options. However, the company should not ignore drawbacks before sharing final decision-making.


Gantt Chart

In addition to a properly chosen project management methodology, Walmart’s business project developers must understand what tools to use and manage all working processes effectively. This choice determines the quality of information about the project clearly and comprehensively, and many project managers prefer charts. A Gantt chart is one of the most prominent charts in today’s business management. Its creator, Henry Gantt, used the form of a bar chart where the vertical axis identifies the tasks, and the horizontal axis represents the time span (Mall, 2018). In this chart, shaded parts show the length of time for each task, and unshaded parts indicate the lax (flexible) time (Mall, 2018). Walmart managers are able to observe the completion of each process and relate all tasks.

Gantt charts make it possible to review project tasks and understand when final results should be achieved. In the Walmart IT project, there are many areas for improvement, including the integration of Walmart’s Marketplace, the implementation of the Adobe Commerce platform, and the combination of available technologies (Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities, 2021). A Gantt chart is a unique overview of all tasks to manage resources, track changes, balance employees’ responsibilities, and set realistic deadlines.

Work Breakdown Structure

Work breakdown structure (WBS) is another practical way for Walmart to manage its IT project. If the decision to break down the commercialization process into milestones is made, WBS can be properly implemented in this case. Although there are no statistics, figures, and time-frames in this tool, the users get a chance to represent all activities and sub-activities as per their hierarchical levels (Mall, 2018). WBS is characterized by increased productivity, accountability, and transparency in project management. Walmart employees will find it hard to track the connection between tasks and deal with unclear deadlines, unplanned changes, and unstable delivery requirements.

PERT Chart

The project evaluation and review technique, or a PERT chart, is one more popular project management tool for scheduling and monitoring tasks. Walmart enhances the shopping experience for customers by using various technologies and resources (Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities, 2021). As there are no specific deadlines for this goal, the duration of activities does not matter. PERT charts are activity networks with boxes and arrows to guide the team and prove each task’s dependency (Mall, 2018). Sometimes, project managers are confused about parallel activities to be taken simultaneously, but problems disappear as soon as some experience is obtained.


Project management activities have to be properly identified and examined. Walmart focuses on the integration of technologies into Adobe activities. Methodologies like Scrum, Kanban, Waterfall, and Agile help deal with certain situations in the IT project, while Gantt, WBS, and PERT charts are necessary to present information and control tasks.

Reference List

Malakar, S. (2021) Agile in practice: practical use-cases on project management methods including Agile, Kanban and Scrum. New Delhi: BPB Publications.

Mall, R. (2018) Fundamentals of software engineering. 5th edn. Delhi: PHI Learning.

Santos, J.M.D. (2021) Agile vs. Waterfall: differences in software development methodologies.

Walmart to offer technologies and capabilities to help other businesses navigate their own digital transformation (2021).

Trinity Community Hospital Treating Opioid Withdrawal

The Trinity health center is a 150-bed, non-commercial facility situated in the heart of town that offers a comprehensive range of medical, surgical, and health issue mitigation services to the surrounding area’s residents. Here is a link to a recent community health needs assessment completed by the hospital only a few days ago. Aspects of central service zone cancer, orthopedic, and cardiovascular care were investigated as part of the study. The data for the review was gathered via epidemiological surveys, state rules, interviews with physicians, and community focus groups, among other sources.

Risk Factors

The assessment of community health needs revealed several risk factors in cancer, orthopedic, and cardiovascular services, which were considered. Oncology Services: Demand for oncology services is predicted to increase by around 34% over the next five years. As a result of population aging, it is expected that 15% of the population will be over the age of 65 during the next five years (Bartlett & Siola, 2014, p. 945). According to current studies, cancer is anticipated to affect 50% of men and 33% of women at some time in their lives.

Also emphasized is that the community’s current cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment resources are severely underused. According to state planning data, physician offices have reached their maximum capacity, and the equipment and technology used to treat diagnosed patients are no longer suitable. Increasing the number of linear accelerators, chemo units, operating rooms, and advanced imaging equipment is critical for the population’s health.

Finally, a lack of coordination between the scheduling of patients’ tests, treatments, and other services has been recognized as a risk factor. There is a lack of community cancer prevention and control activities and a shortage of educational options Cancer screening methods are needed in the community. However, they are currently unavailable or almost non-existent. These procedures should be made available to the general public.

Orthopedic Services: The need for orthopedic treatments is expected to rise dramatically during five years. Overall demand for orthopedic cases is predicted to grow by 46 percent, inpatient joint and spine treatments by 30 percent, and outpatient joint and spine surgeries by an astonishing 350 percent, according to the poll.

Similar to the risks connected with cancer services, the risks associated with orthopedic services include the likelihood that existing resources, physicians, and hospitals may not fulfill the increasing demand for the services (Slubowski, 2021, p. 162). According to statistics from the state’s planning agency, an increase in the number of physicians will be necessary to meet the increased demand. Aside from a rise in the number of physicians, there will be an increase in the need for imaging equipment, surgical suites, and enhanced physical and rehabilitation capacity. Given the significant increase in the number of patients who may need orthopedic treatments in the future, there is a risk of not having enough patient care coordinators to organize appointments to fulfill service demand. Furthermore, present educational activities focusing on accident prevention and healthy lifestyles will be insufficient to keep up with the changes.

Cardiovascular Services: Cardiovascular treatment demand is predicted to skyrocket in five years. The prevalence of coronary artery disease will climb by 21.6 percent, as will diagnostic catheterization procedures. The need for cardiovascular treatment is expected to rise in the next five years. A study predicts a 21.6 percent increase in coronary artery disease over the next five years, with 22% increases in diagnostic catheterization and 25.7 percent increases in angioplasties (Edwards et al., 2020, p. 53). A shortage of catheterization laboratories, surgical suites, and cardiac rehab capacity also jeopardize the delivery of cardiovascular therapy. A shortage of patient care coordinators is also a matter of worry. Finally, a lack of educational programs on preventive and lifestyle modification is concerning.

Addressing Needs

Trinity Town Hospital acknowledges that to compete with the community’s two current hospitals, they must also achieve the criteria outlined in the community health needs assessment and meet other requirements. The hospital has a few orthopedic surgeons and cardiologists on staff but no cancer experts. The hospital is aware that it lacks structured oncology, orthopedic, or cardiology department. At the moment, Trinity Community Hospital does not have any permanent oncologists, even though a limited number of oncologists are interested in working there. Apart from that, the hospital now lacks chemotherapy nurses and units, despite having an MRI machine and a portable PET scanner, operating two days a week. At the moment, these kinds of technologies are only accessible to per diem doctors, who may see a restricted number of patients each visit. Apart from that, even though all area hospitals provide cancer treatment programs, only a few coordinators coordinate treatment plans for everyone who requires them. As a result of the scarcity of coordinators, the patient’s whole treatment process is chaotic and fragmented. The research concludes by stating that insufficient preventative initiatives are accessible to assist patients in their areas.

Chiropractic: Trinity Community Hospital recognizes that it lacks the orthopedic treatments required by the community. Despite the hospital’s expertise of orthopedic experts, procedures are few and far between. To attract more doctors and improve patient flow, the hospital needs to increase its operating rooms and imaging technologies. Trinity Community Hospital today only has adequate equipment to provide essential orthopedic treatments such as x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and CT scans.

Currently, Trinity Community Hospital can only provide consultations in cardiovascular illness due to a staffing lack of cardiologists. Patients who need cardiac surgery or cardiac catheterization will be sent to a third-party hospital. Because both of Trinity Community Hospital’s rivals can offer comprehensive cardiac care, the great majority of the community’s patients elect to seek treatment at one of these institutions rather than at Trinity Community Hospital. It is a significant source of concern for Trinity Community Hospital since it fails to satisfy community needs and has a detrimental influence on its revenue.

Health Planning Summary

Trinity Community Hospital embarked on a strategic planning process to establish better oncology, orthopedic, and cardiac care. Trinity Community Hospital developed three plans to serve its patients in the future for all three services that are anticipated to be needed in the community. These efforts include creating one-of-a-kind clinical programs and services, promoting cancer prevention and control, and extending service accessibility. The Hospital’s oncology programs will include multidisciplinary, disease-focused breast, gastrointestinal, lung, and prostate clinics. Orthopedic treatments at the facility will encompass spine, total joint, hand care, and comprehensive rehabilitation frameworks and support policies and treatment methodologies. Cardiovascular services at the hospital will include heart issues, electrophysiology aspect, cardiology in women context, and evidence-based mitigation.

Trinity Community Hospital’s three service lines of cancer, orthopedics, and cardiovascular initiatives will offer community awareness, screening policies, risk assessment, and specialized services for marginalized communities. Trinity will increase patient access to services by expediting scheduling, improving patient navigation, and coordinating services. This approach will also be used in the oncology, orthopedic, and cardiovascular service lines. Overall, I believe Trinity Community Hospital is doing its best to satisfy the community’s needs based on the assessment by implementing each plan that emphasizes prevention and control and, eventually, providing patients with extended service access.


Bartlett, J. M., & Siola, P. L. (2014). Implementation and first-year results of an antimicrobial stewardship program at a community hospital. American journal of health-system pharmacy, 71(11), 943-949.

Edwards, F. J., Wicelinski, R., Gallagher, N., McKinzie, A., White, R., & Domingos, A. (2020). Treating opioid withdrawal with buprenorphine in a community hospital emergency department: an outreach program. Annals of emergency medicine, 75(1), 49-56.

Slubowski, M. (2021). Michael A. Slubowski, FACHE, President and CEO, Trinity Health. Journal of Healthcare Management, 66(3), 160-164.

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