The Differences Between Male And Female Earned Wages Essay Sample For College


The gap in earned wages between men and women is still relevant (Barroso & Brown, 2021). Even though we’re in the 21st century, studies have shown that the difference is still rampant in the workplace and affects people’s economic stability. It has been shown that there has been a difference in earned wages between men and women dating back to the early centuries (The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998). Studies show these differences as; childcare, firm-specific pay premiums and pay secrecy all affect the gender wage gap. This research will bring about awareness of the wage difference and contribute to reducing this issue.


Thirty-five years from now, President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law, making it against the law for female and male payment different wages for “significantly equal” work (The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998). The ratio between men’s and women’s salaries was around 60% in the 1950s. It began to rise in the late 1970s, then paused in the mid-1990s, and eventually reached 75% in 1997 (The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998).

There is a wage difference between men and women (Barigozzi, Cremer & Roeder, 2018). Traditionally women with children receive small wages than women without children, although gains in leverage payment have been most significant for married ladies with children. Despite the females with children group growing exponentially since the 70s, unmarried mothers continue to have the lowest average payment (The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998).


One of the trends in family life has been the reduction of marriage and the rise of female’s labor force contribution (Caucutt, Guner & Knowles, 2002). As women are primarily the childcare givers, their absences in work severally create the wage difference that we are seeing and experiencing today. Most women change careers and get children and go from a full-time profession path to a supplementary stretchy low-career (Barigozzi, Cremer & Roeder, 2018). With the responsibility of finding and keeping quality childcare, it becomes hard to keep working in full time. Females working partially are the primary sources of childcare within the family, further emphasize the low-career path trend in the modern family. This career path shift contributes to the gender wage gap as females work only part-time while men continue to work more full-time jobs.

Firm-Specific Pay Premiums

Mounting witness that strong-specific payment premiums contribute to wage inequality (Card, Cardoso & Kline, n.d). These qualities will generate to the gender payment difference if females aren’t able to work at better waging organizations or negotiate bad payment bargains with their bosses than males (Card, Cardoso & Kline, n.d.). Most countries today are still experiencing a gender wage difference. There are more educational opportunities for females than there once were, but this alone has not improved the gap. There are disparities in the job prospects for women as compared to men and different wage bargains with their prospective employers (Card, Cardoso, & Kline, n.d).

Pay Secrecy

Secret payment increases the gender salary gap, from legislators to advocates; they believe that reasonable labor standards acts need to be changed to reduce these practices (Kim, 2015). As there have been laws passed to allow women into the workforce, such as the Fair Labor Standards Act, companies are permitted to exercise pay secrecy is still a concern that encourages the gap in earned wages between men and women. When looking directly at wage gaps, a forty-year study of faculty salaries in Canadian universities found that the implementation of disclosure laws corresponded with a reduction in the female to men salary comparison (Scheller, 2021).


This research paper brings awareness to the differences in earned wages between men and women. It’s also aimed at advocating for women’s equality, thus allowing women to be motivated in their workplace.


The differences between men’s and women’s salaries are called the gender wage gap, which has been a thorn in many people’s lives in all different countries of the world. Back in the 50s and 70s, women were viewed as weak and home-based laborers who could only look after the children and take care of the home. Those who got a chance to work in the firms and other working stations with men were paid lower amounts than their counterparts until President Kennedy passed the Equal Pay Act into law in 1987, allowing women to receive the same wage as men ((The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998). Although 36 years later, things are just the same as the old days; women are underpaid compared to their male counterparts even though they have the same qualifications. Several things have been witnessed whereby pay transparency, pay secrecy, fertility delay, organization’s specific payments have been the daily happenings to women in the labor market.

Literature Review

The research collected for this study came from a combination of peer-reviewed and scholarly articles. Studies about each of the subtopic’s childcare, firm-specific pay premiums and pay secrecy are all presented to illustrate the differences in male and female wages.

Pay Transparency

The text “Pay Transparency and The Wage Gap: The Effects of Pay Transparency, Gender, And Race on Job Searching and Negotiating, “composed by Scheller, assesses the essence of diversity in the workplaces. The author uses a sample size of 432 adults in the professional field, and the numbers were evenly distributed in terms of race (Scheller, 2021, 44). The applicants were conscripted through a link to a review containing questions.

The descriptive statistic provides that African American men earn 22% less than White men while African American women earn 12% less than white women. Also, one of the inferential statistics was that the intersection between race and gender was not significant F (1, 420) = 1.08, p= .299 (Scheller, 2021, 69). The effect of race on specific preferred jobs did not differ from gender. Individuals must be presented with the actual salary for a particular job upon application compared to the standard method of issuing a salary range.

Pay Secrecy

The article Pay Secrecy and the Gender Wage Gap in the U.S” by Kim does not have a sample size as it uses data from past research. There are no descriptive statistics in the text, and inferential statistics are not provided. Kim concludes that eliminating the component of salary secrecy would be adequate in college-educated women, an element that would lead to lowering the gender wage difference (Kim, 2015, 664). Providing policies against salary secrecy would solve the issue of the salary range. This leads to the underpayment of most individuals.

Fertility Delay

“Why Do Women Wait? Matching, Wage Inequality and the Incentives for Fertility Delay,” research into why more women are waiting for families. Its sample size was 7283 women. There is quantitative data relating to the topic under discussion (Caucutt, Guner & Knowles, 2002). The descriptive variable statistics used in the article is the variability of a dataset being experimented with (Caucutt, Guner & Knowles, 2002). The inferential statistics used were fertility timing and inequality, where the marriage market and imbalance resulting from workplace differentiates. The author’s conclusion states women with high incomes get children later in life compared to those with low incomes (Caucutt, Guner & Knowles, 2002). Women with high incomes are busier compared to women with minimal payments.

Female Managers and Gender Wage Gap

The selected was Working for the Woman? Female Managers and Gender Wage Gap,” Its sample size was 13,000 women. There were statistical models and illustrative examples (Cohen & Huffman, 2007). The inferential statistics used were statistical models and exemplary instances where statistical models were obtained from nesting within occupations. Extended specimens were obtained from the article’s central hypothesis. Female managers treat male and female workers equally (Cohen & Huffman, 2007). Women managers hold inferior management positions, whereas, in the contemporary work environment, male managers hold unique places compared to female managers (Cohen & Huffman, 2007).

Firm-Specific Pay

“Bargaining, Sorting, and The Gender Wage Gap: Quantifying the Impact of Firms on The Relative Pay of Women,”The information provided describes the effect that a firm’s specific wage premiums have on the earned wage disparities between male and female. The sample size is varied, and the methodology was comprehensive analysis from a private-sector’s census of workers (Card, Cardoso & Kline, n.d). Gender differences between firm wage differentials.

The analysis assumes that different organizations pay different salaries relative lower to the overall labor market (Card, Cardoso & Kline, n.d). The data and statistics suggest that organizations definite wage standards are an essential facet to the labor market and as long as women continue to work in companies that pay lower salaries.


This research uses a quantitative method to develop the knowledge and comprehension of how earned wages between men and women over the past decades have been carried out. Several studies from the past philosophers and authors regarding the gender wage rate gap have been explored and brought light to the research.


The gap between the wages earned by men and women is attributed to different issues. Childcare is an issue when it relates to women and full-time job security. When looking at the salaries between males and females, married men with children make more in the labor market than unmarried men; the opposite is true for women. Out of all women in the labor market, married ones with children have seen tremendous benefits in average pay over the last 30 years. Still, they earn nominal wages compared to their male counterparts (The Council of Economic Advisors, 1998).

The firm-specific pay premiums can play a role in the gender salaries differences. Men’s and women’s roles in the workforce remain different as women get the lower-paying but more flexible jobs than men (Card, Cardoso & Kline, n.d). Women in lower-paying positions tend to get paid lower rates per the employing firm, thus generating to the gender wage gap. Along with childcare and firm-specific pay premiums, pay secrecy also plays a role in the gender wage gap. “According to a survey conducted in 2010, 61% of private-sector employees are either officially prohibited or informally discouraged from talk about their payment with their workmates (Kim, 2015)”. If women do not know that there is a difference in what they are paid to their male counterparts, the gender wage gap will continue to rise.


Today, the gender wage gap is bothering the economic growth of many countries worldwide, especially the developing countries struggling with gender equality. Women are the core children caregivers yet own the same positions as men but get the least payment (Barigozzi, Cremer & Roeder, 2018). Study shows that female earn 64 percent fewer than men earn in the same occupation in the United States (Barroso, Brown, 2021). No matter the qualification and the performance women have, organizations have not considered paying women the same amount of wages as men, thus raising the gender wage gap.

Payment transparency has been one of the critical facets of why the gender wage pay has risen over the past decades in the United States. Employers aren’t honest with their employees, and they even worsen the situation by giving out pay slips to workers personally, making sure that no disclosing of what they earn, thus increasing the gender wage gap (Scheller, 2021). Payment secrecy is the most influential aspect of wage differences in most firms. Some of these organizations that carry out gender discrimination and gender wage gap differences don’t allow discussion of one’s salary within the firm. Making it forbidden, they get the chance to carry on with their schemes of paying women loser amounts than their male counterparts. Even with the same position and work performance, women earn lower amounts than men, thus increasing the differences between the wage rates in the country ((Kim, 2015).


In conclusion, the gap between female and male earned salaries needs to be addressed, as it is a form of inequality (Smith-Doerr et al., 2019). With adequate opportunity and resources, women can do more for the organizations they work for and society. The reasons behind the wage gap between men and women have to be addressed to help decrease and one day eliminate the issue in our community. Pay transparency is one of the key contributors to wage rate difference increase between men and women in the U.S. On top of that is the pay secrecy, which motivates the firms to carry out their evil schemes without any problem since no one knows what the other earns within the organization. Fertility delay also comes into play whereby women who choose to become successful and fight for their proper payment according to their qualification get children later than women of average. Due to the fear of reaching menopause without children, most women tend to go for lower wages and positions in the organization than their fellow men, thus increasing the chances of the gender wage gap.


The childcare systems must be reformed so that every individual has access to quality and affordable childcare. This may help the gender wage gap regarding childcare, preventing women from holding full-time higher-paying jobs. With this change, women may have more access to higher-paying firm-specific pay premiums. Pay transparency within organizations can narrow the wage gap between genders in the workforce.

Women should be treated fairly and equally to men under the same category and level in the workplace (Smith-Doerr et al., 2019). This boosts the performance of the organization they work for and the whole community’s well-being. More opportunities should be provided for women in all positions. Employers should learn to accept women and deliver necessary resources such as childcare expense compensation, subsidies, and onsite childcare options.


Barigozzi, F., Cremer, H., Roeder, K., (2018). Women’s career choices, social norms, and child care policies. Journal of Public Economics,168,162-173,

Barroso, A., Brown, A., (2021). Gender pay gap in U.S. held steady in 2020. Gender pay gap in U.S. held steady in 2020 | Pew Research Center

Card, D., Cardoso, A., Kline, P., (n.d.). Bargaining, sorting, and the gender wage gap: quantifying the impact of firms on the relative pay of women.

Caucutt, E. M., Guner, N., & Knowles, J. (2002). Why do women wait? Matching, wage inequality, and the incentives for fertility delay. Review of Economic Dynamics5(4), 815-855.

Cohen, P. N., & Huffman, M. L. (2007). Working for the woman? Female managers and the gender wage gap. American sociological review72(5), 681-704.

Kim, M. (2015). Pay secrecy and the gender wage gap in the United States. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society54(4), 648-667, (Links to an external site.)

Scheller, E. M. (2021). Pay Transparency and the Wage Gap: The Effects of Pay Transparency, Gender, and Race on Job Searching and Negotiating (Publication No. 28652729) [Doctoral dissertation, the University of Nebraska at Omaha]. (Links to an external site.)

Smith-Doerr, L., Alegria, S., Fealing, K., H., Fitzpatirick, D., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., (2019). Gender pay gaps in U.S. Federal Science Agencies: An organizational approach. American Journal of Sociology,125(2), 534-576.

The Council of Economic Advisers, (1998). Explaining trends in the gender wage gap. Gender Wage Gap (

The Doctrine Of The Trinity Is A Proper Understanding Of God Essay Example For College

The doctrine of the Trinity has presented various dimensions that impact individuals’ ability to understand God according to multiple occurrences and revelations in their lives and environments. Despite controversies characterizing the doctrine of Trinity concerning its exploration of the roles of the supernatural beings and Holy Spirit in guiding human existence, the concept is crucial in studying God to understand his nature effectively. Specifically, the claim that the doctrine of the Trinity is a proper understanding of God as revealed in the New Testament is accurate concerning its description of God’s nature to influence human knowledge and perceptions concerning his existence. Remarkably, the doctrine of the Trinity is a competent understanding of Gob because it presents him as a symbol of salvation to remind believers and non-believers about his love as captured in the New Testament[1]. Additionally, the doctrine of Trinity is a proper understanding of God concerning his care and compassionate nature through the incarnation of Jesus Christ as captured in the New Testament. The trinity doctrine is also competent in understanding God following his omnipresent existence through the Holy Spirit to assure believers and non-believers of his presence and protection in diverse environments and situations as depicted in the New Testament. Notably, Trinity’s doctrine is competent in understanding God because it explores his nature and forms of existence to assure believers of his compassion and care, as depicted in the New Testament.

Firstly, the claim that the doctrine of Trinity is a proper understanding of God as revealed in the New Testament is justifiable concerning its presentation of God as a symbol of salvation. According to Miller (2020), God is cognizant of the challenges that human beings encounter following the existence of evil on earth. Remarkably, God recognizes that evil leads individuals to involve in various sinful behaviors that affect their relationship. Despite the numerous sins, Harrower note that Trinity Doctrine influences Christian’s understanding of God as a symbol of salvation which they need to inherit God’s Kingdom[2]. Mainly, God’s existence as a symbol of salvation is essential in his comprehension because it reminds Christians about his forgiving nature to improve their relationship despite the numerous sins that associate their lives. Additionally, God’s presence as a symbol of salvation influences his proper understanding as a creator committed to humans and the world’s sustenance to enable individuals to live fulfilling lives according to God’s aspirations in the Garden of Eden. While human beings’ might feel forsaken because they have fallen short of God’s glory by engaging in sinful activities, God applies his position as the savior and creator to inform them about his willingness and ability to forgive their sins to enable them to contribute to the world’s procreation.

Moreover, the trinity doctrine promotes a proper understanding of God by illustrating his care and compassionate nature through his incarnation as Jesus Christ to assist humans in managing various challenges affecting their lives. According to Parker, God’s initial intention was to create a peaceful and enjoyable world that would promote human’s successful living in all confines of life. However, the presence of evil has disrupted God’s intentions by establishing immoral behaviors and practices that strain their relationship[3]. However, the presence of Jesus has influenced God’s understanding as a compassionate and loving superhuman who is concerned about human’s successful existence. For instance, Brümmer illustrates that the Trinity Doctrine encompasses the presence of Jesus as the resurrected one to influence humans to repent their sins to recognize God’s compassion and love concerning[4]. Specifically, Jesus’ presence and interactions with sinners understand God as a father who does not despise his children despite their shortcomings, as captured in John 15:25.

Consequently, Trinity doctrine is a proper understanding of God as revealed in the New Testament following his omnipresent existence as Holy Spirit to guide individuals in various endeavors. Specifically, the presence of God as a Holy Spirit is significant in his comprehension as a caring and protective father who cares about his children’s safety and success in different environments. Following the devil’s determination to strain God and Man’s relationship, the Trinity doctrine helps Christians identify strategies and methods they can apply to counter its intentions. For instance, John 14:26 recognize the presence of the Holy Spirit that God sent as a helper to enable individuals to manage the devil’s temptations to maintain their relationships[5]. Besides protection, the trinity doctrine also illustrates God’s caring nature through the Holy Spirit that helps individuals understand various issues in their lives and environments. For example, the description of the Holy Spirit as a helper who will enable Christians to understand various occurrences and situations is vital in showing God’s caring nature to help Christians overcome specific challenges and temptations in life.

The trinity doctrine is significant in helping Christians understand God correctly according to his nature and various occurrences in their lives. Specifically, God’s existence as a symbol of salvation is competent in enlightening Christians about his love to influence their commitment to the biblical doctrines that guide human beliefs and perceptions in diverse confines of life. Additionally, Trinity’s introduction of Jesus Christ is competent in enlightening believers about God’s compassion and care to live among them and teach them his ways to inherit the Kingdom. Similarly, God’s existence as the Holy Spirit Influences his understanding as a helper to assure human beings of his love.


Parker, N. B. (2018). A biblical understanding of the Trinity through an evaluation of the eternal generation and the eternal functional subordination of the Son. PhD Application Entrance Paper.[Online.] Retrieved from: https://www. academia. edu/35706796/A_Biblical_Understanding of the Trinity Through an Evaluation of the Eternal Generation and the Eternal Functional Subordination of the Son [14 March 2021].

Harrower, S. (2021). The Dialogical Self Analogy for the Godhead: Recasting the “God is aPerson” Debate.

Brümmer, V. (2020). Atonement, Christology and the Trinity: Making Sense of Christian Doctrine.

World Bible Society (2020). The New Testament. King James Version.

[1] Parker, N. B. (2018). A biblical understanding of the Trinity through an evaluation of the eternal generation and the eternal functional subordination of the Son. PhD Application Entrance Paper.[Online.] Retrieved from: https://www. academia. edu/35706796/A_Biblical_Understanding of the Trinity Through an Evaluation of the Eternal Generation and the Eternal Functional Subordination of the Son [14 March 2021].

[2] Harrower, S. (2021). The Dialogical Self Analogy for the Godhead: Recasting the “God is aPerson” Debate.

[3] Parker, N. B. (2018). A biblical understanding of the Trinity through an evaluation of the eternal generation and the eternal functional subordination of the Son. PhD Application Entrance Paper.[Online.] Retrieved from: https://www. academia. edu/35706796/A_Biblical_Understanding of the Trinity Through an Evaluation of the Eternal Generation and the Eternal Functional Subordination of the Son [14 March 2021].

[4] Brümmer, V. (2020). Atonement, Christology and the Trinity: Making Sense of Christian Doctrine.

[5] World Bible Society (2020). The New Testament. King James Version.

The Effect Of Corporate Governance On Tesla Sustainability Free Essay

Good corporate governance is very useful in the sustainability of an organization. Corporate governance is described as the system used by organizations to direct and control their processes and operations (Hussain et al., 2018). The board of directors is responsible for their companies’ governance in any organization. It is the role of the shareholders in the governance to make the appointment of the directors. Corporate governance facilitates effective, entrepreneurial, and prudent management that can ensure the organization’s long-term success. On the other side, sustainability is understood as enhancing the quality of people’s lives, protecting the ecosystem, and preserving natural resources for future generations. Good corporate governance is good for the corporations, but it is also important for society since growth in recognition results in a close relationship between corporate governance and social responsibility (Hussain et al., 2018). In this case, we will focus on the Tesla company.

Firstly, good corporate governance ensures increased attention to sustainability as the corporations have their ability to thrive and prosper improved (Hussain et al., 2018). This is because of the increased focus on environmental issues. Good governance takes upon itself as their responsibility and as they are accountable for the environment’s future. Through its governance, Tesla has policies guiding the company to increase its energy sufficiency as it reduces environmental footprints resulting from engines (Vladimirovna et al., 2018). This is similar to saying that the policies require that the company focus on creating something that causes less pollution and utilizes a smaller amount of energy resources. Tesla’s mission has been accelerating the global transition to sustainable energy as it focuses on renewable energy. Having good governance ensures that the policies are well implemented and adhered to.

Secondly, when the board is well disciplined, this leads to better sustainability performance (Wahyuni, 2020). Also, boards that contain a higher portion of independent directors have greater scores of disclosure and are more likely to implement climate change policies and environmental supply chain management. Such boards highly comply with Global Reporting Initiative (Wahyuni, 2020).

Good governance ensures that the organization gains interest in sustainability. Recognizing that the organization’s business affects the environment develops an innate sense of accountability to society. This results in the company encouraging all the workers and other stakeholders to reserve energy, reduce waste, and enhance other environmental factors. Through good governance, stakeholders appreciate the effort that the firm takes in placing bins throughout corporate facilities. They enjoy reading the way firms lower their emissions and engage in other conservation efforts. For instance, through the good relationship that good governance establishes with society, consumers increasingly prioritize provenance and sustainable supply chains, as they put pressure on the corporate to adopt socially responsible attitudes to sourcing (Mahmood et al., 2018). In terms of sourcing, Tesla company applies its Supplier Code of Conduct and Human Rights and Responsible Materials policies as a foundation to ensure social, environmental responsibility, and ethical conduct throughout its supply chain, from raw materials to the doors of the facilities (Dibble, 2018). Tesla governance ensures block-chain application for sustainable sourcing of both cobalt and nickel. The company employs two block-chain solutions in tracing the raw materials used in electric vehicles batteries. Thus, ensuri8nbgb they have been sustainably sourced.

Corporate governance fosters sustainability, creates sustainable values, and assists an organization in achieving these values (Mahmood et al., 2018). This creates a very good establishment for achieving sustainability. While the quest for corporate sustainability continues to improve and enhance the principles of good corporate governance, organizations sometimes feel pressured to offer support to their efforts with transparency and public disclosure. Corporate governance ensures transparency, which provides information to the general public on the association between corporate governance and enhanced sustainability. When stakeholders are well-informed about the association between corporate governance and enhanced sustainability, the relationship becomes more apparent over time.

In its mission to help the world to have a faster transition to sustainable energy, Tesla company governance hires bright people to help make this future a reality. While the daily use of Tesla’s products by the consumers has been causing a lot of impact on the environment, the governance cares very much about operating the company’s businesses and manufacturing products sustainably. The company has been keeping track of its operational effects, which has enabled them to implement efficiency improvements that have decreased the impact on the environment and lowered operational costs (Vladimirovna et al., 2018). The level of CO2 in the atmosphere has been higher than ever. This has driven Tesla’s mission to accelerate the global transition to sustainable energy. For example, in 2017, the company implemented a baseline global carbon effect footprint across various manufacturing, retail, and energy facilities (Vladimirovna et al., 2018). The company was trying to tract consumption of electricity and natural gas.

About Tesla’s Corporate Governance

Through governance, the board of directors develops high standards for the organization’s workers, officers, and directors. Most implicit in such a philosophy is the significance of having sound governance (Dibble, 2018). The board of directors must work as a wise fiduciary for shareholders to inspect the management of the corporation’s business. To ensure that they fulfill their role, the board of directors works according to the procedures and standards outlined in the guidelines. The guidelines can be modified as deemed appropriate by the board of directors in the organization’s best interest.

Tesla’s Contribution Towards Sustainability

Tesla company has been at the forefront championing for transition to sustainability. The company has achieved this through battery life and recycling (Vladimirovna et al., 2018). The battery pack is designed in a way that it can outlast the vehicle itself. In preparation for the future, the battery factories implement in-house loop recycling systems to ensure that a hundred percent of Tesla company batteries received are recycled and around 90 percent of the raw metals reused. The company is using technology to recycle batteries. It is not because all the batteries are in the condition of being recycled yet. About 90% of Tesla batteries are left after two hundred thousand miles of driving. The company has tried to reduce the incidences of batteries catching fire. According to the company’s report, the incidences of vehicle fires have gone down eleven timeless than for conventional vehicles. The company has promised to continue improving its battery chemistry and battery pack to decrease fire risk to almost zero as much as possible. This will greatly ensure sustainability as less of the battery and cars can catch fire.

In conclusion, governance is very important for achieving sustainability not only in Tesla but also in other organizations. The global transition to sustainability has been one of the core missions of Tesla company. The company has achieved a lot in this due to corporate governance. It is worth understanding that an organization gains interest in sustainability. Corp[orate governance creates sustainable values and assists organizations in achieving such values. With good governance, there is increased attention to sustainability since the corporation will have the ability to thrive and prosper improved.


Dibble, C. (2018). Exploring the Potential of Environmental Impact Investing for Sustainable Development: The Cases of Dominion Energy and Tesla Motors.

Hussain, N., Rigoni, U., & Orij, R. P. (2018). Corporate governance and sustainability performance: Analysis of triple bottom line performance. Journal of business ethics149(2), 411-432.

Mahmood, Z., Kouser, R., Ali, W., Ahmad, Z., & Salman, T. (2018). Does corporate governance affect sustainability disclosure? A mixed-methods study. Sustainability10(1), 207.

Vladimirovna, S. T., Marina, G., Maria, H. D., & Martina, G. (2018). Analysis of financial market trends in the company Ericsson Nikola Tesla plc. In terms of breaking out of the economic crisis regarding the code of corporate governance. Вестник НГИЭИ, (2 (81)).

Wahyuni, P. D. (2020). Corporate Governance and Sustainability Reporting Practices: Market Dimension of Financial Performance. Int. J. Business, Econ. Law22(1), 1.