The Family And Medical Leave Act Essay Example

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a leave law implemented on the state level but not obligatory on the federal level. According to the 1993 leave law, certain workers are guaranteed up to 3 months of unpaid, employment-secured leave annually for family and health needs (Shrm). A worker must have been employed for a minimum of 1 year to be qualified for FMLA leave. Employers with at least 50 workers must also observe the FMLA (Dol). The employee must be able to return to their previous role or one that is at least as good after completing their leave. According to the legislation, the employer must maintain the individual’s health insurance and job security while on holiday.

Relevance of the FMLA Today

The FMLA is still applicable in the workplace today. The law offers a crucial safety net for workers caring for new babies, family members with significant illnesses, or themselves while coping with severe health concerns (Kenton et al.). Since it tackles a genuine need for workers to be allowed to take time from work for family and medical purposes, the FMLA is still relevant today for many reasons. The FMLA allows workers who frequently have to choose between their employment and their family or health the constitutional right to take time off without risking jeopardizing their jobs. This is particularly crucial for low-wage workers, who might not be able to afford to take an unpaid vacation.

However, the FMLA is not without its constraints. The law has drawn significant criticism for only allowing unpaid leave. Financially deprived workers may find this a substantial financial hardship (Kenton et al.). Offering paid time off would enable workers to take the necessary vacation without stressing about how they would cover their expenses. The FMLA’s exclusion of additional family members, like partners and children, is another drawback. Expanding the term for FMLA to include other family members, including grandparents, siblings, and domestic partners, would assist workers in taking extensive care of their families. In some circumstances, extending the leave period would give workers more time to care for themselves and their loved ones.

Influence of the FMLA on Employees

The Family and Medical Leave Act has a considerable effect on those who are employed. According to the legislation, workers can retain employment if they take time off. The FMLA has a significant impact on new parents. The legislation permits them to take time off work to spend quality time with their new baby without worrying about losing their jobs (Case et al.). This is crucial for moms since it may take time for them to recuperate after giving birth and for both parents to bond with their new kids. The FMLA is beneficial to adoptive parents as well. The legislation permits them to take time off without worrying about losing their jobs to bond with their recently adopted kid and complete the adoption procedure.

The FMLA also permits people to take time off to care for relatives with significant medical issues. Employees needing to care for a family member with a significant medical problem are entitled to job-protected leave under the law (Cragun and Watson). Workers who need leave to care for a loved one with a medical complication may find this to be a lifesaver. Additionally, the legislation permits workers to take time off for urgent health reasons. This clause enables workers to take time off for recovery, medical care, and health maintenance without worrying about losing their jobs. Additionally, the FMLA supports workers impacted by certain military situations. It enables them to take time off to cope with circumstances like the military deployment of a spouse or child.

Role HR can or must play in supporting the FMLA.

To ensure that both the employer and the employee comprehend and abide by the legislation, human resources (HR) plays a crucial role in facilitating the FMLA. Firstly, HR must ensure that the employer is in adherence with the law and is cognizant of the FMLA’s obligations (Cragun and Watson). HR is crucial in the FMLA’s administration as well. HR must also ensure that workers are not mistreated because they used their FMLA leave. As part of this, HR must safeguard employees against harassment and discrimination, and any instances of retaliation against one person must be dealt with appropriately.

The FMLA provides a ground for employees to leave for specific family and health issues without worrying about losing their jobs. The FMLA still applies in the workplace today and offers a crucial safety net for workers juggling various challenges. To better serve workers in today’s workplace, the FMLA might be modified in several ways, including offering paid leave and lengthening the leave period. The FMLA impacts various individuals since it allows workers to take time off for personal reasons. Human resources are crucial in supporting the FMLA to ensure employers and workers know and abide by the legislation. To adapt to the changing demands of workers and the workforce, it is critical that the government and businesses continually evaluate and amend the act.

References

Case, J. J., Newquist, J., & Austin, S. F. (n.d.). Family Medical Leave Act: The Impacts on Family Relationships [web log]. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1022&context=shsrs.

Cragun, C., & Watson, B. (n.d.). Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) [web log]. Retrieved from https://eddy.com/hr-encyclopedia/fmla/.

Dol. (n.d.). Family and Medical Leave Act [web log]. Retrieved from https://www.dol.gov/agencies/whd/fmla.

Kenton, W., Battle, A., & Perez, Y. (2021). Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): What You Need to Know [web log]. Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/family-and-medical-leave-act.asp.

Shrm. (n.d.). FMLA Policy [web log]. Retrieved from https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/tools-and-samples/policies/pages/fmlaleave(withservicememberleaveexpansion).aspx.

Animal Health Ethics: Kidney Transplantation In Cats Sample Essay

Introduction

Animal welfare is a holistic treatment that ensures that non-human living creatures receive better care. The welfare of animals can be protected by ensuring that both the physical and mental needs of the animals are met. The three main concepts in animal welfare are natural behavior, reproduction, and feelings. Health can be provided through comprehensive checkups, preventive care, and treatment. Chronic kidney disease is common in cats, and the only guaranteed cure is to have a transplant. Animal welfare requires that the sick pet receives the correct medication. A kidney transplant requires that another cat acts as a donor. This paper analyzes whether it is morally right to endanger one pet’s life to save another. The transplant is used worldwide to cure cats. Chronic renal failure in cats is treated using the process. Kidney transplant presents a dilemma because it presents health challenges to the donor.

Ethical Dilemma and Valid Choices

Conducting a kidney transplant for cats provides guaranteed healing. Whereas the transplant recipient is saved, the donor’s life is jeopardized. The choice of risking one cat’s life (the donor) to save another is considered an ethical dilemma. An ethical dilemma is a situation involving two choices that are difficult to make because each of them causes a moral transgression. On one hand, choosing to save the recipient’s life endangers the donor’s life which is a moral misdemeanor. On the other hand, saving the donor’s life risks the beneficiary’s life. Making either choice results in the life of one cat being threatened.

The first valid choice is to conduct the transplant and save the sick pet. The first choice’s consequence is affecting the donor cat’s life, which has to survive on one kidney all its life. The cats donating a kidney are granted a home to stay and be taken care of throughout their lives. Research conducted in the USA showed that 5% of the donor cats involved in the transplant died from complications relating to the procedure (Palmer and Sandøe, 2014). Further, 17% of the cats suffered health complications due to the surgery (Sandøe et al., 2012). The health challenges experienced by the donor cats jeopardize their quality of life and constitute a violation of their right to live without human interference.

The second valid choice is to save the donor’s life and risk the sick pet’s life. It is imperative to note that humans have a moral obligation to save sick pets. Saving the donor and leaving the affected without hope for healing also amounts to moral wrongdoing since the sick animal looks up to the human for medication. Seeking alternative treatment, such as 3D printing for the organ, is likely to improve the quality of life for both the animals and help protect the lives of the donor pets.

Scientific Literature Supporting the Concerns

Animal rights refer to moral philosophies grounded on the belief that all faunas deserve to live without being used to fulfill human desires. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals states that all animals deserve respectful and kind treatment at the hands of humans (Byer et al., 2022). Although animals lack the freedom of choice humans enjoy, all actions must not endanger their lives (Gjerris et al., 2013). Policymakers must liaise with scientists to develop new methods of treating the condition without the transplant. The donor and the receiver are expected to undergo a monthly checkup of more than $1,000 to ascertain their health status (Palmer and Sandøe, 2014). The key ethical dilemma in a cat’s kidney transplant is violating the rights of animals by subjecting the donor cat to unnecessary life-threatening situations.

A kidney transplant in cats is the only known cure for chronic renal illness. Dr. Gregory and Gorley were the first veterinarians to conduct a successful organ transplant in cats in 1984 (Palmer and Sandøe, 2018). The cat that receives the transplants has survived for more than six years during the surgery (Gold et al., 2019). It is imperative to note that the transplant procedure ensures that the transplanted kidney functions normally and offers the cat a better quality of life. There is a 90% success for renal transplant rate, and the cats have experienced a higher quality of life through it (Byer et al., 2022). The donors, therefore, have a high probability of leading a healthy life after the operation.

Eliminating the procedure to protect donor cats is likely to lower the life expectancy of the cats requiring transplants. The University of Georgia School of veterinary medicine estimated the transplant cost with little complication to be between $12,000 and $15,000 (Vea, 2020). Therefore, the cost is likely to increase if a donor cat is unavailable, as the 3D-printed kidney for cats may not serve the intended purpose in the discourse. Cat kidney transplants can be withheld because a cat with one kidney can lead a whole and healthy life.

A kidney transplant involving a donor exposes the cat to pains, blood clots, and infection. Although 76% of all pet surgery have been successful in the USA, the remaining 24% has ended the cats’ lives (Ceccato et al., 2021). In the research conducted by Koenig et al. (2020), the donor cats exposed to the surgery reacted to anesthesia, which led to the need for readmission. Further, the health of 75% of the cats who underwent the procedure has reduced their quality of life as they had to be readmitted to the hospital for more checkups. The transplant is preceded with massive research to ensure no risk associated with the transplant. When the donor cat is assured of a higher quality of life, the ethical concern for reduced quality of life for the cat is challenged. However, research by Sparks et al. (2020) proved that cats living with one kidney are prone to healthcare challenges. The surgery, therefore, jeopardizes the quality of health of the donor cat.

3D printing is a new technology that helps medical doctors to print human organs. The design of the organs is made to imitate the functionality of the real organ. Organovo was the first medical engineering company to successfully print human kidneys and livers in 2014 (Soares et al., 2021). Since then, St. Thomas and Guy’s surgeons pioneered organ transplants, and people were healed of their ailments through successful organ transplants. It is, however, imperative to note that the 3D printing realm in animals has yet to be tested and proven, and initiating one for cats is likely to take longer to be actualized. Further, the implantation of printed kidneys for cats is likely to increase the risk of cancer, teratoma, and implant dislodgement (Bruyette, 2020). The solution of 3D printing may not be viable and may jeopardize the health of the cats in dire need of transplants.

Relationship with Ethical Theories

Ethical theories are basic frameworks that guide the decision-making process to ensure that animals receive better treatment at all times. Both the donor and recipient in the cat kidney transplant have a stake. While the healthy animal proposed to be a donor suffers a risk of endangering its life, the recipient depends on it for survival. Research by Kegley (2022) proved that both the donor and the recipient are likely to lead a healthier life. It is against animal rights to extract an organ in exchange for a habitat. Utilitarianism, animal rights view, and Contractarianism are ethical theories that define the correct actions toward the donor cats.

Utilitarianism

Argument Offered: Morality plays a significant role in utilitarianism and animal rights. Tom Regan argues that animals are protected by Utilitarianism from being used for scientific research, commercial sport hunting, and other agricultural research (Paterson and Jamieson, 2021). The current choices are to avoid using cats as donors for kidney transplants, and the theory supports the choice. The idea of using the cat as a donor is considered to be morally wrong as it inflicts pain on the cat. The utilitarianism theory of animal ethics is a philosophy of consequence and considers the outcome of the action committed (Sparks et al., 2020). The main reason why the choice of eliminating the practice is supported is that the outcome of the action conflicts with Regan’s principle.

Unlike the Deontology theory, which focuses more on moral obligation, Utilitarianism pays more attention to the consequence. The reward a cat receives for donating a kidney is a home and a family to be cared for at all times. However, Schinkel’s argument on animal Utilitarianism supports the idea that the animal’s right to be granted a safer and more conducive atmosphere for a living (Kegley, 2022). The cats are therefore entitled to home care without them donating a kidney. Humans have a moral responsibility to protect animals from all actions that are likely to jeopardize the quality of their health (Abbate, 2022). For example, any idea or action affects a cat’s well-being. Kidney transplant in cats jeopardizes the donor’s health as it improves the recipient’s.

How theory Weigh conflicting Concerns: The theory weighs the concern by protecting donor cats’ rights. Although the rights of the sick cat may be considered and the action taken as a means to improve its quality of life, its impact must be analyzed. Endangering one animal to save another is considered speciesism and is highly rejected by the utilitarianism theory (Ceccato et al., 2022). Since the donor is put at risk, it should be discouraged as a means to save the healthy cat. An alternative medication must be developed to cure chronic kidney disease for the pet.

Animal Rights View

Argument Offered: Animal welfare and animal rights may be synonymous but differ in context. Animal rights theorists argue that animals are entitled to certain privileges and considerations (Kurki, 2021). The theory accepts the choice of stopping the kidney transplant because animals are not to be used by humans for any purpose. According to the theory, animals have the right to be protected. Since human kidney transplants cannot be performed without their consent, the same courtesy must be extended to animals. The theory offers an argument that supports the elimination of kidney transplants for animals because it goes against the privileges granted to animals (Francione, 2020). Unlike Utilitarianism, which is a philosophy of consequence, animal right is a principle of responsibility that stops humans from exposing cats to suffering. The theory, however, allows for modification if the operations can offer assurance that the cat will live a full life.

Since human rights are enshrined to protect the interests of men, animal rights are also presented to protect the animals from any unjust treatment that is likely to affect their wellbeing. A kidney transplant is one of the best solutions to chronic kidney diseases affecting cats. However, putting one cat’s life in danger to save another is a human concern, but it is against the right of the donating cat since it is not part of the decision-making process (Garner, 2019). Although the human conducting the process may have the cat’s best interest, the donating cat is affected by the decision, and its life is affected.

How theory Weigh conflicting Concerns: The theoretical view weighs the concern by determining the impact of the action on the donor’s quality of life. Since the operation has a percentage probability that the cat may be affected, it is likely to jeopardize the quality of life in the discourse. The theory, therefore, rejects the act of people using other cats to donate kidneys for their sick pets in exchange for a home (Macdonald, 2022). The health of the donor cat is in jeopardy, and the animal rights view forbids the action in a way to protect the animals.

Contractarianism

Argument Offered: Traditional contractarianism is a moral philosophy that states humans have no obligation to treat animals with dignity and accord them respect. The framework abhors humans from engaging in activities that are harmful to animals but beneficial to humans (Sachs, 2021). The act of protecting animals is revered by contemporary contractarianism and requires a fair outcome. However, Scanlon and Rawls argue that the theory does not apply to animals because they lack cognitive abilities (Fennell, 2022). Rational agents apply the contract for fairness, for rational agents and cats are not considered rational and can be used against their will.

How theory Weigh conflicting Concerns: Based on the theoretical framework, humans can conduct transplants to save pets. Humans have the right to choose what is best for their pets as long as it helps to serve a purpose. It is the contract of humans to keep animals safe, and deciding to extract an organ from one animal to save the other is allowed (Sachs, 2019). Humans can therefore make any decisions as long as the safety of both the donor and the recipient are protected. The theory weighs the concern by allowing humans to decide, as autonomy is not allowed by the theoretical framework since cats are not considered rational animals (Hölker et al., 2019). According to the theory, animals the kidney transplant for cats must be continued.

Conclusion

The three theoretical frameworks hold different viewpoints on the ethical dilemma. The kidney transplant for cats is a process where a sick cat is saved by extracting a kidney from a healthy cat which is, in turn, granted a home and care. Exposing a healthy cat to surgery will likely jeopardize its health to save another cat’s life. Since the ethical theories fail to produce the best way forward regarding the moral dilemma of cats transplant, policymakers must formulate laws that are autonomy equivalent for animals to allow them to offer their informed consent before the transplant.

Reference List

Abbate, C. (2022) Animal ethics. Handbook of Animal Welfare, pp. 353-365. Routledge.

Bruyette, D. ed., (2020) Clinical Small Animal Internal Medicine. John Wiley & Sons.

Byer, B.J., Hardie, R.J. and McAnulty, J.F., (2022) Retroperitoneal fibrosis as a postoperative complication following cat renal transplantation. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery24(4), pp.304-310. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612×211018976

Ceccato, V., Abraham, J. and Lundqvist, P., (2021) Crimes against animal production: Exploring the use of media archives. International Criminal Justice Review31(4), pp.384-404. https://doi.org/10.1177/10575677211041915

Ceccato, V., Lundqvist, P., Abraham, J., Göransson, E. and Svennefelt, C.A., (2022) Farmers, victimization, and animal rights activism in Sweden. The Professional Geographer74(2), pp.350-363. https://doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2021.2004899

Fennell, D.A., (2022) Animal-informed consent: Sled dog tours as asymmetric agential events. Tourism Management93, p.104-584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2022.104584

Francione, G.L., (2020) Some brief comments on animal rights. Animal Frontiers10(1), pp.29-33. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfz050

Garner, R. (2019) Animal rights and the deliberative turn in democratic theory. European journal of political theory18(3), pp.309-329. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474885116630937

Gjerris, M., Nielsen, M.E.J. and Sandøe, P., (2013) The Good, the Right & the Fair: An Introduction to Ethics. College Publications.

Gold, K., Gaharwar, A.K. and Jain, A., (2019) Emerging trends in multiscale modeling of vascular pathophysiology: Organ-on-a-chip and 3D printing. Biomaterials196, pp.2-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2018.07.029

Hölker, S., von Meyer-Höfer, M. and Spiller, A., (2019) Animal ethics and eating animals: consumer segmentation based on domain-specific values. Sustainability11(14), p.3907. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143907

Kegley, J.A., (2022) Animal Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction, by Bob Fischer. Teaching Philosophy45(1), pp.112-115. https://doi.org/10.5840/teachphil20224513

Koenig, A., Maglaras, C.H. and Giger, U., (2020) Acute hemolytic reaction due to A‐B mismatched transfusion in a cat with transient A.B. blood type. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care30(3), pp.325-330. https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12937

Kurki, V., (2021) Legal personhood and animal rights. Journal of animal ethics11(1), pp.47-62. https://doi.org/10.5406/janimalethics.11.1.0047

Learmonth, M.J., (2019) Dilemmas for natural living concepts of zoo animal welfare. Animals9(6), p.318. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060318

Macdonald Jr, P.A., (2022) Expanding the Domain of Justice to Include Animals and Animal Rights. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly96(3), pp.473-484. https://doi.org/10.5840/acpq2022963255

Palmer, C. and Sandøe, P., (2014) Captive cats: Should cats be routinely confined indoors for their good? Ethics of captivity, pp.135-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977994.003.0010

Palmer, C. and Sandøe, P., (2018) Animal ethics. Animal welfare. Wallingford, UK: CABI, pp.3-15. [PDF Document]. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/269208505.pdf

Paterson, M.B. and Jamieson, P., (2021) Sterilizing pregnant companion animals: Ethics and law. Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research3(1), pp.153-175. https://brill.com/view/journals/jaae/3/1/article-p153_12.xml

Sachs, B., (2019) Teleological contractarianism. Journal of Social Philosophy, 4(14), pp.16-25. [PDF Document]. Retrieved from https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/10023/21559/Sachs_2018_JSP_TeleoContra_AAM.pdf?sequence=1

Sachs, B., (2021) Contractarianism, role obligations, and political morality. Routledge.

Sandøe, P., Forkman, B. and Jensen, K.K., (2012) The interaction of ethical questions and farm animal welfare science. Animal welfare and ethics, p.35. [PDF Document]. Retrieved from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/document?repid=rep1&type=pdf&doi=9eba63476066f649ce7a31023f4061668e9f6e06

Soares, C.S., Dias, I.R., Pires, M.A. and Carvalho, P.P., (2021) Canine-Origin Platelet-Rich Fibrin as an Effective Biomaterial for Wound Healing in Domestic Cats: A Preliminary Study. Veterinary Sciences8(10), p.213. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci8100213

Sparks, T., Kurki, V. and Stucki, S., (2020) Animal rights: interconnections with human rights and the environment: Animal rights: interconnections with human rights and the environment. Journal of Human Rights and the Environment11(2), pp.149-155. https://doi.org/10.4337/jhre.2020.02.00

Vea, T., (2020) The learning of emotion in/as sociocultural practice: The case of animal rights activism. Journal of the Learning Sciences29(3), pp.311-346. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2020.1748036

The Great Gatsby: A Study Of The American Dream And Its Corruption Essay Example For College

Abstract

In this paper, I will analyze F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby in relation to the theme of the American Dream and how it is corrupted in the novel. I will examine the main characters, specifically Jay Gatsby, and the way their actions and motivations are shaped by their pursuit of the American Dream. Furthermore, I will examine the setting of the novel, New York City in the 1920s, and how it reflects the corruption of the American Dream. Ultimately, I will argue that The Great Gatsby serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of blindly pursuing the American Dream without considering the moral and ethical implications.

Introduction

The main argument in the analysis of “The Great Gatsby” is that the American Dream, as represented by the character of Gatsby, is corrupted by the excess and superficiality of the wealthy class in the novel. The research question is what Fitzgerald is trying to say about the American Dream through the characters and setting of the novel. The novel explores themes of wealth, love, social class, and the decline of the American dream. The characters in the novel are complex and flawed, with Gatsby being the protagonist and Daisy being the love interest (BAKRI, 2019). The narrator of the story is Nick Carraway, a young man who rents a house next to Gatsby’s and becomes a close friend and confidant of his.

Fitzgerald uses vivid imagery and symbolism throughout the novel to convey the decadence and excess of the Roaring Twenties. The green light that Gatsby sees across the water from his mansion symbolizes his longing for Daisy and his futile pursuit of the American dream. The Valley of Ashes, a desolate area between West Egg and New York City, symbolizes the moral decay of society and the corruption of the American dream (BAKRI, 2019). “The Great Gatsby” is considered a classic of American literature and is widely studied in high schools and colleges. It is often praised for its commentary on the excesses of the 1920s and its exploration of the human condition.

Literature Review

This part analyses the corrupting influence of wealth and the American Dream. The Great Gatsby, a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is often considered a commentary on the failure of the American Dream (Rafik, p.11). The novel takes place during the Roaring Twenties, a time of great economic prosperity in the United States, but also a time of great social upheaval. The main character, Jay Gatsby, is a wealthy man who has achieved his wealth through illegal means, but he is also a romantic figure who embodies the American Dream of self-made success through hard work and determination. However, Gatsby’s pursuit of the American Dream ultimately leads to his downfall, as his desire for wealth and status is not fulfilled, and he loses the love of his life.

Matthew J. Bruccoli’s “Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald” provides insight into Fitzgerald’s own experiences and the personal influences that shaped the novel (Widiantari et al. l, 2021). Bruccoli argues that Fitzgerald’s own failed pursuit of wealth and love, as well as his experiences living in the East during the 1920s, informed the themes of the novel.

The second section discusses the illusion of the past. Gatsby is fixated on his past relationship with Daisy and spends much of the novel trying to recreate the past. However, the novel ultimately suggests that one cannot go back to the past and that the past is inevitably different from how we remember it. The illusion of the past is a recurring theme in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby (Leiwakabess, p. 79). The novel is set in the 1920s and explores the lives of wealthy individuals living in the fictional town of West Egg on Long Island. The protagonist, Jay Gatsby, is a mysterious figure who is deeply in love with a woman named Daisy, who is from his past. Ronald Berman’s “The Great Gatsby and the Limits of Dream” examines the novel through the lens of the American Dream.

Berman argues that Gatsby’s pursuit of the American Dream ultimately leads to his downfall, as his desire for wealth and love is not fulfilled (Anja, 2019). Throughout the novel, Gatsby is consumed by his longing for the past and his desire to relive it. He throws extravagant parties in an attempt to win Daisy back, but ultimately, his pursuit of the past proves to be futile. Gatsby’s illusion of the past ultimately leads to his downfall, as he is unable to let go of his past and move on with his life (Rafik, p.11). Additionally, the theme of the illusion of the past is present in all the characters, like Daisy, Nick, Tom, Jordan and other minor characters, who are all struggling to come to terms with their past and present.

The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald and published in 1925, is set in the United States during the “Roaring Twenties,” a time of economic prosperity, social change, and the Cultural Revolution. The novel is set in New York City and Long Island and is a portrayal of the excesses and decadence of the era (Anja, 2019). The “Roaring Twenties” was a time of great economic prosperity and social change in the United States following the end of World War I.

The novel reflects the cultural and social changes of the time, including the rise of the “new woman,” the decline of traditional values and the emergence of a new, more liberated lifestyle. “The Great Gatsby: A Novel of the Jazz Age” by Harold Bloom, a literary critic, examines the novel in the context of the era in which it was written (Rafik, p.11). Bloom notes the novel’s exploration of the excess and moral decay of the time period and its commentary on the consequences of the pursuit of wealth and status.

Methodology

The research methods used to analyze The Great Gatsby typically involve a combination of close reading of the text, analysis of the characters and setting, and examination of historical context. A close reading of the text involves a detailed examination of the language, structure, imagery and symbolism used in the novel. This method helps to uncover the deeper meanings and themes of the work. Analysis of the characters and setting involves studying the personalities, relationships, and motivations of the characters, as well as the physical and social environment in which the story takes place. This can help to reveal the social, economic, and historical context of the novel.

Examination of historical context involves studying the historical, cultural, and political events and trends that shaped the time period in which the novel is set. This can provide insight into the social, economic, and political issues depicted in the novel and can help to understand the motivations and actions of the characters. Additionally, Critics and scholars also use various critical approaches like Feminist, Marxist, Psychological, and other literary theories to analyze the novel.

Results

In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, the character’s pursuit of the American Dream is a corrupt and empty pursuit. One example of this is Gatsby’s obsession with winning back Daisy, which ultimately leads to his downfall. Gatsby’s entire life is dedicated to amassing wealth and status in order to impress Daisy, but in the end, his dream is shattered when she chooses to stay with her wealthy but abusive husband instead. Another example is the character of Tom Buchanan, who embodies the corrupt nature of the American Dream. He uses his wealth and status to cheat on his wife and treat others with disdain. He is a symbol of the moral decay that results from the pursuit of wealth and status at any cost. Additionally, The Valley of Ashes, a wasteland between West Egg and New York City, serves as a reminder of the negative consequences of the American Dream.

Gatsby’s tragic end serves as a commentary on the corruption and emptiness of the American Dream when it becomes solely about material success and status rather than true happiness and fulfillment. Daisy Buchanan is portrayed as the embodiment of the wealthy upper class and the object of Gatsby’s desire, but she is shallow, self-absorbed and ultimately unresponsive to Gatsby’s love. Her actions and motivations are driven by her own desire for wealth, status, and pleasure, and she ultimately destroys Gatsby’s hopes and dreams.

The setting of the novel reflects the corruption of the American Dream in several ways. The city is a symbol of the excess and materialism that characterized the era, as well as the moral decay and corruption that came with it. The characters in the novel, including the wealthy elite, are consumed by their desire for wealth and status and will do whatever it takes to attain it, even if it means breaking the law and engaging in illicit activities. The city also represents the illusion of the American Dream, as the characters are chasing after a lifestyle and a level of success that is ultimately unattainable and unfulfilling.

Discussion

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is a novel that explores themes of wealth, power, love, and the illusion of the American Dream. The novel’s portrayal of the decadence and excess of the wealthy during the Roaring Twenties serves as a commentary on the shallowness and moral decay of American society during that time period. The novel’s central character, Jay Gatsby, represents the idealism and longing for a better life that many people had during the 1920s while also highlighting the destructive nature of the pursuit of wealth and status.

For the reader, the novel serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of becoming too consumed by the pursuit of wealth and status and the importance of being true to oneself and one’s values. The novel also highlights the destructive nature of the illusion of the American Dream and the disappointment and disillusionment that can come from chasing after something that may never be attainable. Additionally, the novel’s portrayal of the moral decay of the wealthy elite serves as a reminder of the corrupting influence of power and wealth and the importance of maintaining integrity and humanity in the face of such temptations.

Conclusion

The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is a novel about the disillusionment and downfall of the wealthy Jay Gatsby in the aftermath of World War I. The novel explores themes of wealth, power, love, and the American Dream and critiques the moral decay of the upper class during the “Roaring Twenties.” The main findings of the novel are that the pursuit of wealth and power ultimately leads to corruption and moral decay and that the idea of the American Dream is ultimately unattainable. The novel also explores the destructive nature of obsession and the illusion of love.

In terms of implications for future research, The Great Gatsby could be studied in relation to the social and cultural history of the 1920s, as well as in relation to the broader themes of wealth, power, and the American Dream in literature. The novel explores themes of love, wealth, and the decay of the American Dream, which is the idea that anyone can achieve success and prosperity through hard work and determination. The novel suggests that the American Dream is unattainable for many and that the pursuit of wealth and status often leads to corruption and moral decay. Ultimately, the novel serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of the pursuit of the American Dream.

Works Cited

BAKRI, ASSIA. Disillusionment with the American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s the Great Gatsby: Analysis of Characters. Diss. 2019.

Laceb, Rafik. “F. SCOTT FITZGERALD’S THE GREAT GATSBY AN ANALYSIS OF THE NOVEL AS A TRAGIC ROMANCE.” ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies 8.2 (2019): 10-22.

Leiwakabessy, Avi Catherine, and Ermansyah Ermansyah. “Analysis Of Capitalism In The Novel “The Great Gatsby” By F Scott Fitzgerald (Sociology of Literature Approach).” Journal of Advanced English Studies 3.2 (2020): 78-86.

Skogberg Lundin, Anja. “A Journey Greater Than You Think, Unknown in Its Details, But More Loving Than Nostalgia:-An Analysis of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby.” (2019).

Widiantari, Ni Gusti Ayu, I. Nyoman Kardana, and A. A. Sugihantara. “Plot of Fitzgerald’s the Great Gatsby.” (2021).