The Glass Menagerie Social Commentary Essay Sample For College

The Glass Menagerie Social Commentary When Tennessee Williams wrote his The Glass Menagerie, he intended for it to correlate directly to the everyday lives of the people around him in his time. He was very successful in this aspect. The main aspect of life that Williams intended to apply to his play was the struggle of African-Americans in their everyday life. The characters’ struggles in this play reflect some of the conflicts that black people faced every day in their lives. The social commentary made in this play is about the general roughness of life for them.

Due to Williams’ rough life and upbringing as a child, many of the conflicts in this story reflect things that happened to him through his life, and the lives of those around him. Because of his experiences, he was able to let this pour out into his play, which was seen all over by many whites, especially. Tennessee Williams wrote this play intending to make social commentary relating to the struggle of African-Americans in everyday life and his characters showed that by failing to accept reality and by having difficulty escaping from everyday life.

The main form of the American culture that Tennessee Williams devoted this play to was the struggle of the African-Americans. The blacks were just at the beginning of starting to fight for their equality when this was published. As this premiered on Broadway, many whites were exposed to this and other types of literature like it, such as A Raisin in the Sun. Tennessee Williams used his characters to embody the feeling of blacks who were being put down by white people.

The social commentary that is being used in this is the rebellion of blacks against white people. Just like Tom Wingfield struggled against his boring daily life, the blacks were struggling against what went on within their lives (discrimination). Laura and Amanda were also symbolized as delicateness and abandonment, which is what Tom did at the end of the play. The two were practically helpless when Tom abandoned them, and that shows how much they relied on him to be able to live their lives.

Those characters are how Williams was able to make his two main points, which were accepting reality and failure to escape. The first form of showing the outside world around him through his characters was their disability of accepting reality. Just like the people that surrounded him, the characters in Williams play had a very difficult time accepting reality. Because of this, each member in the play has chosen to occupy his own world with illusions of what they wish for in the world that provides comfort.

Laura especially cannot bring herself to accept the reality of the world, and she withdraws into her own state of mind relying on her collection of glass animals. An example of this in the real world was where blacks thought that they had more rights than they really did. African-Americans believed that they were equal to whites in the society that they lived in, when the reality was that they simply did not. Whites were too oppressive to allow the blacks to do anything, blacks withdrew into the state of mind that they were equal in society to whites.

Throughout his play, Williams constantly makes Jim, who is supposed to be the “realist” in this play, rely on planning for his future to be him publicly speaking. This is him having illusions of what he wants to do- but not him going out and accomplishing it, which, in turn, makes him the same as all of the other characters. The second thing that Williams did in The Glass Menagerie to compare the American culture was to illustrate the failure of escaping the current predicament of the Tom Wingfield.

As he comes home one night, he relates to Laura how he had seen a magic show in which a magician removed himself from a coffin that had been nailed shut. Tom says to her, “But the wonderfullest trick of all was the coffin trick. We nailed him into a coffin and he got out of the coffin without removing one nail…. There is a trick that would come in handy for me—get me out of this two-by-four situation! (Williams 761). Tom views this as an exact replica of his life, and how he imagines himself in literary superiority, but is unfortunately tied to a burdensome family.

From the very beginning of the play Tom is plotting his escape from his coffin and then finally executes it at the end as he walks out on his family. This also relates to the real world in the form of African-Americans. The inferiority of the blacks to the whites was a result of the incapability of the African-Americans to act before the time that they did. If they had actually executed the Civil Rights movement earlier it would have been just as successful, however they just dreamed and talked of freedom. Their inability to revolt before the time that they did is a erfect example of Tom Wingfield, because both of them are thinking, but not acting. So, overall this work made quite a bit of social commentary on the American Culture of the time, which mainly had to do with the African-Americans inferiority to the white people. Through this play, Williams displays examples of social commentary that is applicable to the life that is going on around him, and the hardships that he endured as a child, such as his sister being incapacitated, and him having a mental breakdown.

The characters in his play and how they represent themselves inside of it defer directly from Tennessee William’s life, especially his childhood. The connections Tennessee Williams makes make the play what it is. The main social event that this play refers to is the inability of blacks, and how they were being put down. As he compares this, the story begins to make more sense and the brilliance of Williams comes to light.

Modern Mindset: Own Vision Of Life And The World

Modern Mindset Each person develops their own perspective of life and the world based on their own human experience. However, no one person is completely separate from his or her society, consequently the mindset of a culture tends to reflect the individual’s beliefs. The Western society is no exception. Their perception is mostly consisted of materialistic mindset, revealing enormous influence of science and avocation for rational thinking. This modernized materialistic mindset not only dominates people’s views, but it also effects their actions against nature and the world. Materialistic mindset views the world as matters and machines.

It emerged during the Scientific Revolution of seventeenth century. Before the innovation, the general belief was that the universe consisted of a spiritual and physical world and that a supernatural being, God, controlled both realm. Kings and Popes were regarded as ruling by divine right, and humankind was thought to be the ultimate creation of God. Four scientist destroyed these medieval ideas and brought forth new ways to approach inquiries. Galileo Galilei, famous for discovering the law of falling bodies, proposed that one should only study the quantifiable: numbers, measurements, and shapes.

Using this method, one would gather inarguable facts and would not be inclined by feelings or values. Francis Bacon contributed to the idea by formulating a clear theory of inductive reasoning. He applied his empirical method to the human relationship with nature, going far as to believe that scientists had to torture “nature’s secrets from her. ” To Bacon, world was just a machine that existed to aid in scientific discoveries. Rene Descartes practiced radical doubt. Uncertain of his and the world’s existence, he reduced everything to its parts, until he arrived at a conclusion: if he thinks, he must exist.

Descartes is known for his reductionism. Reductionism consists of breaking up problems into small pieces, arranging them into logical order, and analyzing the separate parts; it is completely different from the medieval view, where one was taught to revere and accept the bible as the truths. The scientist who completed the Scientific Revolution was Isaac Newton. He combined the ideas of Galileo, Bacon, and Descartes into his book. After the revolution, people could no longer trust the pope’s interpretation of the bible as the truth, nor could they tolerate king’s divine rights from God, a being that could not be proven to exist.

The four scientists killed God. Of course in present society, there are millions of people devoted to religion. However, the religious method and ideas are very different from those of the medieval times. Now, many religions are integrated with science, explaining phenomenon that can be proven with science, and leaving the unexplainable to religion. Study of evolution and the belief of spiritual world are examples. Even to many believers, the bible’s story of creation is mostly viewed as fiction or as a metaphor, because improvements in science allow people to collect fossils and conduct experiments that support the theory of evolution.

Yet, believers are firm in their religion’s spiritual world: the afterlife or heaven. That is because people do not have the means to test the belief to declare it either false or truth. Consequently, the Western world is a mix of materialism and spiritualism. Materialism can be helpful and beneficial to both human and nature. It is a method of discovering with facts and it encourages questioning everything. Furthermore, because science and technology improved vastly since Bacon’s time, modern people are not as extreme and ignorant as to believe torturing nature for its secrets would do humans any good.

For example, a flower could exist for its aesthetic values, but people now know that every organisms, even a flower or a small butterfly, are vital to their respective ecosystem, which, if disturbed, would also affect human. In some circumstances, materialistic mindset can be unreliable. Discouraging the influence of one’s thoughts, morals, and senses in one’s judgment is absurd. Human are creative animals, and people use their opinions and other’s to live their life; remaining unbiased is impossible. For each person, his or her moral and principals are the truth.

Therefore, in the human world, only considering matters and the quantifiable would not necessary guarantee the truth. Finding the good balance between objective and the subjective view is essential and is the ideal way of knowing. A major component of Western culture is science and technology. As a result, people think and decide applying their values to a problem. Their mindset is mostly composed of materialistic thinking: using logic and inductive reasoning. However, in a society, people cannot rely on reason alone. Emotions and faith helps them interact with other people. The ideal use of both fact and belief is what makes up humankind.

Importance Of Stereoisomers In A Biological System

Importance of stereoisomers in a biological system Isomers are compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas. Stereoisomers are isomers that have the same sequence of bonded atoms, but they differ in their three dimensional orientation in space. [pic] shown above is an example of the two types of Stereoisomers; Enantiomers, which are stereioisomers which are non-superimposible mirror images, much the same as one’s left and right hands are the same apart from the fact they have opposite orientation.

Diastereomers, which are stereoisomers that are not Enatiomers, they occur when two or more stereoisomers of a compound have different configurations at one or more, (but not all) of the stereocenters and are not mirror images. Stereochemistry , may seem trivial at times due to the differences between stereoisomers being so subtle. However in nature, and more importantly, in a biological system such as the body, the subtle differences have wide sweeping implications. In living organisms chiral molecules are usually present in only one of their chiral forms.

For Example the amino acids that make up proteins are only found as their L iosmers whereas glucose only occurs as its D isomer. Evolution has played a large role in this fact by favouring one isomer over the other. This concept is easier to comprehend when you remember that the molecules that select an isomer to use (invariably proteins) are themselves isomers. Therefore it is not surprising that they have a ‘built in bias’. Thus, it can be said that isomer are important due to the fact that our entire biology, and that of every organism on the planet, is built on them.

Biological interations between molecules are stereospecific, The ‘fit’ in such interations must be correct. A good example of this is the ‘Lock-and-key’ and induced fit models for enzyme function. Enzymes are very specific only operating on substrate that accurately fits the shape of the binding site of the enzyme. If the binding site fits, for example the L stereoisomer of a chiral compound then it will not fit the D seteroisomer. Another good example of the importance of stereochemistry is pharmaceutical production and the break down of drugs in the body.

Most drugs are often composed of a single stereoisomer of a compound, and while one stereoisomer may have positive effects on the body the other may have negative effects. The Thalidomide crisis in the 1950’s/1960’s shows this well. Originally Prescribed as a sleeping pill it was found to lessen the effects of morning sickness in pregnant women. However, it was quickly discovered that the drug was a teratogen, causing varying birth defects in the child. As a result it was withdrawn from sale.

It was found that the drug was prescribed as a racemic mixture, meaning it contained a 50:50 mixture of mirror images (stereoisomers). Despite one stereoisomer being effective in controlling morning sickness the other was causing the deffects. Because of this fact mass amounts of research has gone into finding ways to produce compounds that are purely one stereoisomer. But not all stereoisomers are in such sharp contrast (Positive/Negative). In most case both stereoisomers are positive but one may find that one is substantially more effective than the other, such is the case with the astma drug Isoproterenol.

Although both stereoisomers are effective it is found that the D-Isoproterenol is 50-80 times more effective than L-Isoproterenol and thus can be administered at greatly reduced doses. The importance of stereoisomers in a biological system extends to more than just drugs. Our bodies can make and digest starch but not cellulose despite both being polymers of glucose, however they have differing stereochemistry. These are just a few of the numerous example of the important role stereoisomers play in a biological system and in our everyday lives.

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